CustomAttributeBuilder クラス

定義

カスタム属性の構築を支援します。Helps build custom attributes.

public ref class CustomAttributeBuilder : System::Runtime::InteropServices::_CustomAttributeBuilder
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterface(System.Runtime.InteropServices.ClassInterfaceType.None)]
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class CustomAttributeBuilder : System.Runtime.InteropServices._CustomAttributeBuilder
type CustomAttributeBuilder = class
    interface _CustomAttributeBuilder
Public Class CustomAttributeBuilder
Implements _CustomAttributeBuilder
継承
CustomAttributeBuilder
属性
実装

次のコードサンプルは、のCustomAttributeBuilder使用方法を示しています。The following code sample illustrates the use of CustomAttributeBuilder.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Reflection::Emit;

// We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
public ref class ClassCreator: public Attribute
{
private:
   String^ creator;

public:

   property String^ Creator 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return creator;
      }

   }
   ClassCreator( String^ name )
   {
      this->creator = name;
   }

};


// We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
public ref class DateLastUpdated: public Attribute
{
private:
   String^ dateUpdated;

public:

   property String^ DateUpdated 
   {
      String^ get()
      {
         return dateUpdated;
      }

   }
   DateLastUpdated( String^ theDate )
   {
      this->dateUpdated = theDate;
   }

};

Type^ BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
{
   AppDomain^ currentDomain = Thread::GetDomain();
   AssemblyName^ myAsmName = gcnew AssemblyName;
   myAsmName->Name = "MyAssembly";
   AssemblyBuilder^ myAsmBuilder = currentDomain->DefineDynamicAssembly( myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess::Run );
   ModuleBuilder^ myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder->DefineDynamicModule( "MyModule" );
   
   // First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.
   TypeBuilder^ myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder->DefineType( "MyType", TypeAttributes::Public );
   array<Type^>^temp6 = {String::typeid};
   array<Type^>^ctorParams = temp6;
   ConstructorInfo^ classCtorInfo = ClassCreator::typeid->GetConstructor( ctorParams );
   array<Object^>^temp0 = {"Joe Programmer"};
   CustomAttributeBuilder^ myCABuilder = gcnew CustomAttributeBuilder( classCtorInfo,temp0 );
   myTypeBuilder->SetCustomAttribute( myCABuilder );
   
   // Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.
   array<Type^>^temp1 = gcnew array<Type^>(0);
   MethodBuilder^ myMethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder->DefineMethod( "HelloWorld", MethodAttributes::Public, nullptr, temp1 );
   array<Type^>^temp7 = {String::typeid};
   ctorParams = temp7;
   classCtorInfo = DateLastUpdated::typeid->GetConstructor( ctorParams );
   array<Object^>^temp2 = {DateTime::Now.ToString()};
   CustomAttributeBuilder^ myCABuilder2 = gcnew CustomAttributeBuilder( classCtorInfo,temp2 );
   myMethodBuilder->SetCustomAttribute( myCABuilder2 );
   ILGenerator^ myIL = myMethodBuilder->GetILGenerator();
   myIL->EmitWriteLine( "Hello, world!" );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ret );
   return myTypeBuilder->CreateType();
}

int main()
{
   Type^ myType = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod();
   Object^ myInstance = Activator::CreateInstance( myType );
   array<Object^>^customAttrs = myType->GetCustomAttributes( true );
   Console::WriteLine( "Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':" );
   Object^ attrVal = nullptr;
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum = customAttrs->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ customAttr = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum->Current);
      array<Object^>^temp3 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
      attrVal = ClassCreator::typeid->InvokeMember( "Creator", BindingFlags::GetProperty, nullptr, customAttr, temp3 );
      Console::WriteLine( "-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( "Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':" );
   customAttrs = myType->GetMember( "HelloWorld" )[ 0 ]->GetCustomAttributes( true );
   System::Collections::IEnumerator^ myEnum2 = customAttrs->GetEnumerator();
   while ( myEnum2->MoveNext() )
   {
      Object^ customAttr = safe_cast<Object^>(myEnum2->Current);
      array<Object^>^temp4 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
      attrVal = DateLastUpdated::typeid->InvokeMember( "DateUpdated", BindingFlags::GetProperty, nullptr, customAttr, temp4 );
      Console::WriteLine( "-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal );
   }

   Console::WriteLine( "---" );
   array<Object^>^temp5 = gcnew array<Object^>(0);
   Console::WriteLine( myType->InvokeMember( "HelloWorld", BindingFlags::InvokeMethod, nullptr, myInstance, temp5 ) );
}

using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;


// We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
public class ClassCreator: Attribute

{
   private string creator;
   public string Creator 
   {
    get
    {
       return creator;
    }
   }	

   public ClassCreator(string name)
   {
      this.creator = name;
   }

}

// We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
public class DateLastUpdated: Attribute

{
   private string dateUpdated;
   public string DateUpdated
   {
    get
    {
       return dateUpdated;
    }
   }

   public DateLastUpdated(string theDate)
   {
    this.dateUpdated = theDate;
   } 

}

class MethodBuilderCustomAttributesDemo

{

   public static Type BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
   {
    
    AppDomain currentDomain = Thread.GetDomain();
    
    AssemblyName myAsmName = new AssemblyName();
    myAsmName.Name = "MyAssembly";

    AssemblyBuilder myAsmBuilder = currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(
                       myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run);

    ModuleBuilder myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyModule");

    // First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.

    TypeBuilder myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("MyType",
                        TypeAttributes.Public);
    
    Type[] ctorParams = new Type[] { typeof(string) };
    ConstructorInfo classCtorInfo = typeof(ClassCreator).GetConstructor(ctorParams);

    CustomAttributeBuilder myCABuilder = new CustomAttributeBuilder(
                        classCtorInfo,
                        new object[] { "Joe Programmer" });

    myTypeBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder);

    // Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.

    MethodBuilder myMethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("HelloWorld",
                    MethodAttributes.Public,
                    null,
                    new Type[] { });

    ctorParams = new Type[] { typeof(string) };
    classCtorInfo = typeof(DateLastUpdated).GetConstructor(ctorParams);

    CustomAttributeBuilder myCABuilder2 = new CustomAttributeBuilder(
                        classCtorInfo,
                        new object[] { DateTime.Now.ToString() });

    myMethodBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder2);

    ILGenerator myIL = myMethodBuilder.GetILGenerator();

    myIL.EmitWriteLine("Hello, world!");
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);

    return myTypeBuilder.CreateType();
    
   }

   public static void Main() 
   {

    Type myType = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod();

    object myInstance = Activator.CreateInstance(myType);

    object[] customAttrs = myType.GetCustomAttributes(true);

    Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':");

    object attrVal = null;

    foreach (object customAttr in customAttrs) 
    {
       attrVal = typeof(ClassCreator).InvokeMember("Creator", 
                      BindingFlags.GetProperty,
                      null, customAttr, new object[] { });
       Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal);
        }

    Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':");

    customAttrs = myType.GetMember("HelloWorld")[0].GetCustomAttributes(true);	

    foreach (object customAttr in customAttrs) 
    {
       attrVal = typeof(DateLastUpdated).InvokeMember("DateUpdated", 
                      BindingFlags.GetProperty,
                      null, customAttr, new object[] { });
       Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = \"{1}\"]", customAttr, attrVal);
        }

    Console.WriteLine("---");

    Console.WriteLine(myType.InvokeMember("HelloWorld",
              BindingFlags.InvokeMethod,
              null, myInstance, new object[] { }));
                           
    
   }

}


Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit

 _


' We will apply this custom attribute to our dynamic type.
Public Class ClassCreator

   Inherits Attribute
   
   Private creator As String
   
   Public ReadOnly Property GetCreator() As String
      Get
         Return creator
      End Get
   End Property
   
   
   Public Sub New(name As String)
      Me.creator = name
   End Sub

End Class
 _ 

' We will apply this dynamic attribute to our dynamic method.
Public Class DateLastUpdated

   Inherits Attribute
   
   Private dateUpdated As String
   
   Public ReadOnly Property GetDateUpdated() As String
      Get
         Return dateUpdated
      End Get
   End Property
   
   
   Public Sub New(theDate As String)
      Me.dateUpdated = theDate
   End Sub

End Class
 _ 

Class MethodBuilderCustomAttributesDemo
   
   Public Shared Function BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod() As Type
      
      Dim currentDomain As AppDomain = Thread.GetDomain()
      
      Dim myAsmName As New AssemblyName()
      myAsmName.Name = "MyAssembly"
      
      Dim myAsmBuilder As AssemblyBuilder = currentDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(myAsmName, _
                            AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run)
      
      Dim myModBuilder As ModuleBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyModule")
      
      ' First, we'll build a type with a custom attribute attached.
      Dim myTypeBuilder As TypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("MyType", _
                            TypeAttributes.Public)
      
      Dim ctorParams() As Type = {GetType(String)}
      Dim classCtorInfo As ConstructorInfo = GetType(ClassCreator).GetConstructor(ctorParams)
      
      Dim myCABuilder As New CustomAttributeBuilder(classCtorInfo, _
                        New Object() {"Joe Programmer"})
      
      myTypeBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder)
      
      ' Now, let's build a method and add a custom attribute to it.
      Dim myMethodBuilder As MethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("HelloWorld", _
                    MethodAttributes.Public, Nothing, New Type() {})
      
      ctorParams = New Type() {GetType(String)}
      classCtorInfo = GetType(DateLastUpdated).GetConstructor(ctorParams)
      
      Dim myCABuilder2 As New CustomAttributeBuilder(classCtorInfo, _
                        New Object() {DateTime.Now.ToString()})
      
      myMethodBuilder.SetCustomAttribute(myCABuilder2)
      
      Dim myIL As ILGenerator = myMethodBuilder.GetILGenerator()
      
      myIL.EmitWriteLine("Hello, world!")
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)
      
      Return myTypeBuilder.CreateType()

   End Function 'BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod
    
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      
      Dim myType As Type = BuildTypeWithCustomAttributesOnMethod()
      
      Dim myInstance As Object = Activator.CreateInstance(myType)
      
      Dim customAttrs As Object() = myType.GetCustomAttributes(True)
      
      Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Type 'MyType':")
      
      Dim attrVal As Object = Nothing
      
      Dim customAttr As Object
      For Each customAttr In  customAttrs
         attrVal = GetType(ClassCreator).InvokeMember("GetCreator", _
                        BindingFlags.GetProperty, _
                        Nothing, customAttr, New Object() {})
         Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = ""{1}""]", customAttr, attrVal)
      Next customAttr
      
      Console.WriteLine("Custom Attributes for Method 'HelloWorld()' in 'MyType':")
      
      customAttrs = myType.GetMember("HelloWorld")(0).GetCustomAttributes(True)
      
      For Each customAttr In  customAttrs
         attrVal = GetType(DateLastUpdated).InvokeMember("GetDateUpdated", _
                        BindingFlags.GetProperty, _
                        Nothing, customAttr, New Object() {})
         Console.WriteLine("-- Attribute: [{0} = ""{1}""]", customAttr, attrVal)
      Next customAttr
      
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      
      Console.WriteLine(myType.InvokeMember("HelloWorld", BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, _
                        Nothing, myInstance, New Object() {}))
   End Sub

End Class

注釈

コンストラクターによって返されたオブジェクトを使用して、カスタム属性を記述します。CustomAttributeBuilderUse the CustomAttributeBuilder object returned by the constructor to describe the custom attribute. ビルダーインスタンスCustomAttributeSetCustomAttributeメソッドを呼び出して、をビルダーインスタンスに関連付けます。Associate the CustomAttribute with a builder instance by calling the SetCustomAttribute method on that builder instance. たとえば、のコンストラクター CustomAttributeBuilder AssemblyCultureAttributeとその引数を指定するAssemblyCultureAttributeことによって、のインスタンスを記述するを作成します。For example, create a CustomAttributeBuilder to describe an instance of AssemblyCultureAttribute by supplying the constructor of AssemblyCultureAttribute and its argument. 次にSetCustomAttributeAssemblyBuilderに対してを呼び出して、アソシエーションを確立します。Then call SetCustomAttribute on an AssemblyBuilder to establish the association.

コンストラクター

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[])

カスタム属性のコンストラクター、およびコンストラクターに渡す引数を指定して、CustomAttributeBuilder クラスのインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute and the arguments to the constructor.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[])

カスタム属性のコンストラクター、そのコンストラクターの引数、および名前付きフィールドと値のペアのセットを指定して、CustomAttributeBuilder クラスのインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, and a set of named field/value pairs.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[])

カスタム属性のコンストラクター、そのコンストラクターの引数、および名前付きプロパティまたは値のペアのセットを指定して、CustomAttributeBuilder クラスのインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, and a set of named property or value pairs.

CustomAttributeBuilder(ConstructorInfo, Object[], PropertyInfo[], Object[], FieldInfo[], Object[])

カスタム属性のコンストラクター、そのコンストラクターの引数、名前付きプロパティまたは値のペアのセット、および名前付きフィールドまたは値のペアのセットを指定して、CustomAttributeBuilder クラスのインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes an instance of the CustomAttributeBuilder class given the constructor for the custom attribute, the arguments to the constructor, a set of named property or value pairs, and a set of named field or value pairs.

メソッド

Equals(Object)

指定されたオブジェクトが現在のオブジェクトと等しいかどうかを判定します。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(継承元 Object)
GetHashCode()

既定のハッシュ関数として機能します。Serves as the default hash function.

(継承元 Object)
GetType()

現在のインスタンスの Type を取得します。Gets the Type of the current instance.

(継承元 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

現在の Object の簡易コピーを作成します。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(継承元 Object)
ToString()

現在のオブジェクトを表す string を返します。Returns a string that represents the current object.

(継承元 Object)

明示的なインターフェイスの実装

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetIDsOfNames(Guid, IntPtr, UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

一連の名前を対応する一連のディスパッチ識別子に割り当てます。Maps a set of names to a corresponding set of dispatch identifiers.

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfo(UInt32, UInt32, IntPtr)

オブジェクトの型情報を取得します。この型情報を使用して、インターフェイスの型情報を取得できます。Retrieves the type information for an object, which can then be used to get the type information for an interface.

_CustomAttributeBuilder.GetTypeInfoCount(UInt32)

オブジェクトが提供する型情報インターフェイスの数 (0 または 1) を取得します。Retrieves the number of type information interfaces that an object provides (either 0 or 1).

_CustomAttributeBuilder.Invoke(UInt32, Guid, UInt32, Int16, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr, IntPtr)

オブジェクトによって公開されたプロパティおよびメソッドへのアクセスを提供します。Provides access to properties and methods exposed by an object.

適用対象