AbandonedMutexException.MutexIndex AbandonedMutexException.MutexIndex AbandonedMutexException.MutexIndex AbandonedMutexException.MutexIndex Property

定義

例外の原因となった、放棄されたミューテックスがわかっている場合は、そのミューテックスのインデックスを取得します。Gets the index of the abandoned mutex that caused the exception, if known.

public:
 property int MutexIndex { int get(); };
public int MutexIndex { get; }
member this.MutexIndex : int
Public ReadOnly Property MutexIndex As Integer

プロパティ値

渡された待機ハンドルの配列内でのインデックス、WaitAnyメソッドのMutex放棄されたミュー テックスのインデックスができなかった場合に、放棄されたミュー テックスまたは-1 を表すオブジェクトをします。The index, in the array of wait handles passed to the WaitAny method, of the Mutex object that represents the abandoned mutex, or -1 if the index of the abandoned mutex could not be determined.

次のコード例では、5 つのミュー テックスを破棄するスレッドを実行します。The following code example executes a thread that abandons five mutexes. 効果を示すために破棄済みミュー テックスを使用、 WaitHandle.WaitOneWaitAny、およびWaitAllメソッドの呼び出し。The abandoned mutexes are used to demonstrate the effects on the WaitHandle.WaitOne, WaitAny, and WaitAll method calls. 値、MutexIndexプロパティが表示される、WaitAny呼び出します。The value of the MutexIndex property is displayed for the WaitAny call.

注意

呼び出しWaitAny放棄されたミュー テックスのいずれかによって中断されます。The call to WaitAny is interrupted by one of the abandoned mutexes. その他の放棄されたミュー テックスの考えられる原因が、AbandonedMutexExceptionに後続の待機メソッドによってスローされます。The other abandoned mutex could still cause an AbandonedMutexException to be thrown by subsequent wait methods.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;

namespace SystemThreadingExample
{
    public ref class Example
    {
    private:
        static ManualResetEvent^ dummyEvent = 
            gcnew ManualResetEvent(false);
            
        static Mutex^ orphanMutex1 = gcnew Mutex;
        static Mutex^ orphanMutex2 = gcnew Mutex;
        static Mutex^ orphanMutex3 = gcnew Mutex;
        static Mutex^ orphanMutex4 = gcnew Mutex;
        static Mutex^ orphanMutex5 = gcnew Mutex;
        
    public:
        static void ProduceAbandonMutexException(void)
        {
            
            // Start a thread that grabs all five mutexes, and then
            // abandons them.
            Thread^ abandonThread = 
                gcnew Thread(gcnew ThreadStart(AbandonMutex));

            abandonThread->Start();
            
            // Make sure the thread is finished.
            abandonThread->Join();
            
            // Wait on one of the abandoned mutexes. The WaitOne
            // throws an AbandonedMutexException.
            try
            {
                orphanMutex1->WaitOne();
                Console::WriteLine("WaitOne succeeded.");
            }
            catch (AbandonedMutexException^ ex) 
            {
                Console::WriteLine("Exception in WaitOne: {0}", 
                    ex->Message);
            }
            finally
            {
                
                // Whether or not the exception was thrown, 
                // the current thread owns the mutex, and 
                // must release it.
                orphanMutex1->ReleaseMutex();
            }

            
            // Create an array of wait handles, consisting of one
            // ManualResetEvent and two mutexes, using two more of
            // the abandoned mutexes.
    	    array <WaitHandle^>^ waitFor = {dummyEvent, 
                orphanMutex2, orphanMutex3};
            
            // WaitAny returns when any of the wait handles in the 
            // array is signaled. Either of the two abandoned mutexes
            // satisfy the wait, but lower of the two index values is
            // returned by MutexIndex. Note that the Try block and
            // the Catch block obtain the index in different ways.
            try
            {
                int index = WaitHandle::WaitAny(waitFor);
                Console::WriteLine("WaitAny succeeded.");
                (safe_cast<Mutex^>(waitFor[index]))->ReleaseMutex();
            }
            catch (AbandonedMutexException^ ex) 
            {
                Console::WriteLine("Exception in WaitAny at index {0}"
                    "\r\n\tMessage: {1}", ex->MutexIndex, 
                    ex->Message);
                (safe_cast<Mutex^>(waitFor[ex->MutexIndex]))->
                    ReleaseMutex();
            }

            orphanMutex3->ReleaseMutex();
            
            // Use two more of the abandoned mutexes for the WaitAll 
            // call. WaitAll doesn't return until all wait handles 
            // are signaled, so the ManualResetEvent must be signaled 
            // by calling Set().
            dummyEvent->Set();
            waitFor[1] = orphanMutex4;
            waitFor[2] = orphanMutex5;
            
            // Because WaitAll requires all the wait handles to be
            // signaled, both mutexes must be released even if the
            // exception is thrown. Thus, the ReleaseMutex calls are 
            // placed in the Finally block. Again, MutexIndex returns
            // the lower of the two index values for the abandoned
            // mutexes.
            //  
            try
            {
                WaitHandle::WaitAll(waitFor);
                Console::WriteLine("WaitAll succeeded.");
            }
            catch (AbandonedMutexException^ ex) 
            {
                Console::WriteLine("Exception in WaitAny at index {0}"
                    "\r\n\tMessage: {1}", ex->MutexIndex, 
                    ex->Message);
            }
            finally
            {
                orphanMutex4->ReleaseMutex();
                orphanMutex5->ReleaseMutex();
            }

        }


    private:
        [MTAThread]
        static void AbandonMutex()
        {
            orphanMutex1->WaitOne();
            orphanMutex2->WaitOne();
            orphanMutex3->WaitOne();
            orphanMutex4->WaitOne();
            orphanMutex5->WaitOne();
            Console::WriteLine(
                "Thread exits without releasing the mutexes.");
        }
    };   
}

//Entry point of example application
[MTAThread]
int main(void)
{
    SystemThreadingExample::Example::ProduceAbandonMutexException();
}

// This code example produces the following output:
// Thread exits without releasing the mutexes.
// Exception in WaitOne: The wait completed due to an abandoned mutex.
// Exception in WaitAny at index 1
//         Message: The wait completed due to an abandoned mutex.
// Exception in WaitAll at index -1
//         Message: The wait completed due to an abandoned mutex.


using System;
using System.Threading;

public class Example
{
    private static ManualResetEvent _dummy = new ManualResetEvent(false);

    private static Mutex _orphan1 = new Mutex();
    private static Mutex _orphan2 = new Mutex();
    private static Mutex _orphan3 = new Mutex();
    private static Mutex _orphan4 = new Mutex();
    private static Mutex _orphan5 = new Mutex();

    [MTAThread]
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Start a thread that takes all five mutexes, and then
        // ends without releasing them.
        //
        Thread t = new Thread(new ThreadStart(AbandonMutex));
        t.Start();
        // Make sure the thread is finished.
        t.Join();

        // Wait on one of the abandoned mutexes. The WaitOne returns
        // immediately, because its wait condition is satisfied by
        // the abandoned mutex, but on return it throws
        // AbandonedMutexException.
        try
        {
            _orphan1.WaitOne();
            Console.WriteLine("WaitOne succeeded.");
        }
        catch(AbandonedMutexException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Exception on return from WaitOne." +
                "\r\n\tMessage: {0}", ex.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Whether or not the exception was thrown, the current
            // thread owns the mutex, and must release it.
            //
            _orphan1.ReleaseMutex();
        }

        // Create an array of wait handles, consisting of one
        // ManualResetEvent and two mutexes, using two more of the
        // abandoned mutexes.
        WaitHandle[] waitFor = {_dummy, _orphan2, _orphan3};

        // WaitAny returns when any of the wait handles in the 
        // array is signaled, so either of the two abandoned mutexes
        // satisfy its wait condition. On returning from the wait,
        // WaitAny throws AbandonedMutexException. The MutexIndex
        // property returns the lower of the two index values for 
        // the abandoned mutexes. Note that the Try block and the
        // Catch block obtain the index in different ways.
        //  
        try
        {
            int index = WaitHandle.WaitAny(waitFor);
            Console.WriteLine("WaitAny succeeded.");

            // The current thread owns the mutex, and must release
            // it.
            Mutex m = waitFor[index] as Mutex;
            if (m != null) m.ReleaseMutex();
        }
        catch(AbandonedMutexException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Exception on return from WaitAny at index {0}." +
                "\r\n\tMessage: {1}", ex.MutexIndex, ex.Message);

            // Whether or not the exception was thrown, the current
            // thread owns the mutex, and must release it.
            //
            if (ex.Mutex != null) ex.Mutex.ReleaseMutex();
        }

        // Use two more of the abandoned mutexes for the WaitAll call.
        // WaitAll doesn't return until all wait handles are signaled,
        // so the ManualResetEvent must be signaled by calling Set().
        _dummy.Set();
        waitFor[1] = _orphan4;
        waitFor[2] = _orphan5;

        // The signaled event and the two abandoned mutexes satisfy
        // the wait condition for WaitAll, but on return it throws
        // AbandonedMutexException. For WaitAll, the MutexIndex
        // property is always -1 and the Mutex property is always
        // null.
        //  
        try
        {
            WaitHandle.WaitAll(waitFor);
            Console.WriteLine("WaitAll succeeded.");
        }
        catch(AbandonedMutexException ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("Exception on return from WaitAll. MutexIndex = {0}." +
                "\r\n\tMessage: {1}", ex.MutexIndex, ex.Message);
        }
        finally
        {
            // Whether or not the exception was thrown, the current
            // thread owns the mutexes, and must release them.
            //
            _orphan4.ReleaseMutex();
            _orphan5.ReleaseMutex();
        }
    }

    [MTAThread]
    public static void AbandonMutex()
    {
        _orphan1.WaitOne();
        _orphan2.WaitOne();
        _orphan3.WaitOne();
        _orphan4.WaitOne();
        _orphan5.WaitOne();
        // Abandon the mutexes by exiting without releasing them.
        Console.WriteLine("Thread exits without releasing the mutexes.");
    }
}

/* This code example produces the following output:

Thread exits without releasing the mutexes.
Exception on return from WaitOne.
        Message: The wait completed due to an abandoned mutex.
Exception on return from WaitAny at index 1.
        Message: The wait completed due to an abandoned mutex.
Exception on return from WaitAll. MutexIndex = -1.
        Message: The wait completed due to an abandoned mutex.
 */
Option Explicit
Imports System
Imports System.Threading

Public Class Example
    Private Shared _dummy As New ManualResetEvent(False)

    Private Shared _orphan1 As New Mutex()
    Private Shared _orphan2 As New Mutex()
    Private Shared _orphan3 As New Mutex()
    Private Shared _orphan4 As New Mutex()
    Private Shared _orphan5 As New Mutex()

    <MTAThread> _
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Start a thread that takes all five mutexes, and then
        ' ends without releasing them.
        '
        Dim t As New Thread(AddressOf AbandonMutex)
        t.Start()
        ' Make sure the thread is finished.
        t.Join()

        ' Wait on one of the abandoned mutexes. The WaitOne returns
        ' immediately, because its wait condition is satisfied by
        ' the abandoned mutex, but on return it throws
        ' AbandonedMutexException.
        Try
            _orphan1.WaitOne()
            Console.WriteLine("WaitOne succeeded.")
        Catch ex As AbandonedMutexException
            Console.WriteLine("Exception on return from WaitOne." _
                & vbCrLf & vbTab & "Message: " _
                & ex.Message) 
        Finally
            ' Whether or not the exception was thrown, the current
            ' thread owns the mutex, and must release it.
            '
            _orphan1.ReleaseMutex()
        End Try

        ' Create an array of wait handles, consisting of one
        ' ManualResetEvent and two mutexes, using two more of the
        ' abandoned mutexes.
        Dim waitFor(2) As WaitHandle
        waitFor(0) = _dummy
        waitFor(1) = _orphan2
        waitFor(2) = _orphan3

        ' WaitAny returns when any of the wait handles in the 
        ' array is signaled, so either of the two abandoned mutexes
        ' satisfy its wait condition. On returning from the wait,
        ' WaitAny throws AbandonedMutexException. The MutexIndex
        ' property returns the lower of the two index values for 
        ' the abandoned mutexes. Note that the Try block and the
        ' Catch block obtain the index in different ways.
        '  
        Try
            Dim index As Integer = WaitHandle.WaitAny(waitFor)
            Console.WriteLine("WaitAny succeeded.")

            Dim m As Mutex = TryCast(waitFor(index), Mutex)

            ' The current thread owns the mutex, and must release
            ' it.
            If m IsNot Nothing Then m.ReleaseMutex()
        Catch ex As AbandonedMutexException
            Console.WriteLine("Exception on return from WaitAny at index " _
                & ex.MutexIndex & "." _
                & vbCrLf & vbTab & "Message: " _
                & ex.Message) 

            ' Whether or not the exception was thrown, the current
            ' thread owns the mutex, and must release it.
            '
            If ex.Mutex IsNot Nothing Then ex.Mutex.ReleaseMutex()            
        End Try

        ' Use two more of the abandoned mutexes for the WaitAll call.
        ' WaitAll doesn't return until all wait handles are signaled,
        ' so the ManualResetEvent must be signaled by calling Set(). 
        _dummy.Set()
        waitFor(1) = _orphan4
        waitFor(2) = _orphan5

        ' The signaled event and the two abandoned mutexes satisfy
        ' the wait condition for WaitAll, but on return it throws
        ' AbandonedMutexException. For WaitAll, the MutexIndex
        ' property is always -1 and the Mutex property is always
        ' Nothing.
        '  
        Try
            WaitHandle.WaitAll(waitFor)
            Console.WriteLine("WaitAll succeeded.")
        Catch ex As AbandonedMutexException
            Console.WriteLine("Exception on return from WaitAll. MutexIndex = " _
                & ex.MutexIndex & "." _
                & vbCrLf & vbTab & "Message: " _
                & ex.Message) 
        Finally
            ' Whether or not the exception was thrown, the current
            ' thread owns the mutexes, and must release them.
            '
            CType(waitFor(1), Mutex).ReleaseMutex()
            CType(waitFor(2), Mutex).ReleaseMutex()
        End Try
    End Sub

    <MTAThread> _
    Public Shared Sub AbandonMutex()
        _orphan1.WaitOne()
        _orphan2.WaitOne()
        _orphan3.WaitOne()
        _orphan4.WaitOne()
        _orphan5.WaitOne()
        ' Abandon the mutexes by exiting without releasing them.
        Console.WriteLine("Thread exits without releasing the mutexes.")
    End Sub
End Class

' This code example produces the following output:
'
'Thread exits without releasing the mutexes.
'Exception on return from WaitOne.
'        Message: The wait completed due to an abandoned mutex.
'Exception on return from WaitAny at index 1.
'        Message: The wait completed due to an abandoned mutex.
'Exception on return from WaitAll. MutexIndex = -1.
'        Message: The wait completed due to an abandoned mutex.

注釈

呼び出しで例外がスローされた場合、WaitHandle.WaitAnyメソッド、このプロパティのインデックスを返します放棄されたミュー テックスで最小のインデックスの配列でWaitHandleに渡されたオブジェクトWaitAny、放棄されたミュー テックスを識別できなかった場合は-1.If the exception is thrown on a call to the WaitHandle.WaitAny method, this property returns the index of the abandoned mutex with the lowest index in the array of WaitHandle objects that was passed to WaitAny, or -1 if the abandoned mutex could not be identified. 呼び出しで例外がスローされた場合WaitOneまたはWaitAll、このプロパティは常に-1 を返します。If the exception is thrown on a call to WaitOne or WaitAll, this property always returns -1.

適用対象

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