GridView.SelectedIndexChanging GridView.SelectedIndexChanging GridView.SelectedIndexChanging GridView.SelectedIndexChanging Event

Definizione

Si verifica quando viene fatto clic sul pulsante Seleziona di una riga, ma prima che il controllo GridView gestisca l'operazione di selezione.Occurs when a row's Select button is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the select operation.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::GridViewSelectEventHandler ^ SelectedIndexChanging;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewSelectEventHandler SelectedIndexChanging;
member this.SelectedIndexChanging : System.Web.UI.WebControls.GridViewSelectEventHandler 
Public Custom Event SelectedIndexChanging As GridViewSelectEventHandler 

Esempi

Nell'esempio seguente viene illustrato come utilizzare l' SelectedIndexChanging evento per annullare un'operazione di selezione.The following example demonstrates how to use the SelectedIndexChanging event to cancel a select operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Get the currently selected row using the SelectedRow property.
    GridViewRow row = CustomersGridView.SelectedRow;
        
    // Display the first name from the selected row.
    // In this example, the third column (index 2) contains
    // the first name.
    MessageLabel.Text = "You selected " + row.Cells[2].Text + ".";
  }

  void CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging(Object sender, GridViewSelectEventArgs e)
  {
    // Get the currently selected row. Because the SelectedIndexChanging event
    // occurs before the select operation in the GridView control, the
    // SelectedRow property cannot be used. Instead, use the Rows collection
    // and the NewSelectedIndex property of the e argument passed to this 
    // event handler.
    GridViewRow row = CustomersGridView.Rows[e.NewSelectedIndex];

    // You can cancel the select operation by using the Cancel
    // property. For this example, if the user selects a customer with 
    // the ID "ANATR", the select operation is canceled and an error message
    // is displayed.
    if (row.Cells[1].Text == "ANATR")
    {
      e.Cancel = true;
      MessageLabel.Text = "You cannot select " + row.Cells[2].Text + "."; 
    }
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Select Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
     <h3>GridView Select Example</h3>

     <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
       datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
       autogeneratecolumns="False"
       autogenerateselectbutton="True"
       selectedindex="1"
       onselectedindexchanged="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged"
       onselectedindexchanging="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging"   
       runat="server" DataKeyNames="CustomerID">
                
         <Columns>
             <asp:BoundField DataField="CustomerID" 
                 HeaderText="CustomerID" 
                 InsertVisible="False" ReadOnly="True" 
                 SortExpression="CustomerID" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="FirstName" 
                 HeaderText="FirstName" 
                 SortExpression="FirstName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="MiddleName" 
                 HeaderText="MiddleName" 
                 SortExpression="MiddleName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="LastName" 
                 HeaderText="LastName" 
                 SortExpression="LastName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="Phone" 
                 HeaderText="Phone" 
                 SortExpression="Phone" />
         </Columns>
                
       <selectedrowstyle backcolor="LightCyan"
         forecolor="DarkBlue"
         font-bold="true"/>  
                
     </asp:gridview>
            
      <br/>
            
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="SELECT CustomerID, FirstName, MiddleName, LastName, Phone FROM SalesLT.Customer"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorksLTConnectionString %>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
        
    ' Get the currently selected row using the SelectedRow property.
    Dim row As GridViewRow = CustomersGridView.SelectedRow
        
    ' Display the first name from the selected row.
    ' In this example, the third column (index 2) contains
    ' the first name.
    MessageLabel.Text = "You selected " & row.Cells(2).Text & "."
  End Sub

  Sub CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As GridViewSelectEventArgs)
        
    ' Get the currently selected row. Because the SelectedIndexChanging event
    ' occurs before the select operation in the GridView control, the
    ' SelectedRow property cannot be used. Instead, use the Rows collection
    ' and the NewSelectedIndex property of the e argument passed to this 
    ' event handler.
    Dim row As GridViewRow = CustomersGridView.Rows(e.NewSelectedIndex)

    ' You can cancel the select operation by using the Cancel
    ' property. For this example, if the user selects a customer with 
    ' the ID "ANATR", the select operation is canceled and an error message
    ' is displayed.
    If row.Cells(1).Text = "ANATR" Then
        e.Cancel = True
        MessageLabel.Text = "You cannot select " + row.Cells(2).Text & "."
    End If
    
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Select Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
     <h3>GridView Select Example</h3>

     <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
       datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
       autogeneratecolumns="False"
       autogenerateselectbutton="True"
       selectedindex="1"
       onselectedindexchanged="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged"
       onselectedindexchanging="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging"   
       runat="server" DataKeyNames="CustomerID">
                
         <Columns>
             <asp:BoundField DataField="CustomerID" 
                 HeaderText="CustomerID" 
                 InsertVisible="False" ReadOnly="True" 
                 SortExpression="CustomerID" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="FirstName" 
                 HeaderText="FirstName" 
                 SortExpression="FirstName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="MiddleName" 
                 HeaderText="MiddleName" 
                 SortExpression="MiddleName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="LastName" 
                 HeaderText="LastName" 
                 SortExpression="LastName" />
             <asp:BoundField DataField="Phone" 
                 HeaderText="Phone" 
                 SortExpression="Phone" />
         </Columns>
                
       <selectedrowstyle backcolor="LightCyan"
         forecolor="DarkBlue"
         font-bold="true"/>  
                
     </asp:gridview>
            
      <br/>
            
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="SELECT CustomerID, FirstName, MiddleName, LastName, Phone FROM SalesLT.Customer"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:AdventureWorksLTConnectionString %>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>

  </body>
</html>

Commenti

L' SelectedIndexChanging evento viene generato quando si fa clic sul pulsante Seleziona di una riga, ma prima GridView che il controllo gestisca l'operazione di selezione.The SelectedIndexChanging event is raised when a row's Select button is clicked, but before the GridView control handles the select operation. Questo consente di fornire un metodo di gestione degli eventi che esegue una routine personalizzata, ad esempio l'annullamento dell'operazione di selezione, ogni volta che si verifica questo evento.This enables you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as canceling the selection operation, whenever this event occurs.

Nota

Questo evento non viene generato quando si imposta a livello di SelectedIndex codice la proprietà.This event is not raised when you programmatically set the SelectedIndex property.

Un GridViewSelectEventArgs oggetto viene passato al metodo di gestione degli eventi, che consente di determinare l'indice della riga selezionata dall'utente e di indicare che l'operazione di selezione deve essere annullata.A GridViewSelectEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which enables you to determine the index of the row selected by the user and to indicate that the selection operation should be canceled. Per annullare l'operazione di selezione, impostare Cancel la proprietà GridViewSelectEventArgs dell'oggetto su true.To cancel the selection operation, set the Cancel property of the GridViewSelectEventArgs object to true.

Per altre informazioni su come gestire gli eventi, vedere la gestione e generazione di eventi.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

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