Azure Resource Manager テンプレートを使用して Azure Cosmos DB MongoDB API リソースを管理する

適用対象: MongoDB 用 Azure Cosmos DB API

この記事では、ご利用の MongoDB API の Azure Cosmos DB アカウント、データベース、およびコレクションのデプロイと管理に役立つ Azure Resource Manager テンプレートの使用方法について説明します。

この記事に含まれているのは、MongoDB 用の Azure Cosmos DB の API の例のみです。他の種類の API アカウントでの例については、CassandraGremlinSQLTable 用の Azure Cosmos DB の API での Azure Resource Manager テンプレートの使用に関する記事を参照してください。

重要

  • アカウント名は、44 文字 (すべて小文字) に制限されています。
  • スループットの値を変更するには、RU/秒を更新してテンプレートを再配置します。
  • Azure Cosmos アカウントに対して場所の追加または削除を行う場合、他のプロパティを同時に変更することはできません。 これらの操作は個別に行う必要があります。

以下の Azure Cosmos DB リソースを作成するには、次のサンプル テンプレートを新しい json ファイルにコピーします。 必要に応じて、異なる名前と値を持つ同じリソースの複数のインスタンスをデプロイするときに使用するパラメーター json ファイルを作成することもできます。 Azure Resource Manager テンプレートをデプロイするには、Azure portalAzure CLIAzure PowerShellGitHub など、さまざまな方法があります。

自動スケーリングでプロビジョニングされたスループットを使用した MongoDB 用の Azure Cosmos アカウント

このテンプレートは、データベース レベルで自動スケーリングのスループットを共有する 2 つのコレクションを含む MongoDB API (3.2 または 3.6) の Azure Cosmos アカウントを作成します。 このテンプレートは、Azure クイックスタート テンプレート ギャラリーからのワンクリック デプロイでも使用できます。

Azure へのデプロイ

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "metadata": {
    "_generator": {
      "name": "bicep",
      "version": "0.3.539.46024",
      "templateHash": "1468643375910708237"
    }
  },
  "parameters": {
    "accountName": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "[format('mongodb-{0}', uniqueString(resourceGroup().id))]",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Cosmos DB account name"
      }
    },
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Location for the Cosmos DB account."
      }
    },
    "primaryRegion": {
      "type": "string",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The primary replica region for the Cosmos DB account."
      }
    },
    "secondaryRegion": {
      "type": "string",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The secondary replica region for the Cosmos DB account."
      }
    },
    "serverVersion": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "4.0",
      "allowedValues": [
        "3.2",
        "3.6",
        "4.0"
      ],
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Specifies the MongoDB server version to use."
      }
    },
    "defaultConsistencyLevel": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "Session",
      "allowedValues": [
        "Eventual",
        "ConsistentPrefix",
        "Session",
        "BoundedStaleness",
        "Strong"
      ],
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The default consistency level of the Cosmos DB account."
      }
    },
    "maxStalenessPrefix": {
      "type": "int",
      "defaultValue": 100000,
      "maxValue": 2147483647,
      "minValue": 10,
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Max stale requests. Required for BoundedStaleness. Valid ranges, Single Region: 10 to 1000000. Multi Region: 100000 to 1000000."
      }
    },
    "maxIntervalInSeconds": {
      "type": "int",
      "defaultValue": 300,
      "maxValue": 86400,
      "minValue": 5,
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Max lag time (seconds). Required for BoundedStaleness. Valid ranges, Single Region: 5 to 84600. Multi Region: 300 to 86400."
      }
    },
    "databaseName": {
      "type": "string",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The name for the Mongo DB database"
      }
    },
    "collection1Name": {
      "type": "string",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The name for the first Mongo DB collection"
      }
    },
    "collection2Name": {
      "type": "string",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The name for the second Mongo DB collection"
      }
    },
    "autoscaleMaxThroughput": {
      "type": "int",
      "defaultValue": 4000,
      "maxValue": 1000000,
      "minValue": 4000,
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Maximum throughput when using Autoscale Throughput Policy for the Database"
      }
    }
  },
  "functions": [],
  "variables": {
    "accountName_var": "[toLower(parameters('accountName'))]",
    "consistencyPolicy": {
      "Eventual": {
        "defaultConsistencyLevel": "Eventual"
      },
      "ConsistentPrefix": {
        "defaultConsistencyLevel": "ConsistentPrefix"
      },
      "Session": {
        "defaultConsistencyLevel": "Session"
      },
      "BoundedStaleness": {
        "defaultConsistencyLevel": "BoundedStaleness",
        "maxStalenessPrefix": "[parameters('maxStalenessPrefix')]",
        "maxIntervalInSeconds": "[parameters('maxIntervalInSeconds')]"
      },
      "Strong": {
        "defaultConsistencyLevel": "Strong"
      }
    },
    "locations": [
      {
        "locationName": "[parameters('primaryRegion')]",
        "failoverPriority": 0,
        "isZoneRedundant": false
      },
      {
        "locationName": "[parameters('secondaryRegion')]",
        "failoverPriority": 1,
        "isZoneRedundant": false
      }
    ]
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts",
      "apiVersion": "2021-04-15",
      "name": "[variables('accountName_var')]",
      "location": "[parameters('location')]",
      "kind": "MongoDB",
      "properties": {
        "consistencyPolicy": "[variables('consistencyPolicy')[parameters('defaultConsistencyLevel')]]",
        "locations": "[variables('locations')]",
        "databaseAccountOfferType": "Standard",
        "apiProperties": {
          "serverVersion": "[parameters('serverVersion')]"
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts/mongodbDatabases",
      "apiVersion": "2021-04-15",
      "name": "[format('{0}/{1}', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName'))]",
      "properties": {
        "resource": {
          "id": "[parameters('databaseName')]"
        },
        "options": {
          "autoscaleSettings": {
            "maxThroughput": "[parameters('autoscaleMaxThroughput')]"
          }
        }
      },
      "dependsOn": [
        "[resourceId('Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts', variables('accountName_var'))]"
      ]
    },
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.DocumentDb/databaseAccounts/mongodbDatabases/collections",
      "apiVersion": "2021-04-15",
      "name": "[format('{0}/{1}/{2}', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName'), parameters('collection1Name'))]",
      "properties": {
        "resource": {
          "id": "[parameters('collection1Name')]",
          "shardKey": {
            "user_id": "Hash"
          },
          "indexes": [
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "_id"
                ]
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "$**"
                ]
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "user_id",
                  "user_address"
                ]
              },
              "options": {
                "unique": true
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "_ts"
                ],
                "options": {
                  "expireAfterSeconds": 2629746
                }
              }
            }
          ],
          "options": {
            "If-Match": "<ETag>"
          }
        }
      },
      "dependsOn": [
        "[resourceId('Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts/mongodbDatabases', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName'))]",
        "[resourceId('Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts', variables('accountName_var'))]"
      ]
    },
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.DocumentDb/databaseAccounts/mongodbDatabases/collections",
      "apiVersion": "2021-04-15",
      "name": "[format('{0}/{1}/{2}', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName'), parameters('collection2Name'))]",
      "properties": {
        "resource": {
          "id": "[parameters('collection2Name')]",
          "shardKey": {
            "company_id": "Hash"
          },
          "indexes": [
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "_id"
                ]
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "$**"
                ]
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "company_id",
                  "company_address"
                ]
              },
              "options": {
                "unique": true
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "_ts"
                ],
                "options": {
                  "expireAfterSeconds": 2629746
                }
              }
            }
          ],
          "options": {
            "If-Match": "<ETag>"
          }
        }
      },
      "dependsOn": [
        "[resourceId('Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts/mongodbDatabases', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName'))]",
        "[resourceId('Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts', variables('accountName_var'))]"
      ]
    }
  ]
}

標準でプロビジョニングされたスループットを使用した MongoDB 用の Azure Cosmos アカウント

このテンプレートは、データベース レベルで 400 RU/秒の標準 (手動) スループットを共有する 2 つのコレクションを含む MongoDB API (3.2 または3.6) の Azure Cosmos アカウントを作成します。 このテンプレートは、Azure クイックスタート テンプレート ギャラリーからのワンクリック デプロイでも使用できます。

Azure へのデプロイ

{
  "$schema": "https://schema.management.azure.com/schemas/2019-04-01/deploymentTemplate.json#",
  "contentVersion": "1.0.0.0",
  "metadata": {
    "_generator": {
      "name": "bicep",
      "version": "0.3.539.46024",
      "templateHash": "1202222167196775397"
    }
  },
  "parameters": {
    "accountName": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "[format('mongodb-{0}', uniqueString(resourceGroup().id))]",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Cosmos DB account name"
      }
    },
    "location": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "[resourceGroup().location]",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Location for the Cosmos DB account."
      }
    },
    "primaryRegion": {
      "type": "string",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The primary replica region for the Cosmos DB account."
      }
    },
    "secondaryRegion": {
      "type": "string",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The secondary replica region for the Cosmos DB account."
      }
    },
    "defaultConsistencyLevel": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "Session",
      "allowedValues": [
        "Eventual",
        "ConsistentPrefix",
        "Session",
        "BoundedStaleness",
        "Strong"
      ],
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The default consistency level of the Cosmos DB account."
      }
    },
    "serverVersion": {
      "type": "string",
      "defaultValue": "4.0",
      "allowedValues": [
        "3.2",
        "3.6",
        "4.0"
      ],
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Specifies the MongoDB server version to use."
      }
    },
    "maxStalenessPrefix": {
      "type": "int",
      "defaultValue": 100000,
      "maxValue": 2147483647,
      "minValue": 10,
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Max stale requests. Required for BoundedStaleness. Valid ranges, Single Region: 10 to 1000000. Multi Region: 100000 to 1000000."
      }
    },
    "maxIntervalInSeconds": {
      "type": "int",
      "defaultValue": 300,
      "maxValue": 86400,
      "minValue": 5,
      "metadata": {
        "description": "Max lag time (seconds). Required for BoundedStaleness. Valid ranges, Single Region: 5 to 84600. Multi Region: 300 to 86400."
      }
    },
    "databaseName": {
      "type": "string",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The name for the Mongo DB database"
      }
    },
    "throughput": {
      "type": "int",
      "defaultValue": 400,
      "maxValue": 1000000,
      "minValue": 400,
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The shared throughput for the Mongo DB database"
      }
    },
    "collection1Name": {
      "type": "string",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The name for the first Mongo DB collection"
      }
    },
    "collection2Name": {
      "type": "string",
      "metadata": {
        "description": "The name for the second Mongo DB collection"
      }
    }
  },
  "functions": [],
  "variables": {
    "accountName_var": "[toLower(parameters('accountName'))]",
    "consistencyPolicy": {
      "Eventual": {
        "defaultConsistencyLevel": "Eventual"
      },
      "ConsistentPrefix": {
        "defaultConsistencyLevel": "ConsistentPrefix"
      },
      "Session": {
        "defaultConsistencyLevel": "Session"
      },
      "BoundedStaleness": {
        "defaultConsistencyLevel": "BoundedStaleness",
        "maxStalenessPrefix": "[parameters('maxStalenessPrefix')]",
        "maxIntervalInSeconds": "[parameters('maxIntervalInSeconds')]"
      },
      "Strong": {
        "defaultConsistencyLevel": "Strong"
      }
    },
    "locations": [
      {
        "locationName": "[parameters('primaryRegion')]",
        "failoverPriority": 0,
        "isZoneRedundant": false
      },
      {
        "locationName": "[parameters('secondaryRegion')]",
        "failoverPriority": 1,
        "isZoneRedundant": false
      }
    ]
  },
  "resources": [
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts",
      "apiVersion": "2021-04-15",
      "name": "[variables('accountName_var')]",
      "location": "[parameters('location')]",
      "kind": "MongoDB",
      "properties": {
        "consistencyPolicy": "[variables('consistencyPolicy')[parameters('defaultConsistencyLevel')]]",
        "locations": "[variables('locations')]",
        "databaseAccountOfferType": "Standard",
        "apiProperties": {
          "serverVersion": "[parameters('serverVersion')]"
        }
      }
    },
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts/mongodbDatabases",
      "apiVersion": "2021-04-15",
      "name": "[format('{0}/{1}', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName'))]",
      "properties": {
        "resource": {
          "id": "[parameters('databaseName')]"
        },
        "options": {
          "throughput": "[parameters('throughput')]"
        }
      },
      "dependsOn": [
        "[resourceId('Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts', variables('accountName_var'))]"
      ]
    },
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.DocumentDb/databaseAccounts/mongodbDatabases/collections",
      "apiVersion": "2021-04-15",
      "name": "[format('{0}/{1}', format('{0}/{1}', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName')), parameters('collection1Name'))]",
      "properties": {
        "resource": {
          "id": "[parameters('collection1Name')]",
          "shardKey": {
            "user_id": "Hash"
          },
          "indexes": [
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "_id"
                ]
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "$**"
                ]
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "user_id",
                  "user_address"
                ]
              },
              "options": {
                "unique": true
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "_ts"
                ]
              },
              "options": {
                "expireAfterSeconds": 2629746
              }
            }
          ],
          "options": {
            "If-Match": "<ETag>"
          }
        }
      },
      "dependsOn": [
        "[resourceId('Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts/mongodbDatabases', split(format('{0}/{1}', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName')), '/')[0], split(format('{0}/{1}', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName')), '/')[1])]"
      ]
    },
    {
      "type": "Microsoft.DocumentDb/databaseAccounts/mongodbDatabases/collections",
      "apiVersion": "2021-04-15",
      "name": "[format('{0}/{1}', format('{0}/{1}', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName')), parameters('collection2Name'))]",
      "properties": {
        "resource": {
          "id": "[parameters('collection2Name')]",
          "shardKey": {
            "company_id": "Hash"
          },
          "indexes": [
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "_id"
                ]
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "$**"
                ]
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "company_id",
                  "company_address"
                ]
              },
              "options": {
                "unique": true
              }
            },
            {
              "key": {
                "keys": [
                  "_ts"
                ]
              },
              "options": {
                "expireAfterSeconds": 2629746
              }
            }
          ],
          "options": {
            "If-Match": "<ETag>"
          }
        }
      },
      "dependsOn": [
        "[resourceId('Microsoft.DocumentDB/databaseAccounts/mongodbDatabases', split(format('{0}/{1}', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName')), '/')[0], split(format('{0}/{1}', variables('accountName_var'), parameters('databaseName')), '/')[1])]"
      ]
    }
  ]
}

次のステップ

次にその他のリソースを示します。