XPathNavigator.Prefix XPathNavigator.Prefix XPathNavigator.Prefix XPathNavigator.Prefix Property

定義

派生クラスでオーバーライドされると、現在のノードに関連付けられている名前空間プリフィックスを取得します。When overridden in a derived class, gets the namespace prefix associated with the current node.

public:
 abstract property System::String ^ Prefix { System::String ^ get(); };
public abstract string Prefix { get; }
member this.Prefix : string
Public MustOverride ReadOnly Property Prefix As String

プロパティ値

現在のノードに関連付けられた名前空間プレフィックスが格納された StringA String that contains the namespace prefix associated with the current node.

次の例では、ノードツリーを再帰的に反復処理ElementText 、ノードとノードに関する情報を表示します。The following example iterates over the node tree recursively, and displays information about Element and Text nodes.

static void XPathNavigatorMethods_MoveToNext()
{
    
    XPathDocument^ document = gcnew XPathDocument("books.xml");
    XPathNavigator^ navigator = document->CreateNavigator();
    XPathNodeIterator^ nodeset = navigator->Select("descendant::book[author/last-name='Melville']");

    while (nodeset->MoveNext())
    {
        // Clone iterator here when working with it.
        RecursiveWalk(nodeset->Current->Clone());
    }
}

static void RecursiveWalk(XPathNavigator^ navigator)
{
    switch (navigator->NodeType)
    {
    case XPathNodeType::Element:
        if (navigator->Prefix == String::Empty)
                Console::WriteLine("<{0}>", navigator->LocalName);
            else
        Console::Write("<{0}:{1}>", navigator->Prefix, navigator->LocalName);
                Console::WriteLine("\t" + navigator->NamespaceURI);
            break;
    case XPathNodeType::Text:
            Console::WriteLine("\t" + navigator->Value);
            break;
    }

    if (navigator->MoveToFirstChild())
    {
        do
        {
            RecursiveWalk(navigator);
        } while (navigator->MoveToNext());

        navigator->MoveToParent();
        if (navigator->NodeType == XPathNodeType::Element)
            Console::WriteLine("</{0}>", navigator->Name);
    }
    else
    {
        if (navigator->NodeType == XPathNodeType::Element)
        {
            Console::WriteLine("</{0}>", navigator->Name);
       }
    }
}
static void XPathNavigatorMethods_MoveToNext()
{

    XPathDocument document = new XPathDocument("books.xml");
    XPathNavigator navigator = document.CreateNavigator();
    XPathNodeIterator nodeset = navigator.Select("descendant::book[author/last-name='Melville']");

    while (nodeset.MoveNext())
    {
        // Clone iterator here when working with it.
        RecursiveWalk(nodeset.Current.Clone());
    }
}

public static void RecursiveWalk(XPathNavigator navigator)
{
    switch (navigator.NodeType)
    {
        case XPathNodeType.Element:
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(navigator.Prefix))
                Console.WriteLine("<{0}>", navigator.LocalName);
            else
                Console.Write("<{0}:{1}>", navigator.Prefix, navigator.LocalName);
            Console.WriteLine("\t" + navigator.NamespaceURI);
            break;
        case XPathNodeType.Text:
            Console.WriteLine("\t" + navigator.Value);
            break;
    }

    if (navigator.MoveToFirstChild())
    {
        do
        {
            RecursiveWalk(navigator);
        } while (navigator.MoveToNext());

        navigator.MoveToParent();
        if (navigator.NodeType == XPathNodeType.Element)
            Console.WriteLine("</{0}>", navigator.Name);
    }
    else
    {
        if (navigator.NodeType == XPathNodeType.Element)
        {
            Console.WriteLine("</{0}>", navigator.Name);
        }
    }
}
Shared Sub XPathNavigatorMethods_MoveToNext()

    Dim document As XPathDocument = New XPathDocument("books.xml")
    Dim navigator As XPathNavigator = document.CreateNavigator()
    Dim nodeset As XPathNodeIterator = navigator.Select("descendant::book[author/last-name='Melville']")

    While nodeset.MoveNext()
        ' Clone iterator here when working with it.
        RecursiveWalk(nodeset.Current.Clone())
    End While

End Sub

Shared Sub RecursiveWalk(ByVal navigator As XPathNavigator)

    Select Case navigator.NodeType
        Case XPathNodeType.Element
            If navigator.Prefix = String.Empty Then
                Console.WriteLine("<{0}>", navigator.LocalName)
            Else
                Console.Write("<{0}:{1}>", navigator.Prefix, navigator.LocalName)
                Console.WriteLine(vbTab + navigator.NamespaceURI)
            End If
        Case XPathNodeType.Text
            Console.WriteLine(vbTab + navigator.Value)
    End Select

    If navigator.MoveToFirstChild() Then
        Do
            RecursiveWalk(navigator)
        Loop While (navigator.MoveToNext())

        navigator.MoveToParent()
        If (navigator.NodeType = XPathNodeType.Element) Then
            Console.WriteLine("</{0}>", navigator.Name)
        End If
    Else
        If navigator.NodeType = XPathNodeType.Element Then
            Console.WriteLine("</{0}>", navigator.Name)
        End If
    End If

End Sub

この例は、books.xml ファイルを入力として使用します。The example takes the books.xml file as an input.

  
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>   
<bookstore>  
    <book genre="autobiography" publicationdate="1981-03-22" ISBN="1-861003-11-0">  
        <title>The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin</title>  
        <author>  
            <first-name>Benjamin</first-name>  
            <last-name>Franklin</last-name>  
        </author>  
        <price>8.99</price>  
    </book>  
    <book genre="novel" publicationdate="1967-11-17" ISBN="0-201-63361-2">  
        <title>The Confidence Man</title>  
        <author>  
            <first-name>Herman</first-name>  
            <last-name>Melville</last-name>  
        </author>  
        <price>11.99</price>  
    </book>  
    <book genre="philosophy" publicationdate="1991-02-15" ISBN="1-861001-57-6">  
        <title>The Gorgias</title>  
        <author>  
            <name>Plato</name>  
        </author>  
        <price>9.99</price>  
    </book>  
</bookstore>  
  

注釈

プロパティPrefixは、現在のノードに関連付けられている名前空間プレフィックスを取得します。The Prefix property gets the namespace prefix associated with the current node. たとえば、プロパティはPrefix <bk:book>要素にbk対してを返します。For example, the Prefix property returns bk for the <bk:book> element. プレフィックスが存在しないXPathNodeType場合、または現在のノードのがまたはAttributeではないElement場合String.Empty、プロパティはPrefixを返します。If a prefix does not exist, or the XPathNodeType of the current node is not Element or Attribute, the Prefix property returns String.Empty.

適用対象