SessionStateUtility クラス

定義

セッション状態モジュールおよびセッション状態ストア プロバイダーで使用されるヘルパー メソッドを提供し、ASP.NET アプリケーションのセッション情報の管理します。Provides helper methods used by session-state modules and session-state store providers to manage session information for an ASP.NET application. このクラスは継承できません。This class cannot be inherited.

public ref class SessionStateUtility abstract sealed
public static class SessionStateUtility
type SessionStateUtility = class
Public Class SessionStateUtility
継承
SessionStateUtility

次のコード例は、をHashtable使用してセッション情報をメモリに格納するカスタムのセッション状態モジュールの実装を示しています。The following code example shows a custom session-state module implementation that stores session information in memory using a Hashtable. モジュールはSessionStateUtility 、クラスを使用して現在HttpContextSessionIDManagerとを参照しHttpStaticObjectsCollection、現在のを取得して、ASP.NET アプリケーションの global.asax ファイルで定義されているSession_OnEndイベントを発生させます。The module uses the SessionStateUtility class to reference the current HttpContext and SessionIDManager, retrieve the current HttpStaticObjectsCollection, and raise the Session_OnEnd event defined in the Global.asax file for the ASP.NET application. このアプリケーションでは、同時 Web 要求が同じセッション識別子を使用するのを防ぐことはできません。This application does not prevent simultaneous Web requests from using the same session identifier.

using System;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.SessionState;
using System.Collections;
using System.Threading;
using System.Web.Configuration;
using System.Configuration;

namespace Samples.AspNet.SessionState
{

    public sealed class MySessionStateModule : IHttpModule, IDisposable
    {
        private Hashtable pSessionItems = new Hashtable();
        private Timer pTimer;
        private int pTimerSeconds = 10;
        private bool pInitialized = false;
        private int pTimeout;
        private HttpCookieMode pCookieMode = HttpCookieMode.UseCookies;
        private ReaderWriterLock pHashtableLock = new ReaderWriterLock();
        private ISessionIDManager pSessionIDManager;
        private SessionStateSection pConfig;

        // The SessionItem class is used to store data for a particular session along with
        // an expiration date and time. SessionItem objects are added to the local Hashtable
        // in the OnReleaseRequestState event handler and retrieved from the local Hashtable
        // in the OnAcquireRequestState event handler. The ExpireCallback method is called
        // periodically by the local Timer to check for all expired SessionItem objects in the
        // local Hashtable and remove them.

        private class SessionItem
        {
            internal SessionStateItemCollection Items;
            internal HttpStaticObjectsCollection StaticObjects;
            internal DateTime Expires;
        }

        //
        // IHttpModule.Init
        //

        public void Init(HttpApplication app)
        {
            // Add event handlers.
            app.AcquireRequestState += new EventHandler(this.OnAcquireRequestState);
            app.ReleaseRequestState += new EventHandler(this.OnReleaseRequestState);

            // Create a SessionIDManager.
            pSessionIDManager = new SessionIDManager();
            pSessionIDManager.Initialize();

            // If not already initialized, initialize timer and configuration.
            if (!pInitialized)
            {
                lock (typeof(MySessionStateModule))
                {
                    if (!pInitialized)
                    {
                        // Create a Timer to invoke the ExpireCallback method based on
                        // the pTimerSeconds value (e.g. every 10 seconds).

                        pTimer = new Timer(new TimerCallback(this.ExpireCallback),
                                           null,
                                           0,
                                           pTimerSeconds * 1000);

                        // Get the configuration section and set timeout and CookieMode values.
                        Configuration cfg =
                          WebConfigurationManager.OpenWebConfiguration(System.Web.Hosting.HostingEnvironment.ApplicationVirtualPath);
                        pConfig = (SessionStateSection)cfg.GetSection("system.web/sessionState");

                        pTimeout = (int)pConfig.Timeout.TotalMinutes;
                        pCookieMode = pConfig.Cookieless;

                        pInitialized = true;
                    }
                }
            }
        }

        //
        // IHttpModule.Dispose
        //

        public void Dispose()
        {
            if (pTimer != null)
            {
                this.pTimer.Dispose();
               ((IDisposable)pTimer).Dispose();
            }
        }

        //
        // Called periodically by the Timer created in the Init method to check for 
        // expired sessions and remove expired data.
        //

        void ExpireCallback(object state)
        {
            try
            {
                pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue);

                this.RemoveExpiredSessionData();
            }
            finally
            {
                pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock();
            }
        }

        //
        // Recursivly remove expired session data from session collection.
        //
        private void RemoveExpiredSessionData()
        {
            string sessionID;

            foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in pSessionItems)
            {
                SessionItem item = (SessionItem)entry.Value;

                if ( DateTime.Compare(item.Expires, DateTime.Now)<=0 )
                {
                    sessionID = entry.Key.ToString();
                    pSessionItems.Remove(entry.Key);

                    HttpSessionStateContainer stateProvider =
                      new HttpSessionStateContainer(sessionID,
                                                   item.Items,
                                                   item.StaticObjects,
                                                   pTimeout,
                                                   false,
                                                   pCookieMode,
                                                   SessionStateMode.Custom,
                                                   false);

                    SessionStateUtility.RaiseSessionEnd(stateProvider, this, EventArgs.Empty);
                    this.RemoveExpiredSessionData();
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

        //
        // Event handler for HttpApplication.AcquireRequestState
        //

        private void OnAcquireRequestState(object source, EventArgs args)
        {
            HttpApplication app = (HttpApplication)source;
            HttpContext context = app.Context;
            bool isNew = false;
            string sessionID;
            SessionItem sessionData = null;
            bool supportSessionIDReissue = true;

            pSessionIDManager.InitializeRequest(context, false, out supportSessionIDReissue);
            sessionID = pSessionIDManager.GetSessionID(context);

            if (sessionID != null)
            {
                try
                {
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireReaderLock(Int32.MaxValue);
                    sessionData = (SessionItem)pSessionItems[sessionID];

                    if (sessionData != null)
                       sessionData.Expires = DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(pTimeout);
                }
                finally
                {
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseReaderLock();
                }
            }
            else
            {
                bool redirected, cookieAdded;

                sessionID = pSessionIDManager.CreateSessionID(context);
                pSessionIDManager.SaveSessionID(context, sessionID, out redirected, out cookieAdded);

                if (redirected)
                    return;
            }

            if (sessionData == null)
            {
                // Identify the session as a new session state instance. Create a new SessionItem
                // and add it to the local Hashtable.

                isNew = true;

                sessionData = new SessionItem();

                sessionData.Items = new SessionStateItemCollection();
                sessionData.StaticObjects = SessionStateUtility.GetSessionStaticObjects(context);
                sessionData.Expires = DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(pTimeout);

                try
                {
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue);
                    pSessionItems[sessionID] = sessionData;
                }
                finally
                {
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock();
                }
            }

            // Add the session data to the current HttpContext.
            SessionStateUtility.AddHttpSessionStateToContext(context,
                             new HttpSessionStateContainer(sessionID,
                                                          sessionData.Items,
                                                          sessionData.StaticObjects,
                                                          pTimeout,
                                                          isNew,
                                                          pCookieMode,
                                                          SessionStateMode.Custom,
                                                          false));

            // Execute the Session_OnStart event for a new session.
            if (isNew && Start != null)
            {
                Start(this, EventArgs.Empty);
            }
        }

        //
        // Event for Session_OnStart event in the Global.asax file.
        //

        public event EventHandler Start;

        //
        // Event handler for HttpApplication.ReleaseRequestState
        //

        private void OnReleaseRequestState(object source, EventArgs args)
        {
            HttpApplication app = (HttpApplication)source;
            HttpContext context = app.Context;
            string sessionID;

            // Read the session state from the context
            HttpSessionStateContainer stateProvider =
              (HttpSessionStateContainer)(SessionStateUtility.GetHttpSessionStateFromContext(context));

            // If Session.Abandon() was called, remove the session data from the local Hashtable
            // and execute the Session_OnEnd event from the Global.asax file.
            if (stateProvider.IsAbandoned)
            {
                try
                {
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue);

                    sessionID = pSessionIDManager.GetSessionID(context);
                    pSessionItems.Remove(sessionID);
                }
                finally
                {
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock();
                }

                SessionStateUtility.RaiseSessionEnd(stateProvider, this, EventArgs.Empty);
            }

            SessionStateUtility.RemoveHttpSessionStateFromContext(context);
        }
    }
}
Imports System.Web
Imports System.Web.SessionState
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Threading
Imports System.Web.Configuration
Imports System.Configuration

Namespace Samples.AspNet.SessionState

    Public NotInheritable Class MySessionStateModule
        Implements IHttpModule, IDisposable

        Private pSessionItems As Hashtable = New Hashtable()
        Private pTimer As Timer
        Private pTimerSeconds As Integer = 10
        Private pInitialized As Boolean = False
        Private pTimeout As Integer
        Private pCookieMode As HttpCookieMode = HttpCookieMode.UseCookies
        Private pHashtableLock As ReaderWriterLock = New ReaderWriterLock()
        Private pSessionIDManager As ISessionIDManager
        Private pConfig As SessionStateSection


        ' The SessionItem class is used to store data for a particular session along with
        ' an expiration date and time. SessionItem objects are added to the local Hashtable
        ' in the OnReleaseRequestState event handler and retrieved from the local Hashtable
        ' in the OnAcquireRequestState event handler. The ExpireCallback method is called
        ' periodically by the local Timer to check for all expired SessionItem objects in the
        ' local Hashtable and remove them. 
        Private Class SessionItem
            Friend Items As SessionStateItemCollection
            Friend StaticObjects As HttpStaticObjectsCollection
            Friend Expires As DateTime
        End Class



        '
        ' IHttpModule.Init
        '
        
    Public Sub Init(ByVal app As HttpApplication) Implements IHttpModule.Init
            ' Add event handlers.
            AddHandler app.AcquireRequestState, New EventHandler(AddressOf Me.OnAcquireRequestState)
            AddHandler app.ReleaseRequestState, New EventHandler(AddressOf Me.OnReleaseRequestState)

            ' Create a SessionIDManager.
            pSessionIDManager = New SessionIDManager()
            pSessionIDManager.Initialize()

            ' If not already initialized, initialize timer and configuration.
            If Not pInitialized Then
                SyncLock GetType(MySessionStateModule)
                    If Not pInitialized Then
                        ' Create a Timer to invoke the ExpireCallback method based on
                        ' the pTimerSeconds value (e.g. every 10 seconds).
                        pTimer = New Timer(New TimerCallback(AddressOf Me.ExpireCallback), _
                                           Nothing, _
                                           0, _
                                           pTimerSeconds * 1000)

                        ' Get the configuration section and set timeout and CookieMode values.
                        Dim cfg As System.Configuration.Configuration = _
                          WebConfigurationManager.OpenWebConfiguration( _
                            System.Web.Hosting.HostingEnvironment.ApplicationVirtualPath)
                        pConfig = CType(cfg.GetSection("system.web/sessionState"), SessionStateSection)

                        pTimeout = CInt(pConfig.Timeout.TotalMinutes)
                        pCookieMode = pConfig.Cookieless

                        pInitialized = True
                    End If
                End SyncLock
            End If
        End Sub



        '
        ' IHttpModule.Dispose
        '
        Public Sub Dispose() Implements IHttpModule.Dispose, IDisposable.Dispose
            If Not pTimer Is Nothing Then CType(pTimer, IDisposable).Dispose()
        End Sub


        '
        ' Called periodically by the Timer created in the Init method to check for 
        ' expired sessions and remove expired data.
        '
        Sub ExpireCallback(ByVal state As Object)
            Try
                pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue)

                Me.RemoveExpiredSessionData()

            Finally
                pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock()
            End Try

        End Sub

        '
        ' Recursivly remove expired session data from session collection.
        '
        Private Sub RemoveExpiredSessionData()
            Dim sessionID As String
            Dim entry As DictionaryEntry

            For Each entry In pSessionItems
                Dim item As SessionItem = CType(entry.Value, SessionItem)

                If DateTime.Compare(item.Expires, DateTime.Now) <= 0 Then
                    sessionID = entry.Key.ToString()
                    pSessionItems.Remove(entry.Key)

                    Dim stateProvider As HttpSessionStateContainer = _
                      New HttpSessionStateContainer(sessionID, _
                                                   item.Items, _
                                                   item.StaticObjects, _
                                                   pTimeout, _
                                                   False, _
                                                   pCookieMode, _
                                                   SessionStateMode.Custom, _
                                                   False)

                    SessionStateUtility.RaiseSessionEnd(stateProvider, Me, EventArgs.Empty)
                    Me.RemoveExpiredSessionData()
                    Exit For
                End If
            Next entry
        End Sub


        
        '
        ' Event handler for HttpApplication.AcquireRequestState
        '
        Private Sub OnAcquireRequestState(ByVal [source] As Object, ByVal args As EventArgs)
            Dim app As HttpApplication = CType([source], HttpApplication)
            Dim context As HttpContext = app.Context
            Dim isNew As Boolean = False
            Dim sessionID As String
            Dim sessionData As SessionItem = Nothing
            Dim supportSessionIDReissue As Boolean = True

            pSessionIDManager.InitializeRequest(context, False, supportSessionIDReissue)
            sessionID = pSessionIDManager.GetSessionID(context)


            If Not (sessionID Is Nothing) Then
                Try
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireReaderLock(Int32.MaxValue)
                    sessionData = CType(pSessionItems(sessionID), SessionItem)

                    If Not (sessionData Is Nothing) Then
                        sessionData.Expires = DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(pTimeout)
                    End If
                Finally
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseReaderLock()
                End Try
            Else
                Dim redirected, cookieAdded As Boolean

                sessionID = pSessionIDManager.CreateSessionID(context)
                pSessionIDManager.SaveSessionID(context, sessionID, redirected, cookieAdded)

                If redirected Then Return
            End If
            If sessionData Is Nothing Then
                ' Identify the session as a new session state instance. Create a new SessionItem
                ' and add it to the local Hashtable.
                isNew = True

                sessionData = New SessionItem()

                sessionData.Items = New SessionStateItemCollection()
                sessionData.StaticObjects = SessionStateUtility.GetSessionStaticObjects(context)
                sessionData.Expires = DateTime.Now.AddMinutes(pTimeout)

                Try
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue)
                    pSessionItems(sessionID) = sessionData
                Finally
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock()
                End Try
            End If

            ' Add the session data to the current HttpContext.
            SessionStateUtility.AddHttpSessionStateToContext(context, _
                             New HttpSessionStateContainer(sessionID, _
                                                          sessionData.Items, _
                                                          sessionData.StaticObjects, _
                                                          pTimeout, _
                                                          isNew, _
                                                          pCookieMode, _
                                                          SessionStateMode.Custom, _
                                                          False))

            ' Execute the Session_OnStart event for a new session.
            If isNew Then RaiseEvent Start(Me, EventArgs.Empty)
        End Sub


        '
        ' Event for Session_OnStart event in the Global.asax file.
        '
    Public Event Start As EventHandler


    
        '
        ' Event handler for HttpApplication.ReleaseRequestState
        '
        Private Sub OnReleaseRequestState(ByVal [source] As Object, ByVal args As EventArgs)
            Dim app As HttpApplication = CType([source], HttpApplication)
            Dim context As HttpContext = app.Context
            Dim sessionID As String

            ' Read the session state from the context
            Dim stateProvider As HttpSessionStateContainer = _
               CType(SessionStateUtility.GetHttpSessionStateFromContext(context), HttpSessionStateContainer)

            ' If Session.Abandon() was called, remove the session data from the local Hashtable
            ' and execute the Session_OnEnd event from the Global.asax file.
            If stateProvider.IsAbandoned Then
                Try
                    pHashtableLock.AcquireWriterLock(Int32.MaxValue)

                    sessionID = pSessionIDManager.GetSessionID(context)
                    pSessionItems.Remove(sessionID)
                Finally
                    pHashtableLock.ReleaseWriterLock()
                End Try

                SessionStateUtility.RaiseSessionEnd(stateProvider, Me, EventArgs.Empty)
            End If

          SessionStateUtility.RemoveHttpSessionStateFromContext(context)
        End Sub
    
    End Class
End Namespace

ASP.NET アプリケーションでこのカスタムセッション状態モジュールを使用するには、次の例にSessionStateModule示すように、web.config ファイル内の既存の参照を置き換えることができます。To use this custom session-state module in an ASP.NET application, you can replace the existing SessionStateModule reference in the Web.config file, as shown in the following example.

<configuration>  
  <system.web>  
    <httpModules>  
      <remove name="Session" />  
      <add name="Session"  
      type="Samples.AspNet.SessionState.MySessionStateModule" />  
    </httpModules>  
  </system.web>  
</configuration>  

注釈

クラスSessionStateUtilityには、セッション状態モジュールまたはセッション状態ストアプロバイダーによって使用される静的ヘルパーメソッドが用意されています。The SessionStateUtility class provides static helper methods that are used by a session-state module or a session-state store provider. アプリケーション開発者は、コードからこれらのメソッドを呼び出す必要はありません。Application developers will not need to call these methods from their code.

次の表では、セッション状態モジュールおよびセッション状態ストアプロバイダーがメソッドを使用する方法について説明します。The following table describes the ways the session-state module and session-state store provider use the methods.

メソッドMethod 使用Use
GetHttpSessionStateFromContext メソッドGetHttpSessionStateFromContext method カスタムセッション状態モジュールでは、既存のセッションのセッション情報を取得したり、新しいセッションのセッション情報を作成したりするために使用できます。Can be used by custom session-state modules to either retrieve session information for an existing session or create session information for a new session.
AddHttpSessionStateToContext メソッドAddHttpSessionStateToContext method セッション状態モジュールによって呼び出され、セッションデータを現在HttpContextのに追加し、 Sessionプロパティを使用してアプリケーションコードで使用できるようにします。Called by the session-state module to add the session data to the current HttpContext and make it available to application code through the Session property.
RemoveHttpSessionStateFromContext メソッドRemoveHttpSessionStateFromContext method 要求の終了時にセッション状態モジュールReleaseRequestState EndRequestによって呼び出され、現在HttpContextのからセッションデータをクリアします。Called by the session-state module during the ReleaseRequestState or EndRequest events at the end of a request, to clear session data from the current HttpContext.
GetSessionStaticObjects メソッドGetSessionStaticObjects method Global.asax ファイルで定義されたオブジェクトに基づいてコレクションへStaticObjectsの参照を取得するために、セッション状態モジュールによって呼び出されます。Called by the session-state module to get a reference to the StaticObjects collection based on objects defined in the Global.asax file. HttpContext返されるHttpStaticObjectsCollectionコレクションは、現在のに追加されたセッションデータに含まれます。The HttpStaticObjectsCollection collection returned is included with the session data added to the current HttpContext.

セッションデータは、現在HttpContextのに渡され、 HttpSessionStateContainerオブジェクトまたはIHttpSessionStateインターフェイスの有効な実装として取得されます。Session data is passed to and retrieved from the current HttpContext as an HttpSessionStateContainer object or any valid implementation of the IHttpSessionState interface.

セッション状態ストアプロバイダーの実装の詳細については、「セッション状態ストアプロバイダーの実装」を参照してください。For information about implementing a session-state store provider, see Implementing a Session-State Store Provider.

プロパティ

SerializationSurrogateSelector

セッション シリアル化のカスタマイズに使用されるシリアル化サロゲート セレクターを取得または設定します。Gets or sets a serialization surrogate selector that is used for session serialization customization.

メソッド

AddHttpSessionStateToContext(HttpContext, IHttpSessionState)

現在の要求のコンテキストにセッション データを適用します。Applies the session data to the context for the current request.

GetHttpSessionStateFromContext(HttpContext)

現在の要求のコンテキストからセッション データを取得します。Retrieves session data from the context for the current request.

GetSessionStaticObjects(HttpContext)

指定されたコンテキストの静的オブジェクトのコレクションへの参照を取得します。Gets a reference to the static objects collection for the specified context.

IsSessionStateReadOnly(HttpContext)

セッション状態が指定した HttpContext で読み取り専用かどうかを示す値を取得します。Gets a value which indicates whether the session state is read-only for the specified HttpContext.

IsSessionStateRequired(HttpContext)

指定した HttpContext にセッション状態が必要かどうかを示す値を取得します。Gets a value which indicates whether the session state is required for the specified HttpContext.

RaiseSessionEnd(IHttpSessionState, Object, EventArgs)

ASP.NET アプリケーションの Global.asax ファイルに定義されている Session_OnEnd イベントを実行します。Executes the Session_OnEnd event defined in the Global.asax file for the ASP.NET application.

RemoveHttpSessionStateFromContext(HttpContext)

指定されたコンテキストからセッション データを削除します。Removes session data from the specified context.

適用対象

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