IAsyncAction Interface


Represents an asynchronous action. This is the return type for many Windows Runtime asynchronous methods that don't have a result object, and don't report ongoing progress.

public interface class IAsyncAction : IAsyncInfo
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/// [Windows.Foundation.Metadata.Guid(1516535814, 33850, 19881, 134, 91, 157, 38, 229, 223, 173, 123)]
struct IAsyncAction : IAsyncInfo
[Windows.Foundation.Metadata.ContractVersion(typeof(Windows.Foundation.FoundationContract), 65536)]
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public interface IAsyncAction : IAsyncInfo
Public Interface IAsyncAction
Implements IAsyncInfo

Windows 10 requirements

Device family
Windows 10 (introduced in 10.0.10240.0)
API contract
Windows.Foundation.FoundationContract (introduced in v1.0)


IAsyncAction is the return type for all Windows Runtime asynchronous methods that don't communicate a result object, or ongoing progress. This constitutes over 300 different Windows Runtime APIs. APIs that do report progress (but don't have a result) use another interface, IAsyncActionWithProgress<TProgress>.

When you use methods that return IAsyncAction in your app code, you usually don't access the IAsyncAction return value directly. That's because you almost always use the language-specific awaitable syntax. In this case, the apparent return value of the method is void. For more info, see Asynchronous programming, or one of the language-specific guides to Windows Runtime asynchronous programming (Call asynchronous APIs in C# or Visual Basic, C++, JavaScript).

IAsyncAction is also an input type for some advanced-scenario utility APIs such as CoreDispatcher.RunAsync and ThreadPool.RunAsync.

It's not common to use IAsyncAction directly even if you don't use a language-specific awaitable syntax. Each of the languages has extension points that are generally easier to use than the Windows Runtime interface. JavaScript has WinJS.Promise, and the then/done syntax. .NET has the AsTask extension method, and once the IAsyncAction is converted to a Task, it's easier to cancel, get notification on completion, and so on. For C++/CX, you can wrap the calls using the Concurrency runtime (and use create_task). In other words, IAsyncAction can be considered runtime-level infrastructure, which each of the languages use as a framework to support awaitable syntax or asynchronous programming models in their own way.

Instead of using IAsyncAction, some Windows Runtime asynchronous methods use custom action types (which might have "Operation" rather than "Action" in their name). For example, SignOutUserOperation is a Windows Runtime type that implements IAsyncAction. The SignOutUserOperation type is then used as the custom action return type for the SignOutUserAsync method.


The get function exists on the C++/WinRT projection type winrt::Windows::Foundation::IAsyncAction, so you can call the function from within any C++/WinRT project. You will not find the function listed as a member of the IAsyncAction interface, because get is not part of the application binary interface (ABI) surface of the actual Windows Runtime type IAsyncAction. For more info, and code examples showing how to call get, see Write a coroutine.

Like get, the wait_for function exists only on the C++/WinRT projection. For more info, and code examples showing how to call wait_for, see Asynchronous timeouts made easy.

Interface inheritance

IAsyncAction inherits IAsyncInfo. Types that implement IAsyncAction also implement the interface members of IAsyncInfo:

Notes to implementers

As with calling the existing methods, there are language-specific ways to define asynchronous methods that don't use IAsyncInfo directly. If writing code using .NET, your method can return a Task. For C++/CX, you can use the Concurrency runtime. However, if you're defining a component, you can use Task/task internally but you must return one of the Windows Runtime interfaces for your public methods. The language-specific asynchronous support types (and many other language-specific types you might conventionally use in code) can't be used for the public surface area of a Windows Runtime component.



Gets or sets the method that handles the action completed notification.


Gets a string that describes an error condition of the asynchronous operation.

(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)

Gets the handle of the asynchronous operation.

(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)

Gets a value that indicates the status of the asynchronous operation.

(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)



Cancels the asynchronous operation.

(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)

Closes the asynchronous operation.

(Inherited from IAsyncInfo)

Returns the results of the action.

Applies to

See also