ReadOnlyCollection<T>.Item[Int32] ReadOnlyCollection<T>.Item[Int32] ReadOnlyCollection<T>.Item[Int32] ReadOnlyCollection<T>.Item[Int32] Property

定義

指定したインデックス位置にある要素を取得します。Gets the element at the specified index.

public:
 property T default[int] { T get(int index); };
public T this[int index] { get; }
member this.Item(int) : 'T
Default Public ReadOnly Property Item(index As Integer) As T

パラメーター

index
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

取得する要素の 0 から始まるインデックス。The zero-based index of the element to get.

プロパティ値

T T T T

指定したインデックス位置にある要素。The element at the specified index.

実装

例外

index が 0 未満です。index is less than zero.

または-or- indexCount 以上になっています。index is equal to or greater than Count.

次のコード例は、 ReadOnlyCollection<T>クラスのいくつかのメンバーを示しています。The following code example demonstrates several members of the ReadOnlyCollection<T> class. このコード例ではList<T> 、文字列のを作成し、4つの恐竜名を追加します。The code example creates a List<T> of strings and adds four dinosaur names to it. このコード例では、でReadOnlyCollection<T>リストをラップします。The code example then wraps the list in a ReadOnlyCollection<T>.

、、 Item[Int32]CountおよびContains ReadOnlyCollection<T> List<T> List<T>の各メンバーをデモンストレーションした後、このコード例では、に新しい項目を追加することによって、が元ののラッパーであることを示しています。 IList.IndexOfの内容を表示ReadOnlyCollection<T>しています。After demonstrating the Count, Contains, Item[Int32], and IList.IndexOf members, the code example shows that the ReadOnlyCollection<T> is just a wrapper for the original List<T> by adding a new item to the List<T> and displaying the contents of the ReadOnlyCollection<T>.

最後に、コレクションよりも大きい配列を作成し、 CopyToメソッドを使用して、コレクションの要素を配列の途中に挿入します。Finally, the code example creates an array larger than the collection and uses the CopyTo method to insert the elements of the collection into the middle of the array.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::Collections::ObjectModel;

void main()
{
    List<String^>^ dinosaurs = gcnew List<String^>();

    dinosaurs->Add("Tyrannosaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Amargasaurus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Deinonychus");
    dinosaurs->Add("Compsognathus");

    ReadOnlyCollection<String^>^ readOnlyDinosaurs = 
        gcnew ReadOnlyCollection<String^>(dinosaurs);

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each(String^ dinosaur in readOnlyDinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    Console::WriteLine("\nCount: {0}", readOnlyDinosaurs->Count);

    Console::WriteLine("\nContains(\"Deinonychus\"): {0}", 
        readOnlyDinosaurs->Contains("Deinonychus"));

    Console::WriteLine("\nreadOnlyDinosaurs[3]: {0}", 
        readOnlyDinosaurs[3]);

    Console::WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Compsognathus\"): {0}", 
        readOnlyDinosaurs->IndexOf("Compsognathus"));

    Console::WriteLine("\nInsert into the wrapped List:");
    Console::WriteLine("Insert(2, \"Oviraptor\")");
    dinosaurs->Insert(2, "Oviraptor");

    Console::WriteLine();
    for each( String^ dinosaur in readOnlyDinosaurs )
    {
        Console::WriteLine(dinosaur);
    }

    array<String^>^ dinoArray = 
        gcnew array<String^>(readOnlyDinosaurs->Count + 2);
    readOnlyDinosaurs->CopyTo(dinoArray, 1);

    Console::WriteLine("\nCopied array has {0} elements:", 
        dinoArray->Length);
    for each( String^ dinosaur in dinoArray )
    {
        Console::WriteLine("\"{0}\"", dinosaur);
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus

Count: 4

Contains("Deinonychus"): True

readOnlyDinosaurs[3]: Compsognathus

IndexOf("Compsognathus"): 3

Insert into the wrapped List:
Insert(2, "Oviraptor")

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Oviraptor
Deinonychus
Compsognathus

Copied array has 7 elements:
""
"Tyrannosaurus"
"Amargasaurus"
"Oviraptor"
"Deinonychus"
"Compsognathus"
""
 */
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Collections.ObjectModel;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        List<string> dinosaurs = new List<string>();

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus");
        dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus");

        ReadOnlyCollection<string> readOnlyDinosaurs = 
            new ReadOnlyCollection<string>(dinosaurs);

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in readOnlyDinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        Console.WriteLine("\nCount: {0}", readOnlyDinosaurs.Count);

        Console.WriteLine("\nContains(\"Deinonychus\"): {0}", 
            readOnlyDinosaurs.Contains("Deinonychus"));

        Console.WriteLine("\nreadOnlyDinosaurs[3]: {0}", 
            readOnlyDinosaurs[3]);

        Console.WriteLine("\nIndexOf(\"Compsognathus\"): {0}", 
            readOnlyDinosaurs.IndexOf("Compsognathus"));

        Console.WriteLine("\nInsert into the wrapped List:");
        Console.WriteLine("Insert(2, \"Oviraptor\")");
        dinosaurs.Insert(2, "Oviraptor");

        Console.WriteLine();
        foreach( string dinosaur in readOnlyDinosaurs )
        {
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur);
        }

        string[] dinoArray = new string[readOnlyDinosaurs.Count + 2];
        readOnlyDinosaurs.CopyTo(dinoArray, 1);

        Console.WriteLine("\nCopied array has {0} elements:", 
            dinoArray.Length);
        foreach( string dinosaur in dinoArray )
        {
            Console.WriteLine("\"{0}\"", dinosaur);
        }
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Deinonychus
Compsognathus

Count: 4

Contains("Deinonychus"): True

readOnlyDinosaurs[3]: Compsognathus

IndexOf("Compsognathus"): 3

Insert into the wrapped List:
Insert(2, "Oviraptor")

Tyrannosaurus
Amargasaurus
Oviraptor
Deinonychus
Compsognathus

Copied array has 7 elements:
""
"Tyrannosaurus"
"Amargasaurus"
"Oviraptor"
"Deinonychus"
"Compsognathus"
""
 */
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Collections.ObjectModel

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        Dim dinosaurs As New List(Of String)

        dinosaurs.Add("Tyrannosaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Amargasaurus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Deinonychus")
        dinosaurs.Add("Compsognathus")

        Dim readOnlyDinosaurs As _
            New ReadOnlyCollection(Of String)(dinosaurs)

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In readOnlyDinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Count: {0}", _
            readOnlyDinosaurs.Count)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Contains(""Deinonychus""): {0}", _
            readOnlyDinosaurs.Contains("Deinonychus"))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & _
            "readOnlyDinosaurs(3): {0}", readOnlyDinosaurs(3))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "IndexOf(""Compsognathus""): {0}", _
            readOnlyDinosaurs.IndexOf("Compsognathus"))

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Insert into the wrapped List:")
        Console.WriteLine("Insert(2, ""Oviraptor"")")
        dinosaurs.Insert(2, "Oviraptor")

        Console.WriteLine()
        For Each dinosaur As String In readOnlyDinosaurs
            Console.WriteLine(dinosaur)
        Next

        Dim dinoArray(readOnlyDinosaurs.Count + 1) As String
        readOnlyDinosaurs.CopyTo(dinoArray, 1)

        Console.WriteLine(vbLf & "Copied array has {0} elements:", _
            dinoArray.Length)
        For Each dinosaur As String In dinoArray
            Console.WriteLine("""{0}""", dinosaur)
        Next

   End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Deinonychus
'Compsognathus
'
'Count: 4
'
'Contains("Deinonychus"): True
'
'readOnlyDinosaurs(3): Compsognathus
'
'IndexOf("Compsognathus"): 3
'
'Insert into the wrapped List:
'Insert(2, "Oviraptor")
'
'Tyrannosaurus
'Amargasaurus
'Oviraptor
'Deinonychus
'Compsognathus
'
'Copied array has 7 elements:
'""
'"Tyrannosaurus"
'"Amargasaurus"
'"Oviraptor"
'"Deinonychus"
'"Compsognathus"
'""

注釈

このプロパティは、 C# myCollection[index] (myCollection(index) Visual Basic で) という構文を使用して、コレクション内の特定の要素にアクセスする機能を提供します。This property provides the ability to access a specific element in the collection by using the following C# syntax: myCollection[index] (myCollection(index) in Visual Basic).

このC#言語ではItem[Int32]プロパティを実装する代わりに、this キーワードを使用してインデクサーを定義します。The C# language uses the this keyword to define the indexers instead of implementing the Item[Int32] property. Visual Basic は、Item[Int32] を既定のプロパティとして実装しており、同様のインデックス機能を提供します。Visual Basic implements Item[Int32] as a default property, which provides the same indexing functionality.

このプロパティ値を取得することは、O(1) 操作になります。Retrieving the value of this property is an O(1) operation.

適用対象

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