DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Class

Definizione

Fornisce dati per l'evento ItemUpdating.Provides data for the ItemUpdating event.

public ref class DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs : System::ComponentModel::CancelEventArgs
public class DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs : System.ComponentModel.CancelEventArgs
type DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs = class
    inherit CancelEventArgs
Public Class DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs
Inherits CancelEventArgs
Ereditarietà
DetailsViewUpdateEventArgsDetailsViewUpdateEventArgsDetailsViewUpdateEventArgsDetailsViewUpdateEventArgs

Esempi

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene illustrato DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs come utilizzare l'oggetto passato al gestore eventi ItemUpdating per l'evento per convalidare i valori immessi dall'utente.The following code example demonstrates how to use the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs object passed to the event handler for the ItemUpdating event to validate the values entered by the user.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
    void CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating(Object sender, 
      DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs e)
    {

        // Validate the field values entered by the user. This
        // example determines whether the user left any fields
        // empty. Use the NewValues property to access the new 
        // values entered by the user.
        ArrayList emptyFieldList = 
          ValidateFields((IOrderedDictionary)e.NewValues);

        if (emptyFieldList.Count > 0)
        {

            // The user left some fields empty. 
            // Display an error message.

            // Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
            String keyValue = e.Keys["CustomerID"].ToString();

            MessageLabel.Text = 
              "You must enter a value for all fields of record " +
              keyValue + ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>";

            // Display the missing fields.
            foreach (String value in emptyFieldList)
            {
                // Use the OldValues property access the original
                // value of a field.
                MessageLabel.Text += value + " - Original Value = " +
                  e.OldValues[value].ToString() + "<br />";
            }

            // Cancel the update operation.
            e.Cancel = true;

        }
        else
        {
            // The field values passed validation. Clear the
            // error message label.
            MessageLabel.Text = "";
        }

    }

    ArrayList ValidateFields(IOrderedDictionary list)
    {

        // Create an ArrayList object to store the
        // names of any empty fields.
        ArrayList emptyFieldList = new ArrayList();

        // Iterate though the field values entered by
        // the user and check for an empty field. Empty
        // fields contain a null value.
        foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in list)
        {
            if (entry.Value == null)
            {
                // Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
                emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString());
            }
        }

        return emptyFieldList;
    }

    void CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging(Object sender, 
      DetailsViewModeEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.CancelingEdit)
        {
            // The user canceled the update operation.
            // Clear the error message label.
            MessageLabel.Text = "";
        }
    }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
          allowpaging="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID" 
          onitemupdating="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating"
          onmodechanging="CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging" 
          runat="server">
            
          <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
            [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
          connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs)

    ' Validate the field values entered by the user. This
    ' example determines whether the user left any fields
    ' empty. Use the NewValues property to access the new 
    ' values entered by the user.
    Dim emptyFieldList As ArrayList = _
      ValidateFields(CType(e.NewValues, IOrderedDictionary))

    If emptyFieldList.Count > 0 Then

      ' The user left some fields empty. Display an error message.
      
      ' Use the Keys property to retrieve the key field value.
      Dim keyValue As String = e.Keys("CustomerID").ToString()

      MessageLabel.Text = _
        "You must enter a value for all fields of record " & _
        keyValue & ".<br/>The following fields are missing:<br/><br/>"

      ' Display the missing fields.
      Dim value As String
      For Each value In emptyFieldList
      
        ' Use the OldValues property access the original value
        ' of a field.
        MessageLabel.Text &= value & " - Original Value = " & _
          e.OldValues(value).ToString() & "<br />"
        
      Next

      ' Cancel the update operation.
      e.Cancel = True

    Else
    
      ' The field values passed validation. Clear the
      ' error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = ""
      
    End If

  End Sub

    Function ValidateFields(ByVal list As IOrderedDictionary) _
      As ArrayList
    
        ' Create an ArrayList object to store the
        ' names of any empty fields.
        Dim emptyFieldList As New ArrayList()

        ' Iterate though the field values entered by
        ' the user and check for an empty field. Empty
        ' fields contain a null value.
        Dim entry As DictionaryEntry
    
        For Each entry In list
    
            If entry.Value Is Nothing Then
      
                ' Add the field name to the ArrayList object.
                emptyFieldList.Add(entry.Key.ToString())
        
            End If
        Next

        Return emptyFieldList
  
    End Function

  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DetailsViewModeEventArgs)
  
    If e.CancelingEdit Then
      
      ' The user canceled the update operation.
      ' Clear the error message label.
      MessageLabel.Text = ""
    
    End If
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
          allowpaging="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID" 
          onitemupdating="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdating"
          onmodechanging="CustomerDetailsView_ModeChanging" 
          runat="server">
            
          <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
          [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
          connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>

Commenti

Il DetailsView controllo genera l' ItemUpdating evento quando viene fatto clic su un pulsante di aggiornamento CommandName (un pulsante con la relativa proprietà impostata su "Update") all'interno del controllo DetailsView , ma prima che il controllo aggiorni il record.The DetailsView control raises the ItemUpdating event when an Update button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Update") within the control is clicked, but before the DetailsView control updates the record. Questo consente di fornire un gestore eventi che esegue una routine personalizzata, ad esempio la codifica HTML dei valori di un record prima di aggiornarlo nell'origine dati, ogni volta che si verifica questo evento.This allows you to provide an event handler that performs a custom routine, such as HTML-encoding the values of a record before updating it in the data source, whenever this event occurs.

Un DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs oggetto viene passato al gestore eventi, che consente di determinare il valore di un argomento di comando facoltativo inviato DetailsView al controllo e di indicare se l'operazione di aggiornamento deve essere annullata.A DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs object is passed to the event handler, which allows you to determine the value of an optional command argument sent to the DetailsView control and to indicate whether the update operation should be canceled. Per determinare il valore dell'argomento Command, utilizzare la CommandArgument proprietà.To determine the value of the command argument, use the CommandArgument property. Per annullare l'operazione di aggiornamento, impostare Cancel la proprietà truesu.To cancel the update operation, set the Cancel property to true. È anche possibile leggere o modificare i nuovi valori immessi dall'utente usando le Keys proprietà e. NewValuesYou can also read or modify the new values entered by the user by using the Keys and NewValues properties. La Keys proprietà contiene i campi chiave, mentre la NewValues proprietà contiene i campi non chiave.The Keys property contains the key fields, while the NewValues property contains the non-key fields. Se è necessario accedere ai valori dei campi non chiave originali, utilizzare la OldValues proprietà.If you need to access the original non-key field values, use the OldValues property.

Per altre informazioni su come gestire gli eventi, vedere la gestione e generazione di eventi.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Per un elenco dei valori iniziali delle proprietà di un'istanza della classe DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs, vedere il costruttore DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs.For a list of initial property values for an instance of the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs class, see the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs constructor.

Costruttori

DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs(Object) DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs(Object) DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs(Object) DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs(Object)

Inizializza una nuova istanza della classe DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs.Initializes a new instance of the DetailsViewUpdateEventArgs class.

Proprietà

Cancel Cancel Cancel Cancel

Ottiene o imposta un valore che indica se l'evento debba essere annullato.Gets or sets a value indicating whether the event should be canceled.

(Inherited from CancelEventArgs)
CommandArgument CommandArgument CommandArgument CommandArgument

Ottiene l'argomento del comando per l'operazione di aggiornamento passato al controllo DetailsView.Gets the command argument for the update operation passed to the DetailsView control.

Keys Keys Keys Keys

Ottiene un dizionario contenente le coppie nome/valore dei campi chiave del record da aggiornare.Gets a dictionary that contains the key field name/value pairs for the record to update.

NewValues NewValues NewValues NewValues

Ottiene un dizionario contenente le nuove coppie nome/valore dei campi del record da aggiornare.Gets a dictionary that contains the new field name/value pairs for the record to update.

OldValues OldValues OldValues OldValues

Ottiene un dizionario contenente le coppie nome/valore originarie dei campi del record da aggiornare.Gets a dictionary that contains the original field name/value pairs for the record to update.

Metodi

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determina se l'oggetto specificato è uguale all'oggetto corrente.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Funge da funzione hash predefinita.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Ottiene l'oggetto Type dell'istanza corrente.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficiale dell'oggetto Object corrente.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Restituisce una stringa che rappresenta l'oggetto corrente.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(Inherited from Object)

Si applica a

Vedi anche