WebClient コンストラクター

定義

WebClient クラスの新しいインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes a new instance of the WebClient class.

public:
 WebClient();
public WebClient ();
Public Sub New ()

次のコード例では、インスタンスを作成 WebClient し、そのインスタンスを使用してサーバーからデータをダウンロードし、システムコンソールに表示します。また、サーバーからデータをダウンロードしてファイルに書き込んだり、フォーム値をサーバーにアップロードして応答を受信したりします。The following code example creates a WebClient instance and then uses it to download data from a server and display it on the system console, to download data from a server and write it to a file, and to upload form values to a server and receive the response.

try
{
   // Download the data to a buffer.
   WebClient^ client = gcnew WebClient;

   array<Byte>^ pageData = client->DownloadData( "http://www.contoso.com" );
   String^ pageHtml = Encoding::ASCII->GetString( pageData );
   Console::WriteLine( pageHtml );
   
   // Download the data to a file.
   client->DownloadFile( "http://www.contoso.com", "page.htm" );
   
   // Upload some form post values.
   NameValueCollection^ form = gcnew NameValueCollection;
   form->Add( "MyName", "MyValue" );
   array<Byte>^ responseData = client->UploadValues( "http://www.contoso.com/form.aspx", form );
}
catch ( WebException^ webEx ) 
{
   Console::WriteLine( webEx->ToString() );
   if ( webEx->Status == WebExceptionStatus::ConnectFailure )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Are you behind a firewall?  If so, go through the proxy server." );
   }
}
try {
    
// Download the data to a buffer.
    WebClient client = new WebClient();

Byte[] pageData = client.DownloadData("http://www.contoso.com");
string pageHtml = Encoding.ASCII.GetString(pageData);
Console.WriteLine(pageHtml);

// Download the data to a file.
        client.DownloadFile("http://www.contoso.com", "page.htm");

// Upload some form post values.
NameValueCollection form = new NameValueCollection();		
form.Add("MyName", "MyValue");		
Byte[] responseData = client.UploadValues("http://www.contoso.com/form.aspx", form);		
}
catch (WebException webEx) {
    Console.WriteLine(webEx.ToString());
    if(webEx.Status == WebExceptionStatus.ConnectFailure) {
        Console.WriteLine("Are you behind a firewall?  If so, go through the proxy server.");
    }
}
Public Shared Sub Main()


    Try
        Dim client As New WebClient()
        Dim pageData As [Byte]() = client.DownloadData("http://www.contoso.com")
        Dim pageHtml As String = Encoding.ASCII.GetString(pageData)

        ' Download the data to a buffer.
        Console.WriteLine(pageHtml)
        
        ' Download the data to a file.
        client.DownloadFile("http://www.contoso.com", "page.htm")
        
        
        ' Upload some form post values.
        dim form as New NameValueCollection()
           form.Add("MyName", "MyValue")  

           ' Note that you need to replace "http://localhost/somefile.aspx" with the name of 
           ' a file that is available to your computer.
           Dim responseData As [Byte]() = client.UploadValues("http://www.contoso.com/form.aspx", form)      
        Console.WriteLine(Encoding.ASCII.GetString(responseData))
    
    Catch webEx As WebException
        if webEx.Status = WebExceptionStatus.ConnectFailure then
           Console.WriteLine("Are you behind a firewall?  If so, go through the proxy server.")
        end if
        Console.Write(webEx.ToString())
    End Try
    

End Sub

注釈

パラメーターなしのコンストラクターは、クラスの新しいインスタンスを作成し WebClient ます。The parameterless constructor creates a new instance of the WebClient class. 既定の HTTP メソッドは GET です。The default HTTP method is GET. 既定の FTP メソッドは RETR です。The default FTP method is RETR. 既定の EncodingDefault です。The default Encoding is Default. AllowAutoRedirect の既定値は trueです。The default value of AllowAutoRedirect is true.

適用対象