方法: FlowLayoutPanel コントロールで子コントロールを固定およびドッキングするHow to: Anchor and Dock Child Controls in a FlowLayoutPanel Control

FlowLayoutPanel コントロールは、子コントロールの Anchor プロパティと Dock プロパティをサポートします。The FlowLayoutPanel control supports the Anchor and Dock properties in its child controls.

FlowLayoutPanel コントロールで子コントロールを固定およびドッキングするにはTo anchor and dock child controls in a FlowLayoutPanel control

  1. フォームで FlowLayoutPanel コントロールを作成します。Create a FlowLayoutPanel control on your form.

  2. FlowDirection TopDownコントロールのを300に設定し、をに設定します。 Width FlowLayoutPanelSet the Width of the FlowLayoutPanel control to 300, and set its FlowDirection to TopDown.

  3. 2 つの Button コントロールを作成し、FlowLayoutPanel コントロールに配置します。Create two Button controls, and place them in the FlowLayoutPanel control.

  4. 最初のボタンのを200に設定します。 WidthSet the Width of the first button to 200.

  5. 2 番目のボタンの Dock プロパティを Fill に設定します。Set the Dock property of the second button to Fill.

    注意

    2 番目のボタンは、最初のボタンと同じ幅を前提としています。The second button assumes the same width as the first button. FlowLayoutPanel コントロールの幅にまたがって伸縮しません。It does not stretch across the width of the FlowLayoutPanel control.

  6. 2 番目のボタンの Dock プロパティを None に設定します。Set the Dock property of the second button to None. これにより、元の幅のボタンを前提とします。This causes the button to assume its original width.

  7. 2 番目のボタンの Anchor プロパティを Left, Right に設定します。Set the Anchor property of the second button to Left, Right.

    重要

    2 番目のボタンは、最初のボタンと同じ幅を前提としています。The second button assumes the same width as the first button. FlowLayoutPanel コントロールの幅にまたがって伸縮しません。It does not stretch across the width of the FlowLayoutPanel control. これは、FlowLayoutPanel コントロールの固定とドッキングの一般的な規則です。垂直方向のフローについては、FlowLayoutPanel コントロールが、幅の最大の列の子コントロールから暗黙の列の幅を計算します。This is the general rule for anchoring and docking in the FlowLayoutPanel control: for vertical flow directions, the FlowLayoutPanel control calculates the width of an implied column from the widest child control in the column. Anchor プロパティまたは Dock プロパティを持つこの列のその他のすべてのコントロールが、この暗黙の列に合わせて配置または拡大されます。All other controls in this column with Anchor or Dock properties are aligned or stretched to fit this implied column. この動作は、水平のフロー方向と同様の方法で機能します。The behavior works in a similar way for horizontal flow directions. FlowLayoutPanel コントロールは、行で最も高い子コントロールから、暗黙の行の高さを計算して、この行のすべてのドッキングまたは固定の子コントロールは、暗黙の行に合わせて配置またはサイズが変更されます。The FlowLayoutPanel control calculates the height of an implied row from the tallest child control in the row, and all docked or anchored child controls in this row are aligned or sized to fit the implied row.

Example

次の図は、FlowLayoutPanel 内の青のボタンを基準とする相対位置に固定されてドッキングされる 4 つのボタンを示しています。The following illustration shows four buttons that are anchored and docked relative to the blue button in a FlowLayoutPanel. FlowDirectionLeftToRight です。The FlowDirection is LeftToRight.

FlowLayoutPanel アンカーFlowLayoutPanel anchoring

次の図は、FlowLayoutPanel 内の青のボタンを基準とする相対位置に固定されてドッキングされる 4 つのボタンを示しています。The following illustration shows four buttons that are anchored and docked relative to the blue button in a FlowLayoutPanel. FlowDirectionTopDown です。The FlowDirection is TopDown.

FlowLayoutPanel アンカーFlowLayoutPanel anchoring

次のコード例は、FlowLayoutPanel コントロールの Button コントロールにおける様々な Anchor プロパティの値を示します。The following code example demonstrates various Anchor property values for a Button control in a FlowLayoutPanel control.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class Form1 : Form
{
    public Form1()
    {
        InitializeComponent();
    }
    private FlowLayoutPanel flowLayoutPanel3;
    private Label label2;
    private Button button11;
    private Button button12;
    private Button button13;
    private Button button14;
    private Button button15;
    private FlowLayoutPanel flowLayoutPanel1;
    private Label label1;
    private Button button1;
    private Button button2;
    private Button button3;
    private Button button4;
    private Button button5;

    private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;

    protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (disposing && (components != null))
        {
            components.Dispose();
        }
        base.Dispose(disposing);
    }

    private void InitializeComponent()
    {
        this.flowLayoutPanel3 = new System.Windows.Forms.FlowLayoutPanel();
        this.label2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
        this.button11 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.button12 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.button13 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.button14 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.button15 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.flowLayoutPanel1 = new System.Windows.Forms.FlowLayoutPanel();
        this.label1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Label();
        this.button1 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.button2 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.button3 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.button4 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.button5 = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.SuspendLayout();
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.SuspendLayout();
        this.SuspendLayout();
        //
        // flowLayoutPanel3
        //
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)((((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom)
                    | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left)
                    | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right)));
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle;
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(this.label2);
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(this.button11);
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(this.button12);
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(this.button13);
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(this.button14);
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(this.button15);
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(12, 12);
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.Name = "flowLayoutPanel3";
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(631, 100);
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.TabIndex = 2;
        //
        // label2
        //
        this.label2.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.None;
        this.label2.AutoSize = true;
        this.label2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(3, 28);
        this.label2.Name = "label2";
        this.label2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(138, 14);
        this.label2.TabIndex = 10;
        this.label2.Text = "FlowDirection=LeftToRight";
        //
        // button11
        //
        this.button11.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom;
        this.button11.AutoSize = true;
        this.button11.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(147, 44);
        this.button11.Name = "button11";
        this.button11.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(86, 23);
        this.button11.TabIndex = 5;
        this.button11.Text = "Anchor=Bottom";
        //
        // button12
        //
        this.button12.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom)));
        this.button12.AutoSize = true;
        this.button12.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(239, 3);
        this.button12.Name = "button12";
        this.button12.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(111, 64);
        this.button12.TabIndex = 6;
        this.button12.Text = "Anchor=Top, Bottom";
        //
        // button13
        //
        this.button13.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.None;
        this.button13.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.GradientActiveCaption;
        this.button13.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(356, 3);
        this.button13.Name = "button13";
        this.button13.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(75, 64);
        this.button13.TabIndex = 7;
        //
        // button14
        //
        this.button14.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Bottom;
        this.button14.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(437, 44);
        this.button14.Name = "button14";
        this.button14.TabIndex = 8;
        this.button14.Text = "Dock=Bottom";
        //
        // button15
        //
        this.button15.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill;
        this.button15.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(518, 3);
        this.button15.Name = "button15";
        this.button15.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(75, 64);
        this.button15.TabIndex = 9;
        this.button15.Text = "Dock=Fill";
        //
        // flowLayoutPanel1
        //
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)(((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left)
                    | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right)));
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle;
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(this.label1);
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(this.button1);
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(this.button2);
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(this.button3);
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(this.button4);
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(this.button5);
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.FlowDirection = System.Windows.Forms.FlowDirection.TopDown;
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(12, 118);
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.Name = "flowLayoutPanel1";
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(200, 209);
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.TabIndex = 3;
        //
        // label1
        //
        this.label1.AutoSize = true;
        this.label1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(3, 3);
        this.label1.Name = "label1";
        this.label1.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(128, 14);
        this.label1.TabIndex = 11;
        this.label1.Text = "FlowDirection=TopDown";
        //
        // button1
        //
        this.button1.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right;
        this.button1.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(74, 23);
        this.button1.Name = "button1";
        this.button1.TabIndex = 5;
        this.button1.Text = "Anchor=Right";
        //
        // button2
        //
        this.button2.Anchor = ((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)((System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left | System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right)));
        this.button2.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(3, 52);
        this.button2.Name = "button2";
        this.button2.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(146, 23);
        this.button2.TabIndex = 6;
        this.button2.Text = "Anchor=Left, Right";
        //
        // button3
        //
        this.button3.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.GradientActiveCaption;
        this.button3.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(3, 81);
        this.button3.Name = "button3";
        this.button3.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(146, 23);
        this.button3.TabIndex = 7;
        //
        // button4
        //
        this.button4.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right;
        this.button4.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(74, 110);
        this.button4.Name = "button4";
        this.button4.TabIndex = 8;
        this.button4.Text = "Dock=Right";
        //
        // button5
        //
        this.button5.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill;
        this.button5.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(3, 139);
        this.button5.Name = "button5";
        this.button5.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(146, 23);
        this.button5.TabIndex = 9;
        this.button5.Text = "Dock=Fill";
        //
        // Form1
        //
        this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(658, 341);
        this.Controls.Add(this.flowLayoutPanel1);
        this.Controls.Add(this.flowLayoutPanel3);
        this.Name = "Form1";
        this.Text = "Form1";
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.ResumeLayout(false);
        this.flowLayoutPanel3.PerformLayout();
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.ResumeLayout(false);
        this.flowLayoutPanel1.PerformLayout();
        this.ResumeLayout(false);
    }

    [STAThread]
    static void Main()
    {
        Application.EnableVisualStyles();
        Application.Run(new Form1());
    }
}
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.ComponentModel
Imports System.Drawing
Imports System.Windows.Forms




Public Class Form1
   Inherits Form
   
   Public Sub New()
      InitializeComponent()
   End Sub
   Private flowLayoutPanel3 As FlowLayoutPanel
   Private label2 As Label
   Private button11 As Button
   Private button12 As Button
   Private button13 As Button
   Private button14 As Button
   Private button15 As Button
   Private flowLayoutPanel1 As FlowLayoutPanel
   Private label1 As Label
   Private button1 As Button
   Private button2 As Button
   Private button3 As Button
   Private button4 As Button
   Private button5 As Button
   
   Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer = Nothing
   
   
   Protected Overrides Sub Dispose(disposing As Boolean)
      If disposing AndAlso (components IsNot Nothing) Then
         components.Dispose()
      End If
      MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
   End Sub
   
   
   Private Sub InitializeComponent()
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3 = New System.Windows.Forms.FlowLayoutPanel()
      Me.label2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label()
      Me.button11 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
      Me.button12 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
      Me.button13 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
      Me.button14 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
      Me.button15 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1 = New System.Windows.Forms.FlowLayoutPanel()
      Me.label1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Label()
      Me.button1 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
      Me.button2 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
      Me.button3 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
      Me.button4 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
      Me.button5 = New System.Windows.Forms.Button()
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.SuspendLayout()
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.SuspendLayout()
      Me.SuspendLayout()
      ' 
      ' flowLayoutPanel3
      ' 
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.Anchor = CType(System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right, System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(Me.label2)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(Me.button11)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(Me.button12)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(Me.button13)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(Me.button14)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.Controls.Add(Me.button15)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(12, 12)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.Name = "flowLayoutPanel3"
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(631, 100)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.TabIndex = 2
      ' 
      ' label2
      ' 
      Me.label2.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.None
      Me.label2.AutoSize = True
      Me.label2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(3, 28)
      Me.label2.Name = "label2"
      Me.label2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(138, 14)
      Me.label2.TabIndex = 10
      Me.label2.Text = "FlowDirection=LeftToRight"
      ' 
      ' button11
      ' 
      Me.button11.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom
      Me.button11.AutoSize = True
      Me.button11.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(147, 44)
      Me.button11.Name = "button11"
      Me.button11.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(86, 23)
      Me.button11.TabIndex = 5
      Me.button11.Text = "Anchor=Bottom"
      ' 
      ' button12
      ' 
      Me.button12.Anchor = CType(System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Top Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom, System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)
      Me.button12.AutoSize = True
      Me.button12.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(239, 3)
      Me.button12.Name = "button12"
      Me.button12.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(111, 64)
      Me.button12.TabIndex = 6
      Me.button12.Text = "Anchor=Top, Bottom"
      ' 
      ' button13
      ' 
      Me.button13.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.None
      Me.button13.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.GradientActiveCaption
      Me.button13.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(356, 3)
      Me.button13.Name = "button13"
      Me.button13.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 64)
      Me.button13.TabIndex = 7
      ' 
      ' button14
      ' 
      Me.button14.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Bottom
      Me.button14.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(437, 44)
      Me.button14.Name = "button14"
      Me.button14.TabIndex = 8
      Me.button14.Text = "Dock=Bottom"
      ' 
      ' button15
      ' 
      Me.button15.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill
      Me.button15.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(518, 3)
      Me.button15.Name = "button15"
      Me.button15.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 64)
      Me.button15.TabIndex = 9
      Me.button15.Text = "Dock=Fill"
      ' 
      ' flowLayoutPanel1
      ' 
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.Anchor = CType(System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Bottom Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right, System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.BorderStyle = System.Windows.Forms.BorderStyle.FixedSingle
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(Me.label1)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(Me.button1)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(Me.button2)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(Me.button3)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(Me.button4)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.Controls.Add(Me.button5)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.FlowDirection = System.Windows.Forms.FlowDirection.TopDown
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(12, 118)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.Name = "flowLayoutPanel1"
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(200, 209)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.TabIndex = 3
      ' 
      ' label1
      ' 
      Me.label1.AutoSize = True
      Me.label1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(3, 3)
      Me.label1.Name = "label1"
      Me.label1.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(128, 14)
      Me.label1.TabIndex = 11
      Me.label1.Text = "FlowDirection=TopDown"
      ' 
      ' button1
      ' 
      Me.button1.Anchor = System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right
      Me.button1.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(74, 23)
      Me.button1.Name = "button1"
      Me.button1.TabIndex = 5
      Me.button1.Text = "Anchor=Right"
      ' 
      ' button2
      ' 
      Me.button2.Anchor = CType(System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Left Or System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles.Right, System.Windows.Forms.AnchorStyles)
      Me.button2.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(3, 52)
      Me.button2.Name = "button2"
      Me.button2.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(146, 23)
      Me.button2.TabIndex = 6
      Me.button2.Text = "Anchor=Left, Right"
      ' 
      ' button3
      ' 
      Me.button3.BackColor = System.Drawing.SystemColors.GradientActiveCaption
      Me.button3.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(3, 81)
      Me.button3.Name = "button3"
      Me.button3.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(146, 23)
      Me.button3.TabIndex = 7
      ' 
      ' button4
      ' 
      Me.button4.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Right
      Me.button4.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(74, 110)
      Me.button4.Name = "button4"
      Me.button4.TabIndex = 8
      Me.button4.Text = "Dock=Right"
      ' 
      ' button5
      ' 
      Me.button5.Dock = System.Windows.Forms.DockStyle.Fill
      Me.button5.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(3, 139)
      Me.button5.Name = "button5"
      Me.button5.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(146, 23)
      Me.button5.TabIndex = 9
      Me.button5.Text = "Dock=Fill"
      ' 
      ' Form1
      ' 
      Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(658, 341)
      Me.Controls.Add(flowLayoutPanel1)
      Me.Controls.Add(flowLayoutPanel3)
      Me.Name = "Form1"
      Me.Text = "Form1"
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.ResumeLayout(False)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel3.PerformLayout()
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.ResumeLayout(False)
      Me.flowLayoutPanel1.PerformLayout()
      Me.ResumeLayout(False)
   End Sub
    
   
   <STAThread()>  _
   Shared Sub Main()
      Application.EnableVisualStyles()
      Application.Run(New Form1())
   End Sub
End Class

コードのコンパイルCompiling the Code

この例で必要な要素は次のとおりです。This example requires:

  • System、System.Data、System.Drawing、および System.Windows.Forms の各アセンブリへの参照。References to the System, System.Data, System.Drawing and System.Windows.Forms assemblies.

関連項目See also