EqualityComparer<T> クラス

定義

IEqualityComparer<T> ジェネリック インターフェイスの実装のための基本クラスを提供します。Provides a base class for implementations of the IEqualityComparer<T> generic interface.

generic <typename T>
public ref class EqualityComparer abstract : System::Collections::Generic::IEqualityComparer<T>, System::Collections::IEqualityComparer
[System.Serializable]
public abstract class EqualityComparer<T> : System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<T>, System.Collections.IEqualityComparer
type EqualityComparer<'T> = class
    interface IEqualityComparer
    interface IEqualityComparer<'T>
Public MustInherit Class EqualityComparer(Of T)
Implements IEqualityComparer, IEqualityComparer(Of T)

型パラメーター

T

比較するオブジェクトの型。The type of objects to compare.

継承
EqualityComparer<T>
属性
実装

次の例では、等値比較子をBox使用して、型のオブジェクトのディクショナリコレクションを作成します。The following example creates a dictionary collection of objects of type Box with an equality comparer. 2つのボックスは、ディメンションが同じである場合に等しいと見なされます。Two boxes are considered equal if their dimensions are the same. 次に、そのボックスをコレクションに追加します。It then adds the boxes to the collection.

異なる方法で等価性を定義する等値比較子を使用して、ディクショナリが再作成されます。2つのボックスは、ボリュームが同じである場合に等しいと見なされます。The dictionary is recreated with an equality comparer that defines equality in a different way: Two boxes are considered equal if their volumes are the same.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;

class Program
{
    static Dictionary<Box, String> boxes;

    static void Main()
    {
        BoxSameDimensions boxDim = new BoxSameDimensions();
        boxes = new Dictionary<Box, string>(boxDim);

        Console.WriteLine("Boxes equality by dimensions:");
        Box redBox = new Box(8, 4, 8);
        Box greenBox = new Box(8, 6, 8);
        Box blueBox = new Box(8, 4, 8);
        Box yellowBox = new Box(8, 8, 8);
        AddBox(redBox, "red");
        AddBox(greenBox, "green");
        AddBox(blueBox, "blue");
        AddBox(yellowBox, "yellow");

        Console.WriteLine();
        Console.WriteLine("Boxes equality by volume:");

        BoxSameVolume boxVolume = new BoxSameVolume();
        boxes = new Dictionary<Box, string>(boxVolume);
        Box pinkBox = new Box(8, 4, 8);
        Box orangeBox = new Box(8, 6, 8);
        Box purpleBox = new Box(4, 8, 8);
        Box brownBox = new Box(8, 8, 4);
        AddBox(pinkBox, "pink");
        AddBox(orangeBox, "orange");
        AddBox(purpleBox, "purple");
        AddBox(brownBox, "brown");
    }

    public static void AddBox(Box bx, string name)
    {
        try
        {
            boxes.Add(bx, name);
            Console.WriteLine("Added {0}, Count = {1}, HashCode = {2}",
                name, boxes.Count.ToString(), bx.GetHashCode());
        }
        catch (ArgumentException)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("A box equal to {0} is already in the collection.", name);
        }
    }
}

public class Box
{
    public Box(int h, int l, int w)
    {
        this.Height = h;
        this.Length = l;
        this.Width = w;
    }
    public int Height { get; set; }
    public int Length { get; set; }
    public int Width { get; set; }
}

class BoxSameDimensions : EqualityComparer<Box>
{
    public override bool Equals(Box b1, Box b2)
    {
        if (b1 == null && b2 == null)
            return true;
        else if (b1 == null || b2 == null)
            return false;

        return (b1.Height == b2.Height &&
                b1.Length == b2.Length &&
                b1.Width == b2.Width);
    }

    public override int GetHashCode(Box bx)
    {
        int hCode = bx.Height ^ bx.Length ^ bx.Width;
        return hCode.GetHashCode();
    }
}

class BoxSameVolume : EqualityComparer<Box>
{
    public override bool Equals(Box b1, Box b2)
    {
        if (b1 == null && b2 == null)
            return true;
        else if (b1 == null || b2 == null)
            return false;

        return (b1.Height * b1.Width * b1.Length ==
                b2.Height * b2.Width * b2.Length);
    }

    public override int GetHashCode(Box bx)
    {
        int hCode = bx.Height * bx.Length * bx.Width;
        return hCode.GetHashCode();
    }
}
/* This example produces the following output:
 * 
      Boxes equality by dimensions:
      Added red, Count = 1, HashCode = 46104728
      Added green, Count = 2, HashCode = 12289376
      A box equal to blue is already in the collection.
      Added yellow, Count = 3, HashCode = 43495525

      Boxes equality by volume:
      Added pink, Count = 1, HashCode = 55915408
      Added orange, Count = 2, HashCode = 33476626
      A box equal to purple is already in the collection.
      A box equal to brown is already in the collection.
 * 
*/
'Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Generic

Module Program
    Dim boxes As Dictionary(Of Box, [String])

    Public Sub Main(ByVal args As String())

        Dim boxDim As New BoxSameDimensions()
        boxes = New Dictionary(Of Box, String)(boxDim)

        Console.WriteLine("Boxes equality by dimensions:")
        Dim redBox As New Box(8, 4, 8)
        Dim greenBox As New Box(8, 6, 8)
        Dim blueBox As New Box(8, 4, 8)
        Dim yellowBox As New Box(8, 8, 8)
        AddBox(redBox, "red")
        AddBox(greenBox, "green")
        AddBox(blueBox, "blue")
        AddBox(yellowBox, "yellow")

        Console.WriteLine()
        Console.WriteLine("Boxes equality by volume:")

        Dim boxVolume As New BoxSameVolume()
        boxes = New Dictionary(Of Box, String)(boxVolume)
        Dim pinkBox As New Box(8, 4, 8)
        Dim orangeBox As New Box(8, 6, 8)
        Dim purpleBox As New Box(4, 8, 8)
        Dim brownBox As New Box(8, 8, 4)
        AddBox(pinkBox, "pink")
        AddBox(orangeBox, "orange")
        AddBox(purpleBox, "purple")
        AddBox(brownBox, "brown")
    End Sub

    Public Sub AddBox(ByVal bx As Box, ByVal name As String)
        Try
            boxes.Add(bx, name)
            Console.WriteLine("Added {0}, Count = {1}, HashCode = {2}", _
                              name, boxes.Count.ToString(), bx.GetHashCode())
        Catch generatedExceptionName As ArgumentException
            Console.WriteLine("A box equal to {0} is already in the collection.", name)
        End Try
    End Sub
End Module

Public Class Box
    Public Sub New(ByVal h As Integer, ByVal l As Integer, ByVal w As Integer)
        Me.Height = h
        Me.Length = l
        Me.Width = w
    End Sub
    
    Private _Height As Integer
    Public Property Height() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Height
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Height = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Length As Integer
    Public Property Length() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Length
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Length = value
        End Set
    End Property

    Private _Width As Integer
    Public Property Width() As Integer
        Get
            Return _Width
        End Get
        Set(ByVal value As Integer)
            _Width = value
        End Set
    End Property
End Class

Class BoxSameDimensions : Inherits EqualityComparer(Of Box)
    Public Overloads Overrides Function Equals(ByVal b1 As Box, _
                                      ByVal b2 As Box) As Boolean
        If b1 Is Nothing AndAlso b2 Is Nothing Then
           Return True
        Else If b1 Is Nothing OrElse b2 Is Nothing Then
           Return False
        End If

        Return (b1.Height = b2.Height AndAlso b1.Length = b2.Length _
                                      AndAlso b1.Width = b2.Width)
    End Function

    Public Overloads Overrides Function GetHashCode(ByVal bx As Box) As Integer
        Dim hCode As Integer = bx.Height Xor bx.Length Xor bx.Width
        Return hCode.GetHashCode()
    End Function
End Class

Class BoxSameVolume : Inherits EqualityComparer(Of Box)
    Public Overloads Overrides Function Equals(ByVal b1 As Box, _
                                          ByVal b2 As Box) As Boolean
        If b1 Is Nothing AndAlso b2 Is Nothing Then
           Return True
        Else If b1 Is Nothing OrElse b2 Is Nothing Then
           Return False
        End If

        Return (b1.Height * b1.Width * b1.Length = _
                b2.Height * b2.Width * b2.Length)
    End Function

    Public Overloads Overrides Function GetHashCode(ByVal bx As Box) As Integer
        Dim hCode As Integer = bx.Height * bx.Length * bx.Width
        Return hCode.GetHashCode()
    End Function
End Class
' This example produces the following output:
' * 
'    Boxes equality by dimensions:
'    Added red, Count = 1, HashCode = 46104728
'    Added green, Count = 2, HashCode = 12289376
'    A box equal to blue is already in the collection.
'    Added yellow, Count = 3, HashCode = 43495525
'
'    Boxes equality by volume:
'    Added pink, Count = 1, HashCode = 55915408
'    Added orange, Count = 2, HashCode = 33476626
'    A box equal to purple is already in the collection.
'    A box equal to brown is already in the collection.
' * 
' 

注釈

ジェネリッククラスなどのコレクションクラスIEqualityComparer<T> Dictionary<TKey,TValue>List<T>.Sortまたはなどのメソッドを使用して、ジェネリックインターフェイスのカスタム実装を提供するには、このクラスから派生させます。Derive from this class to provide a custom implementation of the IEqualityComparer<T> generic interface for use with collection classes such as the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> generic class, or with methods such as List<T>.Sort.

プロパティDefaultは、型TSystem.IEquatable<T> IEquatable<T>.Equals ジェネリックEqualityComparer<T>インターフェイスを実装しているかどうかを確認し、存在する場合は、メソッドの実装を呼び出すを返します。The Default property checks whether type T implements the System.IEquatable<T> generic interface and, if so, returns an EqualityComparer<T> that invokes the implementation of the IEquatable<T>.Equals method. それ以外の場合はEqualityComparer<T>、によっTて提供されるを返します。Otherwise, it returns an EqualityComparer<T>, as provided by T.

EqualityComparer<T>クラスはObject.Equals IEqualityComparer<T> IEquatable<T>.Equals 、メソッドの代わりにメソッドを使用して等価性をテストするため、インターフェイスを実装する代わりに、クラスから派生させることをお勧めします。 EqualityComparer<T>We recommend that you derive from the EqualityComparer<T> class instead of implementing the IEqualityComparer<T> interface, because the EqualityComparer<T> class tests for equality using the IEquatable<T>.Equals method instead of the Object.Equals method. Containsこれは、 Dictionary<TKey,TValue>クラスとその他LastIndexOfのジェネリックRemoveコレクションの、 IndexOf、、およびメソッドと一致します。This is consistent with the Contains, IndexOf, LastIndexOf, and Remove methods of the Dictionary<TKey,TValue> class and other generic collections.

コンストラクター

EqualityComparer<T>()

EqualityComparer<T> クラスの新しいインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes a new instance of the EqualityComparer<T> class.

プロパティ

Default

汎用引数で指定された型に対して、等値であるかどうかを比較するための既定の比較子を返します。Returns a default equality comparer for the type specified by the generic argument.

メソッド

Equals(Object)

指定したオブジェクトが、現在のオブジェクトと等しいかどうかを判断します。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(継承元 Object)
Equals(T, T)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされた場合、T 型の 2 つのオブジェクトが等しいかどうかを確認します。When overridden in a derived class, determines whether two objects of type T are equal.

GetHashCode()

既定のハッシュ関数として機能します。Serves as the default hash function.

(継承元 Object)
GetHashCode(T)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされた場合、ハッシュ アルゴリズムや、ハッシュ テーブルなどのデータ構造体の指定したオブジェクトに使用するハッシュ関数として機能します。When overridden in a derived class, serves as a hash function for the specified object for hashing algorithms and data structures, such as a hash table.

GetType()

現在のインスタンスの Type を取得します。Gets the Type of the current instance.

(継承元 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

現在の Object の簡易コピーを作成します。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(継承元 Object)
ToString()

現在のオブジェクトを表す文字列を返します。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(継承元 Object)

明示的なインターフェイスの実装

IEqualityComparer.Equals(Object, Object)

指定したオブジェクトが等しいかどうかを判断します。Determines whether the specified objects are equal.

IEqualityComparer.GetHashCode(Object)

指定したオブジェクトのハッシュ コードを返します。Returns a hash code for the specified object.

適用対象

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