AsymmetricAlgorithm クラス

定義

非対称アルゴリズムのすべての実装が継承する必要がある、抽象基本クラスを表します。

public ref class AsymmetricAlgorithm abstract : IDisposable
public abstract class AsymmetricAlgorithm : IDisposable
[System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)]
public abstract class AsymmetricAlgorithm : IDisposable
type AsymmetricAlgorithm = class
    interface IDisposable
[<System.Runtime.InteropServices.ComVisible(true)>]
type AsymmetricAlgorithm = class
    interface IDisposable
Public MustInherit Class AsymmetricAlgorithm
Implements IDisposable
継承
AsymmetricAlgorithm
派生
属性
実装

次のコード例は、 クラスから継承されたカスタム非対称アルゴリズムを実装する方法を示 AsymmetricAlgorithm しています。 カスタム クラスの使い方を示す追加のクラスが用意されています。

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;
using namespace System::Reflection;

[assembly: AssemblyKeyFile("CustomCrypto.snk")];
[assembly: AssemblyVersion("1.0.0.0")];
[assembly: CLSCompliant(true)];
namespace Contoso
{
    // Define a CustomCrypto class that inherits from the AsymmetricAlgorithm
    // class.
    public ref class CustomCrypto :
        public System::Security::Cryptography::AsymmetricAlgorithm
        {
            // Declare local member variables.
        private:
            CspParameters^ cryptoServiceParameters;
            array<KeySizes^>^ customValidKeySizes;

            // Initialize a CustomCrypto with the default key size of 8.
        public:
            CustomCrypto()
            {
                customValidKeySizes = 
                    gcnew array<KeySizes^>{gcnew KeySizes(8, 64, 8)};
                this->KeySize = 8;
            }

            // Initialize a CustomCrypto with the specified key size.
        public:
            CustomCrypto(int keySize)
            {
                customValidKeySizes = 
                    gcnew array<KeySizes^>{gcnew KeySizes(8, 64, 8)};
                this->KeySize = keySize;
            }

            // Accessor function for keySizes member variable.
        public:
            property array<KeySizes^>^ LegalKeySizes
            {
                virtual array<KeySizes^>^ get() override
                {
                    return (array<KeySizes^>^)customValidKeySizes->Clone();
                }
            }

            // Modify the KeySizeValue property inherited from the Asymmetric
            // class. Prior to setting the value, ensure it falls within the
            // range identified in the local keySizes member variable.
        public:
            property int KeySize
            {
                virtual int get() override
                {
                    return KeySizeValue;
                }

                virtual void set(int value) override
                {
                    for (int i = 0; i < customValidKeySizes->Length; i++)
                    {
                        if (customValidKeySizes[i]->SkipSize == 0)
                        {
                            if (customValidKeySizes[i]->MinSize == value)
                            {
                                KeySizeValue = value;
                                return;
                            }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            for (int j = customValidKeySizes[i]->MinSize;
                                j <= customValidKeySizes[i]->MaxSize;
                                j += customValidKeySizes[i]->SkipSize)
                            {
                                if (j == value)
                                {
                                    KeySizeValue = value;
                                    return;
                                }
                            }
                        }
                    }

                    // If the key does not fall within the range identified
                    // in the keySizes member variable, throw an exception.
                    throw gcnew CryptographicException("Invalid key size.");
                }
            }

            // Initialize the parameters with default values.
        public:
            void InitializeParameters()
            {
                cryptoServiceParameters = gcnew CspParameters();
                cryptoServiceParameters->ProviderName = "Contoso";
                cryptoServiceParameters->KeyContainerName = "SecurityBin1";
                cryptoServiceParameters->KeyNumber = 1;
                cryptoServiceParameters->ProviderType = 2;
            }

            // Parse specified xmlString for values to populate the CspParams
            // Expected XML schema:
            //      <ProviderName></ProviderName>
            //      <KeyContainerName></KeyContainerName>
            //      <KeyNumber></KeyNumber>
            //      <ProviderType></ProviderType>
        public:
            virtual void FromXmlString(String^ xmlString) override 
            {
                if (xmlString != nullptr)
                {
                    XmlDocument^ document = gcnew XmlDocument();
                    document->LoadXml(xmlString);
                    XmlNode^ firstNode = document->FirstChild;
                    XmlNodeList^ nodeList;

                    // Assemble parameters from values in each XML element.
                    cryptoServiceParameters = gcnew CspParameters();

                    // KeyContainerName is optional.
                    nodeList = 
                        document->GetElementsByTagName("KeyContainerName");
                    if (nodeList->Count > 0)
                    {
                        cryptoServiceParameters->KeyContainerName =
                            nodeList->Item(0)->InnerText;
                    }

                    // KeyNumber is optional.
                    nodeList = document->GetElementsByTagName("KeyNumber");
                    if (nodeList->Count > 0)
                    {
                        cryptoServiceParameters->KeyNumber =
                            Int32::Parse(nodeList->Item(0)->InnerText);
                    }

                    // ProviderName is optional.
                    nodeList = document->GetElementsByTagName("ProviderName");
                    if (nodeList->Count > 0)
                    {
                        cryptoServiceParameters->ProviderName =
                            nodeList->Item(0)->InnerText;
                    }

                    // ProviderType is optional.
                    nodeList = document->GetElementsByTagName("ProviderType");
                    if (nodeList->Count > 0)
                    {
                        cryptoServiceParameters->ProviderType =
                            Int32::Parse(nodeList->Item(0)->InnerText);
                    }
                }
                else
                {
                    throw gcnew ArgumentNullException("xmlString");
                }
            }

            // Create an XML string representation of the parameters in the
            // current customCrypto object.
        public:
            virtual String^ ToXmlString(bool includePrivateParameters) override
            {
                String^ keyContainerName = "";
                String^ keyNumber = "";
                String^ providerName = "";
                String^ providerType = "";

                if (cryptoServiceParameters != nullptr)
                {
                    keyContainerName = 
                        cryptoServiceParameters->KeyContainerName;
                    keyNumber = cryptoServiceParameters->KeyNumber.ToString();
                    providerName = cryptoServiceParameters->ProviderName;
                    providerType = 
                        cryptoServiceParameters->ProviderType.ToString();
                }

                StringBuilder^ sb = gcnew StringBuilder();
                sb->Append("<CustomCryptoKeyValue>");

                sb->Append("<KeyContainerName>");
                sb->Append(keyContainerName);
                sb->Append("</KeyContainerName>");

                sb->Append("<KeyNumber>");
                sb->Append(keyNumber);
                sb->Append("</KeyNumber>");

                sb->Append("<ProviderName>");
                sb->Append(providerName);
                sb->Append("</ProviderName>");

                sb->Append("<ProviderType>");
                sb->Append(providerType);
                sb->Append("</ProviderType>");

                sb->Append("</CustomCryptoKeyValue>");
                return(sb->ToString());
            }

            // Return the name for the key exchange algorithm.
        public:
            property String^ KeyExchangeAlgorithm 
            {
                virtual String^ get() override
                {
                    return "RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx";
                }
            }

            // Retrieves the name of the signature alogrithm.
            // This example uses the SHA1 algorithm.
            // Due to collision problems with SHA1, Microsoft recommends SHA256 or better.

        public:
            property String^ SignatureAlgorithm
            {
                virtual String^ get() override
                {
                    return "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1";
                }
            }

            // Required member for implementing the AsymmetricAlgorithm class.
        protected:
            virtual ~CustomCrypto()
            {
            }

            // Call the Create method using the CustomCrypto assembly name.
            // The create function attempts to create a CustomCrypto 
            // object using the assembly name. This functionality requires 
            // modification of the machine.config file. Add the following 
            // section to the configuration element and modify the values 
            // of the cryptoClass to reflect what isinstalled 
            // in your machines GAC.
            //        <cryptoClass CustomCrypto="Contoso.CustomCrypto,
            //          CustomCrypto,
            //          Culture=neutral,
            //          PublicKeyToken=fdb9f9c4851028bf,
            //          Version=1.0.1448.27640" />
            //      <nameEntry name="Contoso.CustomCrypto" 
            //         class="CustomCrypto" />
            //      <nameEntry name="CustomCrypto" class="CustomCrypto" />

        public:
            static CustomCrypto^ Create() 
            {
                return Create("CustomCrypto");
            }

            // Create a CustomCrypto object by calling CrytoConfig's
            // CreateFromName method and casting the type to CustomCrypto.
            // The create function attempts to create a CustomCrypto object 
            // using the assembly name. This functionality requires 
            // modification of the machine.config file. Add the following 
            // section to the configuration element and modify the values 
            // of the cryptoClass to reflect what is installed 
            // in your machines GAC.
            //       <cryptoClass CustomCrypto="Contoso.CustomCrypto,
            //         CustomCrypto,
            //         Culture=neutral,
            //         PublicKeyToken=fdb9f9c4851028bf,
            //         Version=1.0.1448.27640" />
            //     <nameEntry name="Contoso.CustomCrypto" 
            //        class="CustomCrypto" />
            //     <nameEntry name="CustomCrypto" class="CustomCrypto" />

        public:
            static CustomCrypto^ Create(String^ algorithmName) 
            {
                return (CustomCrypto^) 
                    CryptoConfig::CreateFromName(algorithmName);
            }
        };
}
using System;
using System.Xml;
using System.Text;
using System.Security.Cryptography;
using System.Reflection;

[assembly: AssemblyKeyFile("CustomCrypto.snk")]
[assembly: AssemblyVersion("1.0.0.0")]
[assembly: CLSCompliant(true)]
namespace Contoso
{
    // Define a CustomCrypto class that inherits from the AsymmetricAlgorithm
    // class.
    public class CustomCrypto : 
        System.Security.Cryptography.AsymmetricAlgorithm
    {
        // Declare local member variables.
        private CspParameters cspParameters;
        private readonly KeySizes[] keySizes = {new KeySizes(8, 64, 8)};

        // Initialize a CustomCrypto with the default key size of 8.
        public CustomCrypto()
        {
            this.KeySize = 8;
        }

        // Initialize a CustomCrypto with the specified key size.
        public CustomCrypto(int keySize)
        {
            this.KeySize = keySize;
        }

        // Accessor function for keySizes member variable.
        public override KeySizes[] LegalKeySizes 
        { 
            get { return (KeySizes[])keySizes.Clone(); }
        }

        // Modify the KeySizeValue property inherited from the Asymmetric
        // class. Prior to setting the value, ensure it falls within the
        // range identified in the local keySizes member variable.
        public override int KeySize 
        {
            get { return KeySizeValue; }
            set
            {
                for (int i=0; i < keySizes.Length; i++)
                {
                    if (keySizes[i].SkipSize == 0) 
                    {
                        if (keySizes[i].MinSize == value)
                        {
                            KeySizeValue = value;
                            return;
                        }
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        for (int j = keySizes[i].MinSize;
                            j <= keySizes[i].MaxSize;
                            j += keySizes[i].SkipSize)
                        {
                            if (j == value)
                            {
                                KeySizeValue = value;
                                return;
                            }
                        }
                    }
                }

                // If the key does not fall within the range identified 
                // in the keySizes member variable, throw an exception.
                throw new CryptographicException("Invalid key size.");
            }
        }

        // Initialize the parameters with default values.
        public void InitializeParameters()
        {
            cspParameters = new CspParameters();
            cspParameters.ProviderName = "Contoso";
            cspParameters.KeyContainerName = "SecurityBin1";
            cspParameters.KeyNumber = 1;
            cspParameters.ProviderType = 2;
        }

        // Parse specified xmlString for values to populate the CspParams
        // Expected XML schema:
        //      <ProviderName></ProviderName>
        //      <KeyContainerName></KeyContainerName>
        //      <KeyNumber></KeyNumber>
        //      <ProviderType></ProviderType>
        public override void FromXmlString(string xmlString)
        {
            if (xmlString != null)
            {
                XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
                doc.LoadXml(xmlString);
                XmlNode firstNode = doc.FirstChild;
                XmlNodeList nodeList;

                // Assemble parameters from values in each XML element.
                cspParameters = new CspParameters();

                // KeyContainerName is optional.
                nodeList = doc.GetElementsByTagName("KeyContainerName");
                string keyName = nodeList.Item(0).InnerText;
                if (keyName != null) 
                {
                    cspParameters.KeyContainerName = keyName;
                }

                // KeyNumber is optional.
                nodeList = doc.GetElementsByTagName("KeyNumber");
                string keyNumber = nodeList.Item(0).InnerText;
                if (keyNumber != null) 
                {
                    cspParameters.KeyNumber = Int32.Parse(keyNumber);
                }

                // ProviderName is optional.
                nodeList = doc.GetElementsByTagName("ProviderName");
                string providerName = nodeList.Item(0).InnerText;
                if (providerName != null) 
                {
                    cspParameters.ProviderName = providerName;
                }

                // ProviderType is optional.
                nodeList = doc.GetElementsByTagName("ProviderType");
                string providerType = nodeList.Item(0).InnerText;
                if (providerType != null) 
                {
                    cspParameters.ProviderType = Int32.Parse(providerType);
                }
            }
            else
            {
                throw new ArgumentNullException("xmlString");
            }
        }

        // Create an XML string representation of the parameters in the
        // current customCrypto object.
        public override string ToXmlString(bool includePrivateParameters)
        {
            string keyContainerName = "";
            string keyNumber = "";
            string providerName = "";
            string providerType = "";

            if (cspParameters != null)
            {
                keyContainerName = cspParameters.KeyContainerName;
                keyNumber = cspParameters.KeyNumber.ToString();
                providerName = cspParameters.ProviderName;
                providerType = cspParameters.ProviderType.ToString();
            }

            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            sb.Append("<CustomCryptoKeyValue>");

            sb.Append("<KeyContainerName>");
            sb.Append(keyContainerName);
            sb.Append("</KeyContainerName>");

            sb.Append("<KeyNumber>");
            sb.Append(keyNumber);
            sb.Append("</KeyNumber>");

            sb.Append("<ProviderName>");
            sb.Append(providerName);
            sb.Append("</ProviderName>");

            sb.Append("<ProviderType>");
            sb.Append(providerType);
            sb.Append("</ProviderType>");

            sb.Append("</CustomCryptoKeyValue>");
            return(sb.ToString());
        }

        // Return the name for the key exchange algorithm.
        public override string KeyExchangeAlgorithm
        {
            get {return "RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx";}
        }

        // Retrieves the name of the signature alogrithm.
        // This example uses the SHA1 algorithm.
        // Due to collision problems with SHA1, Microsoft recommends SHA256 or better.
        public override string SignatureAlgorithm 
        {
            get {return "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1";}
        }

        // Required member for implementing the AsymmetricAlgorithm class.
        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing) {}

        // Call the Create method using the CustomCrypto assembly name.
        // The create function attempts to create a CustomCrypto object using
        // the assembly name. This functionality requires modification of the
        // machine.config file. Add the following section to the configuration
        // element and modify the values of the cryptoClass to reflect what is
        // installed in your machines GAC.
        //        <cryptoClass CustomCrypto="Contoso.CustomCrypto, 
        //          CustomCrypto, 
        //          Culture=neutral, 
        //          PublicKeyToken=fdb9f9c4851028bf, 
        //          Version=1.0.1448.27640" />
        //      <nameEntry name="Contoso.CustomCrypto" class="CustomCrypto" />
        //      <nameEntry name="CustomCrypto" class="CustomCrypto" />
        new static public CustomCrypto Create() 
        {
            return Create("CustomCrypto");
        }

        // Create a CustomCrypto object by calling CrytoConfig's
        // CreateFromName method and casting the type to CustomCrypto.
        // The create function attempts to create a CustomCrypto object using
        // the assembly name. This functionality requires modification of the
        // machine.config file. Add the following section to the configuration
        // element and modify the values of the cryptoClass to reflect what is
        // installed in your machines GAC.
        //       <cryptoClass CustomCrypto="Contoso.CustomCrypto, 
        //         CustomCrypto, 
        //         Culture=neutral, 
        //         PublicKeyToken=fdb9f9c4851028bf, 
        //         Version=1.0.1448.27640" />
        //     <nameEntry name="Contoso.CustomCrypto" class="CustomCrypto" />
        //     <nameEntry name="CustomCrypto" class="CustomCrypto" />
        new static public CustomCrypto Create(String algorithmName) 
        {
            return (CustomCrypto) CryptoConfig.CreateFromName(algorithmName);
        }
    }
    class CustomCryptoImpl
    {
        [STAThread]
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // Construct a CustomCrypto object and initialize its
            // CspParameters.
            CustomCrypto customCrypto = new CustomCrypto();
            customCrypto.InitializeParameters();

            // Display properties of the current customCrypto object.
            Console.WriteLine("*** CustomCrypto created with default " + 
                "parameters:");
            DisplayProperties(customCrypto);

            // Release all the resources used by this instance of 
            // CustomCrytpo.
            customCrypto.Clear();

            customCrypto = new CustomCrypto(64);
            // Create new parameters and set them by using the FromXmlString
            // method.
            string parameterXml = "<CustomCryptoKeyValue>";
            parameterXml += "<ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>";
            parameterXml += "<KeyContainerName>SecurityBin2";
            parameterXml += "</KeyContainerName>";
            parameterXml += "<KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber>";
            parameterXml += "<ProviderType>2</ProviderType>";
            parameterXml += "</CustomCryptoKeyValue>";
            customCrypto.FromXmlString(parameterXml);

            // Display the properties of a customCrypto object created with
            // custom parameters.
            Console.WriteLine("\n*** " + 
                "CustomCrypto created with custom parameters:");
            DisplayProperties(customCrypto);

            // Create an object by using the assembly name.
            try
            {
                CustomCrypto myCryptoA = CustomCrypto.Create("CustomCrypto");
                if (myCryptoA != null)
                {
                    Console.Write("\n*** " + 
                        "Successfully created CustomCrytpo from");
                    Console.WriteLine(" the Create method.");

                    DisplayProperties(myCryptoA);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.Write("Unable to create CustomCrytpo from ");
                    Console.WriteLine(" the Create method.");
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
            }
            
            Console.WriteLine("This sample completed successfully; " +
                "press Enter to exit.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
        // Display the properties of the specified CustomCrypto object to the
        // console.
        public static void DisplayProperties(CustomCrypto customCrypto)
        {
            try
            {
                // Retrieve the class description for the customCrypto object.
                string classDescription = customCrypto.ToString();

                Console.WriteLine(classDescription);
                Console.Write("KeyExchangeAlgorithm: ");
                Console.WriteLine(customCrypto.KeyExchangeAlgorithm);
                Console.Write("SignatureAlgorithm: ");
                Console.WriteLine(customCrypto.SignatureAlgorithm);
                Console.WriteLine("KeySize: " + customCrypto.KeySize);
                Console.WriteLine("Parameters described in Xml format:");
                Console.WriteLine(customCrypto.ToXmlString(true));

                // Display the MinSize, MaxSize, and SkipSize properties of 
                // each KeySize item in the local keySizes member variable.
                KeySizes[] legalKeySizes = customCrypto.LegalKeySizes;
                if (legalKeySizes.Length > 0)
                {
                    for (int i=0; i < legalKeySizes.Length; i++)
                    {
                        Console.Write("Keysize" + i + " min, max, step: ");
                        Console.Write(legalKeySizes[i].MinSize + ", ");
                        Console.Write(legalKeySizes[i].MaxSize + ", ");
                        Console.WriteLine(legalKeySizes[i].SkipSize + ", ");
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Caught unexpected exception: " + 
                    ex.ToString());
            }
        }
    }
}
//
// This sample produces the following output:
//
// *** CustomCrypto created with default parameters:
// Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
// KeyExchangeAlgorithm: RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx
// SignatureAlgorithm: http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1
// KeySize: 8
// Parameters described in Xml format:
// <CustomCryptoKeyValue><KeyContainerName>SecurityBin1</KeyContainerName>
// <KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber><ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
// <ProviderType>2</ProviderType></CustomCryptoKeyValue>
// Keysize0 min, max, step: 8, 64, 8, 
// 
// *** CustomCrypto created with custom parameters:
// Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
// KeyExchangeAlgorithm: RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx
// SignatureAlgorithm: http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1
// KeySize: 64
// Parameters described in Xml format:
// <CustomCryptoKeyValue><KeyContainerName>SecurityBin2</KeyContainerName>
// <KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber><ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
// <ProviderType>2</ProviderType></CustomCryptoKeyValue>
// Keysize0 min, max, step: 8, 64, 8, 
// Unable to create CustomCrytpo from  the Create method
// This sample completed successfully; press Exit to continue.
Imports System.Xml
Imports System.Text
Imports System.Security.Cryptography
Imports System.Reflection

<Assembly: AssemblyKeyFile("CustomCrypto.snk")> 
<Assembly: AssemblyVersion("1.0.0.0")> 
<Assembly: CLSCompliant(True)> 
Namespace Contoso
    ' Define a vbCustomCrypto class that inherits from the AsymmetricAlgorithm
    ' class.
    Class vbCustomCrypto
        Inherits System.Security.Cryptography.AsymmetricAlgorithm

        ' Declare local member variables.
        Private cspParameters As CspParameters
        Private ReadOnly keySizes() As keySizes = {New keySizes(8, 64, 8)}

        ' Initialize a vbCustomCrypto with the default key size of 8.
        Public Sub New()
            Me.KeySize = 8
        End Sub

        ' Initialize a vbCustomCrypto with the specified key size.
        Public Sub New(ByVal keySize As Integer)
            Me.KeySize = keySize
        End Sub

        ' Modify the KeySizeValue property inherited from the Asymmetric
        ' class. Prior to setting the value, ensure it falls within the
        ' range identified in the local keySizes member variable.
        Public Overrides Property KeySize() As Integer
            Get
                Return KeySizeValue
            End Get
            Set(ByVal Value As Integer)
                For i As Int16 = 0 To keySizes.Length - 1 Step i
                    If (keySizes(i).SkipSize.Equals(0)) Then
                        If (keySizes(i).MinSize.Equals(Value)) Then
                            KeySizeValue = Value
                            Return
                        End If
                    Else
                        For j As Integer = keySizes(i).MinSize _
                            To keySizes(i).MaxSize _
                            Step keySizes(i).SkipSize
                            If (j.Equals(Value)) Then
                                KeySizeValue = Value
                                Return
                            End If
                        Next
                    End If
                Next
                ' If the key does not fall within the range identified 
                ' in the keySizes member variable, throw an exception.
                Throw New CryptographicException("Invalid key size.")
            End Set
        End Property
        ' Accessor function for keySizes member variable.
        public Overrides Readonly Property LegalKeySizes as KeySizes()
            Get
                Return keySizes
            End Get
        End Property
        ' Initialize the parameters with default values.
        Public Sub InitializeParameters()
            cspParameters = New CspParameters
            cspParameters.ProviderName = "Contoso"
            cspParameters.KeyContainerName = "SecurityBin1"
            cspParameters.KeyNumber = 1
            cspParameters.ProviderType = 2
        End Sub

        ' Parse specified xmlString for values to populate the CspParams
        ' Expected XML schema:
        '      <ProviderName></ProviderName>
        '      <KeyContainerName></KeyContainerName>
        '      <KeyNumber></KeyNumber>
        '      <ProviderType></ProviderType>
        Public Overrides Sub FromXmlString(ByVal xmlString As String)
            If Not xmlString Is Nothing Then
                Dim doc As New XmlDocument
                doc.LoadXml(xmlString)
                Dim firstNode As XmlNode = doc.FirstChild
                Dim nodeList As XmlNodeList

                ' Assemble parameters from values in each XML element.
                cspParameters = New CspParameters

                ' KeyContainerName is optional.
                nodeList = doc.GetElementsByTagName("KeyContainerName")
                Dim keyName As String = nodeList.Item(0).InnerText
                If Not keyName Is Nothing Then
                    cspParameters.KeyContainerName = keyName
                End If

                ' KeyNumber is optional.
                nodeList = doc.GetElementsByTagName("KeyNumber")
                Dim keyNumber As String = nodeList.Item(0).InnerText
                If Not keyNumber Is Nothing Then
                    cspParameters.KeyNumber = Int32.Parse(keyNumber)
                End If

                ' ProviderName is optional.
                nodeList = doc.GetElementsByTagName("ProviderName")
                Dim providerName As String = nodeList.Item(0).InnerText
                If Not providerName Is Nothing Then
                    cspParameters.ProviderName = providerName
                End If

                ' ProviderType is optional.
                nodeList = doc.GetElementsByTagName("ProviderType")
                Dim providerType As String = nodeList.Item(0).InnerText
                If Not providerType Is Nothing Then
                    cspParameters.ProviderType = Int32.Parse(providerType)
                End If
            Else
                Throw New ArgumentNullException("xmlString")
            End If
        End Sub

        ' Create an XML string representation of the parameters in the current
        ' vbCustomCrypto object.
        Public Overrides Function ToXmlString( _
            ByVal includePrivateParameters As Boolean) As String

            Dim keyContainerName As String = ""
            Dim keyNumber As String = ""
            Dim providerName As String = ""
            Dim providerType As String = ""

            If Not cspParameters Is Nothing Then
                keyContainerName = cspParameters.KeyContainerName
                keyNumber = cspParameters.KeyNumber.ToString()
                providerName = cspParameters.ProviderName
                providerType = cspParameters.ProviderType.ToString()
            End If

            Dim xmlBuilder As New StringBuilder
            xmlBuilder.Append("<CustomCryptoKeyValue>")

            xmlBuilder.Append("<KeyContainerName>")
            xmlBuilder.Append(keyContainerName)
            xmlBuilder.Append("</KeyContainerName>")

            xmlBuilder.Append("<KeyNumber>")
            xmlBuilder.Append(keyNumber)
            xmlBuilder.Append("</KeyNumber>")

            xmlBuilder.Append("<ProviderName>")
            xmlBuilder.Append(providerName)
            xmlBuilder.Append("</ProviderName>")

            xmlBuilder.Append("<ProviderType>")
            xmlBuilder.Append(providerType)
            xmlBuilder.Append("</ProviderType>")

            xmlBuilder.Append("</CustomCryptoKeyValue>")
            Return (xmlBuilder.ToString())
        End Function

        ' Return the name for the key exchange algorithm.
        Public Overrides ReadOnly Property KeyExchangeAlgorithm() As String
            Get
                Return "RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx"
            End Get
        End Property

        ' Retrieves the name of the signature alogrithm.
        ' This example uses the SHA1 algorithm.
        ' Due to collision problems with SHA1, Microsoft recommends SHA256 or better.
        Public Overrides ReadOnly Property SignatureAlgorithm() As String
            Get
                Return "http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1"
            End Get
        End Property

        ' Required member for implementing the AsymmetricAlgorithm class.
        Protected Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)

        End Sub

        ' The create function attempts to create a vbCustomCrypto object using
        ' the assembly name. This functionality requires modification of the
        ' machine.config file. Add the following section to the configuration
        ' element and modify the values of the cryptoClass to reflect what is
        ' installed in your machines GAC.
        '          <cryptoClass vbCustomCrypto="Contoso.vbCustomCrypto, 
        '            vbCustomCrypto, 
        '            Culture=neutral, 
        '            PublicKeyToken=fdb9f9c4851028bf, 
        '            Version=1.0.1448.27640" />
        '        <nameEntry name="Contoso.vbCustomCrypto" 
        '                   class="vbCustomCrypto" />
        '        <nameEntry name="vbCustomCrypto" class="vbCustomCrypto" />
        Public Shadows Function Create() As vbCustomCrypto
            Return Create("vbCustomCrypto")
        End Function

        ' Create a CustomCrypto object by calling CrytoConfig's
        ' CreateFromName method and casting the type to CustomCrypto.
        ' The create function attempts to create a vbCustomCrypto object using
        ' the assembly name. This functionality requires modification of the
        ' machine.config file. Add the following section to the configuration
        ' element and modify the values of the cryptoClass to reflect what is
        ' installed in your machines GAC.
        '          <cryptoClass vbCustomCrypto="Contoso.vbCustomCrypto, 
        '            vbCustomCrypto, 
        '            Culture=neutral, 
        '            PublicKeyToken=fdb9f9c4851028bf, 
        '            Version=1.0.1448.27640" />
        '        <nameEntry name="Contoso.vbCustomCrypto" 
        '                   class="vbCustomCrypto" />
        '        <nameEntry name="vbCustomCrypto" class="vbCustomCrypto" />
        Public Shadows Function Create( _
            ByVal algorithmName As String) As vbCustomCrypto

            Return CType( _
                CryptoConfig.CreateFromName(algorithmName), _
                vbCustomCrypto)

        End Function
    End Class
    Class Form1
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

        ' Event handler for Run button.
        Private Sub Button1_Click( _
            ByVal sender As System.Object, _
            ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click

            tbxOutput.Cursor = Cursors.WaitCursor
            tbxOutput.Text = ""

            ' Construct a CustomCrypto object and initialize its
            ' CspParameters.
            Dim customCrypto As New Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
            customCrypto.InitializeParameters()

            ' Display properties of the current vbCustomCrypto object.
            WriteLine("*** CustomCrypto created with default parameters:")
            DisplayProperties(customCrypto)

            ' Release all the resources used by this instance of CustomCrytpo.
            customCrypto.Clear()

            customCrypto = New Contoso.vbCustomCrypto(64)
            ' Create new parameters and set them by using the
            ' FromXmlString method.
            Dim parameterXml As String = "<CustomCryptoKeyValue>"
            parameterXml += "<ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>"
            parameterXml += "<KeyContainerName>SecurityBin2"
            parameterXml += "</KeyContainerName>"
            parameterXml += "<KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber>"
            parameterXml += "<ProviderType>2</ProviderType>"
            parameterXml += "</CustomCryptoKeyValue>"
            customCrypto.FromXmlString(parameterXml)

            ' Display the properties of a customCrypto object created with
            ' custom parameters.
            WriteLine(vbCrLf + "*** " + _
                "CustomCrypto created with custom parameters:")
            DisplayProperties(customCrypto)

            ' Create an object by using the assembly name.
            Try
                Dim createdCrypto As Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
                createdCrypto = customCrypto.Create("vbCustomCrypto")

                If (Not createdCrypto Is Nothing) Then
                    Write(vbCrLf + "*** Successfully created vbCustomCrytpo ")
                    WriteLine("from the Create method.")

                    DisplayProperties(createdCrypto)
                Else
                    Write("Unable to create CustomCrytpo from ")
                    WriteLine(" the Create method.")
                End If
            Catch ex As Exception
                WriteLine(ex.ToString())
            End Try

            ' Align interface and conclude application.
            WriteLine("This sample completed successfully;" + _
                " press Exit to continue.")

            ' Reset the cursor.
            tbxOutput.Cursor = Cursors.Default
        End Sub
        ' Display the properties of the specified CustomCrypto object to
        ' the output texbox.
        Public Sub DisplayProperties( _
            ByVal customCrypto As Contoso.vbCustomCrypto)

            Try
                ' Retrieve the class description for the customCrypto object.
                Dim classDescription As String = customCrypto.ToString()

                WriteLine(classDescription)
                WriteLine("KeyExchangeAlgorithm: " + _
                    customCrypto.KeyExchangeAlgorithm)
                WriteLine("SignatureAlgorithm: " + _
                    customCrypto.SignatureAlgorithm)
                WriteLine("KeySize: " + customCrypto.KeySize.ToString())
                WriteLine("Parameters described in Xml format:")
                WriteLine(customCrypto.ToXmlString(True))

                ' Display the MinSize, MaxSize, and SkipSize properties of 
                ' each KeySize item in the local keySizes member variable.
                Dim legalKeySizes() As KeySizes = customCrypto.LegalKeySizes
                If (legalKeySizes.Length > 0) Then
                    For i As Integer = 0 To legalKeySizes.Length - 1 Step 1
                        Write("Keysize" + i.ToString() + " min, max, step: ")
                        Write(legalKeySizes(i).MinSize.ToString() + ", ")
                        Write(legalKeySizes(i).MaxSize.ToString() + ", ")
                        Write(legalKeySizes(i).SkipSize.ToString() + ", ")
                        WriteLine("")
                    Next
                End If
            Catch ex As Exception
                WriteLine("Caught unexpected exception: " + ex.ToString())
            End Try
        End Sub
        ' Write the specified message and carriage return to the output
        ' textbox.
        Private Sub WriteLine(ByVal message As String)
            tbxOutput.AppendText(message + vbCrLf)
        End Sub
        ' Write the specified message to the output textbox.
        Private Sub Write(ByVal message As String)
            tbxOutput.AppendText(message)
        End Sub
        ' Event handler for Exit button.
        Private Sub Button2_Click( _
            ByVal sender As System.Object, _
            ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button2.Click

            Application.Exit()
        End Sub


        Public Sub New()
            MyBase.New()

            'This call is required by the Windows Form Designer.
            InitializeComponent()

            'Add any initialization after the InitializeComponent() call

        End Sub

        'Form overrides dispose to clean up the component list.
        Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
            If disposing Then
                If Not (components Is Nothing) Then
                    components.Dispose()
                End If
            End If
            MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
        End Sub

        'Required by the Windows Form Designer
        Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer

        'NOTE: The following procedure is required by the Windows Form 
        'Designer. It can be modified using the Windows Form Designer. 
        'Do not modify it using the code editor.
        Friend WithEvents Panel2 As System.Windows.Forms.Panel
        Friend WithEvents Panel1 As System.Windows.Forms.Panel
        Friend WithEvents Button1 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Friend WithEvents Button2 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Friend WithEvents tbxOutput As System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox
        <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> _
        Private Sub InitializeComponent()
            Me.Panel2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Panel
            Me.Button1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
            Me.Button2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
            Me.Panel1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Panel
            Me.tbxOutput = New System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox
            Me.Panel2.SuspendLayout()
            Me.Panel1.SuspendLayout()
            Me.SuspendLayout()
            '
            'Panel2
            '
            Me.Panel2.Controls.Add(Me.Button1)
            Me.Panel2.Controls.Add(Me.Button2)
            Me.Panel2.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Bottom
            Me.Panel2.DockPadding.All = 20
            Me.Panel2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 320)
            Me.Panel2.Name = "Panel2"
            Me.Panel2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 64)
            Me.Panel2.TabIndex = 1
            '
            'Button1
            '
            Me.Button1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right
            Me.Button1.Font = New System.Drawing.Font( _
                "Microsoft Sans Serif", _
                9.0!, _
                System.Drawing.FontStyle.Regular, _
                System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, _
                CType(0, Byte))
            Me.Button1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(446, 20)
            Me.Button1.Name = "Button1"
            Me.Button1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 24)
            Me.Button1.TabIndex = 2
            Me.Button1.Text = "&Run"
            '
            'Button2
            '
            Me.Button2.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right
            Me.Button2.Font = New System.Drawing.Font( _
                "Microsoft Sans Serif", _
                9.0!, _
                System.Drawing.FontStyle.Regular, _
                System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, _
                CType(0, Byte))
            Me.Button2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(521, 20)
            Me.Button2.Name = "Button2"
            Me.Button2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 24)
            Me.Button2.TabIndex = 3
            Me.Button2.Text = "E&xit"
            '
            'Panel1
            '
            Me.Panel1.Controls.Add(Me.tbxOutput)
            Me.Panel1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill
            Me.Panel1.DockPadding.All = 20
            Me.Panel1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 0)
            Me.Panel1.Name = "Panel1"
            Me.Panel1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 320)
            Me.Panel1.TabIndex = 2
            '
            'tbxOutput
            '
            Me.tbxOutput.AccessibleDescription = _
                "Displays output from application."
            Me.tbxOutput.AccessibleName = "Output textbox."
            Me.tbxOutput.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill
            Me.tbxOutput.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(20, 20)
            Me.tbxOutput.Name = "tbxOutput"
            Me.tbxOutput.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(576, 280)
            Me.tbxOutput.TabIndex = 1
            Me.tbxOutput.Text = "Click the Run button to run the application."
            '
            'Form1
            '
            Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(6, 15)
            Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 384)
            Me.Controls.Add(Me.Panel1)
            Me.Controls.Add(Me.Panel2)
            Me.Name = "Form1"
            Me.Text = "AsymmetricAlgorithm"
            Me.Panel2.ResumeLayout(False)
            Me.Panel1.ResumeLayout(False)
            Me.ResumeLayout(False)

        End Sub

    End Class
End Namespace
'
' This sample produces the following output:
'
' *** CustomCrypto created with default parameters:
' Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
' KeyExchangeAlgorithm: RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx
' SignatureAlgorithm: http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1
' KeySize: 8
' Parameters described in Xml format:
' <CustomCryptoKeyValue><KeyContainerName>SecurityBin1</KeyContainerName>
' <KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber><ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
' <ProviderType>2</ProviderType></CustomCryptoKeyValue>
' Keysize0 min, max, step: 8, 64, 8, 
' 
' *** CustomCrypto created with custom parameters:
' Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
' KeyExchangeAlgorithm: RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx
' SignatureAlgorithm: http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1
' KeySize: 64
' Parameters described in Xml format:
' <CustomCryptoKeyValue><KeyContainerName>SecurityBin2</KeyContainerName>
' <KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber><ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
' <ProviderType>2</ProviderType></CustomCryptoKeyValue>
' Keysize0 min, max, step: 8, 64, 8, 
' Unable to create CustomCrytpo from  the Create method
' This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.

カスタム クラスの使い方を示す追加のクラスを次に示します。

#using <System.Xml.dll>
#using <System.Security.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Xml;
using namespace System::Text;
using namespace System::Security::Cryptography;

// Display the properties of the specified CustomCrypto object to the
// console.
static void DisplayProperties(Contoso::CustomCrypto^ customCryptoAlgorithm)
{
    // Retrieve the class description for the customCrypto object.
    String^ classDescription = customCryptoAlgorithm->ToString();

    Console::WriteLine(classDescription);
    Console::WriteLine("KeyExchangeAlgorithm: {0}",
        customCryptoAlgorithm->KeyExchangeAlgorithm);
    Console::WriteLine("SignatureAlgorithm: {0}",
        customCryptoAlgorithm->SignatureAlgorithm);
    Console::WriteLine("KeySize: {0}",
        customCryptoAlgorithm->KeySize);
    Console::WriteLine("Parameters described in Xml format:");
    Console::WriteLine(customCryptoAlgorithm->ToXmlString(true));

    // Display the MinSize, MaxSize, and SkipSize properties of
    // each KeySize item in the local keySizes member variable.
    array<KeySizes^>^ legalKeySizes = customCryptoAlgorithm->LegalKeySizes;
    for (int i = 0; i < legalKeySizes->Length; i++)
    {
        Console::WriteLine(
            "Keysize{0} min, max, step: {1}, {2}, {3}, ", i,
            legalKeySizes[i]->MinSize,
            legalKeySizes[i]->MaxSize,
            legalKeySizes[i]->SkipSize);
    }
}

[STAThread]
int main()
{
    // Construct a CustomCrypto object and initialize its
    // CspParameters.
    Contoso::CustomCrypto^ customCryptoAlgorithm = gcnew Contoso::CustomCrypto();
    customCryptoAlgorithm->InitializeParameters();

    // Display properties of the current customCrypto object.
    Console::WriteLine(
        "*** CustomCrypto created with default parameters:");
    DisplayProperties(customCryptoAlgorithm);

    // Release all the resources used by this instance of
    // CustomCrypto.
    customCryptoAlgorithm->Clear();

    customCryptoAlgorithm = gcnew Contoso::CustomCrypto(64);
    // Create new parameters and set them by using the FromXmlString
    // method.
    String^ parameterXml = "<CustomCryptoKeyValue>" +
        "<ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>" +
        "<KeyContainerName>SecurityBin2</KeyContainerName>" +
        "<KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber>" +
        "<ProviderType>2</ProviderType>" +
        "</CustomCryptoKeyValue>";
    customCryptoAlgorithm->FromXmlString(parameterXml);

    // Display the properties of a customCrypto object created with
    // custom parameters.
    Console::WriteLine(
        "{0}*** CustomCrypto created with custom parameters:", Environment::NewLine);
    DisplayProperties(customCryptoAlgorithm);

    // Create an object by using the assembly name.
    Contoso::CustomCrypto^ cryptoFromAssembly =
        Contoso::CustomCrypto::Create("CustomCrypto");
    if (cryptoFromAssembly != nullptr)
    {
        Console::WriteLine("{0}*** Successfully created " +
            "CustomCrypto from the Create method.", Environment::NewLine);
        DisplayProperties(cryptoFromAssembly);
    }
    else
    {
        Console::WriteLine("Unable to create CustomCrypto from " +
            "the Create method.");
    }

    Console::WriteLine(
        "This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.");
    Console::ReadLine();
}

//
// This sample produces the following output:
//
// *** CustomCrypto created with default parameters:
// Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
// KeyExchangeAlgorithm: RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx
// SignatureAlgorithm: http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1
// KeySize: 8
// Parameters described in Xml format:
// <CustomCryptoKeyValue><KeyContainerName>SecurityBin1</KeyContainerName>
// <KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber><ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
// <ProviderType>2</ProviderType></CustomCryptoKeyValue>
// Keysize0 min, max, step: 8, 64, 8,
//
// *** CustomCrypto created with custom parameters:
// Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
// KeyExchangeAlgorithm: RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx
// SignatureAlgorithm: http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1
// KeySize: 64
// Parameters described in Xml format:
// <CustomCryptoKeyValue><KeyContainerName>SecurityBin2</KeyContainerName>
// <KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber><ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
// <ProviderType>2</ProviderType></CustomCryptoKeyValue>
// Keysize0 min, max, step: 8, 64, 8,
// Unable to create CustomCrypto from the Create method
// This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.
    class CustomCryptoImpl
    {
        [STAThread]
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            // Construct a CustomCrypto object and initialize its
            // CspParameters.
            CustomCrypto customCrypto = new CustomCrypto();
            customCrypto.InitializeParameters();

            // Display properties of the current customCrypto object.
            Console.WriteLine("*** CustomCrypto created with default " + 
                "parameters:");
            DisplayProperties(customCrypto);

            // Release all the resources used by this instance of 
            // CustomCrytpo.
            customCrypto.Clear();

            customCrypto = new CustomCrypto(64);
            // Create new parameters and set them by using the FromXmlString
            // method.
            string parameterXml = "<CustomCryptoKeyValue>";
            parameterXml += "<ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>";
            parameterXml += "<KeyContainerName>SecurityBin2";
            parameterXml += "</KeyContainerName>";
            parameterXml += "<KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber>";
            parameterXml += "<ProviderType>2</ProviderType>";
            parameterXml += "</CustomCryptoKeyValue>";
            customCrypto.FromXmlString(parameterXml);

            // Display the properties of a customCrypto object created with
            // custom parameters.
            Console.WriteLine("\n*** " + 
                "CustomCrypto created with custom parameters:");
            DisplayProperties(customCrypto);

            // Create an object by using the assembly name.
            try
            {
                CustomCrypto myCryptoA = CustomCrypto.Create("CustomCrypto");
                if (myCryptoA != null)
                {
                    Console.Write("\n*** " + 
                        "Successfully created CustomCrytpo from");
                    Console.WriteLine(" the Create method.");

                    DisplayProperties(myCryptoA);
                }
                else
                {
                    Console.Write("Unable to create CustomCrytpo from ");
                    Console.WriteLine(" the Create method.");
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine(ex.ToString());
            }
            
            Console.WriteLine("This sample completed successfully; " +
                "press Enter to exit.");
            Console.ReadLine();
        }
        // Display the properties of the specified CustomCrypto object to the
        // console.
        public static void DisplayProperties(CustomCrypto customCrypto)
        {
            try
            {
                // Retrieve the class description for the customCrypto object.
                string classDescription = customCrypto.ToString();

                Console.WriteLine(classDescription);
                Console.Write("KeyExchangeAlgorithm: ");
                Console.WriteLine(customCrypto.KeyExchangeAlgorithm);
                Console.Write("SignatureAlgorithm: ");
                Console.WriteLine(customCrypto.SignatureAlgorithm);
                Console.WriteLine("KeySize: " + customCrypto.KeySize);
                Console.WriteLine("Parameters described in Xml format:");
                Console.WriteLine(customCrypto.ToXmlString(true));

                // Display the MinSize, MaxSize, and SkipSize properties of 
                // each KeySize item in the local keySizes member variable.
                KeySizes[] legalKeySizes = customCrypto.LegalKeySizes;
                if (legalKeySizes.Length > 0)
                {
                    for (int i=0; i < legalKeySizes.Length; i++)
                    {
                        Console.Write("Keysize" + i + " min, max, step: ");
                        Console.Write(legalKeySizes[i].MinSize + ", ");
                        Console.Write(legalKeySizes[i].MaxSize + ", ");
                        Console.WriteLine(legalKeySizes[i].SkipSize + ", ");
                    }
                }
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Caught unexpected exception: " + 
                    ex.ToString());
            }
        }
    }
}
//
// This sample produces the following output:
//
// *** CustomCrypto created with default parameters:
// Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
// KeyExchangeAlgorithm: RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx
// SignatureAlgorithm: http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1
// KeySize: 8
// Parameters described in Xml format:
// <CustomCryptoKeyValue><KeyContainerName>SecurityBin1</KeyContainerName>
// <KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber><ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
// <ProviderType>2</ProviderType></CustomCryptoKeyValue>
// Keysize0 min, max, step: 8, 64, 8, 
// 
// *** CustomCrypto created with custom parameters:
// Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
// KeyExchangeAlgorithm: RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx
// SignatureAlgorithm: http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1
// KeySize: 64
// Parameters described in Xml format:
// <CustomCryptoKeyValue><KeyContainerName>SecurityBin2</KeyContainerName>
// <KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber><ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
// <ProviderType>2</ProviderType></CustomCryptoKeyValue>
// Keysize0 min, max, step: 8, 64, 8, 
// Unable to create CustomCrytpo from  the Create method
// This sample completed successfully; press Exit to continue.
    Class Form1
        Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

        ' Event handler for Run button.
        Private Sub Button1_Click( _
            ByVal sender As System.Object, _
            ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button1.Click

            tbxOutput.Cursor = Cursors.WaitCursor
            tbxOutput.Text = ""

            ' Construct a CustomCrypto object and initialize its
            ' CspParameters.
            Dim customCrypto As New Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
            customCrypto.InitializeParameters()

            ' Display properties of the current vbCustomCrypto object.
            WriteLine("*** CustomCrypto created with default parameters:")
            DisplayProperties(customCrypto)

            ' Release all the resources used by this instance of CustomCrytpo.
            customCrypto.Clear()

            customCrypto = New Contoso.vbCustomCrypto(64)
            ' Create new parameters and set them by using the
            ' FromXmlString method.
            Dim parameterXml As String = "<CustomCryptoKeyValue>"
            parameterXml += "<ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>"
            parameterXml += "<KeyContainerName>SecurityBin2"
            parameterXml += "</KeyContainerName>"
            parameterXml += "<KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber>"
            parameterXml += "<ProviderType>2</ProviderType>"
            parameterXml += "</CustomCryptoKeyValue>"
            customCrypto.FromXmlString(parameterXml)

            ' Display the properties of a customCrypto object created with
            ' custom parameters.
            WriteLine(vbCrLf + "*** " + _
                "CustomCrypto created with custom parameters:")
            DisplayProperties(customCrypto)

            ' Create an object by using the assembly name.
            Try
                Dim createdCrypto As Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
                createdCrypto = customCrypto.Create("vbCustomCrypto")

                If (Not createdCrypto Is Nothing) Then
                    Write(vbCrLf + "*** Successfully created vbCustomCrytpo ")
                    WriteLine("from the Create method.")

                    DisplayProperties(createdCrypto)
                Else
                    Write("Unable to create CustomCrytpo from ")
                    WriteLine(" the Create method.")
                End If
            Catch ex As Exception
                WriteLine(ex.ToString())
            End Try

            ' Align interface and conclude application.
            WriteLine("This sample completed successfully;" + _
                " press Exit to continue.")

            ' Reset the cursor.
            tbxOutput.Cursor = Cursors.Default
        End Sub
        ' Display the properties of the specified CustomCrypto object to
        ' the output texbox.
        Public Sub DisplayProperties( _
            ByVal customCrypto As Contoso.vbCustomCrypto)

            Try
                ' Retrieve the class description for the customCrypto object.
                Dim classDescription As String = customCrypto.ToString()

                WriteLine(classDescription)
                WriteLine("KeyExchangeAlgorithm: " + _
                    customCrypto.KeyExchangeAlgorithm)
                WriteLine("SignatureAlgorithm: " + _
                    customCrypto.SignatureAlgorithm)
                WriteLine("KeySize: " + customCrypto.KeySize.ToString())
                WriteLine("Parameters described in Xml format:")
                WriteLine(customCrypto.ToXmlString(True))

                ' Display the MinSize, MaxSize, and SkipSize properties of 
                ' each KeySize item in the local keySizes member variable.
                Dim legalKeySizes() As KeySizes = customCrypto.LegalKeySizes
                If (legalKeySizes.Length > 0) Then
                    For i As Integer = 0 To legalKeySizes.Length - 1 Step 1
                        Write("Keysize" + i.ToString() + " min, max, step: ")
                        Write(legalKeySizes(i).MinSize.ToString() + ", ")
                        Write(legalKeySizes(i).MaxSize.ToString() + ", ")
                        Write(legalKeySizes(i).SkipSize.ToString() + ", ")
                        WriteLine("")
                    Next
                End If
            Catch ex As Exception
                WriteLine("Caught unexpected exception: " + ex.ToString())
            End Try
        End Sub
        ' Write the specified message and carriage return to the output
        ' textbox.
        Private Sub WriteLine(ByVal message As String)
            tbxOutput.AppendText(message + vbCrLf)
        End Sub
        ' Write the specified message to the output textbox.
        Private Sub Write(ByVal message As String)
            tbxOutput.AppendText(message)
        End Sub
        ' Event handler for Exit button.
        Private Sub Button2_Click( _
            ByVal sender As System.Object, _
            ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Button2.Click

            Application.Exit()
        End Sub


        Public Sub New()
            MyBase.New()

            'This call is required by the Windows Form Designer.
            InitializeComponent()

            'Add any initialization after the InitializeComponent() call

        End Sub

        'Form overrides dispose to clean up the component list.
        Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
            If disposing Then
                If Not (components Is Nothing) Then
                    components.Dispose()
                End If
            End If
            MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
        End Sub

        'Required by the Windows Form Designer
        Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer

        'NOTE: The following procedure is required by the Windows Form 
        'Designer. It can be modified using the Windows Form Designer. 
        'Do not modify it using the code editor.
        Friend WithEvents Panel2 As System.Windows.Forms.Panel
        Friend WithEvents Panel1 As System.Windows.Forms.Panel
        Friend WithEvents Button1 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Friend WithEvents Button2 As System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Friend WithEvents tbxOutput As System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox
        <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> _
        Private Sub InitializeComponent()
            Me.Panel2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Panel
            Me.Button1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
            Me.Button2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
            Me.Panel1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Panel
            Me.tbxOutput = New System.Windows.Forms.RichTextBox
            Me.Panel2.SuspendLayout()
            Me.Panel1.SuspendLayout()
            Me.SuspendLayout()
            '
            'Panel2
            '
            Me.Panel2.Controls.Add(Me.Button1)
            Me.Panel2.Controls.Add(Me.Button2)
            Me.Panel2.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Bottom
            Me.Panel2.DockPadding.All = 20
            Me.Panel2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 320)
            Me.Panel2.Name = "Panel2"
            Me.Panel2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 64)
            Me.Panel2.TabIndex = 1
            '
            'Button1
            '
            Me.Button1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right
            Me.Button1.Font = New System.Drawing.Font( _
                "Microsoft Sans Serif", _
                9.0!, _
                System.Drawing.FontStyle.Regular, _
                System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, _
                CType(0, Byte))
            Me.Button1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(446, 20)
            Me.Button1.Name = "Button1"
            Me.Button1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 24)
            Me.Button1.TabIndex = 2
            Me.Button1.Text = "&Run"
            '
            'Button2
            '
            Me.Button2.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right
            Me.Button2.Font = New System.Drawing.Font( _
                "Microsoft Sans Serif", _
                9.0!, _
                System.Drawing.FontStyle.Regular, _
                System.Drawing.GraphicsUnit.Point, _
                CType(0, Byte))
            Me.Button2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(521, 20)
            Me.Button2.Name = "Button2"
            Me.Button2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 24)
            Me.Button2.TabIndex = 3
            Me.Button2.Text = "E&xit"
            '
            'Panel1
            '
            Me.Panel1.Controls.Add(Me.tbxOutput)
            Me.Panel1.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill
            Me.Panel1.DockPadding.All = 20
            Me.Panel1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(0, 0)
            Me.Panel1.Name = "Panel1"
            Me.Panel1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 320)
            Me.Panel1.TabIndex = 2
            '
            'tbxOutput
            '
            Me.tbxOutput.AccessibleDescription = _
                "Displays output from application."
            Me.tbxOutput.AccessibleName = "Output textbox."
            Me.tbxOutput.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill
            Me.tbxOutput.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(20, 20)
            Me.tbxOutput.Name = "tbxOutput"
            Me.tbxOutput.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(576, 280)
            Me.tbxOutput.TabIndex = 1
            Me.tbxOutput.Text = "Click the Run button to run the application."
            '
            'Form1
            '
            Me.AutoScaleBaseSize = New System.Drawing.Size(6, 15)
            Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(616, 384)
            Me.Controls.Add(Me.Panel1)
            Me.Controls.Add(Me.Panel2)
            Me.Name = "Form1"
            Me.Text = "AsymmetricAlgorithm"
            Me.Panel2.ResumeLayout(False)
            Me.Panel1.ResumeLayout(False)
            Me.ResumeLayout(False)

        End Sub

    End Class
End Namespace
'
' This sample produces the following output:
'
' *** CustomCrypto created with default parameters:
' Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
' KeyExchangeAlgorithm: RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx
' SignatureAlgorithm: http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1
' KeySize: 8
' Parameters described in Xml format:
' <CustomCryptoKeyValue><KeyContainerName>SecurityBin1</KeyContainerName>
' <KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber><ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
' <ProviderType>2</ProviderType></CustomCryptoKeyValue>
' Keysize0 min, max, step: 8, 64, 8, 
' 
' *** CustomCrypto created with custom parameters:
' Contoso.vbCustomCrypto
' KeyExchangeAlgorithm: RSA-PKCS1-KeyEx
' SignatureAlgorithm: http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#rsa-sha1
' KeySize: 64
' Parameters described in Xml format:
' <CustomCryptoKeyValue><KeyContainerName>SecurityBin2</KeyContainerName>
' <KeyNumber>1</KeyNumber><ProviderName>Contoso</ProviderName>
' <ProviderType>2</ProviderType></CustomCryptoKeyValue>
' Keysize0 min, max, step: 8, 64, 8, 
' Unable to create CustomCrytpo from  the Create method
' This sample completed successfully; press Enter to exit.

注釈

非対称暗号アルゴリズム (公開キー アルゴリズムとも呼ばれる) では、送信者と受信者の両方が、関連するキー (プライベート キーと公開キー) のペアを維持する必要があります。 どちらのキーもエンティティに対して一意です。 公開キーは、だれでも使用できます。このキーは、受信側に送信されるデータのエンコードに使用されます。 秘密キーは受信者が秘密に保つ必要があります。このキーは、受信側の公開キーを使用してエンコードされたメッセージをデコードするために使用されます。 クラス RSACryptoServiceProvider は、公開キー アルゴリズムの実装です。 公開キーの暗号化とアルゴリズムの詳細については、「暗号化サービス」の「公開キーの暗号化」セクション を参照してください。 強力な名前ツール (Sn.exe) を使用してキー ペアを作成する方法については、「方法: キー ペアを作成するPublic-Private 参照してください

公開キー システムを使用して、デジタル署名を形成できます。 デジタル署名は、データの整合性を保護するために使用されます。 たとえば、公開キー システムを使用してメッセージにデジタル署名するには、送信者が最初にメッセージにハッシュ関数を適用してメッセージ ダイジェストを作成します。 次に、送信者は送信者のプライベート キーを使用してメッセージ ダイジェストを暗号化して、送信者の個人署名を作成します。 メッセージと署名を受信すると、受信者は送信者の公開キーを使用して署名を復号化してメッセージ ダイジェストを回復し、送信者が使用したのと同じハッシュ アルゴリズムを使用してメッセージをハッシュします。 受信側が計算するメッセージ ダイジェストが送信者から受信したメッセージ ダイジェストと一致する場合、受信側は転送中にメッセージが変更されていないと想定できます。 送信者の公開キーは一般的な知識なので、だれでも署名を確認できます。 この手法では、メッセージの秘密は保持されません。メッセージをシークレットに設定するには、メッセージも暗号化する必要があります。

次.NET Framework、、(基本クラス)、および のデジタル署名アルゴリズムを実装する DSACryptoServiceProvider RSACryptoServiceProvider ECDsa クラスを提供します ECDsaCng

名前空間 System.Security.Cryptography は、 と にのみ具象クラス RSA を提供 DSA します。

RSA アルゴリズムを使用して XML データの暗号化と暗号化解除を行い、XML デジタル署名を作成および検証する方法については、次の記事を参照してください。

コンストラクター

AsymmetricAlgorithm()

AsymmetricAlgorithm クラスの新しいインスタンスを初期化します。

フィールド

KeySizeValue

非対称アルゴリズムで使用されるキー モジュラスのサイズをビット単位で表します。

LegalKeySizesValue

非対称アルゴリズムでサポートされているキー サイズを指定します。

プロパティ

KeyExchangeAlgorithm

派生クラスでオーバーライドされると、キー交換アルゴリズムの名前を取得します。 それ以外の場合は、NotImplementedException をスローします。

KeySize

非対称アルゴリズムで使用されるキー モジュラスのサイズをビット単位で取得または設定します。

LegalKeySizes

非対称アルゴリズムでサポートされているキー サイズを取得します。

SignatureAlgorithm

派生クラスで実装された場合、署名アルゴリズムの名前を取得します。 それ以外の場合は、常に NotImplementedException をスローします。

メソッド

Clear()

AsymmetricAlgorithm クラスによって使用されているすべてのリソースを解放します。

Create()
互換性のために残されています。

非対称アルゴリズムを実行するために使用する既定の暗号オブジェクトを作成します。

Create(String)

非対称アルゴリズムの指定した実装のインスタンスを作成します。

Dispose()

AsymmetricAlgorithm クラスの現在のインスタンスによって使用されているすべてのリソースを解放します。

Dispose(Boolean)

AsymmetricAlgorithm クラスによって使用されているアンマネージド リソースを解放し、オプションでマネージド リソースも解放します。

Equals(Object)

指定されたオブジェクトが現在のオブジェクトと等しいかどうかを判断します。

(継承元 Object)
ExportEncryptedPkcs8PrivateKey(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, PbeParameters)

現在のキーを PKCS# 8 EncryptedPrivateKeyInfo 形式で、バイトベースのパスワードを使用してエクスポートします。

ExportEncryptedPkcs8PrivateKey(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, PbeParameters)

現在のキーを PKCS# 8 EncryptedPrivateKeyInfo 形式で、char ベースのパスワードを使用してエクスポートします。

ExportPkcs8PrivateKey()

現在のキーを PKCS# 8 PrivateKeyInfo 形式でエクスポートします。

ExportSubjectPublicKeyInfo()

現在のキーの公開キーの部分を、X.509 SubjectPublicKeyInfo 形式でエクスポートします。

FromXmlString(String)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされた場合は、XML 文字列から AsymmetricAlgorithm オブジェクトを再構築します。 それ以外の場合は、NotImplementedException をスローします。

GetHashCode()

既定のハッシュ関数として機能します。

(継承元 Object)
GetType()

現在のインスタンスの Type を取得します。

(継承元 Object)
ImportEncryptedPkcs8PrivateKey(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, Int32)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされるときに、バイトベースのパスワードを使用して暗号化解除した後に、PKCS#8 EncryptedPrivateKeyInfo 構造体から公開/秘密キー ペアをインポートし、このオブジェクトのキーを置き換えます。

ImportEncryptedPkcs8PrivateKey(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, Int32)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされるときに、char ベースのパスワードを使用して暗号化解除した後に、PKCS#8 EncryptedPrivateKeyInfo 構造体から公開/秘密キー ペアをインポートし、このオブジェクトのキーを置き換えます。

ImportFromEncryptedPem(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, ReadOnlySpan<Byte>)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされる場合は、暗号化された RFC 7468 PEM でエンコードされたキーをインポートして、このオブジェクトのキーを置き換えます。

ImportFromEncryptedPem(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, ReadOnlySpan<Char>)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされる場合は、暗号化された RFC 7468 PEM でエンコードされたキーをインポートして、このオブジェクトのキーを置き換えます。

ImportFromPem(ReadOnlySpan<Char>)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされる場合は、RFC 7468 でテキスト エンコーディングされたキーをインポートして、このオブジェクトのキーを置き換えます。

ImportPkcs8PrivateKey(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, Int32)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされるときに、暗号化解除した後に、PKCS#8 PrivateKeyInfo 構造体から公開/秘密キー ペアをインポートし、このオブジェクトのキーを置き換えます。

ImportSubjectPublicKeyInfo(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, Int32)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされるときに、暗号化解除した後に、X.509 SubjectPublicKeyInfo 構造体から公開キーをインポートし、このオブジェクトのキーを置き換えます。

MemberwiseClone()

現在の Object の簡易コピーを作成します。

(継承元 Object)
ToString()

現在のオブジェクトを表す文字列を返します。

(継承元 Object)
ToXmlString(Boolean)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされた場合は、現在の AsymmetricAlgorithm オブジェクトの XML 文字列形式を作成して返します。 それ以外の場合は、NotImplementedException をスローします。

TryExportEncryptedPkcs8PrivateKey(ReadOnlySpan<Byte>, PbeParameters, Span<Byte>, Int32)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされるときに、バイトベースのパスワードを使用して、現在のキーを PKCS#8 EncryptedPrivateKeyInfo 形式で指定のバッファーにエクスポートすることを試みます。

TryExportEncryptedPkcs8PrivateKey(ReadOnlySpan<Char>, PbeParameters, Span<Byte>, Int32)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされるときに、char ベースのパスワードを使用して、現在のキーを PKCS#8 EncryptedPrivateKeyInfo 形式で指定のバッファーにエクスポートすることを試みます。

TryExportPkcs8PrivateKey(Span<Byte>, Int32)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされるときに、現在のキーを PKCS#8 PrivateKeyInfo 形式で指定のバッファーにエクスポートすることを試みます。

TryExportSubjectPublicKeyInfo(Span<Byte>, Int32)

派生クラスでオーバーライドされるときに、現在のキーを X.509 SubjectPublicKeyInfo 形式で指定のバッファーにエクスポートすることを試みます。

明示的なインターフェイスの実装

IDisposable.Dispose()

この API は製品インフラストラクチャをサポートします。コードから直接使用するものではありません。

このメンバーの詳細については、「Dispose()」をご覧ください。

適用対象

こちらもご覧ください