Single.CompareTo Single.CompareTo Single.CompareTo Single.CompareTo Method

定義

このインスタンスと指定したオブジェクトまたは別の Single インスタンスを比較し、このインスタンスの値が指定したオブジェクトの値またはもう一方の Single インスタンスの値よりも小さいか、同じか、それとも大きいかを示す整数を返します。Compares this instance to a specified object or to another Single instance and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is less than, equal to, or greater than the value of the specified object or the other Single instance.

オーバーロード

CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object)

このインスタンスと指定したオブジェクトを比較し、このインスタンスの値が指定したオブジェクトの値よりも小さいか、同じか、または大きいかを示す整数を返します。Compares this instance to a specified object and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is less than, equal to, or greater than the value of the specified object.

CompareTo(Single) CompareTo(Single) CompareTo(Single) CompareTo(Single)

このインスタンスと指定した単精度浮動小数点数を比較し、このインスタンスの値が指定した単精度浮動小数点数の値よりも小さいか、同じか、それとも大きいかを示す整数を返します。Compares this instance to a specified single-precision floating-point number and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is less than, equal to, or greater than the value of the specified single-precision floating-point number.

CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object) CompareTo(Object)

このインスタンスと指定したオブジェクトを比較し、このインスタンスの値が指定したオブジェクトの値よりも小さいか、同じか、または大きいかを示す整数を返します。Compares this instance to a specified object and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is less than, equal to, or greater than the value of the specified object.

public:
 virtual int CompareTo(System::Object ^ value);
public int CompareTo (object value);
abstract member CompareTo : obj -> int
override this.CompareTo : obj -> int
Public Function CompareTo (value As Object) As Integer

パラメーター

value
Object Object Object Object

比較対象のオブジェクト、または nullAn object to compare, or null.

戻り値

このインスタンスと value の相対値を示す符号付き数値。A signed number indicating the relative values of this instance and value.

戻り値Return Value 説明Description
0 より小さい値Less than zero このインスタンスは value よりも小さくなっています。This instance is less than value. または-or- このインスタンスは非数 (NaN) で、value は数値です。This instance is not a number (NaN) and value is a number.
0Zero このインスタンスは value と等価です。This instance is equal to value. - または --or- このインスタンスと値は、どちらも非数 (NaN)、PositiveInfinity、または NegativeInfinity です。This instance and value are both not a number (NaN), PositiveInfinity, or NegativeInfinity.
0 より大きい値Greater than zero このインスタンスは value よりも大きくなっています。This instance is greater than value. - または --or- このインスタンスは数値で、value は非数 (NaN) です。This instance is a number and value is not a number (NaN). - または --or- valuenullです。value is null.

実装

例外

valueSingle ではありません。value is not a Single.

次のコード例は、 CompareToメソッドを示しています。The following code example demonstrates the CompareTo method.

obj1 = (Single)450;

if ( a.CompareTo( obj1 ) < 0 )
{
   Console::WriteLine( " {0} is less than {1}.", a, obj1 );
}

if ( a.CompareTo( obj1 ) > 0 )
{
   Console::WriteLine( " {0} is greater than {1}.", a, obj1 );
}

if ( a.CompareTo( obj1 ) == 0 )
{
   Console::WriteLine( " {0} equals {1}.", a, obj1 );
}
obj1 = (Single)450;

if (a.CompareTo(obj1) < 0)
{
    Console.WriteLine("{0} is less than {1}.", a.ToString(), obj1.ToString());
}

if (a.CompareTo(obj1) > 0)
{
    Console.WriteLine("{0} is greater than {1}.", a.ToString(), obj1.ToString());
}

if (a.CompareTo(obj1) == 0)
{
    Console.WriteLine("{0} equals {1}.", a.ToString(), obj1.ToString());
}
Obj1 = CType(450, Single)

If A.CompareTo(Obj1) < 0 Then
    Console.WriteLine(A.ToString() + " is less than " + Obj1.ToString() + ".")
End If

If (A.CompareTo(Obj1) > 0) Then
    Console.WriteLine(A.ToString() + " is greater than " + Obj1.ToString() + ".")
End If

If (A.CompareTo(Obj1) = 0) Then
    Console.WriteLine(A.ToString() + " equals " + Obj1.ToString() + ".")
End If

注釈

パラメーター valueは、またnullはのSingleインスタンスである必要があります。それ以外の場合は、例外がスローされます。The value parameter must be null or an instance of Single; otherwise, an exception is thrown. のすべてのSingleインスタンスは、その値に関係なく、よりnullも大きいと見なされます。Any instance of Single, regardless of its value, is considered greater than null.

等しいと見なされるためには、値が同一である必要があります。Values must be identical to be considered equal. 特に浮動小数点値が複数の数値演算に依存している場合は、有効桁数が失われ、その値が最下位の数字を除いてほぼ同じであることが一般的です。Particularly when floating-point values depend on multiple mathematical operations, it is common for them to lose precision and for their values to be nearly identical except for their least significant digits. このため、 CompareToメソッドの戻り値は発生する可能性があります。Because of this, the return value of the CompareTo method may seem surprising at times. たとえば、特定の値による乗算の後に同じ値で除算すると、元の値が生成されますが、次の例では、計算値が元の値よりも大きいことがわかります。For example, multiplication by a particular value followed by division by the same value should produce the original value, but in the following example, the computed value turns out to be greater than the original value. "R"標準の数値書式指定文字列を使用して、2つの値のすべての有効桁数を表示すると、計算された値が最下位桁の元の値と異なることを示します。Showing all significant digits of the two values by using the "R" standard numeric format string indicates that the computed value differs from the original value in its least significant digits. このような比較の処理の詳細については、 Equals(Single)メソッドの「解説」を参照してください。For information about handling such comparisons, see the Remarks section of the Equals(Single) method.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
       float value1 = 16.5457f;
       float operand = 3.8899982f;
       object value2 = value1 * operand / operand;
       Console.WriteLine("Comparing {0} and {1}: {2}\n",
                         value1, value2, value1.CompareTo(value2));
       Console.WriteLine("Comparing {0:R} and {1:R}: {2}",
                         value1, value2, value1.CompareTo(value2));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Comparing 16.5457 and 16.5457: -1
//       
//       Comparing 16.5457 and 16.545702: -1
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
       Dim value1 As Single = 16.5457
       Dim value2 As Object = value1 * CSng(3.8899982) / CSng(3.8899982)
       Console.WriteLine("Comparing {0} and {1}: {2}",
                         value1, value2, value1.CompareTo(value2))
       Console.WriteLine()
       Console.WriteLine("Comparing {0:R} and {1:R}: {2}",
                         value1, value2, value1.CompareTo(value2))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Comparing 16.5457 and 16.5457: -1
'       
'       Comparing 16.5457 and 16.545702: -1

このメソッドは、インターフェイスをサポートIComparableするために実装されています。This method is implemented to support the IComparable interface. NaNは別NaNの (自体も含む) とは見なされませんが、インターフェイスでIComparableは0をA.CompareTo(A)返す必要があることに注意してください。Note that, although a NaN is not considered to be equal to another NaN (even itself), the IComparable interface requires that A.CompareTo(A) return zero.

比較における精度Precision in Comparisons

ドキュメント化された有効桁数を超える浮動小数点数の有効桁数は、.NET Framework の実装とバージョンに固有です。The precision of floating-point numbers beyond the documented precision is specific to the implementation and version of the .NET Framework. その結果、数値の内部表現の有効桁数が変更される可能性があるため、2つの特定の数値の比較が .NET Framework のバージョン間で変わる可能性があります。Consequently, a comparison of two particular numbers might change between versions of the .NET Framework because the precision of the numbers' internal representation might change.

こちらもご覧ください

CompareTo(Single) CompareTo(Single) CompareTo(Single) CompareTo(Single)

このインスタンスと指定した単精度浮動小数点数を比較し、このインスタンスの値が指定した単精度浮動小数点数の値よりも小さいか、同じか、それとも大きいかを示す整数を返します。Compares this instance to a specified single-precision floating-point number and returns an integer that indicates whether the value of this instance is less than, equal to, or greater than the value of the specified single-precision floating-point number.

public:
 virtual int CompareTo(float value);
public int CompareTo (float value);
abstract member CompareTo : single -> int
override this.CompareTo : single -> int
Public Function CompareTo (value As Single) As Integer

パラメーター

value
Single Single Single Single

比較対象の単精度浮動小数点数。A single-precision floating-point number to compare.

戻り値

このインスタンスと value の相対値を示す符号付き数値。A signed number indicating the relative values of this instance and value.

戻り値Return Value 説明Description
0 より小さい値Less than zero このインスタンスは value よりも小さくなっています。This instance is less than value. または-or- このインスタンスは非数 (NaN) で、value は数値です。This instance is not a number (NaN) and value is a number.
0Zero このインスタンスは value と等価です。This instance is equal to value. - または --or- このインスタンスと value は、どちらも非数 (NaN)、PositiveInfinity、または NegativeInfinity です。Both this instance and value are not a number (NaN), PositiveInfinity, or NegativeInfinity.
0 より大きい値Greater than zero このインスタンスは value よりも大きくなっています。This instance is greater than value. または-or- このインスタンスは数値で、value は非数 (NaN) です。This instance is a number and value is not a number (NaN).

実装

次のコード例は、いくつかの値およびCompareTo参照型について、ジェネリックおよび非ジェネリックバージョンのメソッドを示しています。The following code example demonstrates generic and nongeneric versions of the CompareTo method for several value and reference types.

// This example demonstrates the two versions of the 
// CompareTo method for several base types.
// The general version takes a parameter of type Object, while the specific
// version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.
using namespace System;

void Show( String^ caption, Object^ var1, Object^ var2, int resultGeneric, int resultNonGeneric )
{
   String^ relation;
   Console::Write( caption );
   if ( resultGeneric == resultNonGeneric )
   {
      if ( resultGeneric < 0 )
            relation = "less than";
      else
      if ( resultGeneric > 0 )
            relation = "greater than";
      else
            relation = "equal to";
      Console::WriteLine( "{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2 );
   }
   // The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
   // CompareTo methods are equivalent.
   else
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric );
   }
}

int main()
{
   String^ nl = Environment::NewLine;
   String^ msg = "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}"
   "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}";
   Object^ obj; // An Object used to insure CompareTo(Object) is called.

   DateTime now = DateTime::Now;
   
   // Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
   TimeSpan tsX = TimeSpan(11,22,33,44);
   
   // Version = 1.2.333.4
   Version^ versX = gcnew Version(  "1.2.333.4" );
   
   // Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
   Guid guidX = Guid( "{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}");
   Boolean a1 = true,a2 = true;
   Byte b1 = 1,b2 = 1;
   Int16 c1 = -2,c2 = 2;
   Int32 d1 = 3,d2 = 3;
   Int64 e1 = 4,e2 = -4;
   Decimal f1 = Decimal(-5.5), f2 = Decimal(5.5);
   Single g1 = 6.6f,g2 = 6.6f;
   Double h1 = 7.7,h2 = -7.7;
   Char i1 = 'A',i2 = 'A';
   String^ j1 = "abc", ^j2 = "abc";
   DateTime k1 = now,k2 = now;
   TimeSpan l1 = tsX,l2 = tsX;
   Version^ m1 = versX, ^m2 = gcnew Version(  "2.0" );
   Guid n1 = guidX,n2 = guidX;
   
   // The following types are not CLS-compliant.
   SByte w1 = 8,w2 = 8;
   UInt16 x1 = 9,x2 = 9;
   UInt32 y1 = 10,y2 = 10;
   UInt64 z1 = 11,z2 = 11;
   
   //
   Console::WriteLine( msg, nl );
   try
   {
      Show( "Boolean: ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo( a2 ), a1.CompareTo( a2 ) );
      Show( "Byte:    ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo( b2 ), b1.CompareTo( b2 ) );
      Show( "Int16:   ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo( c2 ), c1.CompareTo( c2 ) );
      Show( "Int32:   ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo( d2 ), d1.CompareTo( d2 ) );
      Show( "Int64:   ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo( e2 ), e1.CompareTo( e2 ) );
      Show( "Decimal: ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo( f2 ), f1.CompareTo( f2 ) );
      Show( "Single:  ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo( g2 ), g1.CompareTo( g2 ) );
      Show( "Double:  ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo( h2 ), h1.CompareTo( h2 ) );
      Show( "Char:    ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo( i2 ), i1.CompareTo( i2 ) );
      
      // Use an anonymous object to hide the String object.
      obj = j2;
      Show( "String:  ", j1, j2, j1->CompareTo( j2 ), j1->CompareTo( obj ) );
      Show( "DateTime:", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo( k2 ), k1.CompareTo( k2 ) );
      Show(  "TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo( l2 ), l1.CompareTo( l2 ) );
      
      // Use an anonymous object to hide the Version object.
      obj = m2;
      Show(  "Version:  ", m1, m2, m1->CompareTo( m2 ), m1->CompareTo( obj ) );
      Show(  "Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo( n2 ), n1.CompareTo( n2 ) );
      
      //
      Console::WriteLine( "{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl );
      Show( "SByte:   ", w1, w2, w1.CompareTo( w2 ), w1.CompareTo( w2 ) );
      Show( "UInt16:  ", x1, x2, x1.CompareTo( x2 ), x1.CompareTo( x2 ) );
      Show( "UInt32:  ", y1, y2, y1.CompareTo( y2 ), y1.CompareTo( y2 ) );
      Show( "UInt64:  ", z1, z2, z1.CompareTo( z2 ), z1.CompareTo( z2 ) );
   }
   catch ( Exception^ e ) 
   {
      Console::WriteLine( e );
   }

}
//     This example displays the following output:
//     
//     The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
//     CompareTo method for several base types:
//     
//     Boolean:  True is equal to True
//     Byte:     1 is equal to 1
//     Int16:    -2 is less than 2
//     Int32:    3 is equal to 3
//     Int64:    4 is greater than -4
//     Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
//     Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
//     Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
//     Char:     A is equal to A
//     String:   abc is equal to abc
//     DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
//     TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
//     Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
//     Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
//     aa0057b223
//     
//     The following types are not CLS-compliant:
//     SByte:    8 is equal to 8
//     UInt16:   9 is equal to 9
//     UInt32:   10 is equal to 10
//     UInt64:   11 is equal to 11
// This example demonstrates the generic and non-generic versions of the 
// CompareTo method for several base types.
// The non-generic version takes a parameter of type Object, while the generic
// version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.

using System;

class Sample 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
    string    nl = Environment.NewLine;
    string    msg = "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}" +
                    "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}";

    DateTime  now = DateTime.Now;
// Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
    TimeSpan  tsX = new TimeSpan(11, 22, 33, 44); 
// Version = 1.2.333.4
    Version   versX = new Version("1.2.333.4");  
// Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
    Guid      guidX = new Guid("{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}");

    Boolean  a1 = true,  a2 = true;
    Byte     b1 = 1,     b2 = 1;
    Int16    c1 = -2,    c2 = 2;
    Int32    d1 = 3,     d2 = 3;
    Int64    e1 = 4,     e2 = -4;
    Decimal  f1 = -5.5m, f2 = 5.5m;
    Single   g1 = 6.6f,  g2 = 6.6f;
    Double   h1 = 7.7d,  h2 = -7.7d;
    Char     i1 = 'A',   i2 = 'A';
    String   j1 = "abc", j2 = "abc";
    DateTime k1 = now,   k2 = now;
    TimeSpan l1 = tsX,   l2 = tsX;
    Version  m1 = versX, m2 = new Version("2.0");
    Guid     n1 = guidX, n2 = guidX;

// The following types are not CLS-compliant.
    SByte    w1 = 8,     w2 = 8;
    UInt16   x1 = 9,     x2 = 9;
    UInt32   y1 = 10,    y2 = 10;
    UInt64   z1 = 11,    z2 = 11;
//
    Console.WriteLine(msg, nl);
    try 
        {
// The second and third Show method call parameters are automatically boxed because
// the second and third Show method declaration arguments expect type Object.

        Show("Boolean:  ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo(a2), a1.CompareTo((Object)a2));
        Show("Byte:     ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo(b2), b1.CompareTo((Object)b2));
        Show("Int16:    ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo(c2), c1.CompareTo((Object)c2));
        Show("Int32:    ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo(d2), d1.CompareTo((Object)d2));
        Show("Int64:    ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo(e2), e1.CompareTo((Object)e2));
        Show("Decimal:  ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo(f2), f1.CompareTo((Object)f2));
        Show("Single:   ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo(g2), g1.CompareTo((Object)g2));
        Show("Double:   ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo(h2), h1.CompareTo((Object)h2));
        Show("Char:     ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo(i2), i1.CompareTo((Object)i2));
        Show("String:   ", j1, j2, j1.CompareTo(j2), j1.CompareTo((Object)j2));
        Show("DateTime: ", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo(k2), k1.CompareTo((Object)k2));
        Show("TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo(l2), l1.CompareTo((Object)l2));
        Show("Version:  ", m1, m2, m1.CompareTo(m2), m1.CompareTo((Object)m2));
        Show("Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo(n2), n1.CompareTo((Object)n2));
//
        Console.WriteLine("{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl);
        Show("SByte:    ", w1, w2, w1.CompareTo(w2), w1.CompareTo((Object)w2));
        Show("UInt16:   ", x1, x2, x1.CompareTo(x2), x1.CompareTo((Object)x2));
        Show("UInt32:   ", y1, y2, y1.CompareTo(y2), y1.CompareTo((Object)y2));
        Show("UInt64:   ", z1, z2, z1.CompareTo(z2), z1.CompareTo((Object)z2));
        }
    catch (Exception e)
        {
        Console.WriteLine(e);
        }
    }

    public static void Show(string caption, Object var1, Object var2, 
                            int resultGeneric, int resultNonGeneric)
    {
    string relation;

    Console.Write(caption);
    if (resultGeneric == resultNonGeneric) 
        {
        if      (resultGeneric < 0) relation = "less than";
        else if (resultGeneric > 0) relation = "greater than";
        else                        relation = "equal to";
        Console.WriteLine("{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2);
        }

// The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
// CompareTo methods are equivalent.

    else
        {
        Console.WriteLine("Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", 
                           resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric);
        }
   }
}
/*
This example produces the following results:

The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
CompareTo method for several base types:

Boolean:  True is equal to True
Byte:     1 is equal to 1
Int16:    -2 is less than 2
Int32:    3 is equal to 3
Int64:    4 is greater than -4
Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
Char:     A is equal to A
String:   abc is equal to abc
DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
aa0057b223

The following types are not CLS-compliant:
SByte:    8 is equal to 8
UInt16:   9 is equal to 9
UInt32:   10 is equal to 10
UInt64:   11 is equal to 11
*/
' This example demonstrates the generic and non-generic versions of the 
' CompareTo method for several base types.
' The non-generic version takes a parameter of type Object, while the generic
' version takes a type-specific parameter, such as Boolean, Int32, or Double.

Class Sample
   Public Shared Sub Main()
      Dim nl As String = Environment.NewLine
      Dim msg As String = _
          "{0}The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic{0}" & _
          "versions of the CompareTo method for several base types:{0}"
      
      Dim now As DateTime = DateTime.Now
      ' Time span = 11 days, 22 hours, 33 minutes, 44 seconds
      Dim tsX As New TimeSpan(11, 22, 33, 44)
      ' Version = 1.2.333.4
      Dim versX As New Version("1.2.333.4")
      ' Guid = CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223
      Dim guidX As New Guid("{CA761232-ED42-11CE-BACD-00AA0057B223}")
      
      Dim a1 As [Boolean] = True,    a2 As [Boolean] = True
      Dim b1 As [Byte] = 1,          b2 As [Byte] = 1
      Dim c1 As Int16 = -2,          c2 As Int16 = 2
      Dim d1 As Int32 = 3,           d2 As Int32 = 3
      Dim e1 As Int64 = 4,           e2 As Int64 = -4
      Dim f1 As [Decimal] = -5.5D,   f2 As [Decimal] = 5.5D
      Dim g1 As [Single] = 6.6F,     g2 As [Single] = 6.6F
      Dim h1 As [Double] = 7.7,      h2 As [Double] = -7.7
      Dim i1 As [Char] = "A"c,       i2 As [Char] = "A"c
      Dim j1 As String = "abc",      j2 As String = "abc"
      Dim k1 As DateTime = now,      k2 As DateTime = now
      Dim l1 As TimeSpan = tsX,      l2 As TimeSpan = tsX
      Dim m1 As Version = versX,     m2 As New Version("2.0")
      Dim n1 As Guid = guidX,        n2 As Guid = guidX
      
      ' The following types are not CLS-compliant.
      ' SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64

      Console.WriteLine(msg, nl)
      Try
         ' The second and third Show method call parameters are automatically boxed because
         ' the second and third Show method declaration arguments expect type Object.

         Show("Boolean:  ", a1, a2, a1.CompareTo(a2), a1.CompareTo(CObj(a2)))
         Show("Byte:     ", b1, b2, b1.CompareTo(b2), b1.CompareTo(CObj(b2)))
         Show("Int16:    ", c1, c2, c1.CompareTo(c2), c1.CompareTo(CObj(c2)))
         Show("Int32:    ", d1, d2, d1.CompareTo(d2), d1.CompareTo(CObj(d2)))
         Show("Int64:    ", e1, e2, e1.CompareTo(e2), e1.CompareTo(CObj(e2)))
         Show("Decimal:  ", f1, f2, f1.CompareTo(f2), f1.CompareTo(CObj(f2)))
         Show("Single:   ", g1, g2, g1.CompareTo(g2), g1.CompareTo(CObj(g2)))
         Show("Double:   ", h1, h2, h1.CompareTo(h2), h1.CompareTo(CObj(h2)))
         Show("Char:     ", i1, i2, i1.CompareTo(i2), i1.CompareTo(CObj(i2)))
         Show("String:   ", j1, j2, j1.CompareTo(j2), j1.CompareTo(CObj(j2)))
         Show("DateTime: ", k1, k2, k1.CompareTo(k2), k1.CompareTo(CObj(k2)))
         Show("TimeSpan: ", l1, l2, l1.CompareTo(l2), l1.CompareTo(CObj(l2)))
         Show("Version:  ", m1, m2, m1.CompareTo(m2), m1.CompareTo(CObj(m2)))
         Show("Guid:     ", n1, n2, n1.CompareTo(n2), n1.CompareTo(CObj(n2)))
         '
         Console.WriteLine("{0}The following types are not CLS-compliant:", nl)
         Console.WriteLine("SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64")

      Catch e As Exception
         Console.WriteLine(e)
      End Try
   End Sub
   
   Public Shared Sub Show(caption As String, var1 As [Object], var2 As [Object], _
                          resultGeneric As Integer, resultNonGeneric As Integer)
      Dim relation As String
      
      Console.Write(caption)
      If resultGeneric = resultNonGeneric Then
         If resultGeneric < 0 Then
            relation = "less than"
         ElseIf resultGeneric > 0 Then
            relation = "greater than"
         Else
            relation = "equal to"
         End If
         Console.WriteLine("{0} is {1} {2}", var1, relation, var2)
      
      ' The following condition will never occur because the generic and non-generic
      ' CompareTo methods are equivalent.

      Else
         Console.WriteLine("Generic CompareTo = {0}; non-generic CompareTo = {1}", _
                            resultGeneric, resultNonGeneric)
      End If
   End Sub
End Class
'
'This example produces the following results:
'
'The following is the result of using the generic and non-generic versions of the
'CompareTo method for several base types:
'
'Boolean:  True is equal to True
'Byte:     1 is equal to 1
'Int16:    -2 is less than 2
'Int32:    3 is equal to 3
'Int64:    4 is greater than -4
'Decimal:  -5.5 is less than 5.5
'Single:   6.6 is equal to 6.6
'Double:   7.7 is greater than -7.7
'Char:     A is equal to A
'String:   abc is equal to abc
'DateTime: 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM is equal to 12/1/2003 5:37:46 PM
'TimeSpan: 11.22:33:44 is equal to 11.22:33:44
'Version:  1.2.333.4 is less than 2.0
'Guid:     ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00aa0057b223 is equal to ca761232-ed42-11ce-bacd-00
'aa0057b223
'
'The following types are not CLS-compliant:
'SByte, UInt16, UInt32, UInt64
'

注釈

等しいと見なされるためには、値が同一である必要があります。Values must be identical to be considered equal. 浮動小数点値が有効桁数を失い、最も重要度が低い場合は特に、値が複数の数値演算に依存している場合は、ほとんど同じになります。It is common for floating-point values to lose precision and to become nearly identical except for their least significant digits, especially when the values depend on multiple mathematical operations. このため、 CompareToメソッドの戻り値が何度も発生する可能性があります。Because of this, the return value of the CompareTo method at times may seem surprising. たとえば、任意の値による乗算の後に同じ値による除算を行うと、元の値が生成されます。For example, multiplication by any value followed by division by the same value should produce the original value. ただし、次の例では、計算値は元の値よりも大きい値になります。However, in the following example, the computed value turns out to be greater than the original value. "R"標準の数値書式指定文字列を使用して、2つの値のすべての有効桁数を表示すると、計算された値が最下位桁の元の値と異なることを示します。Showing all significant digits of the two values by using the "R" standard numeric format string indicates that the computed value differs from the original value in its least significant digits. このような比較の処理の詳細については、 Equals(Single)メソッドの「解説」を参照してください。For information about handling such comparisons, see the Remarks section of the Equals(Single) method.

using System;

public class Example
{
   public static void Main()
   {
       float value1 = 16.5457f;
       float operand = 3.8899982f;
       float value2 = value1 * operand / operand;
       Console.WriteLine("Comparing {0} and {1}: {2}\n",
                         value1, value2, value1.CompareTo(value2));
       Console.WriteLine("Comparing {0:R} and {1:R}: {2}",
                         value1, value2, value1.CompareTo(value2));
   }
}
// The example displays the following output:
//       Comparing 16.5457 and 16.5457: -1
//       
//       Comparing 16.5457 and 16.545702: -1
Module Example
   Public Sub Main()
       Dim value1 As Single = 16.5457
       Dim value2 As Single = value1 * CSng(3.8899982) / CSng(3.8899982)
       Console.WriteLine("Comparing {0} and {1}: {2}",
                         value1, value2, value1.CompareTo(value2))
       Console.WriteLine()
       Console.WriteLine("Comparing {0:R} and {1:R}: {2}",
                         value1, value2, value1.CompareTo(value2))
   End Sub
End Module
' The example displays the following output:
'       Comparing 16.5457 and 16.5457: -1
'       
'       Comparing 16.5457 and 16.545702: -1

このメソッドは、 System.IComparable<T> valueパラメーターをオブジェクトに変換する必要Single.CompareToがないため、インターフェイスを実装し、メソッドよりも若干優れています。This method implements the System.IComparable<T> interface and performs slightly better than the Single.CompareTo method because it does not have to convert the value parameter to an object.

値がNaNであるオブジェクトは、 NaN値が (自体も) である別のオブジェクトとは見なされませんがIComparable<T> 、インターフェイスでA.CompareTo(A)は0を返す必要があることに注意してください。Note that, although an object whose value is NaN is not considered equal to another object whose value is NaN (even itself), the IComparable<T> interface requires that A.CompareTo(A) return zero.

拡大変換Widening Conversions

プログラミング言語によっては、パラメーターの型がインスタンスのCompareTo型よりも少ない (幅が狭い) メソッドをコーディングすることができます。Depending on your programming language, it might be possible to code a CompareTo method where the parameter type has fewer bits (is narrower) than the instance type. これが可能なのは、一部のプログラミング言語では、インスタンスと同数のビットを持つ型として、パラメーターを表す暗黙的な拡大変換が実行されるためです。This is possible because some programming languages perform an implicit widening conversion that represents the parameter as a type with as many bits as the instance.

たとえば、インスタンスの型がSingleで、パラメーターの型がであるInt32とします。For example, suppose the instance type is Single and the parameter type is Int32. Microsoft C#コンパイラは、パラメーターの値をSingleオブジェクトとして表現する命令を生成し、インスタンスの値とパラメーターの拡張された表現を比較するメソッドをSingle.CompareTo(Single)生成します。The Microsoft C# compiler generates instructions to represent the value of the parameter as a Single object, then generates a Single.CompareTo(Single) method that compares the values of the instance and the widened representation of the parameter.

プログラミング言語のドキュメントを参照して、コンパイラが数値型の暗黙的な拡大変換を実行するかどうかを判断します。Consult your programming language's documentation to determine if its compiler performs implicit widening conversions of numeric types. 詳細については、「型変換の表」を参照してください。For more information, see the Type Conversion Tables topic.

比較における精度Precision in Comparisons

ドキュメント化された有効桁数を超える浮動小数点数の有効桁数は、.NET Framework の実装とバージョンに固有です。The precision of floating-point numbers beyond the documented precision is specific to the implementation and version of the .NET Framework. その結果、数値の内部表現の有効桁数が変更される可能性があるため、2つの特定の数値の比較が .NET Framework のバージョン間で変わる可能性があります。Consequently, a comparison of two particular numbers might change between versions of the .NET Framework because the precision of the numbers' internal representation might change.

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