OpCodes.Switch OpCodes.Switch OpCodes.Switch OpCodes.Switch Field

定義

ジャンプ テーブルを実装します。Implements a jump table.

public: static initonly System::Reflection::Emit::OpCode Switch;
public static readonly System.Reflection.Emit.OpCode Switch;
 staticval mutable Switch : System.Reflection.Emit.OpCode
Public Shared ReadOnly Switch As OpCode 

フィールド値

次のコードサンプルは、Label の配列を使用して、Switch オペコードを使用してジャンプテーブルを生成する方法を示しています。The following code sample illustrates the use of the Switch opcode to generate a jump table using an array of Label.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
using namespace System::Reflection;
using namespace System::Reflection::Emit;
Type^ BuildMyType()
{
   AppDomain^ myDomain = Thread::GetDomain();
   AssemblyName^ myAsmName = gcnew AssemblyName;
   myAsmName->Name = "MyDynamicAssembly";
   AssemblyBuilder^ myAsmBuilder = myDomain->DefineDynamicAssembly( myAsmName, AssemblyBuilderAccess::Run );
   ModuleBuilder^ myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder->DefineDynamicModule( "MyJumpTableDemo" );
   TypeBuilder^ myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder->DefineType( "JumpTableDemo", TypeAttributes::Public );
   array<Type^>^temp0 = {int::typeid};
   MethodBuilder^ myMthdBuilder = myTypeBuilder->DefineMethod( "SwitchMe", static_cast<MethodAttributes>(MethodAttributes::Public | MethodAttributes::Static), String::typeid, temp0 );
   ILGenerator^ myIL = myMthdBuilder->GetILGenerator();
   Label defaultCase = myIL->DefineLabel();
   Label endOfMethod = myIL->DefineLabel();
   
   // We are initializing our jump table. Note that the labels
   // will be placed later using the MarkLabel method.
   array<Label>^jumpTable = gcnew array<Label>(5);
   jumpTable[ 0 ] = myIL->DefineLabel();
   jumpTable[ 1 ] = myIL->DefineLabel();
   jumpTable[ 2 ] = myIL->DefineLabel();
   jumpTable[ 3 ] = myIL->DefineLabel();
   jumpTable[ 4 ] = myIL->DefineLabel();
   
   // arg0, the number we passed, is pushed onto the stack.
   // In this case, due to the design of the code sample,
   // the value pushed onto the stack happens to match the
   // index of the label (in IL terms, the index of the offset
   // in the jump table). If this is not the case, such as
   // when switching based on non-integer values, rules for the correspondence
   // between the possible case values and each index of the offsets
   // must be established outside of the ILGenerator::Emit calls,
   // much as a compiler would.
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldarg_0 );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Switch, jumpTable );
   
   // Branch on default case
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Br_S, defaultCase );
   
   // Case arg0 = 0
   myIL->MarkLabel( jumpTable[ 0 ] );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldstr, "are no bananas" );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Br_S, endOfMethod );
   
   // Case arg0 = 1
   myIL->MarkLabel( jumpTable[ 1 ] );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldstr, "is one banana" );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Br_S, endOfMethod );
   
   // Case arg0 = 2
   myIL->MarkLabel( jumpTable[ 2 ] );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldstr, "are two bananas" );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Br_S, endOfMethod );
   
   // Case arg0 = 3
   myIL->MarkLabel( jumpTable[ 3 ] );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldstr, "are three bananas" );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Br_S, endOfMethod );
   
   // Case arg0 = 4
   myIL->MarkLabel( jumpTable[ 4 ] );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldstr, "are four bananas" );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Br_S, endOfMethod );
   
   // Default case
   myIL->MarkLabel( defaultCase );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ldstr, "are many bananas" );
   myIL->MarkLabel( endOfMethod );
   myIL->Emit( OpCodes::Ret );
   return myTypeBuilder->CreateType();
}

int main()
{
   Type^ myType = BuildMyType();
   Console::Write( "Enter an integer between 0 and 5: " );
   int theValue = Convert::ToInt32( Console::ReadLine() );
   Console::WriteLine( "---" );
   Object^ myInstance = Activator::CreateInstance( myType, gcnew array<Object^>(0) );
   array<Object^>^temp1 = {theValue};
   Console::WriteLine( "Yes, there {0} today!", myType->InvokeMember( "SwitchMe", BindingFlags::InvokeMethod, nullptr, myInstance, temp1 ) );
}


using System;
using System.Threading;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Reflection.Emit;

class DynamicJumpTableDemo

{

   public static Type BuildMyType()
   {
    AppDomain myDomain = Thread.GetDomain();
    AssemblyName myAsmName = new AssemblyName();
    myAsmName.Name = "MyDynamicAssembly";

    AssemblyBuilder myAsmBuilder = myDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(
                        myAsmName,
                        AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run);
    ModuleBuilder myModBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule(
                        "MyJumpTableDemo");

    TypeBuilder myTypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("JumpTableDemo",
                            TypeAttributes.Public);
    MethodBuilder myMthdBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("SwitchMe", 
                             MethodAttributes.Public |
                             MethodAttributes.Static,
                                             typeof(string), 
                                             new Type[] {typeof(int)});

    ILGenerator myIL = myMthdBuilder.GetILGenerator();

    Label defaultCase = myIL.DefineLabel();	
    Label endOfMethod = myIL.DefineLabel();	

    // We are initializing our jump table. Note that the labels
    // will be placed later using the MarkLabel method. 

    Label[] jumpTable = new Label[] { myIL.DefineLabel(),
                      myIL.DefineLabel(),
                      myIL.DefineLabel(),
                      myIL.DefineLabel(),
                      myIL.DefineLabel() };

    // arg0, the number we passed, is pushed onto the stack.
    // In this case, due to the design of the code sample,
    // the value pushed onto the stack happens to match the
    // index of the label (in IL terms, the index of the offset
    // in the jump table). If this is not the case, such as
    // when switching based on non-integer values, rules for the correspondence
    // between the possible case values and each index of the offsets
    // must be established outside of the ILGenerator.Emit calls,
    // much as a compiler would.

    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0);
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Switch, jumpTable);
    
    // Branch on default case
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, defaultCase);

    // Case arg0 = 0
    myIL.MarkLabel(jumpTable[0]); 
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "are no bananas");
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, endOfMethod);

    // Case arg0 = 1
    myIL.MarkLabel(jumpTable[1]); 
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "is one banana");
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, endOfMethod);

    // Case arg0 = 2
    myIL.MarkLabel(jumpTable[2]); 
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "are two bananas");
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, endOfMethod);

    // Case arg0 = 3
    myIL.MarkLabel(jumpTable[3]); 
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "are three bananas");
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, endOfMethod);

    // Case arg0 = 4
    myIL.MarkLabel(jumpTable[4]); 
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "are four bananas");
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, endOfMethod);

    // Default case
    myIL.MarkLabel(defaultCase);
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "are many bananas");

    myIL.MarkLabel(endOfMethod);
    myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret);
    
    return myTypeBuilder.CreateType();

   }

   public static void Main()
   {
    Type myType = BuildMyType();
    
    Console.Write("Enter an integer between 0 and 5: ");
    int theValue = Convert.ToInt32(Console.ReadLine());

    Console.WriteLine("---");
    Object myInstance = Activator.CreateInstance(myType, new object[0]);	
    Console.WriteLine("Yes, there {0} today!", myType.InvokeMember("SwitchMe",
                               BindingFlags.InvokeMethod,
                               null,
                               myInstance,
                               new object[] {theValue}));  
              
   }

}


Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Reflection
Imports System.Reflection.Emit

 _

Class DynamicJumpTableDemo
   
   Public Shared Function BuildMyType() As Type

      Dim myDomain As AppDomain = Thread.GetDomain()
      Dim myAsmName As New AssemblyName()
      myAsmName.Name = "MyDynamicAssembly"
      
      Dim myAsmBuilder As AssemblyBuilder = myDomain.DefineDynamicAssembly(myAsmName, _
                            AssemblyBuilderAccess.Run)
      Dim myModBuilder As ModuleBuilder = myAsmBuilder.DefineDynamicModule("MyJumpTableDemo")
      
      Dim myTypeBuilder As TypeBuilder = myModBuilder.DefineType("JumpTableDemo", _
                                 TypeAttributes.Public)
      Dim myMthdBuilder As MethodBuilder = myTypeBuilder.DefineMethod("SwitchMe", _
                        MethodAttributes.Public Or MethodAttributes.Static, _
                        GetType(String), New Type() {GetType(Integer)})
      
      Dim myIL As ILGenerator = myMthdBuilder.GetILGenerator()
      
      Dim defaultCase As Label = myIL.DefineLabel()
      Dim endOfMethod As Label = myIL.DefineLabel()
      
      ' We are initializing our jump table. Note that the labels
      ' will be placed later using the MarkLabel method. 

      Dim jumpTable() As Label = {myIL.DefineLabel(), _
                  myIL.DefineLabel(), _
                  myIL.DefineLabel(), _
                  myIL.DefineLabel(), _
                  myIL.DefineLabel()}
      
      ' arg0, the number we passed, is pushed onto the stack.
      ' In this case, due to the design of the code sample,
      ' the value pushed onto the stack happens to match the
      ' index of the label (in IL terms, the index of the offset
      ' in the jump table). If this is not the case, such as
      ' when switching based on non-integer values, rules for the correspondence
      ' between the possible case values and each index of the offsets
      ' must be established outside of the ILGenerator.Emit calls,
      ' much as a compiler would.

      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldarg_0)
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Switch, jumpTable)
      
      ' Branch on default case
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, defaultCase)
      
      ' Case arg0 = 0
      myIL.MarkLabel(jumpTable(0))
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "are no bananas")
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, endOfMethod)
      
      ' Case arg0 = 1
      myIL.MarkLabel(jumpTable(1))
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "is one banana")
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, endOfMethod)
      
      ' Case arg0 = 2
      myIL.MarkLabel(jumpTable(2))
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "are two bananas")
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, endOfMethod)
      
      ' Case arg0 = 3
      myIL.MarkLabel(jumpTable(3))
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "are three bananas")
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, endOfMethod)
      
      ' Case arg0 = 4
      myIL.MarkLabel(jumpTable(4))
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "are four bananas")
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Br_S, endOfMethod)
      
      ' Default case
      myIL.MarkLabel(defaultCase)
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ldstr, "are many bananas")
      
      myIL.MarkLabel(endOfMethod)
      myIL.Emit(OpCodes.Ret)
      
      Return myTypeBuilder.CreateType()

   End Function 'BuildMyType
    
   
   Public Shared Sub Main()

      Dim myType As Type = BuildMyType()
      
      Console.Write("Enter an integer between 0 and 5: ")
      Dim theValue As Integer = Convert.ToInt32(Console.ReadLine())
      
      Console.WriteLine("---")
      Dim myInstance As [Object] = Activator.CreateInstance(myType, New Object() {})
      Console.WriteLine("Yes, there {0} today!", myType.InvokeMember("SwitchMe", _
                         BindingFlags.InvokeMethod, Nothing, _
                             myInstance, New Object() {theValue}))

   End Sub

End Class

注釈

次の表は、命令の16進形式と Microsoft 中間言語 (MSIL) のアセンブリ形式と、簡単なリファレンスの概要を示しています。The following table lists the instruction's hexadecimal and Microsoft Intermediate Language (MSIL) assembly format, along with a brief reference summary:

形式Format アセンブリ形式Assembly Format 説明Description
45 < unsigned int32 > < int32 >... < int32 >45 < unsigned int32 > < int32 >... < int32 > スイッチ (Nt1t2... tN)switch (N, t1, t2... tN) @No__t 0 の値のいずれかにジャンプします。Jumps to one of N values.

スタックの移行動作は、次の順序で実行されます。The stack transitional behavior, in sequential order, is:

  1. 値はスタックにプッシュされます。A value is pushed onto the stack.

  2. 値はスタックからポップされ、値によってインデックス付けされたオフセットの命令に実行が転送されます。このとき、値は N 未満です。The value is popped off the stack and execution is transferred to the instruction at the offset indexed by the value, where the value is less than N.

@No__t-0 命令は、ジャンプテーブルを実装します。The switch instruction implements a jump table. 命令の形式は、ターゲットの数を表す 0 N の @no__t であり、その後にジャンプターゲットを指定する N int32 値が続きます。The format of the instruction is an unsigned int32 representing the number of targets N, followed by N int32 values specifying jump targets. これらのターゲットは、この switch 命令に続く命令の先頭からのオフセット (正または負) として表されます。These targets are represented as offsets (positive or negative) from the beginning of the instruction following this switch instruction.

@No__t-0 命令は、値をスタックからポップし、符号なし整数として N に比較します。The switch instruction pops a value off the stack and compares it, as an unsigned integer, to N. Value が N 未満の場合、実行は値によってインデックス付けされたターゲットに転送されます。この場合、ターゲットには0から番号が付けられます (たとえば、0の値は最初のターゲットを、値1は2番目のターゲットを受け取ります)。If value is less than N, execution is transferred to the target indexed by value, where targets are numbered from 0 (for example, a value of 0 takes the first target, a value of 1 takes the second target, and so on). 値が N 以上の場合、次の命令 (フォールスルー) で実行が続行されます。If the value is greater than or equal to N, execution continues at the next instruction (fall through).

ターゲット命令に1つ以上のプレフィックスコードがある場合、control はこれらのプレフィックスの最初の部分にのみ転送できます。If the target instruction has one or more prefix codes, control can only be transferred to the first of these prefixes.

この命令では、trycatchfilter、および finally ブロックの送受信を制御します。Control transfers into and out of try, catch, filter, and finally blocks cannot be performed by this instruction. (このような転送は厳しく制限されており、代わりに leave 命令を使用する必要があります)。(Such transfers are severely restricted and must use the leave instruction instead).

次の Emit メソッドオーバーロードは、switch オペコードを使用できます。The following Emit method overload can use the switch opcode. @No__t-0 引数は、32ビットオフセットを表すラベルの配列です。The Label[] argument is an array of Labels representing 32-bit offsets.

  • ILGenerator (オペコード, Label [])ILGenerator.Emit(OpCode, Label[])

適用対象