FormView.ItemInserting イベント

定義

FormView コントロール内の Insert ボタンがクリックされた場合に、挿入操作前に発生します。Occurs when an Insert button within a FormView control is clicked, but before the insert operation.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::FormViewInsertEventHandler ^ ItemInserting;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewInsertEventHandler ItemInserting;
member this.ItemInserting : System.Web.UI.WebControls.FormViewInsertEventHandler 
Public Custom Event ItemInserting As FormViewInsertEventHandler 

イベントの種類

FormViewInsertEventHandler

次の例では、イベントを使用して挿入操作を取り消す方法を示し ItemInserting ます。The following example demonstrates how to use the ItemInserting event to cancel an insert operation.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void EmployeeFormView_ItemInserting(Object sender, FormViewInsertEventArgs e)
  {

    MessageLabel.Text = "";

    // Iterate through the items in the Values collection
    // and verify that the user entered a value for each 
    // text box displayed in the insert item template. Cancel
    // the insert operation if the user left a text box empty.
    foreach (DictionaryEntry entry in e.Values)
    {
      if (entry.Value.Equals(""))
      {
        // Use the Cancel property to cancel the 
        // insert operation.
        e.Cancel = true;

        MessageLabel.Text += "Please enter a value for the " +
          entry.Key.ToString() + " field.<br/>";

      }
    }
  }

  void EmployeeFormView_ModeChanged(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    // Clear the MessageLabel Label control when the FormView
    // control changes modes.
    MessageLabel.Text = "";
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewInsertEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewInsertEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        oniteminserting="EmployeeFormView_ItemInserting"
        onmodechanged="EmployeeFormView_ModeChanged"
        runat="server">

        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="5">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="NewButton"
                  text="New"
                  commandname="New"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <insertitemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoEditImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="InsertButton"
                  text="Insert"
                  commandname="Insert"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel"
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </insertitemtemplate> 
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        insertcommand="Insert Into [Employees] ([LastName], [FirstName], [Title]) VALUES (@LastName, @FirstName, @Title)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page language="VB" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub EmployeeFormView_ItemInserting(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As FormViewInsertEventArgs)

    MessageLabel.Text = ""

    ' Iterate through the items in the Values collection
    ' and verify that the user entered a value for each 
    ' text box displayed in the insert item template. Cancel
    ' the insert operation if the user left a text box empty.
    
    ' In Visual Basic, the DictionaryItem objects contained in 
    ' the Values collection must be copied to an array before
    ' you can iterate through the collection.
    Dim itemArray(e.Values.Count - 1) As DictionaryEntry
    e.Values.CopyTo(itemArray, 0)
    
    Dim entry As DictionaryEntry
    For Each entry In itemArray
    
      If entry.Value.Equals("") Then
      
        ' Use the Cancel property to cancel the 
        ' insert operation.
        e.Cancel = True

        MessageLabel.Text &= "Please enter a value for the " & _
          entry.Key.ToString() & " field.<br/>"
      
      End If
      
    Next
    
  End Sub

  Sub EmployeeFormView_ModeChanged(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As EventArgs)
  
    ' Clear the MessageLabel Label control when the FormView
    ' control changes modes.
    MessageLabel.Text = ""
  
  End Sub

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>FormViewInsertEventArgs Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
      <h3>FormViewInsertEventArgs Example</h3>
                       
      <asp:formview id="EmployeeFormView"
        datasourceid="EmployeeSource"
        allowpaging="true"
        datakeynames="EmployeeID"
        emptydatatext="No employees found."
        oniteminserting="EmployeeFormView_ItemInserting"
        onmodechanged="EmployeeFormView_ModeChanged"
        runat="server">

        <itemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="5">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Name:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("FirstName") %> <%# Eval("LastName") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b>Title:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <%# Eval("Title") %>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="NewButton"
                  text="New"
                  commandname="New"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </itemtemplate>
        <insertitemtemplate>
          <table>
            <tr>
              <td rowspan="4">
                <asp:image id="CompanyLogoEditImage"
                  imageurl="~/Images/Logo.jpg"
                  alternatetext="Company logo"
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
              <td colspan="2">
                  &nbsp; 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="FirstNameInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Name" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="FirstNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("FirstName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:textbox id="LastNameInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("LastName") %>'
                  runat="server"/>
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td>
                <b><asp:Label
                  runat="server" 
                  AssociatedControlID="TitleInsertTextBox" 
                  Text="Title" />:</b>
              </td>
              <td>
                <asp:textbox id="TitleInsertTextBox"
                  text='<%# Bind("Title") %>'
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
            <tr>
              <td colspan="2">
                <asp:linkbutton id="InsertButton"
                  text="Insert"
                  commandname="Insert"
                  runat="server"/>
                <asp:linkbutton id="CancelButton"
                  text="Cancel"
                  commandname="Cancel"
                  runat="server"/> 
              </td>
            </tr>
          </table>       
        </insertitemtemplate> 
                  
      </asp:formview>
      
      <br/><br/>
      
      <asp:label id="MessageLabel"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>

      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="EmployeeSource"
        selectcommand="Select [EmployeeID], [LastName], [FirstName], [Title], [PhotoPath] From [Employees]"
        insertcommand="Insert Into [Employees] ([LastName], [FirstName], [Title]) VALUES (@LastName, @FirstName, @Title)"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>

注釈

コントロールは、コントロール FormView ItemInserting 内で挿入ボタン ( CommandName プロパティが "Insert" に設定されているボタン) をクリックしたときに、コントロールがレコードを挿入する前に、イベントを発生させ FormView ます。The FormView control raises the ItemInserting event when an Insert button (a button with its CommandName property set to "Insert") within the control is clicked, but before the FormView control inserts the record. これにより、このイベントが発生するたびに、データソースに挿入する前にレコードの値を HTML エンコードするなど、カスタムルーチンを実行するイベント処理メソッドを提供できます。This allows you to provide an event-handling method that performs a custom routine, such as HTML encoding the values of a record before inserting it in the data source, whenever this event occurs.

FormViewInsertEventArgsオブジェクトは、イベント処理メソッドに渡されます。これにより、コントロールに送信されるオプションのコマンド引数の値を決定し、挿入操作をキャンセルする必要があることを示すことができ FormView ます。A FormViewInsertEventArgs object is passed to the event-handling method, which allows you to determine the value of an optional command argument sent to the FormView control and to indicate that the insert operation should be canceled. Command 引数の値は、[ CommandArgument 挿入] ボタンのプロパティに対応しています。The command argument value corresponds to the CommandArgument property of the Insert button. [ CommandArgument 挿入] ボタンのプロパティが設定されている場合は、プロパティを使用して、 CommandArgument コマンド引数の値を決定します。When the CommandArgument property of the Insert button is set, use the CommandArgument property to determine the value of the command argument. 挿入操作を取り消すには、プロパティをに設定し Cancel true ます。To cancel the insert operation, set the Cancel property to true. また、プロパティを使用して、新しいレコードのフィールド値を読み取りまたは変更することもでき Values ます。You can also read or modify the field values for the new record by using the Values property.

イベントを処理する方法の詳細については、次を参照してください。処理とイベントの発生します。For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

適用対象

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