Queue.Dequeue メソッド

定義

Queue の先頭にあるオブジェクトを削除し、返します。Removes and returns the object at the beginning of the Queue.

public:
 virtual System::Object ^ Dequeue();
public virtual object Dequeue ();
abstract member Dequeue : unit -> obj
override this.Dequeue : unit -> obj
Public Overridable Function Dequeue () As Object

戻り値

Object

Queue の先頭から削除されたオブジェクト。The object that is removed from the beginning of the Queue.

例外

Queue が空です。The Queue is empty.

次の例は、要素を Queueに追加する方法、Queueから要素を削除する方法、または Queueの先頭にある要素を表示する方法を示しています。The following example shows how to add elements to the Queue, remove elements from the Queue, or view the element at the beginning of the Queue.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myCollection );
int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new Queue.
   Queue^ myQ = gcnew Queue;
   myQ->Enqueue( "The" );
   myQ->Enqueue( "quick" );
   myQ->Enqueue( "brown" );
   myQ->Enqueue( "fox" );
   
   // Displays the Queue.
   Console::Write( "Queue values:" );
   PrintValues( myQ );
   
   // Removes an element from the Queue.
   Console::WriteLine( "(Dequeue)\t{0}", myQ->Dequeue() );
   
   // Displays the Queue.
   Console::Write( "Queue values:" );
   PrintValues( myQ );
   
   // Removes another element from the Queue.
   Console::WriteLine( "(Dequeue)\t{0}", myQ->Dequeue() );
   
   // Displays the Queue.
   Console::Write( "Queue values:" );
   PrintValues( myQ );
   
   // Views the first element in the Queue but does not remove it.
   Console::WriteLine( "(Peek)   \t{0}", myQ->Peek() );
   
   // Displays the Queue.
   Console::Write( "Queue values:" );
   PrintValues( myQ );
}

void PrintValues( IEnumerable^ myCollection )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnum = myCollection->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ obj = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      Console::Write( "    {0}", obj );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

/* 
 This code produces the following output.
 
 Queue values:    The    quick    brown    fox
 (Dequeue)       The
 Queue values:    quick    brown    fox
 (Dequeue)       quick
 Queue values:    brown    fox
 (Peek)          brown
 Queue values:    brown    fox

 */
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesQueue  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new Queue.
      Queue myQ = new Queue();
      myQ.Enqueue( "The" );
      myQ.Enqueue( "quick" );
      myQ.Enqueue( "brown" );
      myQ.Enqueue( "fox" );

      // Displays the Queue.
      Console.Write( "Queue values:" );
      PrintValues( myQ );

      // Removes an element from the Queue.
      Console.WriteLine( "(Dequeue)\t{0}", myQ.Dequeue() );

      // Displays the Queue.
      Console.Write( "Queue values:" );
      PrintValues( myQ );

      // Removes another element from the Queue.
      Console.WriteLine( "(Dequeue)\t{0}", myQ.Dequeue() );

      // Displays the Queue.
      Console.Write( "Queue values:" );
      PrintValues( myQ );

      // Views the first element in the Queue but does not remove it.
      Console.WriteLine( "(Peek)   \t{0}", myQ.Peek() );

      // Displays the Queue.
      Console.Write( "Queue values:" );
      PrintValues( myQ );
   }

   public static void PrintValues( IEnumerable myCollection )  {
      foreach ( Object obj in myCollection )
         Console.Write( "    {0}", obj );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
/*
This code produces the following output.

Queue values:    The    quick    brown    fox
(Dequeue)       The
Queue values:    quick    brown    fox
(Dequeue)       quick
Queue values:    brown    fox
(Peek)          brown
Queue values:    brown    fox

*/
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesQueue
    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new Queue.
        Dim myQ As New Queue()
        myQ.Enqueue("The")
        myQ.Enqueue("quick")
        myQ.Enqueue("brown")
        myQ.Enqueue("fox")
        
        ' Displays the Queue.
        Console.Write("Queue values:")
        PrintValues(myQ)
        
        ' Removes an element from the Queue.
        Console.WriteLine("(Dequeue)    {0}", myQ.Dequeue())
        
        ' Displays the Queue.
        Console.Write("Queue values:")
        PrintValues(myQ)
        
        ' Removes another element from the Queue.
        Console.WriteLine("(Dequeue)    {0}", myQ.Dequeue())
        
        ' Displays the Queue.
        Console.Write("Queue values:")
        PrintValues(myQ)
        
        ' Views the first element in the Queue but does not remove it.
        Console.WriteLine("(Peek)       {0}", myQ.Peek())
        
        ' Displays the Queue.
        Console.Write("Queue values:")
        PrintValues(myQ)
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub PrintValues(myCollection As IEnumerable)
        Dim obj As [Object]
        For Each obj In  myCollection
            Console.Write("    {0}", obj)
        Next obj
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub

End Class


' This code produces the following output.
' 
' Queue values:    The    quick    brown    fox
' (Dequeue)    The
' Queue values:    quick    brown    fox
' (Dequeue)    quick
' Queue values:    brown    fox
' (Peek)       brown
' Queue values:    brown    fox

注釈

このメソッドは Peek メソッドに類似していますが、PeekQueue を変更しません。This method is similar to the Peek method, but Peek does not modify the Queue.

null は、値として Queue に追加できます。null can be added to the Queue as a value. Null 値と Queueの末尾を区別するには、Count プロパティを確認するか、Queue が空のときにスローされる InvalidOperationExceptionをキャッチします。To distinguish between a null value and the end of the Queue, check the Count property or catch the InvalidOperationException, which is thrown when the Queue is empty.

このメソッドは O(1) 操作です。This method is an O(1) operation.

適用対象

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