DataGridViewComboBoxColumn.DataSource DataGridViewComboBoxColumn.DataSource DataGridViewComboBoxColumn.DataSource DataGridViewComboBoxColumn.DataSource Property

定義

コンボ ボックスの選択項目を決定するデータ ソースを取得または設定します。Gets or sets the data source that populates the selections for the combo boxes.

public:
 property System::Object ^ DataSource { System::Object ^ get(); void set(System::Object ^ value); };
public object DataSource { get; set; }
member this.DataSource : obj with get, set
Public Property DataSource As Object

プロパティ値

データ ソースを表すオブジェクト。An object that represents a data source. 既定値は、null です。The default is null.

例外

次のコード例は、をDataGridViewComboBoxColumn使用してTitleOfCourtesy 、列にデータを入力する方法を示しています。The following code example demonstrates how to use a DataGridViewComboBoxColumn to aid in entering data into the TitleOfCourtesy column. DataSourceプロパティは、コンボボックスにタイトルの選択を設定するために使用されます。The DataSource property is used to populate the combo box with a selection of titles. この例は、クラスの概要に関するトピックでDataGridViewComboBoxColumn紹介されている大規模な例の一部です。This example is part of a larger example available in the DataGridViewComboBoxColumn class overview topic.

private:
    DataGridViewComboBoxColumn^ CreateComboBoxColumn()
    {
        DataGridViewComboBoxColumn^ column =
            gcnew DataGridViewComboBoxColumn();
        {
            column->DataPropertyName = ColumnName::TitleOfCourtesy.ToString();
            column->HeaderText = ColumnName::TitleOfCourtesy.ToString();
            column->DropDownWidth = 160;
            column->Width = 90;
            column->MaxDropDownItems = 3;
            column->FlatStyle = FlatStyle::Flat;
        }
        return column;
    }

private:
    void SetAlternateChoicesUsingDataSource(DataGridViewComboBoxColumn^ comboboxColumn)
    {
        {
            comboboxColumn->DataSource = RetrieveAlternativeTitles();
            comboboxColumn->ValueMember = ColumnName::TitleOfCourtesy.ToString();
            comboboxColumn->DisplayMember = comboboxColumn->ValueMember;
        }
    }

private:
    DataTable^ RetrieveAlternativeTitles()
    {
        return Populate("SELECT distinct TitleOfCourtesy FROM Employees");
    }

    String^ connectionString;

private:
    DataTable^ Populate(String^ sqlCommand)
    {
        SqlConnection^ northwindConnection = gcnew SqlConnection(connectionString);
        northwindConnection->Open();

        SqlCommand^ command = gcnew SqlCommand(sqlCommand, northwindConnection);
        SqlDataAdapter^ adapter = gcnew SqlDataAdapter();
        adapter->SelectCommand = command;

        DataTable^ table = gcnew DataTable();
        adapter->Fill(table);

        return table;
    }

    // Using an enum provides some abstraction between column index
    // and column name along with compile time checking, and gives
    // a handy place to store the column names.
    enum class ColumnName
    {
        EmployeeID,
        LastName,
        FirstName,
        Title,
        TitleOfCourtesy,
        BirthDate,
        HireDate,
        Address,
        City,
        Region,
        PostalCode,
        Country,
        HomePhone,
        Extension,
        Photo,
        Notes,
        ReportsTo,
        PhotoPath,
        OutOfOffice
    };
private DataGridViewComboBoxColumn CreateComboBoxColumn()
{
    DataGridViewComboBoxColumn column =
        new DataGridViewComboBoxColumn();
    {
        column.DataPropertyName = ColumnName.TitleOfCourtesy.ToString();
        column.HeaderText = ColumnName.TitleOfCourtesy.ToString();
        column.DropDownWidth = 160;
        column.Width = 90;
        column.MaxDropDownItems = 3;
        column.FlatStyle = FlatStyle.Flat;
    }
    return column;
}

private void SetAlternateChoicesUsingDataSource(DataGridViewComboBoxColumn comboboxColumn)
{
    {
        comboboxColumn.DataSource = RetrieveAlternativeTitles();
        comboboxColumn.ValueMember = ColumnName.TitleOfCourtesy.ToString();
        comboboxColumn.DisplayMember = comboboxColumn.ValueMember;
    }
}

private DataTable RetrieveAlternativeTitles()
{
    return Populate("SELECT distinct TitleOfCourtesy FROM Employees");
}

string connectionString =
    "Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;" +
    "Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source=localhost";

private DataTable Populate(string sqlCommand)
{
    SqlConnection northwindConnection = new SqlConnection(connectionString);
    northwindConnection.Open();

    SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(sqlCommand, northwindConnection);
    SqlDataAdapter adapter = new SqlDataAdapter();
    adapter.SelectCommand = command;

    DataTable table = new DataTable();
    table.Locale = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.InvariantCulture;
    adapter.Fill(table);

    return table;
}

// Using an enum provides some abstraction between column index
// and column name along with compile time checking, and gives
// a handy place to store the column names.
enum ColumnName
{
    EmployeeId,
    LastName,
    FirstName,
    Title,
    TitleOfCourtesy,
    BirthDate,
    HireDate,
    Address,
    City,
    Region,
    PostalCode,
    Country,
    HomePhone,
    Extension,
    Photo,
    Notes,
    ReportsTo,
    PhotoPath,
    OutOfOffice
};
Private Function CreateComboBoxColumn() _
    As DataGridViewComboBoxColumn
    Dim column As New DataGridViewComboBoxColumn()

    With column
        .DataPropertyName = ColumnName.TitleOfCourtesy.ToString()
        .HeaderText = ColumnName.TitleOfCourtesy.ToString()
        .DropDownWidth = 160
        .Width = 90
        .MaxDropDownItems = 3
        .FlatStyle = FlatStyle.Flat
    End With
    Return column
End Function

Private Sub SetAlternateChoicesUsingDataSource( _
    ByVal comboboxColumn As DataGridViewComboBoxColumn)
    With comboboxColumn
        .DataSource = RetrieveAlternativeTitles()
        .ValueMember = ColumnName.TitleOfCourtesy.ToString()
        .DisplayMember = .ValueMember
    End With
End Sub

Private Function RetrieveAlternativeTitles() As DataTable
    Return Populate( _
        "SELECT distinct TitleOfCourtesy FROM Employees")
End Function

Private connectionString As String = _
        "Integrated Security=SSPI;Persist Security Info=False;" _
        & "Initial Catalog=Northwind;Data Source=localhost"

Private Function Populate(ByVal sqlCommand As String) As DataTable
    Dim northwindConnection As New SqlConnection(connectionString)
    northwindConnection.Open()

    Dim command As New SqlCommand(sqlCommand, _
        northwindConnection)
    Dim adapter As New SqlDataAdapter()
    adapter.SelectCommand = command
    Dim table As New DataTable()
    table.Locale = System.Globalization.CultureInfo.InvariantCulture
    adapter.Fill(table)

    Return table
End Function

' Using an enum provides some abstraction between column index
' and column name along with compile time checking, and gives
' a handy place to store the column names.
Enum ColumnName
    EmployeeId
    LastName
    FirstName
    Title
    TitleOfCourtesy
    BirthDate
    HireDate
    Address
    City
    Region
    PostalCode
    Country
    HomePhone
    Extension
    Photo
    Notes
    ReportsTo
    PhotoPath
    OutOfOffice
End Enum

注釈

プロパティDataSourceまたItemsはプロパティは、コンボボックスのドロップダウンリストに表示される選択データを取得する場所を指定します。The DataSource or Items properties specify where to retrieve the selection data shown in the combo box drop-down list. DataSourceプロパティを使用するときに、既定以外のプロパティまたは列DisplayMemberからデータを描画する必要がある場合は、プロパティを既定以外のプロパティまたは列の名前に設定する必要があります。When using the DataSource property, if the data must be drawn from a nondefault property or column, then the DisplayMember property must be set to the name of the nondefault property or column.

プロパティが文字列配列ValueMemberに設定されている場合はDisplayMember 、配列内の各文字列が値と表示の両方に使用されるため、およびを設定する必要はありません。 DataSourceIf the DataSource property is set to a string array, then ValueMember and DisplayMember do not need to be set because each string in the array will be used for both value and display.

このプロパティを取得または設定するとDataSourceCellTemplateプロパティによって返されるオブジェクトのプロパティが取得または設定されます。Getting or setting this property gets or sets the DataSource property of the object returned by the CellTemplate property. また、このプロパティを設定DataSourceすると、列のすべてのセルのプロパティが設定され、列の表示が更新されます。Setting this property also sets the DataSource property of every cell in the column and refreshes the column display. 個々のセルに対して指定された値をオーバーライドするには、列の値を設定した後にセルの値を設定します。To override the specified value for individual cells, set the cell values after you set the column value.

適用対象

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