DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs.Exception DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs.Exception DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs.Exception DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs.Exception Property

定義

更新操作中に例外が発生した場合は、その例外を取得します。Gets the exception (if any) that was raised during the update operation.

public:
 property Exception ^ Exception { Exception ^ get(); };
public Exception Exception { get; }
member this.Exception : Exception
Public ReadOnly Property Exception As Exception

プロパティ値

更新操作中に発生した例外を表す ExceptionAn Exception that represents the exception that was raised during the update operation.

次のコード例は、 Exceptionプロパティを使用して、更新操作中に例外が発生したかどうかを判断する方法を示しています。The following code example demonstrates how to use the Exception property to determine whether an exception occurred during an update operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  void CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdated(Object sender, 
    DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs e)
  {
    // Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    // occurred during the insert operation.
    if (e.Exception == null)
    {
      // Use the Values property to get the value entered by 
      // the user for the CompanyName field.
      String keyFieldValue = e.Keys["CustomerID"].ToString();

      // Display a confirmation message.
      MessageLabel.Text = "Record " + keyFieldValue + 
        " updated successfully. ";

      // Display the old and new values.
      DisplayValues(e);

      if (e.AffectedRows == 1)
      {
        MessageLabel.Text += e.AffectedRows.ToString() + 
          " record updated.";
      }
      else
      {
        MessageLabel.Text += e.AffectedRows.ToString() + 
          " records updated.";
      }
    }
    else
    {
      // Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message;

      // Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      // exception is already handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = true;

      // When an exception occurs, keep the DetailsView
      // control in edit mode.
      e.KeepInEditMode = true;
    }
  }

  void DisplayValues(DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs e)
  {
    
    MessageLabel.Text += "<br/></br>";
    
    // Iterate through the OldValue and NewValues
    // properties and display the values.
    for (int i = 0; i < e.OldValues.Count; i++)
    {
      MessageLabel.Text += "Old Value=" + e.OldValues[i].ToString() +
        ", New Value=" + e.NewValues[i].ToString() + "<br/>";
    }

    MessageLabel.Text += "</br>";
    
  }
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
          allowpaging="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID" 
          onitemupdated="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdated"
          runat="server">
            
          <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
            [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
          connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">
  
  Sub CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdated(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs)
  
    ' Use the Exception property to determine whether an exception
    ' occurred during the insert operation.
    If e.Exception Is Nothing Then
    
      ' Use the Values property to get the value entered by 
      ' the user for the CompanyName field.
      Dim keyFieldValue As String = e.Keys("CustomerID").ToString()

      ' Display a confirmation message.
      MessageLabel.Text = "Record " & keyFieldValue & _
        " updated successfully. "

      ' Display the old and new values.
      DisplayValues(e)

      If e.AffectedRows = 1 Then

        MessageLabel.Text &= e.AffectedRows.ToString() & _
          " record updated."
      
      Else
      
        MessageLabel.Text &= e.AffectedRows.ToString() & _
          " records updated."
      
      End If
    
    Else
    
      ' Insert the code to handle the exception.
      MessageLabel.Text = e.Exception.Message

      ' Use the ExceptionHandled property to indicate that the 
      ' exception is already handled.
      e.ExceptionHandled = True

      ' When an exception occurs, keep the DetailsView
      ' control in edit mode.
      e.KeepInEditMode = True
    
    End If
    
  End Sub

  Sub DisplayValues(ByVal e As DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs)
    
    MessageLabel.Text &= "<br/></br>"
    
    ' Iterate through the OldValue and NewValues
    ' properties and display the values.
    Dim i As Integer
        
    For i = 0 To e.OldValues.Count - 1
    
      MessageLabel.Text &= "Old Value=" & e.OldValues(i).ToString() & _
        ", New Value=" & e.NewValues(i).ToString() & "<br/>"
    
    Next

    MessageLabel.Text &= "</br>"
    
  End Sub
  
</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >

  <head runat="server">
    <title>DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>DetailsViewUpdatedEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
        <asp:detailsview id="CustomerDetailsView"
          datasourceid="DetailsViewSource"
          autogeneraterows="true"
          autogenerateeditbutton="true"  
          allowpaging="true"
          datakeynames="CustomerID" 
          onitemupdated="CustomerDetailsView_ItemUpdated"
          runat="server">
            
          <pagersettings position="Bottom"/> 
                    
        </asp:detailsview>
        
        <br/>
        
        <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
          forecolor="Red"
          runat="server"/>
            
        <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
        <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
        <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
        <!-- from the web.config file.                            -->
        <asp:sqldatasource id="DetailsViewSource"
          selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], 
            [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
          updatecommand="Update [Customers] Set 
          [CompanyName]=@CompanyName, [Address]=@Address, 
          [City]=@City, [PostalCode]=@PostalCode, 
          [Country]=@Country 
          Where [CustomerID]=@CustomerID"
          connectionstring=
          "<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
          runat="server"/>
            
      </form>
  </body>
</html>

注釈

更新操作Exception中に発生した例外 (存在する場合) を確認するには、プロパティを使用します。Use the Exception property to determine the exception (if any) that was raised during the update operation. 例外が発生しなかった場合、このプロパティは null を返します。If no exceptions were raised, this property returns null.

注意

例外が発生し、イベントハンドラーで例外を処理する場合は、 ExceptionHandledプロパティをにtrue設定してください。それ以外の場合は、例外が呼び出し履歴の次のメソッドに渡され、処理されます。If an exception was raised and you decide to handle the exception in the event handler, be sure to set the ExceptionHandled property to true; otherwise, the exception is passed to the next method on the call stack for handling.

適用対象

こちらもご覧ください