ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventHandler Delegato

Definizione

Rappresenta il metodo che gestirà l'evento ObjectDisposing del controllo ObjectDataSource.Represents the method that will handle the ObjectDisposing event of the ObjectDataSource control.

public delegate void ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventHandler(System::Object ^ sender, ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs ^ e);
public delegate void ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventHandler(object sender, ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs e);
type ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventHandler = delegate of obj * ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs -> unit
Public Delegate Sub ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventHandler(sender As Object, e As ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs)

Parametri

sender
Object

L'origine dell'evento, ovvero ObjectDataSource.The source of the event, the ObjectDataSource.

e
ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs

Oggetto ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs che contiene i dati dell'evento.An ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs that contains the event data.

Ereditarietà
ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventHandler

Esempi

In questa sezione sono riportati due esempi di codice.This section contains two code examples. Nel primo esempio di codice viene illustrato come utilizzare ObjectDataSource un controllo con un oggetto business e GridView un controllo per visualizzare le informazioni.The first code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource control with a business object and a GridView control to display information. Il secondo esempio di codice fornisce un esempio di oggetto business di livello intermedio che viene usato dal primo esempio di codice.The second code example provides an example middle-tier business object that the first code example uses.

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene illustrato ObjectDataSource come utilizzare un controllo con un oggetto GridView business e un controllo per visualizzare le informazioni.The following code example demonstrates how to use an ObjectDataSource control with a business object and a GridView control to display information. È possibile utilizzare un oggetto business molto costoso (in termini di tempo o risorse) per creare per ogni operazione sui dati eseguita dalla pagina Web.You might work with a business object that is very expensive (in terms of time or resources) to create for every data operation that your Web page performs. Un modo per utilizzare un oggetto costoso potrebbe consistere nel creare un'istanza di una sola volta e quindi memorizzarla nella cache per le operazioni successive anziché crearla ed eliminarla per ogni operazione sui dati.One way to work with an expensive object might be to create an instance of it once, and then cache it for subsequent operations instead of creating and destroying it for every data operation. Questo esempio illustra questo modello.This example demonstrates this pattern. È possibile gestire l' ObjectCreating evento per controllare innanzitutto la cache per un oggetto, quindi creare un'istanza solo se non è già memorizzata nella cache.You can handle the ObjectCreating event to check the cache first for an object, and then create an instance, only if one is not already cached. Quindi, gestire l' ObjectDisposing evento per memorizzare nella cache l'oggetto business per un uso futuro, anziché eliminarlo definitivamente.Then, handle the ObjectDisposing event to cache the business object for future use, instead of destroying it. In questo esempio, la CancelEventArgs.Cancel proprietà ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs della classe è impostata truesu, per indicare ObjectDataSource a di non chiamare Dispose sull'istanza.In this example, the CancelEventArgs.Cancel property of the ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs class is set to true, to direct the ObjectDataSource to not call Dispose on the instance.

<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS" %>
<%@ Page language="c#" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

// Instead of creating and destroying the business object each time, the 
// business object is cached in the ASP.NET Cache.
private void GetEmployeeLogic(object sender, ObjectDataSourceEventArgs e)
{
    // First check to see if an instance of this object already exists in the Cache.
    EmployeeLogic cachedLogic;
    
    cachedLogic = Cache["ExpensiveEmployeeLogicObject"] as EmployeeLogic;
    
    if (null == cachedLogic) {
            cachedLogic = new EmployeeLogic();            
    }
        
    e.ObjectInstance = cachedLogic;     
}

private void ReturnEmployeeLogic(object sender, ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs e)
{    
    // Get the instance of the business object that the ObjectDataSource is working with.
    EmployeeLogic cachedLogic = e.ObjectInstance as EmployeeLogic;        
    
    // Test to determine whether the object already exists in the cache.
    EmployeeLogic temp = Cache["ExpensiveEmployeeLogicObject"] as EmployeeLogic;
    
    if (null == temp) {
        // If it does not yet exist in the Cache, add it.
        Cache.Insert("ExpensiveEmployeeLogicObject", cachedLogic);
    }
    
    // Cancel the event, so that the object will 
    // not be Disposed if it implements IDisposable.
    e.Cancel = true;
}
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - C# Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"          
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1">
        </asp:gridview>

        <asp:objectdatasource 
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"          
          selectmethod="GetCreateTime"          
          typename="Samples.AspNet.CS.EmployeeLogic"
          onobjectcreating="GetEmployeeLogic"
          onobjectdisposing="ReturnEmployeeLogic" >
        </asp:objectdatasource>        

    </form>
  </body>
</html>
<%@ Import namespace="Samples.AspNet.VB" %>
<%@ Page language="vb" %>
<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

' Instead of creating and destroying the business object each time, the 
' business object is cached in the ASP.NET Cache.
Sub GetEmployeeLogic(sender As Object, e As ObjectDataSourceEventArgs)

    ' First check to see if an instance of this object already exists in the Cache.
    Dim cachedLogic As EmployeeLogic 
    
    cachedLogic = CType( Cache("ExpensiveEmployeeLogicObject"), EmployeeLogic)
    
    If (cachedLogic Is Nothing) Then
            cachedLogic = New EmployeeLogic            
    End If
        
    e.ObjectInstance = cachedLogic
    
End Sub ' GetEmployeeLogic

Sub ReturnEmployeeLogic(sender As Object, e As ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventArgs)
    
    ' Get the instance of the business object that the ObjectDataSource is working with.
    Dim cachedLogic  As EmployeeLogic  
    cachedLogic = CType( e.ObjectInstance, EmployeeLogic)
    
    ' Test to determine whether the object already exists in the cache.
    Dim temp As EmployeeLogic 
    temp = CType( Cache("ExpensiveEmployeeLogicObject"), EmployeeLogic)
    
    If (temp Is Nothing) Then
        ' If it does not yet exist in the Cache, add it.
        Cache.Insert("ExpensiveEmployeeLogicObject", cachedLogic)
    End If
    
    ' Cancel the event, so that the object will 
    ' not be Disposed if it implements IDisposable.
    e.Cancel = True
End Sub ' ReturnEmployeeLogic
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head>
    <title>ObjectDataSource - VB Example</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <form id="Form1" method="post" runat="server">

        <asp:gridview
          id="GridView1"
          runat="server"          
          datasourceid="ObjectDataSource1">
        </asp:gridview>

        <asp:objectdatasource 
          id="ObjectDataSource1"
          runat="server"          
          selectmethod="GetCreateTime"          
          typename="Samples.AspNet.VB.EmployeeLogic"
          onobjectcreating="GetEmployeeLogic"
          onobjectdisposing="ReturnEmployeeLogic" >
        </asp:objectdatasource>        

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

Nell'esempio di codice riportato di seguito viene fornito un esempio di oggetto business di livello intermedio utilizzato nell'esempio di codice precedente.The following code example provides an example middle-tier business object that the preceding code example uses. L'esempio di codice è costituito da un oggetto business di base EmployeeLogic , definito dalla classe, che è una classe che gestisce lo stato e incapsula la logica di business.The code example consists of a basic business object, defined by the EmployeeLogic class, which is a class that maintains state and encapsulates business logic. Per un esempio di funzionamento completo, è necessario compilare questo codice come libreria, quindi utilizzare queste classi da una pagina ASP.For a complete working example, you must compile this code as a library, and then use these classes from an ASP page.

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS {

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Web.UI;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
  //
  // EmployeeLogic is a stateless business object that encapsulates
  // the operations you can perform on a NorthwindEmployee object.
  //
  public class EmployeeLogic {

    public EmployeeLogic () : this(DateTime.Now) {        
    }
    
    public EmployeeLogic (DateTime creationTime) { 
        _creationTime = creationTime;
    }

    private DateTime _creationTime;
    
    // Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    public ICollection GetCreateTime () {
      ArrayList al = new ArrayList();
      
      // Returns creation time for this example.      
      al.Add("The business object that you are using was created at " + _creationTime);
      
      return al;
    }
  }
}
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Web.UI
Imports System.Web.UI.WebControls

Namespace Samples.AspNet.VB

  Public Class EmployeeLogic
    
    
    Public Sub New() 
        MyClass.New(DateTime.Now)
    
    End Sub
    
    
    Public Sub New(ByVal creationTime As DateTime) 
        _creationTime = creationTime
    
    End Sub
    
    Private _creationTime As DateTime
    
    
    ' Returns a collection of NorthwindEmployee objects.
    Public Function GetCreateTime() As ICollection 
        Dim al As New ArrayList()
        
        ' Returns creation time for this example.      
        al.Add("The business object that you are using was created at " + _creationTime)
        
        Return al
    
    End Function 'GetCreateTime
  End Class
End Namespace ' Samples.AspNet.VB

Commenti

Quando si crea un delegato di ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventHandler, si identifica il metodo con cui gestire l'evento.When you create an ObjectDataSourceDisposingEventHandler delegate, you identify the method that will handle the event. Per associare l'evento al gestore eventi in uso, aggiungere all'evento un'istanza del delegato.To associate the event with your event handler, add an instance of the delegate to the event. Il gestore eventi viene chiamato ogni volta che si verifica l'evento, a meno che non venga rimosso il delegato.The event handler is called whenever the event occurs, unless you remove the delegate. Per altre informazioni su come gestire gli eventi, vedere la gestione e generazione di eventi.For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

Metodi di estensione

GetMethodInfo(Delegate)

Ottiene un oggetto che rappresenta il metodo rappresentato dal delegato specificato.Gets an object that represents the method represented by the specified delegate.

Si applica a

Vedi anche