IAsyncResult.AsyncState プロパティ

定義

非同期操作についての情報を限定または格納するユーザー定義のオブジェクトを取得します。Gets a user-defined object that qualifies or contains information about an asynchronous operation.

public:
 property System::Object ^ AsyncState { System::Object ^ get(); };
public object AsyncState { get; }
member this.AsyncState : obj
Public ReadOnly Property AsyncState As Object

プロパティ値

非同期操作についての情報を限定または格納するユーザー定義のオブジェクト。A user-defined object that qualifies or contains information about an asynchronous operation.

次のコード例は、プロパティAsyncStateを使用してコールバックメソッドに情報を渡す方法を示しています。The following code example demonstrates how the AsyncState property is used to pass information to a callback method. BeginInvokeメソッド呼び出しの最後のパラメーターは、書式指定文字列です。この文字列は、コールバックメソッドが出力メッセージを書式設定するために使用します。The last parameter of the BeginInvoke method call is a format string, which the callback method uses to format an output message.

この例は、2つのクラス (非同期に呼び出されるメソッドを含むクラスと、呼び出しを行うMainメソッドを含むクラス) で構成されています。The example consists of two classes: the class that contains the method that is called asynchronously, and the class that contains the Main method that makes the call.

このコールバックの例のしくみと、デリゲートを使用してメソッドを非同期で呼び出す方法の詳細については、「同期メソッドの非同期呼び出し」を参照してください。For more information about how this callback example works, and more examples of calling methods asynchronously by using delegates, see Calling Synchronous Methods Asynchronously.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Runtime::InteropServices; 

namespace Examples {
namespace AdvancedProgramming {
namespace AsynchronousOperations
{
    public ref class AsyncDemo 
    {
    public:
        // The method to be executed asynchronously.
        String^ TestMethod(int callDuration, [OutAttribute] int% threadId) 
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Test method begins.");
            Thread::Sleep(callDuration);
            threadId = Thread::CurrentThread->ManagedThreadId;
            return String::Format("My call time was {0}.", callDuration);
        }
    };

    // The delegate must have the same signature as the method
    // it will call asynchronously.
    public delegate String^ AsyncMethodCaller(int callDuration, [OutAttribute] int% threadId);
}}}
using System;
using System.Threading; 

namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations
{
    public class AsyncDemo 
    {
        // The method to be executed asynchronously.
        public string TestMethod(int callDuration, out int threadId) 
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Test method begins.");
            Thread.Sleep(callDuration);
            threadId = Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId;
            return String.Format("My call time was {0}.", callDuration.ToString());
        }
    }
    // The delegate must have the same signature as the method
    // it will call asynchronously.
    public delegate string AsyncMethodCaller(int callDuration, out int threadId);
}
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Runtime.InteropServices 

Namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations
    Public Class AsyncDemo 
        ' The method to be executed asynchronously.
        Public Function TestMethod(ByVal callDuration As Integer, _
                <Out> ByRef threadId As Integer) As String
            Console.WriteLine("Test method begins.")
            Thread.Sleep(callDuration)
            threadId = Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId()
            return String.Format("My call time was {0}.", callDuration.ToString())
        End Function
    End Class

    ' The delegate must have the same signature as the method
    ' it will call asynchronously.
    Public Delegate Function AsyncMethodCaller(ByVal callDuration As Integer, _
        <Out> ByRef threadId As Integer) As String
End Namespace
#using <TestMethod.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Runtime::Remoting::Messaging;
using namespace Examples::AdvancedProgramming::AsynchronousOperations;

// The callback method must have the same signature as the
// AsyncCallback delegate.
void CallbackMethod(IAsyncResult^ ar) 
{
    // Retrieve the delegate.
    AsyncResult^ result = (AsyncResult^) ar;
    AsyncMethodCaller^ caller = (AsyncMethodCaller^) result->AsyncDelegate;

    // Retrieve the format string that was passed as state 
    // information.
    String^ formatString = (String^) ar->AsyncState;

    // Define a variable to receive the value of the out parameter.
    // If the parameter were ref rather than out then it would have to
    // be a class-level field so it could also be passed to BeginInvoke.
    int threadId = 0;

    // Call EndInvoke to retrieve the results.
    String^ returnValue = caller->EndInvoke(threadId, ar);

    // Use the format string to format the output message.
    Console::WriteLine(formatString, threadId, returnValue);
};

void main() 
{
    // Create an instance of the test class.
    AsyncDemo^ ad = gcnew AsyncDemo();

    // Create the delegate.
    AsyncMethodCaller^ caller = gcnew AsyncMethodCaller(ad, &AsyncDemo::TestMethod);
       
    // The threadId parameter of TestMethod is an out parameter, so
    // its input value is never used by TestMethod. Therefore, a dummy
    // variable can be passed to the BeginInvoke call. If the threadId
    // parameter were a ref parameter, it would have to be a class-
    // level field so that it could be passed to both BeginInvoke and 
    // EndInvoke.
    int dummy = 0;

    // Initiate the asynchronous call, passing three seconds (3000 ms)
    // for the callDuration parameter of TestMethod; a dummy variable 
    // for the out parameter (threadId); the callback delegate; and
    // state information that can be retrieved by the callback method.
    // In this case, the state information is a string that can be used
    // to format a console message.
    IAsyncResult^ result = caller->BeginInvoke(3000,
        dummy, 
        gcnew AsyncCallback(&CallbackMethod),
        "The call executed on thread {0}, with return value \"{1}\".");

    Console::WriteLine("The main thread {0} continues to execute...", 
        Thread::CurrentThread->ManagedThreadId);

    // The callback is made on a ThreadPool thread. ThreadPool threads
    // are background threads, which do not keep the application running
    // if the main thread ends. Comment out the next line to demonstrate
    // this.
    Thread::Sleep(4000);
    Console::WriteLine("The main thread ends.");
}

/* This example produces output similar to the following:

The main thread 1 continues to execute...
Test method begins.
The call executed on thread 3, with return value "My call time was 3000.".
The main thread ends.
 */
using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Runtime.Remoting.Messaging;

namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations
{
    public class AsyncMain 
    {
        static void Main() 
        {
            // Create an instance of the test class.
            AsyncDemo ad = new AsyncDemo();

            // Create the delegate.
            AsyncMethodCaller caller = new AsyncMethodCaller(ad.TestMethod);
       
            // The threadId parameter of TestMethod is an out parameter, so
            // its input value is never used by TestMethod. Therefore, a dummy
            // variable can be passed to the BeginInvoke call. If the threadId
            // parameter were a ref parameter, it would have to be a class-
            // level field so that it could be passed to both BeginInvoke and 
            // EndInvoke.
            int dummy = 0;

            // Initiate the asynchronous call, passing three seconds (3000 ms)
            // for the callDuration parameter of TestMethod; a dummy variable 
            // for the out parameter (threadId); the callback delegate; and
            // state information that can be retrieved by the callback method.
            // In this case, the state information is a string that can be used
            // to format a console message.
            IAsyncResult result = caller.BeginInvoke(3000,
                out dummy, 
                new AsyncCallback(CallbackMethod),
                "The call executed on thread {0}, with return value \"{1}\".");

            Console.WriteLine("The main thread {0} continues to execute...", 
                Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId);

            // The callback is made on a ThreadPool thread. ThreadPool threads
            // are background threads, which do not keep the application running
            // if the main thread ends. Comment out the next line to demonstrate
            // this.
            Thread.Sleep(4000);

            Console.WriteLine("The main thread ends.");
        }
        
        // The callback method must have the same signature as the
        // AsyncCallback delegate.
        static void CallbackMethod(IAsyncResult ar) 
        {
            // Retrieve the delegate.
            AsyncResult result = (AsyncResult) ar;
            AsyncMethodCaller caller = (AsyncMethodCaller) result.AsyncDelegate;

            // Retrieve the format string that was passed as state 
            // information.
            string formatString = (string) ar.AsyncState;

            // Define a variable to receive the value of the out parameter.
            // If the parameter were ref rather than out then it would have to
            // be a class-level field so it could also be passed to BeginInvoke.
            int threadId = 0;

            // Call EndInvoke to retrieve the results.
            string returnValue = caller.EndInvoke(out threadId, ar);

            // Use the format string to format the output message.
            Console.WriteLine(formatString, threadId, returnValue);
        }
    }
}

/* This example produces output similar to the following:

The main thread 1 continues to execute...
Test method begins.
The call executed on thread 3, with return value "My call time was 3000.".
The main thread ends.
 */
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Runtime.Remoting.Messaging

Namespace Examples.AdvancedProgramming.AsynchronousOperations

    Public Class AsyncMain 
        
        Shared Sub Main() 

            ' Create an instance of the test class.
            Dim ad As New AsyncDemo()

            ' Create the delegate.
            Dim caller As New AsyncMethodCaller(AddressOf ad.TestMethod)

            ' The threadId parameter of TestMethod is an <Out> parameter, so
            ' its input value is never used by TestMethod. Therefore, a dummy
            ' variable can be passed to the BeginInvoke call. If the threadId
            ' parameter were a ByRef parameter, it would have to be a class-
            ' level field so that it could be passed to both BeginInvoke and 
            ' EndInvoke.
            Dim dummy As Integer = 0

            ' Initiate the asynchronous call, passing three seconds (3000 ms)
            ' for the callDuration parameter of TestMethod; a dummy variable 
            ' for the <Out> parameter (threadId); the callback delegate; and
            ' state information that can be retrieved by the callback method.
            ' In this case, the state information is a string that can be used
            ' to format a console message.
            Dim result As IAsyncResult = caller.BeginInvoke(3000, _
                dummy, _
                AddressOf CallbackMethod, _
                "The call executed on thread {0}, with return value ""{1}"".")

            Console.WriteLine("The main thread {0} continues to execute...", _
                Thread.CurrentThread.ManagedThreadId)

            ' The callback is made on a ThreadPool thread. ThreadPool threads
            ' are background threads, which do not keep the application running
            ' if the main thread ends. Comment out the next line to demonstrate
            ' this.
            Thread.Sleep(4000)

            Console.WriteLine("The main thread ends.")
        End Sub

        ' The callback method must have the same signature as the
        ' AsyncCallback delegate.
        Shared Sub CallbackMethod(ByVal ar As IAsyncResult)
            ' Retrieve the delegate.
            Dim result As AsyncResult = CType(ar, AsyncResult)
            Dim caller As AsyncMethodCaller = CType(result.AsyncDelegate, AsyncMethodCaller)

            ' Retrieve the format string that was passed as state 
            ' information.
            Dim formatString As String = CType(ar.AsyncState, String)

            ' Define a variable to receive the value of the <Out> parameter.
            ' If the parameter were ByRef rather than <Out> then it would have to
            ' be a class-level field so it could also be passed to BeginInvoke.
            Dim threadId As Integer = 0

            ' Call EndInvoke to retrieve the results.
            Dim returnValue As String = caller.EndInvoke(threadId, ar)

            ' Use the format string to format the output message.
            Console.WriteLine(formatString, threadId, returnValue)
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

' This example produces output similar to the following:
'
'The main thread 1 continues to execute...
'Test method begins.
'The call executed on thread 3, with return value "My call time was 3000.".
'The main thread ends.

注釈

このプロパティは、非同期操作を開始するメソッドの最後のパラメーターであるオブジェクトを返します。This property returns the object that is the last parameter of the method that initiates an asynchronous operation.

注意 (実装者)

非同期操作の呼び出し元が、操作の開始時に指定されたアプリケーション定義のオブジェクトを取得できるようにするには、このプロパティを実装します。Implement this property to allow the caller of an asynchronous operation to obtain an application-defined object specified at the start of the operation.

注意 (呼び出し元)

このオブジェクトを使用して、指定したに非同期操作AsyncCallbackの状態情報を渡すことができます。This object can be used to pass state information for the asynchronous operation to an AsyncCallback that you provide.

適用対象

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