ExceptionHandlingClause クラス

定義

構造化例外処理ブロック内の句を表します。Represents a clause in a structured exception-handling block.

public ref class ExceptionHandlingClause
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class ExceptionHandlingClause
type ExceptionHandlingClause = class
Public Class ExceptionHandlingClause
継承
ExceptionHandlingClause
属性

次のコード例では、というMethodBodyExample名前のテストメソッドを定義し、そのローカル変数情報と例外処理句を表示します。The following code example defines a test method named MethodBodyExample, and displays its local variable information and exception-handling clauses. メソッドは、テストメソッドのオブジェクトMethodBodyを取得するために使用されます。 MethodBase.GetMethodBodyThe MethodBase.GetMethodBody method is used to obtain a MethodBody object for the test method. プロパティExceptionHandlingClausesは、オブジェクトのExceptionHandlingClause一覧を取得し、そのプロパティを表示するために使用されます。The ExceptionHandlingClauses property is used to obtain a list of ExceptionHandlingClause objects and display their properties.

Ildasm.exe を使用して、コンパイルされたコード例の MSIL を調べ、オフセットと長さがどのように計算されるかを確認できます。You can use Ildasm.exe to examine the MSIL for the compiled code example, to see how the offsets and lengths are calculated.

注意

一部のコンピューター言語ではExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Filter 、句を生成できません。Not all computer languages can generate ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Filter clauses. Visual Basic の例では、Visual Basic When式を使用してフィルター句を示しています。これは、他の言語の例では省略されています。The Visual Basic example shows a filter clause, using a Visual Basic When expression, which is omitted from the examples for other languages.

このコードは、クラスのトピックに記載されMethodBodyている大規模な例の一部です。This code is part of a larger example located in the MethodBody class topic.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class Example
{
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
};

int main()
{ 
    // Get method body information.
    MethodInfo^ mi = 
        Example::typeid->GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");

    MethodBody^ mb = mi->GetMethodBody();
    Console::WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

    // Display the general information included in the 
    // MethodBody object.
    Console::WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", 
        mb->InitLocals);
    Console::WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand " +
        "stack: {0}", mb->MaxStackSize);
using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Get method body information.
        MethodInfo mi = typeof(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");
        MethodBody mb = mi.GetMethodBody();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

        // Display the general information included in the 
        // MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", 
            mb.InitLocals);
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}", 
            mb.MaxStackSize);
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Demonstrate the effect of the Visual Basic When keyword, which
        ' generates a Filter clause in the Try block.
        Dim e As New Example()
        Console.WriteLine()
        e.MethodBodyExample("String argument")
        e.MethodBodyExample(Nothing)

        ' Get method body information.
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = _
            GetType(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample")
        Dim mb As MethodBody = mi.GetMethodBody()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Method: {0}", mi)

        ' Display the general information included in the 
        ' MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", _
            mb.InitLocals)
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}", _
            mb.MaxStackSize)

// Display exception handling clauses.
Console::WriteLine();
for each(ExceptionHandlingClause^ exhc in mb->ExceptionHandlingClauses)
{
    Console::WriteLine(exhc->Flags.ToString());

    // The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    // clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for 
    // Filter or Finally clauses. 
    switch(exhc->Flags)
    {
    case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions::Filter:
        Console::WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}", 
            exhc->FilterOffset);
        break;
    case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions::Finally:
        break;
    default:
        Console::WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}", 
            exhc->CatchType);
        break;
    }

    Console::WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}",
        exhc->HandlerLength);
    Console::WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", 
        exhc->HandlerOffset);
    Console::WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", exhc->TryLength);
    Console::WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", exhc->TryOffset);
}

// Display exception handling clauses.
Console.WriteLine();
foreach (ExceptionHandlingClause ehc in mb.ExceptionHandlingClauses)
{
    Console.WriteLine(ehc.Flags.ToString());

    // The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    // clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for 
    // Filter or Finally clauses. 
    switch (ehc.Flags)
    {
        case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Filter:
            Console.WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}", 
                ehc.FilterOffset);
            break;
        case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Finally:
            break;
        default:
            Console.WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}", 
                ehc.CatchType);
            break;
    }

    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}", ehc.HandlerLength);
    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", ehc.HandlerOffset);
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", ehc.TryLength);
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", ehc.TryOffset);
}

' Display exception handling clauses.
Console.WriteLine()
For Each ehc As ExceptionHandlingClause In mb.ExceptionHandlingClauses
    Console.WriteLine(ehc.Flags.ToString())

    ' The FilterOffset property is meaningful only for Filter
    ' clauses. The CatchType property is not meaningful for 
    ' Filter or Finally clauses. 
    Select Case ehc.Flags
        Case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Filter
            Console.WriteLine("        Filter Offset: {0}", _
                ehc.FilterOffset)
        Case ExceptionHandlingClauseOptions.Finally
        Case Else
            Console.WriteLine("    Type of exception: {0}", _
                ehc.CatchType)
    End Select

    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Length: {0}", ehc.HandlerLength)
    Console.WriteLine("       Handler Offset: {0}", ehc.HandlerOffset)
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Length: {0}", ehc.TryLength)
    Console.WriteLine("     Try Block Offset: {0}", ehc.TryOffset)
Next
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
    }

    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    public void MethodBodyExample(object arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        string var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be null.");
            }
            if (arg.GetType() == typeof(string))
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch(Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}", 
                ex.GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
}

// This code example produces output similar to the following:
//
//Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
//    Local variables are initialized: True
//    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 2
    End Sub

    ' This test method is executed at the beginning of Main, to show
    ' how the Filter clause works. The Filter clause is generated by 
    ' a Visual Basic When expression. If arg is Nothing, this method
    ' throws ArgumentNullException, which is caught by the filter
    ' clause. If arg is a string, the method throws ArgumentException,
    ' which does not match the filter clause.
    '
    ' Sub Main also contains code to analyze this method, using 
    ' the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    Public Sub MethodBodyExample(ByVal arg As Object)

        ' Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        ' the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        ' the catch clauses.
        Dim var1 As Integer = 42
        Dim var2 As String = "Forty-two"

        Try
            ' Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            ' an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            '
            If arg Is Nothing Then
                Throw New ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be Nothing.")
            End If
            If arg.GetType() Is GetType(String) Then
                Throw New ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.")
            End If
        
        ' The When expression makes this a filter clause. The expression 
        ' selects only exceptions that derive from the ArgumentException
        ' class. Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself, 
        ' are not handled by this filter clause.
        Catch ex As ArgumentException _
            When ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(GetType(ArgumentException))

            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType())
        
        ' This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        ' any other class derived from Exception.
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}", _
                ex.GetType())

        Finally
            var1 = 3033
            var2 = "Another string."
        End Try
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: System.ArgumentException
'Filter clause caught: System.ArgumentNullException
'
'Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
'    Local variables are initialized: True
'    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 3
//Clause
//    Type of exception: System.ArgumentException
//       Handler Length: 29
//       Handler Offset: 78
//     Try Block Length: 65
//     Try Block Offset: 13
//Finally
//       Handler Length: 13
//       Handler Offset: 113
//     Try Block Length: 100
//     Try Block Offset: 13
//
//Clause
//    Type of exception: System.Exception
//       Handler Length: 21
//       Handler Offset: 70
//     Try Block Length: 61
//     Try Block Offset: 9
//Finally
//       Handler Length: 14
//       Handler Offset: 94
//     Try Block Length: 85
//     Try Block Offset: 9
'
'Filter
'        Filter Offset: 0
'       Handler Length: 19
'       Handler Offset: 99
'     Try Block Length: 45
'     Try Block Offset: 9
'Clause
'    Type of exception: System.Exception
'       Handler Length: 25
'       Handler Offset: 118
'     Try Block Length: 45
'     Try Block Offset: 9
'Finally
'       Handler Length: 13
'       Handler Offset: 153
'     Try Block Length: 144
'     Try Block Offset: 9

注釈

クラスExceptionHandlingClauseは、 try... の句に関する情報を提供します。catch...finallyThe ExceptionHandlingClause class provides information about the clauses in a trycatchfinally ブロック (Try...Catch...Finallyblock (TryCatchFinally Visual Basic)。in Visual Basic). メソッドの例外処理句の一覧を取得するには、メソッドをMethodInfo表すを取得します。To get a list of exception-handling clauses in a method, obtain a MethodInfo that represents the method. メソッドを使用してMethodBodyオブジェクトを取得し、 ExceptionHandlingClausesプロパティを使用して句の一覧を取得します。 GetMethodBodyUse the GetMethodBody method to obtain a MethodBody object, and then use the ExceptionHandlingClauses property to get the list of clauses.

注意

例外処理句を使用するには、メタデータと MSIL (Microsoft 中間言語) 命令形式を十分に理解している必要があります。Working with exception-handling clauses requires a thorough understanding of metadata and Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL) instruction formats. 詳細については、共通言語基盤 (CLI) のドキュメント (特に「Partition II:Metadata Definition and Semantics」(パーティション II: メタデータの定義とセマンティクス) および「Partition III:CIL Instruction Set」(パーティション III: CIL 命令セット) を参照してください。Information can be found in the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) documentation, especially "Partition II: Metadata Definition and Semantics" and "Partition III: CIL Instruction Set". ドキュメントはオンラインで入手できます。MSDN の「ECMA C# and Common Language Infrastructure Standards」 (ECMA の C# および共通言語基盤の標準規格) と、ECMA のインターナショナル Web サイトにある「Standard ECMA-335 - Common Language Infrastructure (CLI)」を参照してください。The documentation is available online; see ECMA C# and Common Language Infrastructure Standards on MSDN and Standard ECMA-335 - Common Language Infrastructure (CLI) on the Ecma International Web site.

コンストラクター

ExceptionHandlingClause()

ExceptionHandlingClause クラスの新しいインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes a new instance of the ExceptionHandlingClause class.

プロパティ

CatchType

この句によって処理される例外の種類を取得します。Gets the type of exception handled by this clause.

FilterOffset

ユーザーが指定したフィルター コードのメソッド本体内のオフセットをバイト単位で取得します。Gets the offset within the method body, in bytes, of the user-supplied filter code.

Flags

この例外処理句が finally 句、タイプ フィルター句、ユーザー フィルター句のいずれであるかを示す値を取得します。Gets a value indicating whether this exception-handling clause is a finally clause, a type-filtered clause, or a user-filtered clause.

HandlerLength

この例外処理句の本体の長さをバイト単位で取得します。Gets the length, in bytes, of the body of this exception-handling clause.

HandlerOffset

この例外処理句のメソッド本体内のオフセットをバイト単位で取得します。Gets the offset within the method body, in bytes, of this exception-handling clause.

TryLength

この例外処理句を含む try ブロックのバイト単位の合計長。The total length, in bytes, of the try block that includes this exception-handling clause.

TryOffset

この例外処理句を含む try ブロックのメソッド内のオフセット (バイト単位)。The offset within the method, in bytes, of the try block that includes this exception-handling clause.

メソッド

Equals(Object)

指定したオブジェクトが、現在のオブジェクトと等しいかどうかを判断します。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(継承元 Object)
GetHashCode()

既定のハッシュ関数として機能します。Serves as the default hash function.

(継承元 Object)
GetType()

現在のインスタンスの Type を取得します。Gets the Type of the current instance.

(継承元 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

現在の Object の簡易コピーを作成します。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(継承元 Object)
ToString()

例外処理句の文字列形式。A string representation of the exception-handling clause.

適用対象

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