DataGridView.VirtualMode DataGridView.VirtualMode DataGridView.VirtualMode DataGridView.VirtualMode Property

定義

DataGridView コントロールに対して独自のデータ管理操作を指定したかどうかを示す値を取得または設定します。Gets or sets a value indicating whether you have provided your own data-management operations for the DataGridView control.

public:
 property bool VirtualMode { bool get(); void set(bool value); };
public bool VirtualMode { get; set; }
member this.VirtualMode : bool with get, set
Public Property VirtualMode As Boolean

プロパティ値

DataGridView が指定されたデータ管理操作を使用する場合は true。それ以外の場合は falsetrue if the DataGridView uses data-management operations that you provide; otherwise, false. 既定値は false です。The default is false.

次のコードのコード例では、仮想モードを使用して、正の整数のテーブルを作成します。The following code example code uses virtual mode to create a table of positive integers.

using System.IO;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;
using System;

public class VirtualModeDemo : Form
{
    DataGridView dataGridView1 = new DataGridView();

    public VirtualModeDemo()
        : base()
    {
        Text = "DataGridView virtual-mode demo (cell-level commit scope)";
        dataGridView1.NewRowNeeded +=
            new DataGridViewRowEventHandler(dataGridView1_NewRowNeeded);
        dataGridView1.RowsAdded +=
            new DataGridViewRowsAddedEventHandler(dataGridView1_RowsAdded);
        dataGridView1.CellValidating +=
            new DataGridViewCellValidatingEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellValidating);
        dataGridView1.CellValueNeeded +=
            new DataGridViewCellValueEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellValueNeeded);
        dataGridView1.CellValuePushed +=
            new DataGridViewCellValueEventHandler(dataGridView1_CellValuePushed);

        Controls.Add(dataGridView1);
        dataGridView1.VirtualMode = true;
        dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = false;
        dataGridView1.Columns.Add("Numbers", "Positive Numbers");
        dataGridView1.Rows.AddCopies(0, initialSize);
    }

    bool newRowNeeded;
    private void dataGridView1_NewRowNeeded(object sender,
        DataGridViewRowEventArgs e)
    {
        newRowNeeded = true;
    }

    const int initialSize = 5000000;
    int numberOfRows = initialSize;

    private void dataGridView1_RowsAdded(object sender,
         DataGridViewRowsAddedEventArgs e)
    {
        if (newRowNeeded)
        {
            newRowNeeded = false;
            numberOfRows = numberOfRows + 1;
        }
    }

    #region "data store maintance"
    const int initialValue = -1;

    private void dataGridView1_CellValueNeeded(object sender,
        DataGridViewCellValueEventArgs e)
    {
        if (store.ContainsKey(e.RowIndex))
        {
            // Use the store if the e value has been modified 
            // and stored.            
            e.Value = store[e.RowIndex];
        }
        else if (newRowNeeded && e.RowIndex == numberOfRows)
        {
            if (dataGridView1.IsCurrentCellInEditMode)
            {
                e.Value = initialValue;
            }
            else
            {
                // Show a blank value if the cursor is just resting
                // on the last row.
                e.Value = String.Empty;
            }
        }
        else
        {
            e.Value = e.RowIndex;
        }
    }

    private void dataGridView1_CellValuePushed(object sender,
        DataGridViewCellValueEventArgs e)
    {
        store.Add(e.RowIndex, int.Parse(e.Value.ToString()));
    }
    #endregion

    private Dictionary<int, int> store = new Dictionary<int, int>();

    private void dataGridView1_CellValidating(object sender,
        DataGridViewCellValidatingEventArgs e)
    {
        dataGridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].ErrorText = "";
        int newInteger;

        // Don't try to validate the 'new row' until finished 
        // editing since there
        // is not any point in validating its initial value.
        if (dataGridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].IsNewRow) { return; }
        if (!int.TryParse(e.FormattedValue.ToString(),
            out newInteger) || newInteger < 0)
        {
            e.Cancel = true;
            dataGridView1.Rows[e.RowIndex].ErrorText = "the value must be a non-negative integer";
        }
    }

    [STAThreadAttribute()]
    public static void Main()
    {
        Application.Run(new VirtualModeDemo());
    }
}
Imports System.IO
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class VirtualModeDemo
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Dim WithEvents dataGridView1 As New DataGridView

    Public Sub New()

        MyBase.New()

        Text = "DataGridView virtual-mode demo (cell-level commit scope)"

        Controls.Add(dataGridView1)
        dataGridView1.VirtualMode = True
        dataGridView1.AllowUserToDeleteRows = False
        dataGridView1.Columns.Add("Numbers", "Positive Numbers")
        dataGridView1.Rows.AddCopies(0, initialSize)

    End Sub

    Dim newRowNeeded As Boolean

    Private Sub dataGridView1_NewRowNeeded(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DataGridViewRowEventArgs) _
        Handles dataGridView1.NewRowNeeded

        newRowNeeded = True
    End Sub

    Const initialSize As Integer = 5000000
    Dim numberOfRows As Integer = initialSize

    Private Sub dataGridView1_RowsAdded(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DataGridViewRowsAddedEventArgs) _
        Handles dataGridView1.RowsAdded

        If newRowNeeded Then
            newRowNeeded = False
            numberOfRows = numberOfRows + 1
        End If
    End Sub

#Region "data store maintance"
    Const initialValue As Integer = -1

    Private Sub dataGridView1_CellValueNeeded(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DataGridViewCellValueEventArgs) _
        Handles dataGridView1.CellValueNeeded

        If store.ContainsKey(e.RowIndex) Then
            ' Use the store if the e value has been modified 
            ' and stored.
            e.Value = store(e.RowIndex)
        ElseIf newRowNeeded AndAlso e.RowIndex = numberOfRows Then
            If dataGridView1.IsCurrentCellInEditMode Then
                e.Value = initialValue
            Else
                ' Show a blank value if the cursor is just resting
                ' on the last row.
                e.Value = String.Empty
            End If
        Else
            e.Value = e.RowIndex
        End If
    End Sub

    Private Sub dataGridView1_CellValuePushed(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As DataGridViewCellValueEventArgs) _
        Handles dataGridView1.CellValuePushed

        store.Add(e.RowIndex, CInt(e.Value))

    End Sub
#End Region

    Dim store As System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary(Of Integer, Integer) = _
        New Dictionary(Of Integer, Integer)

    Private Sub dataGridView1_CellValidating(ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e _
        As DataGridViewCellValidatingEventArgs) _
        Handles dataGridView1.CellValidating

        Me.dataGridView1.Rows(e.RowIndex).ErrorText = ""
        Dim newInteger As Integer

        ' Don't try to validate the 'new row' until finished 
        ' editing since there
        ' is not any point in validating its initial value.
        If dataGridView1.Rows(e.RowIndex).IsNewRow Then Return
        If Not Integer.TryParse(e.FormattedValue.ToString(), newInteger) _
            OrElse newInteger < 0 Then

            e.Cancel = True
            Me.dataGridView1.Rows(e.RowIndex).ErrorText = "the value must be a non-negative integer"

        End If
    End Sub

    <STAThreadAttribute()> _
    Public Shared Sub Main()
        Application.Run(New VirtualModeDemo())
    End Sub
End Class

注釈

仮想モードは、非常に大きなデータ ストアを使用するために設計されています。Virtual mode is designed for use with very large stores of data. ときに、VirtualModeプロパティがtrueを作成する、DataGridView設定された数の行と列ハンドルを次に、CellValueNeededセルを設定するイベントです。When the VirtualMode property is true, you create a DataGridView with a set number of rows and columns and then handle the CellValueNeeded event to populate the cells. 仮想モードで作成、編集、および削除を処理するために、基になるデータ キャッシュの実装DataGridViewユーザーの操作に基づいて、セル。Virtual mode requires implementation of an underlying data cache to handle the population, editing, and deletion of DataGridView cells based on actions of the user. 仮想モードの実装の詳細については、次を参照してください。方法。仮想モードを実装で、Windows フォーム DataGridView コントロールします。For more information about implementing virtual mode, see How to: Implement Virtual Mode in the Windows Forms DataGridView Control.

バインドされていない列の値を維持するために仮想モードを使用する必要があるときに、DataGridViewコントロールがバインドされているモードです。You must use virtual mode to maintain the values of unbound columns when the DataGridView control is in bound mode. バインド モードでバインドされていない列による並べ替えはサポートされていません。Sorting by unbound columns in bound mode is not supported.

適用対象

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