方法: Windows フォーム内でサウンドを非同期的に読み込むHow to: Load a Sound Asynchronously within a Windows Form

次のコード例では、URL からサウンドを非同期的に読み込み、新しいスレッド上で再生します。The following code example asynchronously loads a sound from an URL and then plays it on a new thread.

Example

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Media;
using System.Windows.Forms;

namespace SoundPlayerLoadAsyncExample
{
    public class Form1 : Form
    {
        private SoundPlayer Player = new SoundPlayer();

        public Form1()
        {
            InitializeComponent();

            this.Player.LoadCompleted += new AsyncCompletedEventHandler(Player_LoadCompleted);
        }

        private void playSoundButton_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            this.LoadAsyncSound();
        }

        public void LoadAsyncSound()
        {
            try
            {
                // Replace this file name with a valid file name.
                this.Player.SoundLocation = "http://www.tailspintoys.com/sounds/stop.wav";
                this.Player.LoadAsync();
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                MessageBox.Show(ex.Message, "Error loading sound");
            }
        }

        // This is the event handler for the LoadCompleted event.
        void Player_LoadCompleted(object sender, AsyncCompletedEventArgs e)
        {
            if (Player.IsLoadCompleted)
            {
                try
                {
                    this.Player.Play();
                }
                catch (Exception ex)
                {
                    MessageBox.Show(ex.Message, "Error playing sound");
                }
            }
        }

        private Button playSoundButton;

        /// <summary>
        /// Required designer variable.
        /// </summary>
        private System.ComponentModel.IContainer components = null;

        /// <summary>
        /// Clean up any resources being used.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="disposing">true if managed resources should be disposed; otherwise, false.</param>
        protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
        {
            if (disposing && (components != null))
            {
                components.Dispose();
            }
            base.Dispose(disposing);
        }

        #region Windows Form Designer generated code

        /// <summary>
        /// Required method for Designer support - do not modify
        /// the contents of this method with the code editor.
        /// </summary>
        private void InitializeComponent()
        {
            this.playSoundButton = new System.Windows.Forms.Button();
            this.SuspendLayout();
            // 
            // playSoundButton
            // 
            this.playSoundButton.Location = new System.Drawing.Point(106, 112);
            this.playSoundButton.Name = "playSoundButton";
            this.playSoundButton.Size = new System.Drawing.Size(75, 23);
            this.playSoundButton.TabIndex = 0;
            this.playSoundButton.Text = "Play Sound";
            this.playSoundButton.Click += new System.EventHandler(this.playSoundButton_Click);
            // 
            // Form1
            // 
            this.AutoScaleDimensions = new System.Drawing.SizeF(6F, 13F);
            this.AutoScaleMode = System.Windows.Forms.AutoScaleMode.Font;
            this.ClientSize = new System.Drawing.Size(292, 273);
            this.Controls.Add(this.playSoundButton);
            this.Name = "Form1";
            this.Text = "Form1";
            this.ResumeLayout(false);

        }

        #endregion

    }

    static class Program
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// The main entry point for the application.
        /// </summary>
        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            Application.EnableVisualStyles();
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports System.Media
Imports System.Windows.Forms

Public Class Form1
    Inherits System.Windows.Forms.Form

    Friend WithEvents playSoundButton As System.Windows.Forms.Button
    Private WithEvents Player As New SoundPlayer

    Sub New()

        Me.InitializeComponent()

    End Sub

    Private Sub playSoundButton_Click( _
        ByVal sender As System.Object, _
        ByVal e As System.EventArgs) _
        Handles playSoundButton.Click

        ' Replace this file name with a valid file name.
        Me.Player.SoundLocation = "http://www.tailspintoys.com/sounds/stop.wav"
        Me.Player.LoadAsync()

    End Sub

    Private Sub Player_LoadCompleted( _
        ByVal sender As Object, _
        ByVal e As _
        System.ComponentModel.AsyncCompletedEventArgs) _
        Handles Player.LoadCompleted

        If Me.Player.IsLoadCompleted Then
            Me.Player.Play()
        End If

    End Sub

    'Form overrides dispose to clean up the component list.
    <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerNonUserCode()> _
    Protected Overloads Overrides Sub Dispose(ByVal disposing As Boolean)
        If disposing AndAlso components IsNot Nothing Then
            components.Dispose()
        End If
        MyBase.Dispose(disposing)
    End Sub

    'Required by the Windows Form Designer
    Private components As System.ComponentModel.IContainer

    'NOTE: The following procedure is required by the Windows Form Designer
    'It can be modified using the Windows Form Designer.  
    'Do not modify it using the code editor.
    <System.Diagnostics.DebuggerStepThrough()> _
    Private Sub InitializeComponent()
        Me.playSoundButton = New System.Windows.Forms.Button
        Me.SuspendLayout()
        '
        'playSoundButton
        '
        Me.playSoundButton.Location = New System.Drawing.Point(105, 107)
        Me.playSoundButton.Name = "playSoundButton"
        Me.playSoundButton.Size = New System.Drawing.Size(75, 23)
        Me.playSoundButton.TabIndex = 0
        Me.playSoundButton.Text = "Play Sound"
        Me.playSoundButton.UseVisualStyleBackColor = True
        '
        'Form1
        '
        Me.AutoScaleDimensions = New System.Drawing.SizeF(6.0!, 13.0!)
        Me.AutoScaleMode = System.Windows.Forms.AutoScaleMode.Font
        Me.ClientSize = New System.Drawing.Size(292, 273)
        Me.Controls.Add(Me.playSoundButton)
        Me.Name = "Form1"
        Me.Text = "Form1"
        Me.ResumeLayout(False)

    End Sub

    <STAThread()> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Application.EnableVisualStyles()
        Application.Run(New Form1())
    End Sub

End Class

コードのコンパイルCompiling the Code

この例で必要な要素は次のとおりです。This example requires:

  • System アセンブリおよび System.Windows.Forms アセンブリへの参照。References to the System and System.Windows.Forms assemblies.

  • ファイル名 "http://www.tailspintoys.com/sounds/stop.wav" を有効なファイル名に置き換えます。That you replace the file name "http://www.tailspintoys.com/sounds/stop.wav" with a valid file name.

信頼性の高いプログラミングRobust Programming

ファイルの操作は、適切な例外処理ブロックで囲む必要があります。File operations should be enclosed within appropriate exception-handling blocks.

次の条件を満たす場合は、例外が発生する可能性があります。The following conditions may cause an exception:

.NET Framework セキュリティ.NET Framework Security

ファイル名からファイルの内容を判断しないでください。Do not make decisions about the contents of the file based on the name of the file. たとえば、Form1.vb というファイルは Visual Basic のソース ファイルではない可能性もあります。For example, the file Form1.vb may not be a Visual Basic source file. アプリケーションでデータを使用する前に、入力をすべて検証してください。Verify all inputs before using the data in your application.

関連項目See also