Enumerable.GroupJoin Enumerable.GroupJoin Enumerable.GroupJoin Enumerable.GroupJoin Method

定義

キーが等しいかどうかに基づいて 2 つのシーケンスの要素を相互に関連付け、その結果をグループ化します。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality, and groups the results.

オーバーロード

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

キーが等しいかどうかに基づいて 2 つのシーケンスの要素を相互に関連付け、その結果をグループ化します。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. 指定された IEqualityComparer<T> を使用してキーを比較します。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>)

キーが等しいかどうかに基づいて 2 つのシーケンスの要素を相互に関連付け、その結果をグループ化します。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. キーの比較には既定の等値比較子が使用されます。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

キーが等しいかどうかに基づいて 2 つのシーケンスの要素を相互に関連付け、その結果をグループ化します。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on key equality and groups the results. 指定された IEqualityComparer<T> を使用してキーを比較します。A specified IEqualityComparer<T> is used to compare keys.

public:
generic <typename TOuter, typename TInner, typename TKey, typename TResult>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TResult> ^ GroupJoin(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TOuter> ^ outer, System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TInner> ^ inner, Func<TOuter, TKey> ^ outerKeySelector, Func<TInner, TKey> ^ innerKeySelector, Func<TOuter, System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TInner> ^, TResult> ^ resultSelector, System::Collections::Generic::IEqualityComparer<TKey> ^ comparer);
public static System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TResult> GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult> (this System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TOuter> outer, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TInner> inner, Func<TOuter,TKey> outerKeySelector, Func<TInner,TKey> innerKeySelector, Func<TOuter,System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult> resultSelector, System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer);
static member GroupJoin : seq<'Outer> * seq<'Inner> * Func<'Outer, 'Key> * Func<'Inner, 'Key> * Func<'Outer, seq<'Inner>, 'Result> * System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<'Key> -> seq<'Result>
<Extension()>
Public Function GroupJoin(Of TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult) (outer As IEnumerable(Of TOuter), inner As IEnumerable(Of TInner), outerKeySelector As Func(Of TOuter, TKey), innerKeySelector As Func(Of TInner, TKey), resultSelector As Func(Of TOuter, IEnumerable(Of TInner), TResult), comparer As IEqualityComparer(Of TKey)) As IEnumerable(Of TResult)

型パラメーター

TOuter

最初のシーケンスの要素の型。The type of the elements of the first sequence.

TInner

2 番目のシーケンスの要素の型。The type of the elements of the second sequence.

TKey

キー セレクター関数によって返されるキーの型。The type of the keys returned by the key selector functions.

TResult

結果の要素の型。The type of the result elements.

パラメーター

outer
IEnumerable<TOuter>

結合する最初のシーケンス。The first sequence to join.

inner
IEnumerable<TInner>

最初のシーケンスに結合するシーケンス。The sequence to join to the first sequence.

outerKeySelector
Func<TOuter,TKey>

最初のシーケンスの各要素から結合キーを抽出する関数。A function to extract the join key from each element of the first sequence.

innerKeySelector
Func<TInner,TKey>

2 番目のシーケンスの各要素から結合キーを抽出する関数。A function to extract the join key from each element of the second sequence.

resultSelector
Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>

最初のシーケンスの要素と、2 番目のシーケンスの一致する要素のコレクションから結果の要素を作成する関数。A function to create a result element from an element from the first sequence and a collection of matching elements from the second sequence.

comparer
IEqualityComparer<TKey>

キーをハッシュして比較する IEqualityComparer<T>An IEqualityComparer<T> to hash and compare keys.

戻り値

IEnumerable<TResult>

2 つのシーケンスに対してグループ化結合を実行して取得する、TResult 型の要素が格納されている IEnumerable<T>An IEnumerable<T> that contains elements of type TResult that are obtained by performing a grouped join on two sequences.

例外

outerinnerouterKeySelectorinnerKeySelector、または resultSelectornull です。outer or inner or outerKeySelector or innerKeySelector or resultSelector is null.

注釈

このメソッドは、遅延実行を使用して実装されます。This method is implemented by using deferred execution. 即時の戻り値は、操作を実行するために必要なすべての情報を格納するオブジェクトです。The immediate return value is an object that stores all the information that is required to perform the action. か、呼び出すことによって、オブジェクトが列挙されるまで、このメソッドによって表されるクエリは実行されません、GetEnumeratorメソッドを使用して直接またはforeachVisual C# またはFor EachVisual Basic で。The query represented by this method is not executed until the object is enumerated either by calling its GetEnumerator method directly or by using foreach in Visual C# or For Each in Visual Basic.

場合comparernull、既定の等値比較子Defaultをハッシュしてキーを比較するために使用します。If comparer is null, the default equality comparer, Default, is used to hash and compare keys.

GroupJoin つまり生成階層的な結果の要素をouterから一致する要素のコレクションとペアになるinnerします。GroupJoin produces hierarchical results, which means that elements from outer are paired with collections of matching elements from inner. GroupJoin 使用すると、結果を全体の各要素に一致する一連の基本outerします。GroupJoin enables you to base your results on a whole set of matches for each element of outer.

注意

相関関係を持つ要素がない場合innerの指定された要素のouter、その要素の一致項目のシーケンスが空になりますは、結果に表示されます。If there are no correlated elements in inner for a given element of outer, the sequence of matches for that element will be empty but will still appear in the results.

resultSelector関数ごとに 1 つのみouter要素すべてのコレクションと共に、innerと一致する要素、outer要素。The resultSelector function is called only one time for each outer element together with a collection of all the inner elements that match the outer element. これに対し、Joinメソッドのペアから 1 つの要素が含まれている結果のセレクター関数が呼び出されるouterと 1 つの要素からinnerします。This differs from the Join method in which the result selector function is invoked on pairs that contain one element from outer and one element from inner.

GroupJoin 要素の順序を保持outerの各要素に対してouterから一致する要素の順序innerします。GroupJoin preserves the order of the elements of outer, and for each element of outer, the order of the matching elements from inner.

GroupJoin 従来のリレーショナル データベース用語では直接相当するものを与えません。GroupJoin has no direct equivalent in traditional relational database terms. ただし、このメソッドは内部結合と左外部結合のスーパー セットを実装します。However, this method does implement a superset of inner joins and left outer joins. グループ化結合では、これらの操作の両方を記述できます。Both of these operations can be written in terms of a grouped join. 参照してください結合操作します。See Join Operations.

こちらもご覧ください

GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>) GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>)

キーが等しいかどうかに基づいて 2 つのシーケンスの要素を相互に関連付け、その結果をグループ化します。Correlates the elements of two sequences based on equality of keys and groups the results. キーの比較には既定の等値比較子が使用されます。The default equality comparer is used to compare keys.

public:
generic <typename TOuter, typename TInner, typename TKey, typename TResult>
[System::Runtime::CompilerServices::Extension]
 static System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TResult> ^ GroupJoin(System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TOuter> ^ outer, System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TInner> ^ inner, Func<TOuter, TKey> ^ outerKeySelector, Func<TInner, TKey> ^ innerKeySelector, Func<TOuter, System::Collections::Generic::IEnumerable<TInner> ^, TResult> ^ resultSelector);
public static System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TResult> GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult> (this System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TOuter> outer, System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TInner> inner, Func<TOuter,TKey> outerKeySelector, Func<TInner,TKey> innerKeySelector, Func<TOuter,System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult> resultSelector);
static member GroupJoin : seq<'Outer> * seq<'Inner> * Func<'Outer, 'Key> * Func<'Inner, 'Key> * Func<'Outer, seq<'Inner>, 'Result> -> seq<'Result>
<Extension()>
Public Function GroupJoin(Of TOuter, TInner, TKey, TResult) (outer As IEnumerable(Of TOuter), inner As IEnumerable(Of TInner), outerKeySelector As Func(Of TOuter, TKey), innerKeySelector As Func(Of TInner, TKey), resultSelector As Func(Of TOuter, IEnumerable(Of TInner), TResult)) As IEnumerable(Of TResult)

型パラメーター

TOuter

最初のシーケンスの要素の型。The type of the elements of the first sequence.

TInner

2 番目のシーケンスの要素の型。The type of the elements of the second sequence.

TKey

キー セレクター関数によって返されるキーの型。The type of the keys returned by the key selector functions.

TResult

結果の要素の型。The type of the result elements.

パラメーター

outer
IEnumerable<TOuter>

結合する最初のシーケンス。The first sequence to join.

inner
IEnumerable<TInner>

最初のシーケンスに結合するシーケンス。The sequence to join to the first sequence.

outerKeySelector
Func<TOuter,TKey>

最初のシーケンスの各要素から結合キーを抽出する関数。A function to extract the join key from each element of the first sequence.

innerKeySelector
Func<TInner,TKey>

2 番目のシーケンスの各要素から結合キーを抽出する関数。A function to extract the join key from each element of the second sequence.

resultSelector
Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>

最初のシーケンスの要素と、2 番目のシーケンスの一致する要素のコレクションから結果の要素を作成する関数。A function to create a result element from an element from the first sequence and a collection of matching elements from the second sequence.

戻り値

IEnumerable<TResult>

2 つのシーケンスに対してグループ化結合を実行して取得する、TResult 型の要素が格納されている IEnumerable<T>An IEnumerable<T> that contains elements of type TResult that are obtained by performing a grouped join on two sequences.

例外

outerinnerouterKeySelectorinnerKeySelector、または resultSelectornull です。outer or inner or outerKeySelector or innerKeySelector or resultSelector is null.

次のコード例は、使用する方法を示しますGroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>)2 つのシーケンスに対してグループ化結合を実行します。The following code example demonstrates how to use GroupJoin<TOuter,TInner,TKey,TResult>(IEnumerable<TOuter>, IEnumerable<TInner>, Func<TOuter,TKey>, Func<TInner,TKey>, Func<TOuter,IEnumerable<TInner>,TResult>) to perform a grouped join on two sequences.

class Person
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
}

class Pet
{
    public string Name { get; set; }
    public Person Owner { get; set; }
}

public static void GroupJoinEx1()
{
    Person magnus = new Person { Name = "Hedlund, Magnus" };
    Person terry = new Person { Name = "Adams, Terry" };
    Person charlotte = new Person { Name = "Weiss, Charlotte" };

    Pet barley = new Pet { Name = "Barley", Owner = terry };
    Pet boots = new Pet { Name = "Boots", Owner = terry };
    Pet whiskers = new Pet { Name = "Whiskers", Owner = charlotte };
    Pet daisy = new Pet { Name = "Daisy", Owner = magnus };

    List<Person> people = new List<Person> { magnus, terry, charlotte };
    List<Pet> pets = new List<Pet> { barley, boots, whiskers, daisy };

    // Create a list where each element is an anonymous 
    // type that contains a person's name and 
    // a collection of names of the pets they own.
    var query =
        people.GroupJoin(pets,
                         person => person,
                         pet => pet.Owner,
                         (person, petCollection) =>
                             new
                             {
                                 OwnerName = person.Name,
                                 Pets = petCollection.Select(pet => pet.Name)
                             });

    foreach (var obj in query)
    {
        // Output the owner's name.
        Console.WriteLine("{0}:", obj.OwnerName);
        // Output each of the owner's pet's names.
        foreach (string pet in obj.Pets)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("  {0}", pet);
        }
    }
}

/*
 This code produces the following output:

 Hedlund, Magnus:
   Daisy
 Adams, Terry:
   Barley
   Boots
 Weiss, Charlotte:
   Whiskers
*/
Structure Person
    Public Name As String
End Structure

Structure Pet
    Public Name As String
    Public Owner As Person
End Structure

Sub GroupJoinEx1()
    Dim magnus As New Person With {.Name = "Hedlund, Magnus"}
    Dim terry As New Person With {.Name = "Adams, Terry"}
    Dim charlotte As New Person With {.Name = "Weiss, Charlotte"}

    Dim barley As New Pet With {.Name = "Barley", .Owner = terry}
    Dim boots As New Pet With {.Name = "Boots", .Owner = terry}
    Dim whiskers As New Pet With {.Name = "Whiskers", .Owner = charlotte}
    Dim daisy As New Pet With {.Name = "Daisy", .Owner = magnus}

    Dim people As New List(Of Person)(New Person() {magnus, terry, charlotte})
    Dim pets As New List(Of Pet)(New Pet() {barley, boots, whiskers, daisy})

    ' Create a collection where each element is an anonymous type
    ' that contains a Person's name and a collection of names of 
    ' the pets that are owned by them.
    Dim query =
people.GroupJoin(pets,
           Function(person) person,
           Function(pet) pet.Owner,
           Function(person, petCollection) _
               New With {.OwnerName = person.Name,
                         .Pets = petCollection.Select(
                                            Function(pet) pet.Name)})

    Dim output As New System.Text.StringBuilder
    For Each obj In query
        ' Output the owner's name.
        output.AppendLine(obj.OwnerName & ":")
        ' Output each of the owner's pet's names.
        For Each pet As String In obj.Pets
            output.AppendLine("  " & pet)
        Next
    Next

    ' Display the output.
    MsgBox(output.ToString)
End Sub

' This code produces the following output:
'
' Hedlund, Magnus
'   Daisy
' Adams, Terry
'   Barley
'   Boots
' Weiss, Charlotte
'   Whiskers

注釈

このメソッドは、遅延実行を使用して実装されます。This method is implemented by using deferred execution. 即時の戻り値は、操作を実行するために必要なすべての情報を格納するオブジェクトです。The immediate return value is an object that stores all the information that is required to perform the action. か、呼び出すことによって、オブジェクトが列挙されるまで、このメソッドによって表されるクエリは実行されません、GetEnumeratorメソッドを使用して直接またはforeachVisual C# またはFor EachVisual Basic で。The query represented by this method is not executed until the object is enumerated either by calling its GetEnumerator method directly or by using foreach in Visual C# or For Each in Visual Basic.

既定の等値比較子Defaultをハッシュしてキーを比較するために使用します。The default equality comparer, Default, is used to hash and compare keys.

GroupJoin つまり生成階層的な結果の要素をouterから一致する要素のコレクションとペアになるinnerします。GroupJoin produces hierarchical results, which means that elements from outer are paired with collections of matching elements from inner. GroupJoin 使用すると、結果を全体の各要素に一致する一連の基本outerします。GroupJoin enables you to base your results on a whole set of matches for each element of outer.

注意

相関関係を持つ要素がない場合innerの指定された要素のouter、その要素の一致項目のシーケンスが空になりますは、結果に表示されます。If there are no correlated elements in inner for a given element of outer, the sequence of matches for that element will be empty but will still appear in the results.

resultSelector関数ごとに 1 つのみouter要素すべてのコレクションと共に、innerと一致する要素、outer要素。The resultSelector function is called only one time for each outer element together with a collection of all the inner elements that match the outer element. これに対し、Joinから 1 つの要素を含む組を結果のセレクター関数が呼び出されたメソッドouterと 1 つの要素からinnerします。This differs from the Join method, in which the result selector function is invoked on pairs that contain one element from outer and one element from inner.

GroupJoin 要素の順序を保持outerの各要素に対してouterから一致する要素の順序innerします。GroupJoin preserves the order of the elements of outer, and for each element of outer, the order of the matching elements from inner.

GroupJoin 従来のリレーショナル データベース用語では直接相当するものを与えません。GroupJoin has no direct equivalent in traditional relational database terms. ただし、このメソッドは内部結合と左外部結合のスーパー セットを実装します。However, this method does implement a superset of inner joins and left outer joins. グループ化結合では、これらの操作の両方を記述できます。Both of these operations can be written in terms of a grouped join. 参照してください結合操作します。See Join Operations.

クエリ式の構文で、 join … into (Visual C#) またはGroup Joinの呼び出しに変換します (Visual Basic) 句GroupJoinします。In query expression syntax, a join … into (Visual C#) or Group Join (Visual Basic) clause translates to an invocation of GroupJoin.

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適用対象