TreeView.TreeNodePopulate イベント

定義

PopulateOnDemand プロパティが true に設定されているノードが TreeView コントロールで展開されたときに発生します。Occurs when a node with its PopulateOnDemand property set to true is expanded in the TreeView control.

public:
 event System::Web::UI::WebControls::TreeNodeEventHandler ^ TreeNodePopulate;
public event System.Web.UI.WebControls.TreeNodeEventHandler TreeNodePopulate;
member this.TreeNodePopulate : System.Web.UI.WebControls.TreeNodeEventHandler 
Public Custom Event TreeNodePopulate As TreeNodeEventHandler 

TreeNodePopulateイベントを使用して、サーバー上でTreeViewコントロールのノードを動的に設定する方法を次のコード例に示します。The following code example demonstrates how to use the TreeNodePopulate event to populate the nodes in the TreeView control dynamically on the server. EnableClientScriptプロパティがにfalse設定されていることに注意してください。これにより、展開ノードのイベントがクライアントで処理されなくなります。Notice that the EnableClientScript property is set to false to prevent expanding-node events from being handled on the client.


<%@ Page Language="C#" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.SqlClient" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void PopulateNode(Object sender, TreeNodeEventArgs e)
  {

    // Call the appropriate method to populate a node at a particular level.
    switch(e.Node.Depth)
    {
      case 0:
        // Populate the first-level nodes.
        PopulateCategories(e.Node);
        break;
      case 1:
        // Populate the second-level nodes.
        PopulateProducts(e.Node);
        break;
      default:
        // Do nothing.
        break;
    }
    
  }

  void PopulateCategories(TreeNode node)
  {
    
    // Query for the product categories. These are the values
    // for the second-level nodes.
    DataSet ResultSet = RunQuery("Select CategoryID, CategoryName From Categories");

    // Create the second-level nodes.
    if(ResultSet.Tables.Count > 0)
    {
    
      // Iterate through and create a new node for each row in the query results.
      // Notice that the query results are stored in the table of the DataSet.
      foreach (DataRow row in ResultSet.Tables[0].Rows)
      {
        
        // Create the new node. Notice that the CategoryId is stored in the Value property 
        // of the node. This will make querying for items in a specific category easier when
        // the third-level nodes are created. 
        TreeNode NewNode = new TreeNode(row["CategoryName"].ToString(), row["CategoryID"].ToString());
        
        // Set the PopulateOnDemand property to true so that the child nodes can be 
        // dynamically populated.
        NewNode.PopulateOnDemand = true;
        
        // Set additional properties for the node.
        NewNode.SelectAction = TreeNodeSelectAction.Expand;
        
        // Add the new node to the ChildNodes collection of the parent node.
        node.ChildNodes.Add(NewNode);
        
      }
      
    }
    
  }

  void PopulateProducts(TreeNode node)
  {

    // Query for the products of the current category. These are the values
    // for the third-level nodes.
    DataSet ResultSet = RunQuery("Select ProductName From Products Where CategoryID=" + node.Value);

    // Create the third-level nodes.
    if(ResultSet.Tables.Count > 0)
    {
    
      // Iterate through and create a new node for each row in the query results.
      // Notice that the query results are stored in the table of the DataSet.
      foreach (DataRow row in ResultSet.Tables[0].Rows)
      {
      
        // Create the new node.
        TreeNode NewNode = new TreeNode(row["ProductName"].ToString());
        
        // Set the PopulateOnDemand property to false because these are leaf nodes and
        // do not need to be populated.
        NewNode.PopulateOnDemand = false;
        
        // Set additional properties for the node.
        NewNode.SelectAction = TreeNodeSelectAction.None;
        
        // Add the new node to the ChildNodes collection of the parent node.
        node.ChildNodes.Add(NewNode);
        
      }
      
    }

  }

  DataSet RunQuery(String QueryString)
  {

    // Declare the connection string. This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects to the
    // Northwind sample database.
    String ConnectionString = "server=localhost;database=NorthWind;Integrated Security=SSPI"; 

    SqlConnection DBConnection = new SqlConnection(ConnectionString);
    SqlDataAdapter DBAdapter;
    DataSet ResultsDataSet = new DataSet();

    try
    {

      // Run the query and create a DataSet.
      DBAdapter = new SqlDataAdapter(QueryString, DBConnection);
      DBAdapter.Fill(ResultsDataSet);

      // Close the database connection.
      DBConnection.Close();

    }
    catch(Exception ex)
    {

      // Close the database connection if it is still open.
      if(DBConnection.State == ConnectionState.Open)
      {
        DBConnection.Close();
      }
      
      Message.Text = "Unable to connect to the database.";

    }

    return ResultsDataSet;

  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>TreeView TreeNodePopulate Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    
      <h3>TreeView TreeNodePopulate Example</h3>
    
      <asp:TreeView id="LinksTreeView"
        Font-Names= "Arial"
        ForeColor="Blue"
        EnableClientScript="false" 
        OnTreeNodePopulate="PopulateNode"
        runat="server">
         
        <Nodes>
        
          <asp:TreeNode Text="Inventory" 
            SelectAction="Expand"  
            PopulateOnDemand="true"/>
        
        </Nodes>
        
      </asp:TreeView>
      
      <br /><br />
      
      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>


<%@ Page Language="VB" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data.SqlClient" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  Sub PopulateNode(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As TreeNodeEventArgs)

    ' Call the appropriate method to populate a node at a particular level.
    Select Case e.Node.Depth

      Case 0
        ' Populate the first-level nodes.
        PopulateCategories(e.Node)

      Case 1
        ' Populate the second-level nodes.
        PopulateProducts(e.Node)

      Case Else
        ' Do nothing.

    End Select

  End Sub

  Sub PopulateCategories(ByVal node As TreeNode)

    ' Query for the product categories. These are the values
    ' for the second-level nodes.
    Dim ResultSet As DataSet = RunQuery("Select CategoryID, CategoryName From Categories")

    ' Create the second-level nodes.
    If ResultSet.Tables.Count > 0 Then

      ' Iterate through and create a new node for each row in the query results.
      ' Notice that the query results are stored in the table of the DataSet.
      Dim row As DataRow

      For Each row In ResultSet.Tables(0).Rows

        ' Create the new node. Notice that the CategoryId is stored in the Value property 
        ' of the node. This will make querying for items in a specific category easier when
        ' the third-level nodes are created. 
        Dim NewNode As TreeNode = New TreeNode(row("CategoryName").ToString(), row("CategoryID").ToString())

        ' Set the PopulateOnDemand property to true so that the child nodes can be 
        ' dynamically populated.
        NewNode.PopulateOnDemand = True

        ' Set additional properties for the node.
        NewNode.SelectAction = TreeNodeSelectAction.Expand

        ' Add the new node to the ChildNodes collection of the parent node.
        node.ChildNodes.Add(NewNode)

      Next

    End If

  End Sub

  Sub PopulateProducts(ByVal node As TreeNode)

    ' Query for the products of the current category. These are the values
    ' for the third-level nodes.
    Dim ResultSet As DataSet = RunQuery("Select ProductName From Products Where CategoryID=" & node.Value)

    ' Create the third-level nodes.
    If ResultSet.Tables.Count > 0 Then

      ' Iterate through and create a new node for each row in the query results.
      ' Notice that the query results are stored in the table of the DataSet.
      Dim row As DataRow

      For Each row In ResultSet.Tables(0).Rows

        ' Create the new node.
        Dim NewNode As TreeNode = New TreeNode(row("ProductName").ToString())

        ' Set the PopulateOnDemand property to false because these are leaf nodes and
        ' do not need to be populated.
        NewNode.PopulateOnDemand = False

        ' Set additional properties for the node.
        NewNode.SelectAction = TreeNodeSelectAction.None

        ' Add the new node to the ChildNodes collection of the parent node.
        node.ChildNodes.Add(NewNode)

      Next

    End If

  End Sub

  Function RunQuery(ByVal QueryString As String) As DataSet

    ' Declare the connection string. This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects to the
    ' Northwind sample database.
    Dim ConnectionString As String = "server=localhost;database=NorthWind;Integrated Security=SSPI"

    Dim DBConnection As SqlConnection = New SqlConnection(ConnectionString)
    Dim DBAdapter As SqlDataAdapter
    Dim ResultsDataSet As DataSet = New DataSet

    Try

      ' Run the query and create a DataSet.
      DBAdapter = New SqlDataAdapter(QueryString, DBConnection)
      DBAdapter.Fill(ResultsDataSet)

      ' Close the database connection.
      DBConnection.Close()

    Catch ex As Exception

      ' Close the database connection if it is still open.
      If DBConnection.State = ConnectionState.Open Then

        DBConnection.Close()

      End If

      Message.Text = "Unable to connect to the database."

    End Try

    Return ResultsDataSet

  End Function

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>TreeView TreeNodePopulate Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
    
      <h3>TreeView TreeNodePopulate Example</h3>
    
      <asp:TreeView id="LinksTreeView"
        Font-Names= "Arial"
        ForeColor="Blue"
        EnableClientScript="false" 
        OnTreeNodePopulate="PopulateNode"
        runat="server">
         
        <Nodes>
        
          <asp:TreeNode Text="Inventory" 
            SelectAction="Expand"  
            PopulateOnDemand="true"/>
        
        </Nodes>
        
      </asp:TreeView>
      
      <br /><br />
      
      <asp:Label id="Message" runat="server"/>

    </form>
  </body>
</html>

注釈

場合によっては、ユーザー入力に依存するデータサイズやカスタムコンテンツによってツリー構造を静的に定義するのは現実的ではありません。Sometimes, it is not practical to statically predefine the tree structure due to data size or custom content that depends on user input. このため、コントロールはTreeView動的なノードの作成をサポートしています。Because of this, the TreeView control supports dynamic node population. trueノードのPopulateOnDemandプロパティをに設定すると、ノードが展開されるときに、実行時にそのノードが設定されます。When the PopulateOnDemand property for a node is set to true, that node gets populated at run time when the node is expanded.

ノードを動的に設定するには、 PopulateOnDemandまずノードのプロパティをtrueに設定します。To populate a node dynamically, first set the PopulateOnDemand property for the node to true. 次に、プログラムによってノードを設定TreeNodePopulateするイベントのイベント処理メソッドを定義します。Next, define an event-handling method for the TreeNodePopulate event that populates the node programmatically. 一般的なイベント処理メソッドは、データソースからノードデータを取得し、データをノード構造に配置した後、作成されるノードChildNodesのコレクションにノード構造を追加します。A typical event-handling method retrieves node data from a data source, places the data into a node structure, and then adds the node structure to the ChildNodes collection of the node being populated. ノード構造は、親ノードのTreeNode ChildNodesコレクションにオブジェクトを追加することによって作成されます。A node structure is created by adding TreeNode objects to the ChildNodes collection of a parent node.

注意

trueノードのPopulateOnDemandプロパティがに設定されている場合は、ノードを動的に設定する必要があります。When the PopulateOnDemand property for a node is set to true, the node must be populated dynamically. その下にある別のノードを宣言によって入れ子にすることはできません。それ以外の場合は、ページでエラーが発生します。You cannot declaratively nest another node below it; otherwise, an error will occur on the page.

サポートされているブラウザー (Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 互換のブラウザー以降) では、クライアント側のノードの作成も利用できます。Supported browsers (Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0-compatible browsers and later) can also take advantage of client-side node population. これを有効にするとTreeView 、ノードの展開時にコントロールがクライアントのノードを動的に設定できるようになります。これにより、サーバーにポストバックする必要がなくなります。When enabled, this allows the TreeView control to populate a node dynamically on the client when that node is expanded, which prevents the need to post back to the server. クライアント側のノードの作成の詳細についてPopulateNodesFromClientは、「」を参照してください。For more information on client-side node population, see PopulateNodesFromClient.

イベントを処理する方法の詳細については、次を参照してください。処理とイベントの発生します。For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

適用対象

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