SortedList.IndexOfValue(Object) メソッド

定義

SortedList オブジェクト内にある指定した値のうち、最初に出現する値の、0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence of the specified value in a SortedList object.

public:
 virtual int IndexOfValue(System::Object ^ value);
public virtual int IndexOfValue (object value);
abstract member IndexOfValue : obj -> int
override this.IndexOfValue : obj -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOfValue (value As Object) As Integer

パラメーター

value
Object

SortedList オブジェクト内で検索される値。The value to locate in the SortedList object. 値として null を指定できます。The value can be null.

戻り値

valuevalue オブジェクトに存在する場合は、先頭の SortedList パラメーターの 0 から始まるインデックス番号。それ以外の場合は -1。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of the value parameter, if value is found in the SortedList object; otherwise, -1.

次のコード例は、SortedList オブジェクト内のキーまたは値のインデックスを確認する方法を示しています。The following code example shows how to determine the index of a key or a value in a SortedList object.

#using <system.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( SortedList^ myList )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myList->Count; i++ )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i, myList->GetKey( i ), myList->GetByIndex( i ) );

   }
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
   SortedList^ mySL = gcnew SortedList;
   mySL->Add( 1, "one" );
   mySL->Add( 3, "three" );
   mySL->Add( 2, "two" );
   mySL->Add( 4, "four" );
   mySL->Add( 0, "zero" );
   
   // Displays the values of the SortedList.
   Console::WriteLine( "The SortedList contains the following values:" );
   PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( mySL );
   
   // Searches for a specific key.
   int myKey = 2;
   Console::WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myKey, mySL->IndexOfKey( myKey ) );
   
   // Searches for a specific value.
   String^ myValue = "three";
   Console::WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myValue, mySL->IndexOfValue( myValue ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

The SortedList contains the following values:
        -INDEX- -KEY-   -VALUE-
        [0]:    0       zero
        [1]:    1       one
        [2]:    2       two
        [3]:    3       three
        [4]:    4       four

The key "2" is at index 2.
The value "three" is at index 3.
*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
public class SamplesSortedList  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
      SortedList mySL = new SortedList();
      mySL.Add( 1, "one" );
      mySL.Add( 3, "three" );
      mySL.Add( 2, "two" );
      mySL.Add( 4, "four" );
      mySL.Add( 0, "zero" );

      // Displays the values of the SortedList.
      Console.WriteLine( "The SortedList contains the following values:" );
      PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( mySL );

      // Searches for a specific key.
      int myKey = 2;
      Console.WriteLine( "The key \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myKey, mySL.IndexOfKey( myKey ) );

      // Searches for a specific value.
      String myValue = "three";
      Console.WriteLine( "The value \"{0}\" is at index {1}.", myValue, mySL.IndexOfValue( myValue ) );
   }

   public static void PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues( SortedList myList )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "\t-INDEX-\t-KEY-\t-VALUE-" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myList.Count; i++ )  {
         Console.WriteLine( "\t[{0}]:\t{1}\t{2}", i, myList.GetKey(i), myList.GetByIndex(i) );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}
/* 
This code produces the following output.

The SortedList contains the following values:
    -INDEX-    -KEY-    -VALUE-
    [0]:    0    zero
    [1]:    1    one
    [2]:    2    two
    [3]:    3    three
    [4]:    4    four

The key "2" is at index 2.
The value "three" is at index 3.
*/ 
Imports System.Collections

Public Class SamplesSortedList    
    
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        
        ' Creates and initializes a new SortedList.
        Dim mySL As New SortedList()
        mySL.Add(1, "one")
        mySL.Add(3, "three")
        mySL.Add(2, "two")
        mySL.Add(4, "four")
        mySL.Add(0, "zero")
        
        ' Displays the values of the SortedList.
        Console.WriteLine("The SortedList contains the " & _
           "following values:")
        PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(mySL)
        
        ' Searches for a specific key.
        Dim myKey As Integer = 2
        Console.WriteLine("The key ""{0}"" is at index {1}.", myKey, _
           mySL.IndexOfKey(myKey))
        
        ' Searches for a specific value.
        Dim myValue As String = "three"
        Console.WriteLine("The value ""{0}"" is at index {1}.", myValue, _
           mySL.IndexOfValue(myValue))
    End Sub    
    
    
    Public Shared Sub PrintIndexAndKeysAndValues(myList As SortedList)
        Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & "-INDEX-" & ControlChars.Tab & _
           "-KEY-" & ControlChars.Tab & "-VALUE-")
        Dim i As Integer
        For i = 0 To myList.Count - 1
            Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Tab & "[{0}]:" & ControlChars.Tab & _
               "{1}" & ControlChars.Tab & "{2}", i, myList.GetKey(i), _
               myList.GetByIndex(i))
        Next i
        Console.WriteLine()
    End Sub
End Class

' This code produces the following output.
' 
' The SortedList contains the following values:
'     -INDEX-    -KEY-    -VALUE-
'     [0]:    0    zero
'     [1]:    1    one
'     [2]:    2    two
'     [3]:    3    three
'     [4]:    4    four
'
' The key "2" is at index 2.
' The value "three" is at index 3.

注釈

インデックスシーケンスは、並べ替え順序に基づいています。The index sequence is based on the sort sequence. 要素が追加されると、正しい並べ替え順序で SortedList に挿入され、インデックスが適切に調整されます。When an element is added, it is inserted into SortedList in the correct sort order, and the indexing adjusts accordingly. 要素が削除されると、インデックスも調整されます。When an element is removed, the indexing also adjusts accordingly. したがって、特定のキーと値のペアのインデックスは、SortedList オブジェクトに対して要素が追加または削除されると変更される可能性があります。Therefore, the index of a specific key/value pair might change as elements are added or removed from the SortedList object.

SortedList の要素の値は、Equals メソッドを使用して、指定した値と比較されます。The values of the elements of the SortedList are compared to the specified value using the Equals method.

このメソッドは、線形検索を使用します。したがって、このメソッドは、nCountO(n) 操作です。This method uses a linear search; therefore, this method is an O(n) operation, where n is Count.

.NET Framework 2.0 以降では、このメソッドは item でコレクションのオブジェクトの EqualsCompareTo メソッドを使用して、項目が存在するかどうかを判断します。Starting with the .NET Framework 2.0, this method uses the collection's objects' Equals and CompareTo methods on item to determine whether item exists. 以前のバージョンの .NET Framework では、この決定は、コレクション内のオブジェクトの item パラメーターの Equals メソッドと CompareTo メソッドを使用して行われていました。In the earlier versions of the .NET Framework, this determination was made by using the Equals and CompareTo methods of the item parameter on the objects in the collection.

適用対象

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