Hashtable.ContainsKey(Object) メソッド

定義

Hashtable に特定のキーが格納されているかどうかを判断します。Determines whether the Hashtable contains a specific key.

public:
 virtual bool ContainsKey(System::Object ^ key);
public virtual bool ContainsKey (object key);
abstract member ContainsKey : obj -> bool
override this.ContainsKey : obj -> bool
Public Overridable Function ContainsKey (key As Object) As Boolean

パラメーター

key
Object

Hashtable 内で検索されるキー。The key to locate in the Hashtable.

戻り値

指定したキーを持つ要素が true に格納されている場合は Hashtable。それ以外の場合は falsetrue if the Hashtable contains an element with the specified key; otherwise, false.

例外

keynullです。key is null.

次の例は、Hashtable に特定の要素が含まれているかどうかを確認する方法を示しています。The following example shows how to determine whether the Hashtable contains a specific element.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable^ myHT );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
   Hashtable^ myHT = gcnew Hashtable;
   myHT->Add( (int^)0, "zero" );
   myHT->Add( 1, "one" );
   myHT->Add( 2, "two" );
   myHT->Add( 3, "three" );
   myHT->Add( 4, "four" );
   
   // Displays the values of the Hashtable.
   Console::WriteLine( "The Hashtable contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( myHT );
   
   // Searches for a specific key.
   int myKey = 2;
   Console::WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   myKey = 6;
   Console::WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT->ContainsKey( myKey ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   
   // Searches for a specific value.
   String^ myValue = "three";
   Console::WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
   myValue = "nine";
   Console::WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT->ContainsValue( myValue ) ? (String^)"in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable" );
}

void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( Hashtable^ myHT )
{
   int i = 0;
   Console::WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myHT->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      DictionaryEntry de =  *safe_cast<DictionaryEntry ^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i++, de.Key, de.Value );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 The Hashtable contains the following values:
         -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
         [0]:    4       four
         [1]:    3       three
         [2]:    2       two
         [3]:    1       one
         [4]:    0       zero

 The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
 The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
 The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
 The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesHashtable
{

   public static void Main()
   {
      // Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
      var myHT = new Hashtable();
      myHT.Add(0, "zero");
      myHT.Add(1, "one" ;
      myHT.Add(2, "two");
      myHT.Add(3, "three");
      myHT.Add(4, "four");

      // Displays the values of the Hashtable.
      Console.WriteLine("The Hashtable contains the following values:");
      PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT);

      // Searches for a specific key.
      int myKey = 2;
      Console.WriteLine("The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT.ContainsKey(myKey) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");
      myKey = 6;
      Console.WriteLine("The key \"{0}\" is {1}.", myKey, myHT.ContainsKey(myKey) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");

      // Searches for a specific value.
      var myValue = "three";
      Console.WriteLine("The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");
      myValue = "nine";
      Console.WriteLine("The value \"{0}\" is {1}.", myValue, myHT.ContainsValue( myValue ) ? "in the Hashtable" : "NOT in the Hashtable");
   }


   public static void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(Hashtable myHT)
   {
      int i = 0;
      Console.WriteLine("\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-");
      foreach (DictionaryEntry de in myHT)
         Console.WriteLine($"\t[{i++}]:\t{de.Key}\t{de.Value}");
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/* 
This code produces the following output.

The Hashtable contains the following values:
        -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
        [0]:    4       four
        [1]:    3       three
        [2]:    2       two
        [3]:    1       one
        [4]:    0       zero

The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
The key "6" is NOT in the Hashtable.
The value "three" is in the Hashtable.
The value "nine" is NOT in the Hashtable.

*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesHashtable

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Creates and initializes a new Hashtable.
        Dim myHT As New Hashtable()
        myHT.Add(0, "zero")
        myHT.Add(1, "one")
        myHT.Add(2, "two")
        myHT.Add(3, "three")
        myHT.Add(4, "four")

        ' Displays the values of the Hashtable.
        Console.WriteLine("The Hashtable contains the following values:")
        PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT)

        ' Searches for a specific key.
        Dim myKey As Integer = 2
        Console.Write($"The key ""{myKey}"" is ")
        If (myHT.ContainsKey(myKey))
           Console.WriteLine("in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine("NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        myKey = 6
        Console.Write($"The key ""{myKey}"" is ")
        If (myHT.ContainsKey(myKey))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        ' Searches for a specific value.
        Dim myValue As String = "three"
        Console.Write("The value ""{0}"" is ", myValue)
        If (myHT.ContainsValue(myValue))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

        myValue = "nine"
        Console.Write($"The value ""{myValue}"" is ")
        If (myHT.ContainsValue(myValue))
           Console.WriteLine(" in the Hashtable.")
        Else
           Console.WriteLine(" NOT in the Hashtable.")
        End If

    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myHT As Hashtable)
        Dim i As Integer = 0
        Console.WriteLine(vbTab + "-INDEX-" + vbTab + "-KEY-" + vbTab + "-VALUE-")
        For Each de As DictionaryEntry In myHT
            Console.WriteLine(vbTab + "[{0}]:" + vbTab + "{1}" + vbTab + "{2}", i, de.Key, de.Value)
            i += 1
        Next
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The Hashtable contains the following values:
'         -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
'         [0]:    4       four
'         [1]:    3       three
'         [2]:    2       two
'         [3]:    1       one
'         [4]:    0       zero
'
' The key "2" is in the Hashtable.
' The key "6" is  NOT in the Hashtable.
' The value "three" is  in the Hashtable.
' The value "nine" is  NOT in the Hashtable.

注釈

このメソッドは @no__t 0 とまったく同じように動作します。This method behaves exactly as Contains.

このメソッドは @no__t 0 演算です。This method is an O(1) operation.

.NET Framework 2.0 以降では、このメソッドは item でコレクションのオブジェクト ' EqualsCompareTo のメソッドを使用して、項目が存在するかどうかを判断します。Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. 以前のバージョンの .NET Framework では、この決定は、コレクション内のオブジェクトの item パラメーターの Equals および CompareTo メソッドを使用して行われました。In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

適用対象

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