DataGridView.RowValidating イベント

定義

行の検証中に発生します。Occurs when a row is validating.

public:
 event System::Windows::Forms::DataGridViewCellCancelEventHandler ^ RowValidating;
public event System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellCancelEventHandler RowValidating;
member this.RowValidating : System.Windows.Forms.DataGridViewCellCancelEventHandler 
Public Custom Event RowValidating As DataGridViewCellCancelEventHandler 

次のコード例では、RowValidating を使用して、有効な追跡とリリースの日付が入力されているかどうかを確認します。The following code example uses RowValidating to check if valid track and release dates are entered.

private void ValidateByRow(Object sender, 
    DataGridViewCellCancelEventArgs data) 
{
    DataGridViewRow row = 
        songsDataGridView.Rows[data.RowIndex];
    DataGridViewCell trackCell = 
        row.Cells[songsDataGridView.Columns["Track"].Index];
    DataGridViewCell dateCell = 
        row.Cells[songsDataGridView.Columns["Release Date"].Index];
    data.Cancel = !(IsTrackGood(trackCell) && IsDateGood(dateCell));
}

private Boolean IsTrackGood(DataGridViewCell cell)
{
    Int32 cellValueAsInt;
    if (cell.Value.ToString().Length == 0)
    {
        cell.ErrorText = "Please enter a track";
        songsDataGridView.Rows[cell.RowIndex].ErrorText = 
            "Please enter a track";
        return false;
    }
    else if (cell.Value.ToString().Equals("0"))
    {
        cell.ErrorText = "Zero is not a valid track";
        songsDataGridView.Rows[cell.RowIndex].ErrorText =
            "Zero is not a valid track";
        return false;
    }
    else if (!Int32.TryParse(cell.Value.ToString(), out cellValueAsInt))
    {
        cell.ErrorText = "A Track must be a number";
        songsDataGridView.Rows[cell.RowIndex].ErrorText =
            "A Track must be a number";
        return false;
    }
    return true;
}

private Boolean IsDateGood(DataGridViewCell cell) 
{
    if (cell.Value == null)
    {
        cell.ErrorText = "Missing date";
        songsDataGridView.Rows[cell.RowIndex].ErrorText = 
            "Missing date";
        return false;
    }
    else
    {
        try
        {
            DateTime.Parse(cell.Value.ToString());
        }
        catch (FormatException)
        {
            cell.ErrorText = "Invalid format";
            songsDataGridView.Rows[cell.RowIndex].ErrorText = 
                "Invalid format";

            return false;
        }
    }
    return true;
}
Private Sub ValidateByRow(ByVal sender As Object, _
    ByVal data As DataGridViewCellCancelEventArgs) _
    Handles songsDataGridView.RowValidating

    Dim row As DataGridViewRow = _
        songsDataGridView.Rows(data.RowIndex)
    Dim trackCell As DataGridViewCell = _
        row.Cells(songsDataGridView.Columns("Track").Index)
    Dim dateCell As DataGridViewCell = _
        row.Cells(songsDataGridView.Columns("Release Date").Index)
    data.Cancel = Not (IsTrackGood(trackCell) _
        AndAlso IsDateGood(dateCell))
End Sub

Private Function IsTrackGood(ByRef cell As DataGridViewCell) As Boolean

    If cell.Value.ToString().Length = 0 Then
        cell.ErrorText = "Please enter a track"
        songsDataGridView.Rows(cell.RowIndex).ErrorText = _
            "Please enter a track"
        Return False
    ElseIf cell.Value.ToString().Equals("0") Then
        cell.ErrorText = "Zero is not a valid track"
        songsDataGridView.Rows(cell.RowIndex).ErrorText = _
            "Zero is not a valid track"
        Return False
    ElseIf Not Integer.TryParse( _
        cell.Value.ToString(), New Integer()) Then
        cell.ErrorText = "A Track must be a number"
        songsDataGridView.Rows(cell.RowIndex).ErrorText = _
            "A Track must be a number"
        Return False
    End If
    Return True
End Function

Private Function IsDateGood(ByRef cell As DataGridViewCell) As Boolean

    If cell.Value Is Nothing Then
        cell.ErrorText = "Missing date"
        songsDataGridView.Rows(cell.RowIndex).ErrorText = _
            "Missing date"
        Return False
    Else
        Try
            DateTime.Parse(cell.Value.ToString())
        Catch ex As FormatException

            cell.ErrorText = "Invalid format"
            songsDataGridView.Rows(cell.RowIndex).ErrorText = _
                "Invalid format"

            Return False
        End Try
    End If
    Return True
End Function

注釈

このイベントは、Control.Validating イベントに似ています。This event is analogous to the Control.Validating event. このイベントを使用して、行のすべての値に対して検証を実行します。Use this event to perform validation on all the values of a row. 行が検証に合格しない場合は、CancelEventArgs.Cancel プロパティを true に設定します。If the row does not pass validation, set the CancelEventArgs.Cancel property to true. このイベントを取り消すと、@no__t 0、Control.Validating、および Control.Validated のイベントが発生しなくなります。また、ユーザーは無効な行を離れず、データバインドモードの外部データソースに行が保存されないようにすることもできません。Canceling this event prevents the RowValidated, Control.Validating, and Control.Validated events from occurring, and also prevents the user from leaving the invalid row and prevents the row from being saved to an external data source in data bound mode.

イベントを処理する方法の詳細については、次を参照してください。処理とイベントの発生します。For more information about how to handle events, see Handling and Raising Events.

適用対象

こちらもご覧ください