DetailsViewInsertedEventArgs.Exception プロパティ

定義

挿入操作中に例外が発生した場合は、その例外を取得します。Gets the exception (if any) that was raised during the insert operation.

public:
 property Exception ^ Exception { Exception ^ get(); };
public Exception Exception { get; }
member this.Exception : Exception
Public ReadOnly Property Exception As Exception

プロパティ値

挿入操作中に発生した例外を表す ExceptionAn Exception that represents the exception that was raised during the insert operation.

次のコード例は、 Exceptionプロパティを使用して、挿入操作中に例外が発生したかどうかを判断する方法を示しています。The following code example demonstrates how to use the Exception property to determine whether an exception was raised during an insert operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomerDetailsView_ItemInserted(Object sender, 
    DetailsViewInsertedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    // occurred during the insert operation.
    if (e.Exception == null && e.AffectedRows == 1)
    {
      // Use the Values property to get the value entered by 
      // the user for the CompanyName field.
      String name = e.Values["CompanyName"].ToString();

      // Display a confirmation message.
      MessageLabel.Text = name + " added successfully. ";

    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message;
      
      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      // exception is already handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;
      
      // When an exception occurs, keep the DetailsView
      // control in insert mode.
      e.KeepInInsertMode = true;
    }
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewInsertedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewInsertedEventArgs Example</h3>
                
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          datakeynames="CustomerID"
          autogenerateinsertbutton="true"  
          autogeneraterows="true"
          allowpaging="true"
          oniteminserted="CustomerDetailsView_ItemInserted" 
          runat="server">
               
          <fieldheaderstyle backcolor="Navy"
            forecolor="White"/>
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
            [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          insertcommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID], 
            [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], 
            [Country]) VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, 
            @City, @PostalCode, @Country)"
          connectionstring=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" autoeventwireup="false" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ItemInserted(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal e As DetailsViewInsertedEventArgs) _
    Handles CustomerDetailsView.ItemInserted

    ' Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    ' occurred during the insert operation.
    If e.Exception Is Nothing And e.AffectedRows = 1 Then
    
      ' Use the Values property to get the value entered by 
      ' the user for the CompanyName field.
      Dim name As String = e.Values("CompanyName").ToString()

      ' Display a confirmation message.
      MessageLabel.Text = name & " added successfully. "
    
    Else
    
      ' Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message
      
      ' Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      ' exception is already handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = True
      
      ' When an exception occurs, keep the DetailsView
      ' control in insert mode.
      e.KeepInInsertMode = True
    
    End If
        
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewInsertedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewInsertedEventArgs Example</h3>
                
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          datakeynames="CustomerID"
          autogenerateinsertbutton="true"  
          autogeneraterows="true"
          allowpaging="true"
          runat="server">
               
          <fieldheaderstyle backcolor="Navy"
            forecolor="White"/>
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
            [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          insertcommand="INSERT INTO [Customers]([CustomerID], [CompanyName], 
            [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country]) 
            VALUES (@CustomerID, @CompanyName, @Address, @City, 
            @PostalCode, @Country)"
          connectionstring=
            "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>

注釈

Exceptionプロパティを使用して、挿入操作中に発生した例外 (存在する場合) を確認します。Use the Exception property to determine the exception (if any) that was raised during the insert operation. 例外が発生しなかった場合、このプロパティは null を返します。If no exceptions were raised, this property returns null.

注意

例外が発生し、イベントハンドラーで例外を処理する場合は、 ExceptionHandledプロパティをにtrue設定してください。それ以外の場合は、例外が呼び出し履歴の次のメソッドに渡され、処理されます。If an exception was raised and you decide to handle the exception in the event handler, be sure to set the ExceptionHandled property to true; otherwise, the exception is passed to the next method on the call stack for handling.

適用対象

こちらもご覧ください