LocalVariableInfo クラス

定義

ローカル変数の属性を取得し、ローカル変数のメタデータにアクセスできるようにします。Discovers the attributes of a local variable and provides access to local variable metadata.

public ref class LocalVariableInfo
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public class LocalVariableInfo
type LocalVariableInfo = class
Public Class LocalVariableInfo
継承
LocalVariableInfo
属性

次の例では、というMethodBodyExample名前のテストメソッドを定義し、そのローカル変数情報を表示します。The following example defines a test method named MethodBodyExample, and displays its local variable information. メソッドは、テストメソッドのオブジェクトMethodBodyを取得するために使用されます。 GetMethodBodyThe GetMethodBody method is used to obtain a MethodBody object for the test method. LocalVariablesに、プロパティを使用して、オブジェクトLocalVariableInfoの一覧を取得し、その型とインデックスの順序を表示します。The LocalVariables property is then used to obtain a list of LocalVariableInfo objects and to display their types and index order.

このコード例は、 MethodBodyクラスに対して提供される大規模な例の一部です。This code example is part of a larger example provided for the MethodBody class.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class Example
{
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
};

int main()
{ 
    // Get method body information.
    MethodInfo^ mi = 
        Example::typeid->GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");

    MethodBody^ mb = mi->GetMethodBody();
    Console::WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

    // Display the general information included in the 
    // MethodBody object.
    Console::WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", 
        mb->InitLocals);
    Console::WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand " +
        "stack: {0}", mb->MaxStackSize);
using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Get method body information.
        MethodInfo mi = typeof(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample");
        MethodBody mb = mi.GetMethodBody();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nMethod: {0}", mi);

        // Display the general information included in the 
        // MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", 
            mb.InitLocals);
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}", 
            mb.MaxStackSize);
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class Example

    Public Shared Sub Main()

        ' Demonstrate the effect of the Visual Basic When keyword, which
        ' generates a Filter clause in the Try block.
        Dim e As New Example()
        Console.WriteLine()
        e.MethodBodyExample("String argument")
        e.MethodBodyExample(Nothing)

        ' Get method body information.
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = _
            GetType(Example).GetMethod("MethodBodyExample")
        Dim mb As MethodBody = mi.GetMethodBody()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Method: {0}", mi)

        ' Display the general information included in the 
        ' MethodBody object.
        Console.WriteLine("    Local variables are initialized: {0}", _
            mb.InitLocals)
        Console.WriteLine("    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: {0}", _
            mb.MaxStackSize)

// Display information about the local variables in the
// method body.
Console::WriteLine();
for each (LocalVariableInfo^ lvi in mb->LocalVariables)
{
    Console::WriteLine("Local variable: {0}", lvi);
}

// Display information about the local variables in the
// method body.
Console.WriteLine();
foreach (LocalVariableInfo lvi in mb.LocalVariables)
{
    Console.WriteLine("Local variable: {0}", lvi);
}

' Display information about the local variables in the
' method body.
Console.WriteLine()
For Each lvi As LocalVariableInfo In mb.LocalVariables
    Console.WriteLine("Local variable: {0}", lvi)
Next
    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
public:
    void MethodBodyExample(Object^ arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        String^ var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == nullptr)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot " +
                    "be null.");
            }
            if (arg->GetType() == String::typeid)
            {
                throw gcnew ArgumentException("The argument cannot " + 
                    "be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch (ArgumentException^ ex)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught:" +
                " {0}", ex->GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
    }

    // The Main method contains code to analyze this method, using
    // the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    public void MethodBodyExample(object arg)
    {
        // Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        // the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        // the catch clauses.
        int var1 = 42;
        string var2 = "Forty-two";

        try
        {
            // Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            // an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            if (arg == null)
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be null.");
            }
            if (arg.GetType() == typeof(string))
            {
                throw new ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.");
            }        
        }

        // There is no Filter clause in this code example. See the Visual 
        // Basic code for an example of a Filter clause.

        // This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        // any other class derived from Exception.
        catch(Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}", 
                ex.GetType());
        }        
        finally
        {
            var1 = 3033;
            var2 = "Another string.";
        }
    }
}

// This code example produces output similar to the following:
//
//Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
//    Local variables are initialized: True
//    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 2
    End Sub

    ' This test method is executed at the beginning of Main, to show
    ' how the Filter clause works. The Filter clause is generated by 
    ' a Visual Basic When expression. If arg is Nothing, this method
    ' throws ArgumentNullException, which is caught by the filter
    ' clause. If arg is a string, the method throws ArgumentException,
    ' which does not match the filter clause.
    '
    ' Sub Main also contains code to analyze this method, using 
    ' the properties and methods of the MethodBody class.
    Public Sub MethodBodyExample(ByVal arg As Object)

        ' Define some local variables. In addition to these variables,
        ' the local variable list includes the variables scoped to 
        ' the catch clauses.
        Dim var1 As Integer = 42
        Dim var2 As String = "Forty-two"

        Try
            ' Depending on the input value, throw an ArgumentException or 
            ' an ArgumentNullException to test the Catch clauses.
            '
            If arg Is Nothing Then
                Throw New ArgumentNullException("The argument cannot be Nothing.")
            End If
            If arg.GetType() Is GetType(String) Then
                Throw New ArgumentException("The argument cannot be a string.")
            End If
        
        ' The When expression makes this a filter clause. The expression 
        ' selects only exceptions that derive from the ArgumentException
        ' class. Other exceptions, including ArgumentException itself, 
        ' are not handled by this filter clause.
        Catch ex As ArgumentException _
            When ex.GetType().IsSubclassOf(GetType(ArgumentException))

            Console.WriteLine("Filter clause caught: {0}", ex.GetType())
        
        ' This catch clause handles the ArgumentException class, and
        ' any other class derived from Exception.
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine("Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: {0}", _
                ex.GetType())

        Finally
            var1 = 3033
            var2 = "Another string."
        End Try
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Ordinary exception-handling clause caught: System.ArgumentException
'Filter clause caught: System.ArgumentNullException
'
'Method: Void MethodBodyExample(System.Object)
'    Local variables are initialized: True
'    Maximum number of items on the operand stack: 3
//Local variable: System.ArgumentException (0)
//Local variable: System.String (1)
//Local variable: System.Int32 (2)
//
//Local variable: System.Int32 (0)
//Local variable: System.String (1)
//Local variable: System.Exception (2)
//Local variable: System.Boolean (3)
'
'Local variable: System.Int32 (0)
'Local variable: System.String (1)
'Local variable: System.ArgumentException (2)
'Local variable: System.Exception (3)

注釈

メソッド内のローカル変数の一覧を取得するには、 MethodBody.LocalVariablesプロパティを使用します。To get a list of local variables in a method, use the MethodBody.LocalVariables property. オブジェクトのを取得するには、メソッドを使用します。MethodBase.GetMethodBody MethodBody MethodInfoUse the MethodBase.GetMethodBody method to obtain the MethodBody for a MethodInfo object.

注意

ローカル変数名はメタデータに保存されません。Local variable names are not persisted in metadata. Microsoft 中間言語 (MSIL) では、ローカル変数はローカル変数シグネチャ内の位置によってアクセスされます。In Microsoft intermediate language (MSIL), local variables are accessed by their position in the local variable signature.

コンストラクター

LocalVariableInfo()

LocalVariableInfo クラスの新しいインスタンスを初期化します。Initializes a new instance of the LocalVariableInfo class.

プロパティ

IsPinned

ローカル変数が参照するオブジェクトがメモリに固定されているかどうかを示す Boolean 値を取得します。Gets a Boolean value that indicates whether the object referred to by the local variable is pinned in memory.

LocalIndex

メソッド本体内のローカル変数のインデックスを取得します。Gets the index of the local variable within the method body.

LocalType

ローカル変数の型を取得します。Gets the type of the local variable.

メソッド

Equals(Object)

指定したオブジェクトが、現在のオブジェクトと等しいかどうかを判断します。Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(継承元 Object)
GetHashCode()

既定のハッシュ関数として機能します。Serves as the default hash function.

(継承元 Object)
GetType()

現在のインスタンスの Type を取得します。Gets the Type of the current instance.

(継承元 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

現在の Object の簡易コピーを作成します。Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(継承元 Object)
ToString()

ユーザーが判読できる、ローカル変数を示す文字列を返します。Returns a user-readable string that describes the local variable.

適用対象

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