CreateParams CreateParams CreateParams CreateParams Class

Definizione

Incapsula le informazioni richieste durante la creazione di un controllo.Encapsulates the information needed when creating a control.

public ref class CreateParams
public class CreateParams
type CreateParams = class
Public Class CreateParams
Ereditarietà
CreateParamsCreateParamsCreateParamsCreateParams

Esempi

L'esempio di codice seguente crea una Button derivata denominata MyIconButton e fornisce l'implementazione necessaria per il pulsante per visualizzare un'icona anziché un'immagine.The following code example creates a Button derived class named MyIconButton and provides the implementation needed for the button to display an Icon rather than an Image. Il CreateParams proprietà è estesa e un valore aggiunto per il Style proprietà che fa sì che il pulsante per visualizzare un Icon anziché un oggetto Image.The CreateParams property is extended and a value added to the Style property that causes the button to display an Icon rather than an Image.

#include <windows.h>

#using <System.dll>
#using <System.Drawing.dll>
#using <System.Windows.Forms.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Drawing;
using namespace System::Windows::Forms;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices;
using namespace System::Diagnostics;
using namespace System::IO;

public ref class MyIconButton: public Button
{
private:
   Icon^ icon;

public:
   MyIconButton()
   {
      
      // Set the button's FlatStyle property.
      FlatStyle = ::FlatStyle::System;
   }

   MyIconButton( Icon^ ButtonIcon )
   {
      
      // Set the button's FlatStyle property.
      FlatStyle = ::FlatStyle::System;
      
      // Assign the icon to the private field.
      this->icon = ButtonIcon;
      
      // Size the button to 4 pixels larger than the icon.
      this->Height = icon->Height + 4;
      this->Width = icon->Width + 4;
   }


protected:

   property System::Windows::Forms::CreateParams^ CreateParams 
   {

      virtual System::Windows::Forms::CreateParams^ get() override
      {
         
         // Extend the CreateParams property of the Button class.
         System::Windows::Forms::CreateParams^ cp = __super::CreateParams;

         // Update the button Style.
         cp->Style |= 0x00000040; // BS_ICON value
         return cp;
      }
   }

public:
   property System::Drawing::Icon^ Icon
   {
      System::Drawing::Icon^ get()
      {
         return icon;
      }
      void set(System::Drawing::Icon^ value)
      {
         icon = value;
         UpdateIcon();
         this->Height = icon->Height + 4;
         this->Width = icon->Width + 4;
      }
   }

protected:
   virtual void OnHandleCreated( EventArgs^ e ) override
   {
      Button::OnHandleCreated( e );
      
      // Update the icon on the button if there is currently an icon assigned to the icon field.
      if ( icon != nullptr )
      {
         UpdateIcon();
      }
   }


private:
   void UpdateIcon()
   {
      IntPtr iconHandle = IntPtr::Zero;
      
      // Get the icon's handle.
      if ( icon != nullptr )
      {
         iconHandle = icon->Handle;
      }

      
      // Send Windows the message to update the button.
      SendMessage( (HWND)Handle.ToPointer(), 0x00F7, 1, (int)iconHandle );
      
      /*BM_SETIMAGE value*/
      /*IMAGE_ICON value*/
   }

   public:
	[DllImport("user32.dll")]
	static LRESULT SendMessage(HWND hWnd, int msg, int wParam, int lParam);

};


using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Diagnostics;
using System.IO;
using System.Security.Permissions;

[SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, UnmanagedCode = true)]
public class MyIconButton : Button
{

    private Icon icon;

    public MyIconButton()
    {
        // Set the button's FlatStyle property.
        FlatStyle = FlatStyle.System;
    }

    public MyIconButton(Icon ButtonIcon)
        : this()
    {
        // Assign the icon to the private field.   
        this.icon = ButtonIcon;


        // Size the button to 4 pixels larger than the icon.
        this.Height = icon.Height + 4;
        this.Width = icon.Width + 4;
    }

    protected override CreateParams CreateParams
    {
        get
        {
            new SecurityPermission(SecurityPermissionFlag.UnmanagedCode).Demand();

            // Extend the CreateParams property of the Button class.
            CreateParams cp = base.CreateParams;
            // Update the button Style.
            cp.Style |= 0x00000040; // BS_ICON value

            return cp;
        }
    }

    public Icon Icon
    {
        get
        {
            return icon;
        }

        set
        {
            icon = value;
            UpdateIcon();
            // Size the button to 4 pixels larger than the icon.
            this.Height = icon.Height + 4;
            this.Width = icon.Width + 4;
        }
    }

    [SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, UnmanagedCode = true)]
    protected override void OnHandleCreated(EventArgs e)
    {
        base.OnHandleCreated(e);

        // Update the icon on the button if there is currently an icon assigned to the icon field.
        if (icon != null)
        {
            UpdateIcon();
        }
    }

    private void UpdateIcon()
    {
        IntPtr iconHandle = IntPtr.Zero;

        // Get the icon's handle.
        if (icon != null)
        {
            iconHandle = icon.Handle;
        }

        // Send Windows the message to update the button. 
        SendMessage(Handle, 0x00F7 /*BM_SETIMAGE value*/, 1 /*IMAGE_ICON value*/, (int)iconHandle);
    }


    // Import the SendMessage method of the User32 DLL.   
    [DllImport("user32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto)]
    public static extern IntPtr SendMessage(IntPtr hWnd, int msg, int wParam, int lParam);

}
Imports System
Imports System.Windows.Forms
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Security.Permissions

Public Class MyIconButton
    Inherits Button

    Private ButtonIcon As Icon

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()

        ' Set the button's FlatStyle property.
        Me.FlatStyle = System.Windows.Forms.FlatStyle.System
    End Sub

    Public Sub New(ByVal Icon As Icon)
        MyBase.New()

        ' Assign the icon to the private field.   
        Me.ButtonIcon = Icon

        ' Size the button to 4 pixels larger than the icon.
        Me.Height = ButtonIcon.Height + 4
        Me.Width = ButtonIcon.Width + 4
    End Sub


    Protected Overrides ReadOnly Property CreateParams() As System.Windows.Forms.CreateParams
        Get
            Dim SecPerm As New SecurityPermission(SecurityPermissionFlag.UnmanagedCode)
            SecPerm.Demand()

            ' Extend the CreateParams property of the Button class.
            Dim cp As System.Windows.Forms.CreateParams = MyBase.CreateParams
            ' Update the button Style.
            cp.Style = cp.Style Or &H40 ' BS_ICON value

            Return cp
        End Get
    End Property

    Public Property Icon() As Icon
        Get
            Return ButtonIcon
        End Get

        Set(ByVal Value As Icon)
            ButtonIcon = Value
            UpdateIcon()
            ' Size the button to 4 pixels larger than the icon.
            Me.Height = ButtonIcon.Height + 4
            Me.Width = ButtonIcon.Width + 4
        End Set
    End Property

    <SecurityPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, UnmanagedCode := True)> _
    Protected Overrides Sub OnHandleCreated(ByVal e As EventArgs)
        MyBase.OnHandleCreated(e)

        ' Update the icon on the button if there is currently an icon assigned to the icon field.
        If Me.ButtonIcon IsNot Nothing Then
            UpdateIcon()
        End If
    End Sub

    Private Sub UpdateIcon()
        Dim IconHandle As IntPtr = IntPtr.Zero

        ' Get the icon's handle.
        If Me.Icon IsNot Nothing Then
            IconHandle = Icon.Handle
        End If

        ' Send Windows the message to update the button. 
        ' BM_SETIMAGE (second parameter) and IMAGE_ICON (third parameter).
        SendMessage(Handle, &HF7, &H1, IconHandle.ToInt32())
    End Sub

    ' Declare the SendMessage function.
    Declare Auto Function SendMessage Lib "user32" (ByVal hWnd As IntPtr, _
            ByVal msg As Integer, ByVal wParam As Integer, ByVal lParam As Integer) As IntPtr
End Class

Esempio di codice seguente crea un'istanza di una norma Button controllo e un'istanza del controllo derivata, MyIconButton, creato nell'esempio precedente.The following code example creates an instance of a standard Button control and an instance of the derived control, MyIconButton, created in the example above. In questo esempio richiede che sia presente un Icon file denominato Default.ico nello stesso percorso dell'applicazione.This example requires that there is an Icon file named Default.ico in the same location as the application. All'avvio dell'applicazione, il Default icona viene visualizzata nel MyIconButton pulsante.When the application starts, the Default icon is displayed on the MyIconButton button. Se il Default icona non è presente, il pulsante viene visualizzato nulla.If the Default icon is not present, the button face is blank. Quando lo standard Button viene fatto clic, un' OpenFileDialog verrà visualizzata la finestra è possibile scegliere una nuova icona da visualizzare nel MyIconButton.When the standard Button is clicked, an OpenFileDialog box will appear so you can select a new Icon to display on the MyIconButton.

public ref class MyApplication: public Form
{
private:
   MyIconButton^ myIconButton;
   Button^ stdButton;
   OpenFileDialog^ openDlg;

public:
   MyApplication()
   {
      try
      {
         
         // Create the button with the default icon.
         myIconButton = gcnew MyIconButton( gcnew System::Drawing::Icon( String::Concat( Application::StartupPath, "\\Default.ico" ) ) );
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
      {
         
         // If the default icon does not exist, create the button without an icon.
         myIconButton = gcnew MyIconButton;
         #if defined(DEBUG)
         Debug::WriteLine( ex );
         #endif
      }
      finally
      {
         stdButton = gcnew Button;
         
         // Add the Click event handlers.
         myIconButton->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &MyApplication::myIconButton_Click );
         stdButton->Click += gcnew EventHandler( this, &MyApplication::stdButton_Click );
         
         // Set the location, text and width of the standard button.
         stdButton->Location = Point(myIconButton->Location.X,myIconButton->Location.Y + myIconButton->Height + 20);
         stdButton->Text = "Change Icon";
         stdButton->Width = 100;
         
         // Add the buttons to the Form.
         this->Controls->Add( stdButton );
         this->Controls->Add( myIconButton );
      }

   }


private:
   void myIconButton_Click( Object^ /*Sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
#undef MessageBox 
      
      // Make sure MyIconButton works.
      MessageBox::Show( "MyIconButton was clicked!" );
   }

   void stdButton_Click( Object^ /*Sender*/, EventArgs^ /*e*/ )
   {
      
      // Use an OpenFileDialog to allow the user to assign a new image to the derived button.
      openDlg = gcnew OpenFileDialog;
      openDlg->InitialDirectory = Application::StartupPath;
      openDlg->Filter = "Icon files (*.ico)|*.ico";
      openDlg->Multiselect = false;
      openDlg->ShowDialog();
      if (  !openDlg->FileName->Equals( "" ) )
      {
         myIconButton->Icon = gcnew System::Drawing::Icon( openDlg->FileName );
      }
   }

};

int main()
{
   Application::Run( gcnew MyApplication );
}

public class MyApplication : Form
{
    private MyIconButton myIconButton;
    private Button stdButton;
    private OpenFileDialog openDlg;

    static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new MyApplication());
    }

    public MyApplication()
    {
        try
        {
            // Create the button with the default icon.
            myIconButton = new MyIconButton(new Icon(Application.StartupPath + "\\Default.ico"));
        }
        catch (Exception ex)
        {
            // If the default icon does not exist, create the button without an icon.
            myIconButton = new MyIconButton();
            Debug.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
        }
        finally
        {
            stdButton = new Button();

            // Add the Click event handlers.
            myIconButton.Click += new EventHandler(this.myIconButton_Click);
            stdButton.Click += new EventHandler(this.stdButton_Click);

            // Set the location, text and width of the standard button.
            stdButton.Location = new Point(myIconButton.Location.X, myIconButton.Location.Y + myIconButton.Height + 20);
            stdButton.Text = "Change Icon";
            stdButton.Width = 100;

            // Add the buttons to the Form.
            this.Controls.Add(stdButton);
            this.Controls.Add(myIconButton);
        }

    }

    private void myIconButton_Click(object Sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Make sure MyIconButton works.
        MessageBox.Show("MyIconButton was clicked!");
    }

    private void stdButton_Click(object Sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        // Use an OpenFileDialog to allow the user to assign a new image to the derived button.
        openDlg = new OpenFileDialog();
        openDlg.InitialDirectory = Application.StartupPath;
        openDlg.Filter = "Icon files (*.ico)|*.ico";
        openDlg.Multiselect = false;
        openDlg.ShowDialog();

        if (openDlg.FileName != "")
        {
            myIconButton.Icon = new Icon(openDlg.FileName);
        }
    }

}
Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Friend WithEvents MyStdButton As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Friend WithEvents MyIconButton As MyIconButton
    Friend WithEvents OpenDlg As OpenFileDialog

    Public Sub New()
        MyBase.New()
        Try
            ' Create the button with the default icon.
            MyIconButton = New MyIconButton(New Icon(Application.StartupPath + "\Default.ico"))

        Catch ex As Exception
            ' If the default icon does not exist, create the button without an icon.
            MyIconButton = New MyIconButton()
            System.Diagnostics.Debug.WriteLine(ex.ToString())
        Finally
            MyStdButton = New Button()

            'Set the location, text and width of the standard button.
            MyStdButton.Location = New Point(MyIconButton.Location.X, _
                        MyIconButton.Location.Y + MyIconButton.Height + 20)
            MyStdButton.Text = "Change Icon"
            MyStdButton.Width = 100

            ' Add the buttons to the Form.
            Me.Controls.Add(MyStdButton)
            Me.Controls.Add(MyIconButton)
        End Try

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    End Sub

    Private Sub MyStdButton_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
                ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyStdButton.Click
        ' Use an OpenFileDialog to allow the user to assign a new image to the derived button.
        OpenDlg = New OpenFileDialog()
        OpenDlg.InitialDirectory = Application.StartupPath
        OpenDlg.Filter = "Icon files (*.ico)|*.ico"
        OpenDlg.Multiselect = False
        OpenDlg.ShowDialog()

        If OpenDlg.FileName <> "" Then
            MyIconButton.Icon = New Icon(OpenDlg.FileName)
        End If
    End Sub

    Private Sub MyIconButton_Click(ByVal sender As System.Object, _
                ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles MyIconButton.Click
        ' Make sure MyIconButton works.
        MessageBox.Show("MyIconButton was clicked!")
    End Sub
End Class

Commenti

Le informazioni contenute in un CreateParams può essere usato per passare informazioni di stato iniziale e l'aspetto di un controllo.The information in a CreateParams can be used to pass information about the initial state and appearance of a control. La maggior parte degli Control derivate di eseguire l'override di controlli il CreateParams proprietà per passare i valori appropriati o includere informazioni aggiuntive nel CreateParams.Most Control derived controls override the CreateParams property to pass in the appropriate values or include additional information in the CreateParams.

Per altre informazioni sulla creazione di parametri di controllo, vedere la CreateWindow e CreateWindowEx funzioni e CREATESTRUCT struttura nella documentazione di Windows Platform SDK si trova in MSDN Library.For more information about creating control parameters, see the CreateWindow and CreateWindowEx functions and the CREATESTRUCT structure documentation in the Windows Platform SDK reference located in the MSDN Library.

Nota

Le costanti usate per impostare il Style, ExStyle, e ClassStyle proprietà sono definite nel file di intestazione Winuser. h.The constants used to set the Style, ExStyle, and ClassStyle properties are defined in the Winuser.h header file. Questo file viene installato per la piattaforma SDK o Visual Studio.This file is installed by the Platform SDK or Visual Studio.

Costruttori

CreateParams() CreateParams() CreateParams() CreateParams()

Inizializza una nuova istanza della classe CreateParams.Initializes a new instance of the CreateParams class.

Proprietà

Caption Caption Caption Caption

Ottiene o imposta il testo iniziale del controllo.Gets or sets the control's initial text.

ClassName ClassName ClassName ClassName

Ottiene o imposta il nome della classe Windows da cui derivare il controllo.Gets or sets the name of the Windows class to derive the control from.

ClassStyle ClassStyle ClassStyle ClassStyle

Ottiene o imposta una combinazione bit per bit di valori di stile di classe.Gets or sets a bitwise combination of class style values.

ExStyle ExStyle ExStyle ExStyle

Ottiene o imposta una combinazione bit per bit dei valori dello stile esteso della finestra.Gets or sets a bitwise combination of extended window style values.

Height Height Height Height

Ottiene o imposta l’altezza iniziale del controllo.Gets or sets the initial height of the control.

Param Param Param Param

Ottiene o imposta le informazioni aggiuntive sui parametri richieste per la creazione del controllo.Gets or sets additional parameter information needed to create the control.

Parent Parent Parent Parent

Ottiene o imposta l'elemento padre del controllo.Gets or sets the control's parent.

Style Style Style Style

Ottiene o imposta una combinazione bit per bit dei valori dello stile di finestra.Gets or sets a bitwise combination of window style values.

Width Width Width Width

Ottiene o imposta la larghezza iniziale del controllo.Gets or sets the initial width of the control.

X X X X

Ottiene o imposta la posizione sinistra iniziale del controllo.Gets or sets the initial left position of the control.

Y Y Y Y

Ottiene o imposta la posizione superiore dell'ubicazione iniziale del controllo.Gets or sets the top position of the initial location of the control.

Metodi

Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object) Equals(Object)

Determina se l'oggetto specificato è uguale all'oggetto corrente.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(Inherited from Object)
GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode() GetHashCode()

Funge da funzione hash predefinita.Serves as the default hash function.

(Inherited from Object)
GetType() GetType() GetType() GetType()

Ottiene l'oggetto Type dell'istanza corrente.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(Inherited from Object)
MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone() MemberwiseClone()

Crea una copia superficiale dell'oggetto Object corrente.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(Inherited from Object)
ToString() ToString() ToString() ToString()

Restituisce una stringa che rappresenta l'oggetto corrente.Returns a string that represents the current object.

Si applica a

Vedi anche