CompareInfo.IndexOf メソッド

定義

文字列または部分文字列内にある値のうち、最初に出現する値の、0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence of a value within a string or within a portion of it.

オーバーロード

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)

指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから始まり、指定した数の要素を含んでいる範囲内で、その文字が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから始まり、指定した数の要素を含んでいる範囲内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから始まり、指定した数の要素を含んでいる範囲内で、その文字が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから文字列の末尾までの範囲内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから文字列の末尾までのセクション内で、その文字が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)

指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから始まり、指定した数の要素を含んでいる範囲内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列全体内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32)

指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから文字列の末尾までの範囲内で、その文字が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列全体内でその文字が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

IndexOf(String, String, Int32)

指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから文字列の末尾までの範囲内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

IndexOf(String, String)

指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列全体内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

IndexOf(String, Char)

指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列全体内で最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)

指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから始まり、指定した数の要素を含んでいる範囲内で、その文字が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex, int count);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex, int count);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
Char

source 内で検索する文字。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

検索の開始位置を示す 0 から始まるインデックス。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32

検索対象の範囲内にある要素の数。The number of elements in the section to search.

戻り値

startIndex から始まり、count で指定した数の要素を含んでいる source の範囲内で、value が見つかった場合は、最初に見つかった位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は startIndex を返します。Returns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenullです。source is null.

startIndexsource の有効なインデックスの範囲外です。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

または-or-

count が 0 未満です。count is less than zero.

- または --or-

startIndex および countsource 内の有効なセクションを指定していません。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

次の例では、文字列の一部に含まれる文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

注釈

ソース文字列はからstartIndex始まり、-1 でstartIndex + count終わります。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

このオーバーロードは、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 文字が "Æ" (U + 00C6) などの構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値である場合、カルチャに応じて、"AE" (U + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、正しいシーケンスでのコンポーネントの出現と同等と見なされることがあります。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. Unicode 値が同じ場合にのみ、文字が別の文字と見なされる序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行するには、型CompareOptions Ordinalのパラメーターを持つオーバーロードのいずれかを呼び出し、数値.To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value. 文字をString.IndexOf検索するのオーバーロードは、序数検索を実行します。一方、文字列を検索する場合は、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。Overloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを呼び出して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存した検索ではvalue 、が無視できる文字の場合、その文字を削除して検索することと同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. この場合、メソッドはIndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)常にをstartIndex返します。これは、検索を最初に開始した文字位置です。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search first began. 次の例では、 IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32)メソッドを使用して、2つの文字列の "n" の後にソフトハイフン (U + 00ad) を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32) method is used to find a soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみにソフト ハイフンが含まれます。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. どちらの場合も、ソフトハイフンが無視できる文字であるため、メソッドは1を返して、"n" の位置に一致するものが見つかったことを示します。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#9]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから始まり、指定した数の要素を含んでいる範囲内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex, int count, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex, int count, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
String

source 内で検索する文字列。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

検索の開始位置を示す 0 から始まるインデックス。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32

検索対象の範囲内にある要素の数。The number of elements in the section to search.

options
CompareOptions

sourcevalue の比較方法を定義する値。A value that defines how source and value should be compared. options は、列挙値 Ordinal であるか、または IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaType の 1 つ以上の値のビットごとの組み合わせです。options is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

戻り値

指定した比較オプションを使用して、startIndex から始まり、count で指定した数の要素を含んでいる source の範囲内で、value が見つかった場合は、最初に見つかった位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は startIndex を返します。Returns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenull です。source is null.

- または --or-

valuenull です。value is null.

startIndexsource の有効なインデックスの範囲外です。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

- または --or-

count が 0 未満です。count is less than zero.

または-or-

startIndex および countsource 内の有効なセクションを指定していません。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

options に無効な CompareOptions 値が含まれています。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

次の例では、文字列の一部に含まれる文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

注釈

ソース文字列はからstartIndex始まり、-1 でstartIndex + count終わります。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

このCompareOptions.StringSort値は、このメソッドに対して有効ではありません。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

options Ordinal値が含まれていない場合、このオーバーロードはカルチャに依存した検索を実行します。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. カルチャに応じて、"AE" (u + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値は、正しい順序で文字のコンポーネントが出現する場合と同等に見なされる場合があります (u + 00C6)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options Ordinal値が含まれている場合、このオーバーロードは、Unicode 値が比較される序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行します。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを呼び出して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存する検索の場合 (つまり、optionsOrdinal または OrdinalIgnoreCase でない場合)、value に無視できる文字が含まれていると、その文字を削除して検索した場合と同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search (that is, if options is not Ordinal or OrdinalIgnoreCase), if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. value 1 つ以上の無視できる文字で構成さIndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)れているstartIndex場合、メソッドは常にを返します。これは、検索を開始する文字位置です。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

次の例では、 IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)メソッドを使用して、ソフトハイフン (U + 00ad) の後に2つ目の文字列の 3 ~ 6 文字の位置から始まる "m" を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" starting in the third through sixth character positions in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみに必要な部分文字列が含まれます。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. どちらの場合も、ソフト ハイフンは無視可能な文字であるため、メソッドは、カルチャに依存した比較を実行すると、文字列に含まれる "m" のインデックスを返します。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. ただし、序数による比較を実行する場合は、最初の文字列でのみ部分文字列が検索されます。When it performs an ordinal comparison, however, it finds the substring only in the first string. ソフトハイフンの後に "m" が続く最初の文字列の場合、メソッドはソフトハイフンのインデックスを返すのではなく、カルチャに依存した比較を実行するときに "m" のインデックスを返すことに注意してください。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m" when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. このメソッドは、序数に基づく比較を実行したときのみ、最初の文字列に含まれるソフト ハイフンのインデックスを返します。The method returns the index of the soft hyphen in the first string only when it performs an ordinal comparison.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#16]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから始まり、指定した数の要素を含んでいる範囲内で、その文字が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex, int count, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex, int count, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
Char

source 内で検索する文字。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

検索の開始位置を示す 0 から始まるインデックス。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32

検索対象の範囲内にある要素の数。The number of elements in the section to search.

options
CompareOptions

sourcevalue の比較方法を定義する値。A value that defines how source and value should be compared. options は、列挙値 Ordinal であるか、または IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaType の 1 つ以上の値のビットごとの組み合わせです。options is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

戻り値

指定した比較オプションを使用して、startIndex から始まり、count で指定した数の要素を含んでいる source の範囲内で、value が見つかった場合は、最初に見つかった位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は startIndex を返します。Returns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenullです。source is null.

startIndexsource の有効なインデックスの範囲外です。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

- または --or-

count が 0 未満です。count is less than zero.

- または --or-

startIndex および countsource 内の有効なセクションを指定していません。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

options に無効な CompareOptions 値が含まれています。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

次の例では、文字列の一部に含まれる文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

注釈

ソース文字列はからstartIndex始まり、-1 でstartIndex + count終わります。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

このCompareOptions.StringSort値は、このメソッドに対して有効ではありません。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

options Ordinal値が含まれていない場合、このオーバーロードはカルチャに依存した検索を実行します。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 文字が "Æ" (U + 00C6) などの構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値である場合、カルチャに応じて、"AE" (U + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、正しいシーケンスでのコンポーネントの出現と同等と見なされることがあります。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options Ordinal値が含まれている場合、このオーバーロードは序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行します。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search. Unicode 値が同じである場合にのみ、文字は別の文字と同じものと見なされます。A character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same. 文字をString.IndexOf検索するのオーバーロードは、序数検索を実行します。一方、文字列を検索する場合は、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。Overloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを呼び出して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存した検索ではvalue 、が無視できる文字の場合、その文字を削除して検索することと同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. この場合、メソッドはIndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)常にをstartIndex返します。これは、検索を最初に開始した文字位置です。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search first began. 次の例では、 IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions)メソッドを使用して、2つの文字列の "n" の後にあるソフトハイフン (U + 00ad) を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみにソフト ハイフンが含まれます。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. どちらの場合も、ソフトハイフンは無視できる文字であるため、カルチャに依存した検索では、"n" の位置に一致するものが見つかったことを示す1が返されます。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n". ただし、序数検索では、1つの文字列でソフトハイフンが正常に検出され、2番目の文字列に存在しないことが報告されます。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#12]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから文字列の末尾までの範囲内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
String

source 内で検索する文字列。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

検索の開始位置を示す 0 から始まるインデックス。The zero-based starting index of the search.

options
CompareOptions

sourcevalue の比較方法を定義する値。A value that defines how source and value should be compared. options は、列挙値 Ordinal であるか、または IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaType の 1 つ以上の値のビットごとの組み合わせです。options is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

戻り値

指定した比較オプションを使用して、startIndex から source の末尾までの source のセクション内で、value が見つかった場合は、最初に見つかった位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は startIndex を返します。Returns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenull です。source is null.

- または --or-

valuenull です。value is null.

startIndexsource の有効なインデックスの範囲外です。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

options に無効な CompareOptions 値が含まれています。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

次の例では、文字列の一部に含まれる文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. IndexOf startIndexは、同じパラメーターを使用している場合でも、文字列の異なる部分を検索することに注意してください。 LastIndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

注釈

ソース文字列はから始まっstartIndexて、文字列の末尾から終わりまで検索されます。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

このCompareOptions.StringSort値は、このメソッドに対して有効ではありません。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

options Ordinal値が含まれていない場合、このオーバーロードはカルチャに依存した検索を実行します。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. カルチャに応じて、"AE" (u + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値は、正しい順序で文字のコンポーネントが出現する場合と同等に見なされる場合があります (u + 00C6)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options Ordinal値が含まれている場合、このオーバーロードは、Unicode 値が比較される序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行します。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを呼び出して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存する検索の場合 (つまり、optionsOrdinal または OrdinalIgnoreCase でない場合)、value に無視できる文字が含まれていると、その文字を削除して検索した場合と同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search (that is, if options is not Ordinal or OrdinalIgnoreCase), if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. value 1 つ以上の無視できる文字で構成さIndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)れているstartIndex場合、メソッドは常にを返します。これは、検索を開始する文字位置です。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

次の例では、 IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions)メソッドを使用して、ソフトハイフン (U + 00ad) の後に2つの文字列の3番目の文字位置から始まる "m" を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" starting with the third character position in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみに必要な部分文字列が含まれます。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. どちらの場合も、ソフト ハイフンは無視可能な文字であるため、メソッドは、カルチャに依存した比較を実行すると、文字列に含まれる "m" のインデックスを返します。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. "m" の後にソフト ハイフンが含まれる最初の文字列の場合、メソッドはソフト ハイフンのインデックスを返すことができず、代わりに "m" のインデックスを返すことに注意してください。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m". このメソッドは、序数に基づく比較を実行したときのみ、最初の文字列に含まれるソフト ハイフンのインデックスを返します。The method returns the index of the soft hyphen in the first string only when it performs an ordinal comparison.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#15]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから文字列の末尾までのセクション内で、その文字が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
Char

source 内で検索する文字。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

検索の開始位置を示す 0 から始まるインデックス。The zero-based starting index of the search.

options
CompareOptions

sourcevalue の比較方法を定義する値。A value that defines how source and value should be compared. options は、列挙値 Ordinal であるか、または IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaType の 1 つ以上の値のビットごとの組み合わせです。options is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

戻り値

指定した比較オプションを使用して、startIndex から source の末尾までの source のセクション内で、value が見つかった場合は、最初に見つかった位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は startIndex を返します。Returns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenullです。source is null.

startIndexsource の有効なインデックスの範囲外です。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

options に無効な CompareOptions 値が含まれています。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

次の例では、文字列の一部に含まれる文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. IndexOf startIndexは、同じパラメーターを使用している場合でも、文字列の異なる部分を検索することに注意してください。 LastIndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

注釈

ソース文字列はから始まっstartIndexて、文字列の末尾から終わりまで検索されます。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

このCompareOptions.StringSort値は、このメソッドに対して有効ではありません。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

options Ordinal値が含まれていない場合、このオーバーロードはカルチャに依存した検索を実行します。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 文字が "Æ" (U + 00C6) などの構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値である場合、カルチャに応じて、"AE" (U + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、正しいシーケンスでのコンポーネントの出現と同等と見なされることがあります。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options Ordinal値が含まれている場合、このオーバーロードは序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行します。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search. Unicode 値が同じである場合にのみ、文字は別の文字と同じものと見なされます。A character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same. 文字をString.IndexOf検索するのオーバーロードは、序数検索を実行します。一方、文字列を検索する場合は、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。Overloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを呼び出して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存した検索ではvalue 、が無視できる文字の場合、その文字を削除して検索することと同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. この場合、メソッドはIndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)常に、 startIndex検索が開始された文字位置を返します。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) method always returns startIndex, the character position at which the search first began. 次の例では、 IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions)メソッドを使用して、2つの文字列の "n" の後にあるソフトハイフン (U + 00ad) を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32, CompareOptions) method is used to find the soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみにソフト ハイフンが含まれます。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. どちらの場合も、ソフトハイフンは無視できる文字であるため、カルチャに依存した検索では、"n" の位置に一致するものが見つかったことを示す1が返されます。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n". ただし、序数検索では、1つの文字列でソフトハイフンが正常に検出され、2番目の文字列に存在しないことが報告されます。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#8]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)

指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから始まり、指定した数の要素を含んでいる範囲内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that starts at the specified index and contains the specified number of elements.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex, int count);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex, int count);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer, count As Integer) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
String

source 内で検索する文字列。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

検索の開始位置を示す 0 から始まるインデックス。The zero-based starting index of the search.

count
Int32

検索対象の範囲内にある要素の数。The number of elements in the section to search.

戻り値

startIndex から始まり、count で指定した数の要素を含んでいる source の範囲内で、value が見つかった場合は、最初に見つかった位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that starts at startIndex and contains the number of elements specified by count; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は startIndex を返します。Returns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenull です。source is null.

- または --or-

valuenullです。value is null.

startIndexsource の有効なインデックスの範囲外です。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

または-or-

count が 0 未満です。count is less than zero.

- または --or-

startIndex および countsource 内の有効なセクションを指定していません。startIndex and count do not specify a valid section in source.

次の例では、文字列の一部に含まれる文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 8;
   
   // iL is the length of the substring.
   int iL = 18;
   
   // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
   String^ myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   String^ myT2;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   myT2 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - iL );
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 8;
      // iL is the length of the substring.
      int iL = 18;
      // myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      String myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      String myT2;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      myT2 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - iL );
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS, iL ), myT2 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :                         b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :          b
Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
           AE :          f              l
           ae :          f              l
            Æ :          f              l
            æ :          f              l

Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :                         b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :          b
Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
           U" :          f              l
           u" :          f              l
            Ü :          f              l
            ü :          f              l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 8
      ' iL is the length of the substring.
      Dim iL As Integer = 18
      ' myT1 and myT2 are the strings used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Dim myT2 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      myT2 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - iL)
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}{2}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS], iL), myT2)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS] + iL - 1, iL, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :                         b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- ae the same as Æ -----
'           AE :          f              l
'           ae :          f              l
'            Æ :          f              l
'            æ :          f              l
'
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :                         b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :          b
'Ordinal       : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : -------- u" the same as Ü -----
'           U" :          f              l
'           u" :          f              l
'            Ü :          f              l
'            ü :          f              l

注釈

ソース文字列はからstartIndex始まり、-1 でstartIndex + count終わります。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at startIndex + count - 1.

このオーバーロードは、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. カルチャに応じて、"AE" (u + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値は、正しい順序で文字のコンポーネントが出現する場合と同等に見なされる場合があります (u + 00C6)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. Unicode 値が比較される序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行するには、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つオーバーロードのいずれかを呼び出し、 Ordinal値を使用する必要があります。To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを呼び出して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存した検索では、value に無視できる文字が含まれている場合、その文字を削除して検索した場合と同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. value 1 つ以上の無視できる文字で構成さIndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)れているstartIndex場合、メソッドは常にを返します。これは、検索を開始する文字位置です。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

次の例では、 IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32)メソッドを使用して、ソフトハイフン (U + 00ad) の後に2つ目の文字列の 3 ~ 6 文字の位置から始まる "m" を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32, Int32) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" starting in the third through sixth character positions in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみに必要な部分文字列が含まれます。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. どちらの場合も、ソフト ハイフンは無視可能な文字であるため、メソッドは、カルチャに依存した比較を実行すると、文字列に含まれる "m" のインデックスを返します。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string when it performs a culture-sensitive comparison. "m" の後にソフト ハイフンが含まれる最初の文字列の場合、メソッドはソフト ハイフンのインデックスを返すことができず、代わりに "m" のインデックスを返すことに注意してください。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#17]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列全体内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
String

source 内で検索する文字列。The string to locate within source.

options
CompareOptions

sourcevalue の比較方法を定義する値。A value that defines how source and value should be compared. options は、列挙値 Ordinal であるか、または IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaType の 1 つ以上の値のビットごとの組み合わせです。options is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

戻り値

指定した比較オプションを使用して、source 内で value が見つかった場合は、最初に見つかった位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は 0 (ゼロ) を返します。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenullです。source is null.

- または --or-

valuenullです。value is null.

options に無効な CompareOptions 値が含まれています。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

次の例では、文字列内の文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

注釈

ソース文字列は、文字列の先頭から順に検索され、文字列の末尾で終わります。The source string is searched forward starting at the beginning of the string and ending at the end of the string.

このCompareOptions.StringSort値は、このメソッドに対して有効ではありません。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

options Ordinal値が含まれていない場合、このオーバーロードはカルチャに依存した検索を実行します。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. カルチャに応じて、"AE" (u + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値は、正しい順序で文字のコンポーネントが出現する場合と同等に見なされる場合があります (u + 00C6)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options Ordinal値が含まれている場合、このオーバーロードは、Unicode 値が比較される序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行します。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを呼び出して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存する検索の場合 (つまり、optionsOrdinal または OrdinalIgnoreCase でない場合)、value に無視できる文字が含まれていると、その文字を削除して検索した場合と同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search (that is, if options is not Ordinal or OrdinalIgnoreCase), if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. value 1 つ以上の無視できる文字で構成さIndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)れている場合、メソッドは常に 0 (ゼロ) を返して、のsource先頭で一致が見つかったことを示します。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 次の例では、 IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions)メソッドを使用して、2つの文字列の3つの部分文字列 (ソフトハイフン (U + 00ad)、ソフトハイフンの後に "n"、ソフトハイフンの後に "m") を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, CompareOptions) method is used to find three substrings (a soft hyphen (U+00AD), a soft hyphen followed by "n", and a soft hyphen followed by "m") in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみにソフト ハイフンが含まれます。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. ソフトハイフンは無視できる文字であるため、カルチャに依存した検索では、検索文字列にソフトハイフンが含まれていない場合に返されるのと同じ値が返されます。Because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns the same value that it would return if the soft hyphen were not included in the search string. ただし、序数検索では、1つの文字列でソフトハイフンが正常に検出され、2番目の文字列に存在しないことが報告されます。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#6]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, Char, Int32)

指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから文字列の末尾までの範囲内で、その文字が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, int startIndex);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, int startIndex);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
Char

source 内で検索する文字。The character to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

検索の開始位置を示す 0 から始まるインデックス。The zero-based starting index of the search.

戻り値

startIndex から source の末尾までの source のセクション内で、value が見つかった場合は、最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は startIndex を返します。Returns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenull です。source is null.

startIndexsource の有効なインデックスの範囲外です。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

次の例では、文字列の一部に含まれる文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. IndexOf startIndexは、同じパラメーターを使用している場合でも、文字列の異なる部分を検索することに注意してください。 LastIndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

注釈

ソース文字列はから始まっstartIndexて、文字列の末尾から終わりまで検索されます。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

このオーバーロードは、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 文字が "Æ" (U + 00C6) などの構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値である場合、カルチャに応じて、"AE" (U + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、正しいシーケンスでのコンポーネントの出現と同等と見なされることがあります。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. Unicode 値が同じ場合にのみ、文字が別の文字と見なされる序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行するには、型CompareOptions Ordinalのパラメーターを持つオーバーロードのいずれかを呼び出し、数値.To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value. 文字をString.IndexOf検索するのオーバーロードは、序数検索を実行します。一方、文字列を検索する場合は、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。Overloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを呼び出して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存した検索ではvalue 、が無視できる文字の場合、その文字を削除して検索することと同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. この場合、メソッドはIndexOf(String, Char, Int32)常にをstartIndex返します。これは、検索を開始する文字の位置です。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins. 次の例では、 IndexOf(String, Char, Int32)メソッドを使用して、2つの文字列の "n" の後にソフトハイフン (U + 00ad) を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, Int32) method is used to find a soft hyphen (U+00AD) after an "n" in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみにソフト ハイフンが含まれます。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. どちらの場合も、ソフトハイフンが無視できる文字であるため、メソッドは1を返して、"n" の位置に一致するものが見つかったことを示します。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns 1 to indicate that it has found a match at the position of the "n".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#5]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)

指定した CompareOptions 値を使用して、指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列全体内でその文字が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string using the specified CompareOptions value.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value, System::Globalization::CompareOptions options);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value, System.Globalization.CompareOptions options);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char * System.Globalization.CompareOptions -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char, options As CompareOptions) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
Char

source 内で検索する文字。The character to locate within source.

options
CompareOptions

文字列の比較方法を定義する値。A value that defines how the strings should be compared. options は、列挙値 Ordinal であるか、または IgnoreCaseIgnoreSymbolsIgnoreNonSpaceIgnoreWidthIgnoreKanaType の 1 つ以上の値のビットごとの組み合わせです。options is either the enumeration value Ordinal, or a bitwise combination of one or more of the following values: IgnoreCase, IgnoreSymbols, IgnoreNonSpace, IgnoreWidth, and IgnoreKanaType.

戻り値

指定した比較オプションを使用して、source 内で value が見つかった場合は、最初に見つかった位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source, using the specified comparison options; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は 0 (ゼロ) を返します。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenull です。source is null.

options に無効な CompareOptions 値が含まれています。options contains an invalid CompareOptions value.

次の例では、文字列内の文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

注釈

ソース文字列は、文字列の先頭から順に検索され、文字列の末尾で終わります。The source string is searched forward starting at the beginning of the string and ending at the end of the string.

このCompareOptions.StringSort値は、このメソッドに対して有効ではありません。The CompareOptions.StringSort value is not valid for this method.

options Ordinal値が含まれていない場合、このオーバーロードはカルチャに依存した検索を実行します。If options does not include the Ordinal value, this overload performs a culture-sensitive search. 文字が "Æ" (U + 00C6) などの構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値である場合、カルチャに応じて、"AE" (U + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、正しいシーケンスでのコンポーネントの出現と同等と見なされることがあります。If the character is a Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. options Ordinal値が含まれている場合、このオーバーロードは序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行します。If options includes the Ordinal value, this overload performs an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search. Unicode 値が同じである場合にのみ、文字は別の文字と同じものと見なされます。A character is considered equivalent to another character only if the Unicode values are the same. 文字をString.IndexOf検索するのオーバーロードは、序数検索を実行します。一方、文字列を検索する場合は、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。Overloads of String.IndexOf that search for a character perform an ordinal search, whereas those that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive search.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを使用して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should use string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存した検索ではvalue 、が無視できる文字の場合、その文字を削除して検索することと同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. この場合、メソッドはIndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)常に 0 (ゼロ) を返して、のsource先頭で一致が見つかったことを示します。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 次の例では、 IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions)メソッドを使用して、2つの文字列でソフトハイフン (U + 00ad) を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char, CompareOptions) method is used to search for a soft hyphen (U+00AD) in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみにソフト ハイフンが含まれます。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. どちらの場合も、ソフトハイフンは無視できる文字であるため、カルチャに依存した検索では、文字列の先頭に一致するものが見つかったことを示す 0 (ゼロ) が返されます。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, a culture-sensitive search returns 0 (zero) to indicate that it has found a match at the beginning of the string. ただし、序数検索では、1つの文字列でソフトハイフンが正常に検出され、2番目の文字列に存在しないことが報告されます。An ordinal search, however, successfully finds the soft hyphen in one string and reports that it is absent from the second string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#4]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, String, Int32)

指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列の指定したインデックスから文字列の末尾までの範囲内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the section of the source string that extends from the specified index to the end of the string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value, int startIndex);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value, int startIndex);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string * int -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string * int -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String, startIndex As Integer) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
String

source 内で検索する文字列。The string to locate within source.

startIndex
Int32

検索の開始位置を示す 0 から始まるインデックス。The zero-based starting index of the search.

戻り値

startIndex から source の末尾までの source のセクション内で、value が見つかった場合は、最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within the section of source that extends from startIndex to the end of source; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は startIndex を返します。Returns startIndex if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenullです。source is null.

- または --or-

valuenullです。value is null.

startIndexsource の有効なインデックスの範囲外です。startIndex is outside the range of valid indexes for source.

次の例では、文字列の一部に含まれる文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a portion of a string. IndexOf startIndexは、同じパラメーターを使用している場合でも、文字列の異なる部分を検索することに注意してください。 LastIndexOfNote that IndexOf and LastIndexOf are searching in different portions of the string, even with the same startIndex parameter.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // iS is the starting index of the substring.
   int iS = 20;
   
   // myT1 is the string used for padding.
   String^ myT1;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ), -1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr->Substring( iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), -1 );
   myT1 = gcnew String( '-',myStr->Length - iS - 1 );
   Console::WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
   Console::WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr->Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', iS, CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // iS is the starting index of the substring.
      int iS = 20;
      // myT1 is the string used for padding.
      String myT1;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();

      myT1 = new String( '-', iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ), -1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring( iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), -1 );

      myT1 = new String( '-', myStr.Length - iS - 1 );
      Console.WriteLine( "LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", iS );
      Console.WriteLine( "Original      : {0}", myStr );
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring( 0, iS + 1 ), myT1 );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", -1, myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', iS, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                              f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :
           ae :
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
           AE :                         f
           ae :                         f
            Æ :                         f
            æ :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :    l
            æ :          l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :    l
           ae :          l
            Æ :
            æ :
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
           AE :          l
           ae :          l
            Æ :          l
            æ :          l

IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                              f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :
           u" :
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                              f
IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
           U" :                         f
           u" :                         f
            Ü :                         f
            ü :                         f
LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :    l
            ü :          l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :    l
           u" :          l
            Ü :
            ü :
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
           U" :          l
           u" :          l
            Ü :          l
            ü :          l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' iS is the starting index of the substring.
      Dim [iS] As Integer = 20
      ' myT1 is the string used for padding.
      Dim myT1 As [String]

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("IndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal), - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myT1, myStr.Substring([iS]))
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), - 1)

      myT1 = New [String]("-"c, myStr.Length - [iS] - 1)
      Console.WriteLine("LastIndexOf( String, *, {0}, * )", [iS])
      Console.WriteLine("Original      : {0}", myStr)
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS]))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS]))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}{1}", myStr.Substring(0, [iS] + 1), myT1)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", - 1, myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, [iS], CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 

         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))
      
      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                              f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :
'           ae :
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Æ or æ?
'           AE :                         f
'           ae :                         f
'            Æ :                         f
'            æ :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :    l
'            æ :          l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :    l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :
'            æ :
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same ----------
'           AE :          l
'           ae :          l
'            Æ :          l
'            æ :          l
'
'IndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                              f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'Ordinal       : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :
'           u" :
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                              f
'IgnoreCase    : -------------------- as Ü or ü?
'           U" :                         f
'           u" :                         f
'            Ü :                         f
'            ü :                         f
'LastIndexOf( String, *, 20, * )
'Original      : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :    l
'            ü :          l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :    l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :
'            ü :
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same ----------
'           U" :          l
'           u" :          l
'            Ü :          l
'            ü :          l

注釈

ソース文字列はから始まっstartIndexて、文字列の末尾から終わりまで検索されます。The source string is searched forward starting at startIndex and ending at the end of the string.

このオーバーロードは、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. カルチャに応じて、"AE" (u + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値は、正しい順序で文字のコンポーネントが出現する場合と同等に見なされる場合があります (u + 00C6)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. Unicode 値が比較される序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行するには、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つオーバーロードのいずれかを呼び出し、 Ordinal値を使用する必要があります。To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared, you should call one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを呼び出して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存した検索では、value に無視できる文字が含まれている場合、その文字を削除して検索した場合と同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. value 1 つ以上の無視できる文字で構成さIndexOf(String, String, Int32)れているstartIndex場合、メソッドは常にを返します。これは、検索を開始する文字位置です。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32) method always returns startIndex, which is the character position at which the search begins.

次の例では、 IndexOf(String, String, Int32)メソッドを使用して、ソフトハイフン (U + 00ad) の後に2つの文字列の "m" が続く位置を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String, Int32) method is used to find the position of a soft hyphen (U+00AD) followed by an "m" in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみに必要な部分文字列が含まれます。Only one of the strings contains the required substring. どちらの場合も、ソフトハイフンは無視できない文字であるため、メソッドは文字列内の "m" のインデックスを返します。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns the index of "m" in the string. "m" の後にソフト ハイフンが含まれる最初の文字列の場合、メソッドはソフト ハイフンのインデックスを返すことができず、代わりに "m" のインデックスを返すことに注意してください。Note that in the case of the first string, which includes the soft hyphen followed by an "m", the method fails to return the index of the soft hyphen but instead returns the index of the "m".

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#14]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, String)

指定した部分文字列を検索し、検索対象文字列全体内で、その部分文字列が最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified substring and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, System::String ^ value);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, string value);
abstract member IndexOf : string * string -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * string -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As String) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
String

source 内で検索する文字列。The string to locate within source.

戻り値

source 内で value が見つかった場合は、最初に見つかった位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は 0 (ゼロ) を返します。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenullです。source is null.

- または --or-

valuenullです。value is null.

次の例では、文字列内の文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

注釈

ソース文字列は、文字列の先頭から順に検索され、文字列の末尾で終わります。The source string is searched forward starting at the beginning of the string and ending at the end of the string.

このオーバーロードは、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. カルチャに応じて、"AE" (u + 0041 という, U + 0045) など、構成されていない文字を表す Unicode 値は、正しい順序で文字のコンポーネントが出現する場合と同等に見なされる場合があります (u + 00C6)。A Unicode value representing a precomposed character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of the character's components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. Unicode 値が比較される序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行するには、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つオーバーロードのいずれかを使用し、 Ordinal値を使用する必要があります。To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where the Unicode values are compared, you should use one of the overloads that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the Ordinal value.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを呼び出して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should call string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存した検索では、value に無視できる文字が含まれている場合、その文字を削除して検索した場合と同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search, if value contains an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. value 1 つ以上の無視できる文字で構成さIndexOf(String, String)れている場合、メソッドは常に 0 (ゼロ) を返して、のsource先頭で一致が見つかったことを示します。If value consists only of one or more ignorable characters, the IndexOf(String, String) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 次の例では、 IndexOf(String, String)メソッドを使用して、2つの文字列の3つの部分文字列 (ソフトハイフン (U + 00ad)、ソフトハイフンの後に "n"、ソフトハイフンの後に "m") を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, String) method is used to find three substrings (a soft hyphen (U+00AD), a soft hyphen followed by "n", and a soft hyphen followed by "m") in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみにソフト ハイフンが含まれます。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. どちらの場合も、ソフトハイフンは無視できない文字であるため、結果はにvalueソフトハイフンが含まれていない場合と同じになります。In each case, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the result is the same as if the soft hyphen had not been included in value. ソフトハイフンのみを検索する場合、メソッドは、文字列の先頭に一致するものが見つかったことを示す 0 (ゼロ) を返します。When searching for a soft hyphen only, the method returns 0 (zero) to indicate that it has found a match at the beginning of the string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#2]

こちらもご覧ください

IndexOf(String, Char)

指定した文字を検索し、検索対象文字列全体内で最初に出現する位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号を返します。Searches for the specified character and returns the zero-based index of the first occurrence within the entire source string.

public:
 virtual int IndexOf(System::String ^ source, char value);
public virtual int IndexOf (string source, char value);
abstract member IndexOf : string * char -> int
override this.IndexOf : string * char -> int
Public Overridable Function IndexOf (source As String, value As Char) As Integer

パラメーター

source
String

検索対象の文字列。The string to search.

value
Char

source 内で検索する文字。The character to locate within source.

戻り値

source 内で value が見つかった場合は、最初に見つかった位置の 0 から始まるインデックス番号、それ以外の場合は -1 です。The zero-based index of the first occurrence of value, if found, within source; otherwise, -1. value が無視できる文字の場合は 0 (ゼロ) を返します。Returns 0 (zero) if value is an ignorable character.

例外

sourcenull です。source is null.

次の例では、文字列内の文字または部分文字列の最初と最後の出現箇所のインデックスを決定します。The following example determines the indexes of the first and last occurrences of a character or a substring within a string.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Globalization;
void PrintMarker( String^ Prefix, int First, int Last )
{
   
   // Determines the size of the array to create.
   int mySize;
   if ( Last > First )
      mySize = Last;
   else
      mySize = First;

   if ( mySize > -1 )
   {
      
      // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
      array<Char>^myCharArr = gcnew array<Char>(mySize + 1);
      
      // Inserts the appropriate markers.
      if ( First > -1 )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'f';
      if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[ Last ] = 'l';
      if ( First == Last )
            myCharArr[ First ] = 'b';
      
      // Displays the array of Char as a String.
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, gcnew String( myCharArr ) );
   }
   else
      Console::WriteLine( Prefix );
}

int main()
{
   
   // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
   CompareInfo^ myComp = CultureInfo::InvariantCulture->CompareInfo;
   
   // Searches for the ligature Æ.
   String^ myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'æ', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   
   // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
   myStr = "Is U\u0308 or u\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
   Console::WriteLine();
   Console::WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü' ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü' ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::Ordinal ) );
   Console::WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
   PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'Ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
   PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp->IndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ), myComp->LastIndexOf( myStr, L'ü', CompareOptions::IgnoreCase ) );
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
using System;
using System.Globalization;

public class SamplesCompareInfo  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      CompareInfo myComp = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo;

      // Searches for the ligature Æ.
      String myStr = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'æ', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

      // Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is \u0055\u0308 or \u0075\u0308 the same as \u00DC or \u00FC?";
      Console.WriteLine();
      Console.WriteLine( "No options    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308" ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü' ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü' ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "Ordinal       : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.Ordinal ) );
      Console.WriteLine( "IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr );
      PrintMarker( "           U\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "U\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "           u\u0308 : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, "u\u0308", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'Ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );
      PrintMarker( "            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ), myComp.LastIndexOf( myStr, 'ü', CompareOptions.IgnoreCase ) );

   }

   public static void PrintMarker( String Prefix, int First, int Last )  {

      // Determines the size of the array to create.
      int mySize;
      if ( Last > First )
         mySize = Last;
      else
         mySize = First;

      if ( mySize > -1 )  {

         // Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Char[] myCharArr = new Char[mySize+1];

         // Inserts the appropriate markers.
         if ( First > -1 )
         myCharArr[First] = 'f';
         if ( Last > -1 )
            myCharArr[Last] = 'l';
         if ( First == Last )
         myCharArr[First] = 'b';

         // Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine( "{0}{1}", Prefix, new String( myCharArr ) );

      }
      else
         Console.WriteLine( Prefix );

   }

}


/*
This code produces the following output.

No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                    l
           ae :          f                   l
            Æ :    f                    l
            æ :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    b
           ae :          b
            Æ :                         b
            æ :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
           AE :    f                         l
           ae :    f                         l
            Æ :    f                         l
            æ :    f                         l

No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                    l
           u" :          f                   l
            Ü :    f                    l
            ü :          f                   l
Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    b
           u" :          b
            Ü :                         b
            ü :                              b
IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
           U" :    f                         l
           u" :    f                         l
            Ü :    f                         l
            ü :    f                         l

*/
Imports System.Globalization

Public Class SamplesCompareInfo

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates CompareInfo for the InvariantCulture.
      Dim myComp As CompareInfo = CultureInfo.InvariantCulture.CompareInfo

      ' Searches for the ligature Æ.
      Dim myStr As [String] = "Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE"))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae"), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae"))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           AE : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "AE", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           ae : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ae", CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            æ : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "æ"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

      ' Searches for the combining character sequence Latin capital letter U with diaeresis or Latin small letter u with diaeresis.
      myStr = "Is " & ChrW(&H0055) & ChrW(&H0308) & " or " & ChrW(&H0075) & ChrW(&H0308) & " the same as " & ChrW(&H00DC) & " or " & ChrW(&H00FC) & "?"
      Console.WriteLine()
      Console.WriteLine("No options    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308)))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c))
      Console.WriteLine("Ordinal       : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.Ordinal))
      Console.WriteLine("IgnoreCase    : {0}", myStr)
      PrintMarker("           U" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "U" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("           u" & ChrW(&H0308) & " : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "u" & ChrW(&H0308), CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            Ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "Ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))
      PrintMarker("            ü : ", myComp.IndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase), myComp.LastIndexOf(myStr, "ü"c, CompareOptions.IgnoreCase))

   End Sub

   Public Shared Sub PrintMarker(Prefix As [String], First As Integer, Last As Integer)

      ' Determines the size of the array to create.
      Dim mySize As Integer
      If Last > First Then
         mySize = Last
      Else
         mySize = First
      End If 

      If mySize > - 1 Then

         ' Creates an array of Char to hold the markers.
         Dim myCharArr(mySize + 1) As [Char]

         ' Inserts the appropriate markers.
         If First > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(First) = "f"c
         End If
         If Last > - 1 Then
            myCharArr(Last) = "l"c
         End If
         If First = Last Then
            myCharArr(First) = "b"c
         End If 
         ' Displays the array of Char as a String.
         Console.WriteLine("{0}{1}", Prefix, New [String](myCharArr))

      Else
         Console.WriteLine(Prefix)

      End If 

   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'No options    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                    l
'           ae :          f                   l
'            Æ :    f                    l
'            æ :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    b
'           ae :          b
'            Æ :                         b
'            æ :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is AE or ae the same as Æ or æ?
'           AE :    f                         l
'           ae :    f                         l
'            Æ :    f                         l
'            æ :    f                         l
'
'No options    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                    l
'           u" :          f                   l
'            Ü :    f                    l
'            ü :          f                   l
'Ordinal       : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    b
'           u" :          b
'            Ü :                         b
'            ü :                              b
'IgnoreCase    : Is U" or u" the same as Ü or ü?
'           U" :    f                         l
'           u" :    f                         l
'            Ü :    f                         l
'            ü :    f                         l

注釈

このメソッドは、文字列の先頭から文字列の末尾までのソース文字列を検索します。This method searches the source string from the beginning of the string to the end of the string.

このオーバーロードは、カルチャに依存した検索を実行します。This overload performs a culture-sensitive search. value構成済みの Unicode 文字 (合字 "Æ" (u + 00c6) など) を表す場合、カルチャに応じて、"AE" (u + 0041 という, u + 0045) など、正しいシーケンスでのコンポーネントの発生と同等であると見なされる可能性があります。If value represents a precomposed Unicode character, such as the ligature "Æ" (U+00C6), it might be considered equivalent to any occurrence of its components in the correct sequence, such as "AE" (U+0041, U+0045), depending on the culture. Unicode コードポイントが同じである場合にのみ、文字が別の文字と見なされる序数 (カルチャに依存しない) 検索を実行するには、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つオーバーロードを呼び出して、 CompareOptions.Ordinal数値.To perform an ordinal (culture-insensitive) search, where a character is considered equivalent to another character only if their Unicode code points are the same, you should call an overload that has a parameter of type CompareOptions and use the CompareOptions.Ordinal value. カルチャCompareInfo.IndexOfに依存した比較を実行するとは異なり、 String.IndexOf文字を検索するメソッドのオーバーロードは序数の比較を実行し、文字列を検索するオーバーロードはカルチャに依存した比較を実行します。Unlike CompareInfo.IndexOf, which performs a culture-sensitive comparison, overloads of the String.IndexOf method that search for a character perform an ordinal comparison and overloads that search for a string perform a culture-sensitive comparison.

注意

可能であれば、型CompareOptionsのパラメーターを持つ文字列比較メソッドを使用して、予想される比較の種類を指定する必要があります。When possible, you should use string comparison methods that have a parameter of type CompareOptions to specify the kind of comparison expected. 一般的な規則として、ユーザーインターフェイスに表示される文字列を比較するには (現在のカルチャをCompareOptions.Ordinal使用CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCaseして) 言語オプションを使用し、セキュリティ比較にはまたはを指定します。As a general rule, use linguistic options (using the current culture) for comparing strings displayed in the user interface and specify CompareOptions.Ordinal or CompareOptions.OrdinalIgnoreCase for security comparisons.

注意 (呼び出し元)

文字セットには無視できる文字が含まれます。これは、言語またはカルチャに依存した並べ替えを実行するときには考慮されない文字です。Character sets include ignorable characters, which are characters that are not considered when performing a linguistic or culture-sensitive sort. カルチャに依存した検索ではvalue 、が無視できる文字の場合、その文字を削除して検索することと同じ結果になります。In a culture-sensitive search, if value is an ignorable character, the result is equivalent to searching with that character removed. この場合、メソッドはIndexOf(String, Char)常に 0 (ゼロ) を返して、のsource先頭で一致が見つかったことを示します。In this case, the IndexOf(String, Char) method always returns 0 (zero) to indicate that the match is found at the beginning of source. 次の例IndexOf(String, Char)では、メソッドを使用して、2つの文字列でソフトハイフン (U + 00ad) を検索します。In the following example, the IndexOf(String, Char) method is used to find the soft hyphen (U+00AD) in two strings. 文字列の 1 つのみにソフト ハイフンが含まれます。Only one of the strings contains a soft hyphen. どちらの場合も、ソフトハイフンが無視できる文字であるため、メソッドは 0 (ゼロ) を返して、文字列の先頭に一致するものが見つかったことを示します。In both cases, because the soft hyphen is an ignorable character, the method returns 0 (zero) to indicate that it has found a match at the beginning of the string.

[!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3][!code-csharpSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3] [!code-vbSystem.Globalization.CompareInfo.IndexOf#3]

こちらもご覧ください

適用対象