ServiceBehaviorAttribute.TransactionIsolationLevel ServiceBehaviorAttribute.TransactionIsolationLevel ServiceBehaviorAttribute.TransactionIsolationLevel ServiceBehaviorAttribute.TransactionIsolationLevel Property

定義

サービス内で作成される新しいトランザクションと、クライアントからフローされる受信トランザクションの分離レベルを指定します。Specifies the transaction isolation level for new transactions created inside the service, and incoming transactions flowed from a client.

public:
 property System::Transactions::IsolationLevel TransactionIsolationLevel { System::Transactions::IsolationLevel get(); void set(System::Transactions::IsolationLevel value); };
public System.Transactions.IsolationLevel TransactionIsolationLevel { get; set; }
member this.TransactionIsolationLevel : System.Transactions.IsolationLevel with get, set
Public Property TransactionIsolationLevel As IsolationLevel

プロパティ値

トランザクションの分離レベルを指定する IsolationLevel 値。A IsolationLevel value that specifies the transaction isolation level. 既定値は、Unspecified です。The default is Unspecified.

例外

次のコード例では、トランザクションの分離レベルを ReadCommitted に設定し、同時トランザクションをサポートせず、メソッドの呼び出しからのフロー トランザクションを必要とし、未処理の例外が発生しない場合にトランザクションを自動的にコミットします。The following code example sets the transaction isolation level to ReadCommitted, does not support concurrent transactions, requires a flowed transaction from the method call, and commits the transaction automatically if no unhandled exception occurs.

using System;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.Transactions;

namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
{
  [ServiceContract(
    Namespace="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", 
    SessionMode=SessionMode.Required)]
  public interface IBehaviorService
  {
    [OperationContract]
    string TxWork(string message);
  }

  // Note: To use the TransactionIsolationLevel property, you 
  // must add a reference to the System.Transactions.dll assembly.
  /* The following service implementation:
   *   -- Processes messages on one thread at a time
   *   -- Creates one service object per session
   *   -- Does not release the service object when the transaction commits
   *   -- The isolation level is read committed.
   */
  [ServiceBehavior(
    ConcurrencyMode=ConcurrencyMode.Single,
    InstanceContextMode=InstanceContextMode.PerSession,
    ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete=false,
    TransactionIsolationLevel=System.Transactions.IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted
  )]
  public class BehaviorService : IBehaviorService, IDisposable
  {
    Guid myID;

    public BehaviorService()
    {
      myID = Guid.NewGuid();
      Console.WriteLine(
        "Object "
        + myID.ToString()
        + " created.");
    }

    /*
     * The following operation-level behaviors are specified:
     *   -- Always executes under a transaction scope.
     *   -- The transaction scope is completed when the operation terminates
     *       without an unhandled exception.
     */
    [OperationBehavior(
      TransactionAutoComplete = true,
      TransactionScopeRequired = true
    )]
    [TransactionFlow(TransactionFlowOption.Mandatory)]
    public string TxWork(string message)
    {
      // Do some transactable work.
      Console.WriteLine("TxWork called with: " + message);
      // Display transaction information.

      TransactionInformation info = Transaction.Current.TransactionInformation;
      Console.WriteLine("The distributed tx ID: {0}.", info.DistributedIdentifier);
      Console.WriteLine("The tx status: {0}.", info.Status);
      return String.Format("Hello. This was object {0}.",myID.ToString()) ;
    }

    public void Dispose()
    {
      Console.WriteLine(
        "Service "
        + myID.ToString()
        + " is being recycled."
      );
    }
  }
}


Imports System
Imports System.ServiceModel
Imports System.Transactions

Namespace Microsoft.WCF.Documentation
  <ServiceContract(Namespace:="http://microsoft.wcf.documentation", SessionMode:=SessionMode.Required)> _
  Public Interface IBehaviorService
	<OperationContract> _
	Function TxWork(ByVal message As String) As String
  End Interface

  ' Note: To use the TransactionIsolationLevel property, you 
  ' must add a reference to the System.Transactions.dll assembly.
'   The following service implementation:
'   *   -- Processes messages on one thread at a time
'   *   -- Creates one service object per session
'   *   -- Does not release the service object when the transaction commits
'   *   -- The isolation level is read committed.
'   
    <ServiceBehavior(ConcurrencyMode:=ConcurrencyMode.Single, InstanceContextMode:=InstanceContextMode.PerSession, _
      ReleaseServiceInstanceOnTransactionComplete:=False, TransactionIsolationLevel:=System.Transactions.IsolationLevel.ReadCommitted)> _
    Public Class BehaviorService
        Implements IBehaviorService, IDisposable
        Private myID As Guid

        Public Sub New()
            myID = Guid.NewGuid()
            Console.WriteLine("Object " & myID.ToString() & " created.")
        End Sub

        '    
        '     * The following operation-level behaviors are specified:
        '     *   -- Always executes under a transaction scope.
        '     *   -- The transaction scope is completed when the operation terminates
        '     *       without an unhandled exception.
        '     
        <OperationBehavior(TransactionAutoComplete:=True, TransactionScopeRequired:=True), TransactionFlow(TransactionFlowOption.Mandatory)> _
        Public Function TxWork(ByVal message As String) As String Implements IBehaviorService.TxWork
            ' Do some transactable work.
            Console.WriteLine("TxWork called with: " & message)
            ' Display transaction information.

            Dim info As TransactionInformation = Transaction.Current.TransactionInformation
            Console.WriteLine("The distributed tx ID: {0}.", info.DistributedIdentifier)
            Console.WriteLine("The tx status: {0}.", info.Status)
            Return String.Format("Hello. This was object {0}.", myID.ToString())
        End Function

        Public Sub Dispose() Implements IDisposable.Dispose
            Console.WriteLine("Service " & myID.ToString() & " is being recycled.")
        End Sub
    End Class
End Namespace

次のコード例が適切に動作するには、基になるバインドでフロー トランザクションがサポートされている必要があります。The underlying binding must support flowed transactions for the following code example to execute properly. たとえば、WSHttpBinding を使用するフロー トランザクションをサポートするには、コードまたはアプリケーション構成ファイル内で TransactionFlow プロパティを true に設定します。To support flowed transactions using the WSHttpBinding, for example, set the TransactionFlow property to true in code or in an application configuration file. 次のコード例は、前のサンプルの構成ファイルを示しています。The following code example shows a configuration file for the preceding sample.

<configuration>
  <system.serviceModel>
    <services>
      <service  
        name="Microsoft.WCF.Documentation.BehaviorService" 
        behaviorConfiguration="mex"
        >
        <host>
          <baseAddresses>
            <add baseAddress="http://localhost:8080/BehaviorService"/>
            <add baseAddress="net.tcp://localhost:8081/BehaviorService"/>
          </baseAddresses>
        </host>
        <!--
          Note:
            This example code uses the WSHttpBinding to support transactions using the 
            WS-AtomicTransactions (WS-AT) protocol. WSHttpBinding is configured to use the  
            protocol, but the protocol is not enabled on some computers. Use the xws_reg -wsat+ 
            command to enable the WS-AtomicTransactions protocol in the MSDTC service.          
          -->
        <endpoint 
           contract="Microsoft.WCF.Documentation.IBehaviorService"
           binding="wsHttpBinding"
           bindingConfiguration="wsHttpBindingWithTXFlow"
           address="http://localhost:8080/BehaviorService"
          />
        <endpoint 
               contract="Microsoft.WCF.Documentation.IBehaviorService"
               binding="netTcpBinding"
               bindingConfiguration="netTcpBindingWithTXFlow"
               address="net.tcp://localhost:8081/BehaviorService"
          />
      </service>
    </services>
    <behaviors>
      <serviceBehaviors>
        <behavior name="mex">
          <serviceMetadata httpGetEnabled="true"/>
        </behavior>
      </serviceBehaviors>
    </behaviors>
    <!-- binding configuration - configures a WSHttpBinding to require transaction flow -->
    <bindings>
      <wsHttpBinding>
        <binding name="wsHttpBindingWithTXFlow" transactionFlow="true" />
      </wsHttpBinding>
      <netTcpBinding>
        <binding name="netTcpBindingWithTXFlow" transactionFlow="true" />
      </netTcpBinding>
    </bindings>

  </system.serviceModel>
</configuration>

注釈

トランザクションが実行する際の分離レベルにより、他のトランザクションで変更が加えられたときのデータの処理方法、およびこうした変更から保護するためにトランザクションがロックを保持する期間が決定されます。The isolation level in which your transaction runs determines how data is treated when changes are made in other transactions and how long your transaction must hold locks to protect against these changes. たとえば、既定値 Unspecified は、トランザクションが完了するまで更新または挿入できないことを指定します。For example, the default value, Unspecified, specifies that no updating or inserting can occur until the transaction is complete.

このプロパティは、クライアントからフローされる受信トランザクションの分離レベルを制限するために使用することもできます。This property can also be used to restrict the isolation level of incoming transactions flowed from a client.

適用対象