Calendar.AddYears(DateTime, Int32) Calendar.AddYears(DateTime, Int32) Calendar.AddYears(DateTime, Int32) Calendar.AddYears(DateTime, Int32) Method

定義

派生クラスでオーバーライドされると、指定した DateTime から指定した年数が経過した後の DateTime を返します。When overridden in a derived class, returns a DateTime that is the specified number of years away from the specified DateTime.

public:
 abstract DateTime AddYears(DateTime time, int years);
public abstract DateTime AddYears (DateTime time, int years);
abstract member AddYears : DateTime * int -> DateTime
Public MustOverride Function AddYears (time As DateTime, years As Integer) As DateTime

パラメーター

time
DateTime DateTime DateTime DateTime

年数を加算する対象の DateTimeThe DateTime to which to add years.

years
Int32 Int32 Int32 Int32

加算する年数。The number of years to add.

戻り値

指定した DateTime に指定した年数を加算した結果の DateTimeThe DateTime that results from adding the specified number of years to the specified DateTime.

例外

結果として得られる DateTime がこのカレンダーでサポートされている範囲外です。The resulting DateTime is outside the supported range of this calendar.

yearsDateTime の戻り値でサポートされている範囲外です。years is outside the supported range of the DateTime return value.

次のコード例は、 Calendarクラスのメンバーを示しています。The following code example demonstrates the members of the Calendar class.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void DisplayValues( Calendar^ myCal, DateTime myDT )
{
   Console::WriteLine( "   Era: {0}", myCal->GetEra( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Year: {0}", myCal->GetYear( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Month: {0}", myCal->GetMonth( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   DayOfYear: {0}", myCal->GetDayOfYear( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   DayOfMonth: {0}", myCal->GetDayOfMonth( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   DayOfWeek: {0}", myCal->GetDayOfWeek( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Hour: {0}", myCal->GetHour( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Minute: {0}", myCal->GetMinute( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Second: {0}", myCal->GetSecond( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "   Milliseconds: {0}", myCal->GetMilliseconds( myDT ) );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

int main()
{
   
   // Sets a DateTime to April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar.
   DateTime myDT = DateTime(2002,4,3,gcnew GregorianCalendar);
   
   // Uses the default calendar of the InvariantCulture.
   Calendar^ myCal = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->Calendar;
   
   // Displays the values of the DateTime.
   Console::WriteLine( "April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:" );
   DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );
   
   // Adds 5 to every component of the DateTime.
   myDT = myCal->AddYears( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddMonths( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddWeeks( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddDays( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddHours( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddMinutes( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddSeconds( myDT, 5 );
   myDT = myCal->AddMilliseconds( myDT, 5 );
   
   // Displays the values of the DateTime.
   Console::WriteLine( "After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:" );
   DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:
Era:          1
Year:         2002
Month:        4
DayOfYear:    93
DayOfMonth:   3
DayOfWeek:    Wednesday
Hour:         0
Minute:       0
Second:       0
Milliseconds: 0

After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:
Era:          1
Year:         2007
Month:        10
DayOfYear:    286
DayOfMonth:   13
DayOfWeek:    Saturday
Hour:         5
Minute:       5
Second:       5
Milliseconds: 5

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;


public class SamplesCalendar  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Sets a DateTime to April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar.
      DateTime myDT = new DateTime( 2002, 4, 3, new GregorianCalendar() );

      // Uses the default calendar of the InvariantCulture.
      Calendar myCal = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.Calendar;

      // Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine( "April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:" );
      DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );

      // Adds 5 to every component of the DateTime.
      myDT = myCal.AddYears( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddMonths( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddWeeks( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddDays( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddHours( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddMinutes( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddSeconds( myDT, 5 );
      myDT = myCal.AddMilliseconds( myDT, 5 );

      // Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine( "After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:" );
      DisplayValues( myCal, myDT );

   }

   public static void DisplayValues( Calendar myCal, DateTime myDT )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   Era:          {0}", myCal.GetEra( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Year:         {0}", myCal.GetYear( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Month:        {0}", myCal.GetMonth( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   DayOfYear:    {0}", myCal.GetDayOfYear( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   DayOfMonth:   {0}", myCal.GetDayOfMonth( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   DayOfWeek:    {0}", myCal.GetDayOfWeek( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Hour:         {0}", myCal.GetHour( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Minute:       {0}", myCal.GetMinute( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Second:       {0}", myCal.GetSecond( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "   Milliseconds: {0}", myCal.GetMilliseconds( myDT ) );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:
   Era:          1
   Year:         2002
   Month:        4
   DayOfYear:    93
   DayOfMonth:   3
   DayOfWeek:    Wednesday
   Hour:         0
   Minute:       0
   Second:       0
   Milliseconds: 0

After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:
   Era:          1
   Year:         2007
   Month:        10
   DayOfYear:    286
   DayOfMonth:   13
   DayOfWeek:    Saturday
   Hour:         5
   Minute:       5
   Second:       5
   Milliseconds: 5

*/
Imports System.Globalization


Public Class SamplesCalendar   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Sets a DateTime to April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar.
      Dim myDT As New DateTime(2002, 4, 3, New GregorianCalendar())

      ' Uses the default calendar of the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myCal As Calendar = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.Calendar

      ' Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine("April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:")
      DisplayValues(myCal, myDT)

      ' Adds 5 to every component of the DateTime.
      myDT = myCal.AddYears(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddMonths(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddWeeks(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddDays(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddHours(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddMinutes(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddSeconds(myDT, 5)
      myDT = myCal.AddMilliseconds(myDT, 5)

      ' Displays the values of the DateTime.
      Console.WriteLine("After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:")
      DisplayValues(myCal, myDT)

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub DisplayValues(myCal As Calendar, myDT As DateTime)
      Console.WriteLine("   Era:          {0}", myCal.GetEra(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Year:         {0}", myCal.GetYear(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Month:        {0}", myCal.GetMonth(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   DayOfYear:    {0}", myCal.GetDayOfYear(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   DayOfMonth:   {0}", myCal.GetDayOfMonth(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   DayOfWeek:    {0}", myCal.GetDayOfWeek(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Hour:         {0}", myCal.GetHour(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Minute:       {0}", myCal.GetMinute(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Second:       {0}", myCal.GetSecond(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine("   Milliseconds: {0}", myCal.GetMilliseconds(myDT))
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub

End Class 'SamplesCalendar 


'This code produces the following output.

'

'April 3, 2002 of the Gregorian calendar:

'   Era:          1

'   Year:         2002

'   Month:        4

'   DayOfYear:    93

'   DayOfMonth:   3

'   DayOfWeek:    Wednesday

'   Hour:         0

'   Minute:       0

'   Second:       0

'   Milliseconds: 0

'

'After adding 5 to each component of the DateTime:

'   Era:          1

'   Year:         2007

'   Month:        10

'   DayOfYear:    286

'   DayOfMonth:   13

'   DayOfWeek:    Saturday

'   Hour:         5

'   Minute:       5

'   Second:       5

'   Milliseconds: 5

注釈

years 指定DateTimeしたに値が追加されます。The years value is added to the specified DateTime. years負の値の場合DateTime 、結果は指定しDateTimeたよりも前になります。If years is negative, the resulting DateTime is earlier than the specified DateTime.

結果として得らDateTimeれるの日部分は、結果として得られる年の月の有効な日ではない場合に影響を受けます。The day part of the resulting DateTime is affected if the resulting day is not a valid day in the resulting month of the resulting year. 結果として得られた年の月の最後の有効日に変更されます。It is changed to the last valid day in the resulting month of the resulting year. 結果としDateTimeて得られるの月の部分は、結果として得られる月が結果の年の有効な月でない場合に影響を受けます。The month part of the resulting DateTime is affected if the resulting month is not a valid month in the resulting year. 結果として得られた年の最後の有効な月に変更されます。It is changed to the last valid month in the resulting year. 結果のの時代 ( DateTime年号) は、結果として得られる年が、指定さDateTimeれたの時代 (年号) の外にある場合に影響を受けます。The era part of the resulting DateTime is affected if the resulting year is outside the era of the specified DateTime. 結果DateTimeのの日付と時刻の部分は、指定したDateTimeと同じままです。The time-of-day part of the resulting DateTime remains the same as the specified DateTime.

たとえば、グレゴリオ暦では、2月は28日になります。ただし、閏年の場合は29日間です。For example, in the Gregorian calendar, February has 28 days, except during a leap year when it has 29 days. 指定された日付がうるう年の2月の29日で、のyears値が1の場合、結果の日付は翌年の2月28日になります。If the specified date is the 29th day of February in a leap year and the value of years is 1, the resulting date is the 28th day of February in the following year.

years負の値の場合DateTime 、結果は指定しDateTimeたよりも前になります。If years is negative, the resulting DateTime is earlier than the specified DateTime.

DateTimeKind.Unspecified戻りKind 値のプロパティは、常にとDateTime等しくなります。The Kind property of the returned DateTime value always equals DateTimeKind.Unspecified. 次の例にKind示すようにtimeDateTime.SpecifyKindメソッドを呼び出すことによって、パラメーターのプロパティを保持できます。You can preserve the Kind property of the time parameter by calling the DateTime.SpecifyKind method, as the following example shows.

returnTime = DateTime.SpecifyKind(cal.AddYears(time, years), time.Kind);
returnTime = DateTime.SpecifyKind(cal.AddYears(time, years), time.Kind)

適用対象

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