Type.MakeByRefType メソッド

定義

ref パラメーター (Visual Basic の場合は ByRef パラメーター) として渡されるときに現在の型を表す Type オブジェクトを返します。

public:
 abstract Type ^ MakeByRefType();
public:
 virtual Type ^ MakeByRefType();
public abstract Type MakeByRefType ();
public virtual Type MakeByRefType ();
abstract member MakeByRefType : unit -> Type
abstract member MakeByRefType : unit -> Type
override this.MakeByRefType : unit -> Type
Public MustOverride Function MakeByRefType () As Type
Public Overridable Function MakeByRefType () As Type

戻り値

Type

ref パラメーター (Visual Basic の場合は ByRef パラメーター) として渡されるときに現在の型を表す Type オブジェクト。

例外

呼び出されたメソッドは基底クラスでサポートされていません。

現在の型は TypedReference です。

または 現在の型は ByRef 型です。 つまり、IsByReftrue を返します。

次のコード例では、クラスの配列、(ByRefVisual Basic)、 ref ポインター型をTest作成します。

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Reflection;

public ref class Example
{
public:
   static void Main()
   {
      // Create a Type object that represents a one-dimensional
      // array of Example objects.
      Type^ t = Example::typeid->MakeArrayType();
      Console::WriteLine( L"\r\nArray of Example: {0}", t );
      
      // Create a Type object that represents a two-dimensional
      // array of Example objects.
      t = Example::typeid->MakeArrayType( 2 );
      Console::WriteLine( L"\r\nTwo-dimensional array of Example: {0}", t );
      
      // Demonstrate an exception when an invalid array rank is
      // specified.
      try
      {
         t = Example::typeid->MakeArrayType(  -1 );
      }
      catch ( Exception^ ex ) 
      {
         Console::WriteLine( L"\r\n{0}", ex );
      }
      
      // Create a Type object that represents a ByRef parameter
      // of type Example.
      t = Example::typeid->MakeByRefType();
      Console::WriteLine( L"\r\nByRef Example: {0}", t );
      
      // Get a Type object representing the Example class, a
      // MethodInfo representing the "Test" method, a ParameterInfo
      // representing the parameter of type Example, and finally
      // a Type object representing the type of this ByRef parameter.
      // Compare this Type object with the Type object created using
      // MakeByRefType.
      Type^ t2 = Example::typeid;
      MethodInfo^ mi = t2->GetMethod( L"Test" );
      ParameterInfo^ pi = mi->GetParameters()[ 0 ];
      Type^ pt = pi->ParameterType;
      Console::WriteLine( L"Are the ByRef types equal? {0}", (t == pt) );
      
      // Create a Type object that represents a pointer to an
      // Example object.
      t = Example::typeid->MakePointerType();
      Console::WriteLine( L"\r\nPointer to Example: {0}", t );
   }

   // A sample method with a ByRef parameter.
   //
   void Test( interior_ptr<Example^> /*e*/ )
   {
   }
};

int main()
{
   Example::Main();
}

/* This example produces output similar to the following:

Array of Example: Example[]

Two-dimensional array of Example: Example[,]

System.IndexOutOfRangeException: Index was outside the bounds of the array.
   at System.RuntimeType.MakeArrayType(Int32 rank) in c:\vbl\ndp\clr\src\BCL\System\RtType.cs:line 2999
   at Example.Main()

ByRef Example: Example&
Are the ByRef types equal? True

Pointer to Example: Example*

 */
using System;
using System.Reflection;

public class Example
{
    public static void Main()
    {
        // Create a Type object that represents a one-dimensional
        // array of Example objects.
        Type t = typeof(Example).MakeArrayType();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nArray of Example: {0}", t);

        // Create a Type object that represents a two-dimensional
        // array of Example objects.
        t = typeof(Example).MakeArrayType(2);
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nTwo-dimensional array of Example: {0}", t);

        // Demonstrate an exception when an invalid array rank is
        // specified.
        try
        {
            t = typeof(Example).MakeArrayType(-1);
        }
        catch(Exception ex)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("\r\n{0}", ex);
        }

        // Create a Type object that represents a ByRef parameter
        // of type Example.
        t = typeof(Example).MakeByRefType();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nByRef Example: {0}", t);

        // Get a Type object representing the Example class, a
        // MethodInfo representing the "Test" method, a ParameterInfo
        // representing the parameter of type Example, and finally
        // a Type object representing the type of this ByRef parameter.
        // Compare this Type object with the Type object created using
        // MakeByRefType.
        Type t2 = typeof(Example);
        MethodInfo mi = t2.GetMethod("Test");
        ParameterInfo pi = mi.GetParameters()[0];
        Type pt = pi.ParameterType;
        Console.WriteLine("Are the ByRef types equal? {0}", (t == pt));

        // Create a Type object that represents a pointer to an
        // Example object.
        t = typeof(Example).MakePointerType();
        Console.WriteLine("\r\nPointer to Example: {0}", t);
    }

    // A sample method with a ByRef parameter.
    //
    public void Test(ref Example e)
    {
    }
}

/* This example produces output similar to the following:

Array of Example: Example[]

Two-dimensional array of Example: Example[,]

System.IndexOutOfRangeException: Index was outside the bounds of the array.
   at System.RuntimeType.MakeArrayType(Int32 rank) in c:\vbl\ndp\clr\src\BCL\System\RtType.cs:line 2999
   at Example.Main()

ByRef Example: Example&
Are the ByRef types equal? True

Pointer to Example: Example*

 */
type Example() =
    // A sample method with a ByRef parameter.
    member _.Test(e: Example byref) = ()

do
    // Create a Type object that represents a one-dimensional
    // array of Example objects.
    let t = typeof<Example>.MakeArrayType()
    printfn $"\r\nArray of Example: {t}"

    // Create a Type object that represents a two-dimensional
    // array of Example objects.
    let t = typeof<Example>.MakeArrayType 2
    printfn $"\r\nTwo-dimensional array of Example: {t}"

    // Demonstrate an exception when an invalid array rank is
    // specified.
    try
        let t = typeof<Example>.MakeArrayType -1
        ()
    with ex ->
        printfn $"\r\n{ex}"

    // Create a Type object that represents a ByRef parameter
    // of type Example.
    let t = typeof<Example>.MakeByRefType()
    printfn $"\r\nByRef Example: {t}"

    // Get a Type object representing the Example class, a
    // MethodInfo representing the "Test" method, a ParameterInfo
    // representing the parameter of type Example, and finally
    // a Type object representing the type of this ByRef parameter.
    // Compare this Type object with the Type object created using
    // MakeByRefType.
    let t2 = typeof<Example>
    let mi = t2.GetMethod "Test"
    let pi = mi.GetParameters()[0]
    let pt = pi.ParameterType
    printfn $"Are the ByRef types equal? {t = pt}"

    // Create a Type object that represents a pointer to an
    // Example object.
    let t = typeof<Example>.MakePointerType()
    printfn $"\r\nPointer to Example: {t}"

(* This example produces output similar to the following:

Array of Example: Example[]

Two-dimensional array of Example: Example[,]

System.IndexOutOfRangeException: Index was outside the bounds of the array.
   at System.RuntimeType.MakeArrayType(Int32 rank) in c:\vbl\ndp\clr\src\BCL\System\RtType.cs:line 2999
   at Example.Main()

ByRef Example: Example&
Are the ByRef types equal? True

Pointer to Example: Example*
 *)
Imports System.Reflection

Public Class Example
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        ' Create a Type object that represents a one-dimensional
        ' array of Example objects.
        Dim t As Type = GetType(Example).MakeArrayType()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Array of Example: " & t.ToString())

        ' Create a Type object that represents a two-dimensional
        ' array of Example objects.
        t = GetType(Example).MakeArrayType(2)
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Two-dimensional array of Example: " & t.ToString())

        ' Demonstrate an exception when an invalid array rank is
        ' specified.
        Try
            t = GetType(Example).MakeArrayType(-1)
        Catch ex As Exception
            Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & ex.ToString())
        End Try

        ' Create a Type object that represents a ByRef parameter
        ' of type Example.
        t = GetType(Example).MakeByRefType()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "ByRef Example: " & t.ToString())

        ' Get a Type object representing the Example class, a
        ' MethodInfo representing the "Test" method, a ParameterInfo
        ' representing the parameter of type Example, and finally
        ' a Type object representing the type of this ByRef parameter.
        ' Compare this Type object with the Type object created using
        ' MakeByRefType.
        Dim t2 As Type = GetType(Example)
        Dim mi As MethodInfo = t2.GetMethod("Test")
        Dim pi As ParameterInfo = mi.GetParameters()(0)
        Dim pt As Type = pi.ParameterType
        Console.WriteLine("Are the ByRef types equal? " & (t Is pt))

        ' Create a Type object that represents a pointer to an
        ' Example object.
        t = GetType(Example).MakePointerType()
        Console.WriteLine(vbCrLf & "Pointer to Example: " & t.ToString())
    End Sub

    ' A sample method with a ByRef parameter.
    '
    Public Sub Test(ByRef e As Example)
    End Sub
End Class

' This example produces output similar to the following:
'
'Array of Example: Example[]
'
'Two-dimensional array of Example: Example[,]
'
'System.IndexOutOfRangeException: Index was outside the bounds of the array.
'   at System.RuntimeType.MakeArrayType(Int32 rank) in c:\vbl\ndp\clr\src\BCL\System\RtType.cs:line 2999
'   at Example.Main()
'
'ByRef Example: Example&
'Are the ByRef types equal? True
'
'Pointer to Example: Example*

注釈

このメソッドはMakeByRefType、パラメーター リストの型 (ByRefVisual Basic) を生成refする方法を提供します。

現在Typeのオブジェクトが表すInt32場合は、Microsoft 中間言語 (MSIL) の構文を使用して、このメソッドを表すオブジェクトをTypeInt32&返します。

適用対象

こちらもご覧ください