ComboBox のスタイルとテンプレートComboBox Styles and Templates

このトピックでは、ComboBox コントロールのスタイルとテンプレートについて説明します。This topic describes the styles and templates for the ComboBox control. ControlTemplateの既定値を変更して外観を制御します。You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. 詳細については、「Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate」を参照してください。For more information, see Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate.

ComboBox パーツComboBox Parts

次の表に、ComboBox コントロールの名前付きの部分を示します。The following table lists the named parts for the ComboBox control.

パーツPart [種類]Type 説明Description
PART_EditableTextBoxPART_EditableTextBox TextBox ComboBoxのテキストを格納します。Contains the text of the ComboBox.
PART_PopupPART_Popup Popup コンボボックス内の項目を含むドロップダウン。The drop-down that contains the items in the combo box.

ComboBoxControlTemplate を作成する場合、テンプレートに ScrollViewer内の ItemsPresenter が含まれている可能性があります。When you create a ControlTemplate for a ComboBox, your template might contain an ItemsPresenter within a ScrollViewer. (ItemsPresenter には、ComboBox内の各項目が表示されます。 ScrollViewer では、コントロール内でのスクロールが有効になります)。(The ItemsPresenter displays each item in the ComboBox; the ScrollViewer enables scrolling within the control). ItemsPresenterScrollViewerの直接の子でない場合は、ItemsPresenter の名前を ItemsPresenterに指定する必要があります。If the ItemsPresenter is not the direct child of the ScrollViewer, you must give the ItemsPresenter the name, ItemsPresenter.

コンボボックスの状態ComboBox States

次の表に、ComboBox コントロールの状態を示します。The following table lists the states for the ComboBox control.

VisualState 名VisualState Name VisualStateGroup 名VisualStateGroup Name 説明Description
標準Normal CommonStatesCommonStates 既定の状態です。The default state.
DisabledDisabled CommonStatesCommonStates コントロールが無効になっています。The control is disabled.
MouseOverMouseOver CommonStatesCommonStates マウスポインターが ComboBox コントロールの上にあります。The mouse pointer is over the ComboBox control.
フォーカスされているFocused FocusStatesFocusStates コントロールにフォーカスがあります。The control has focus.
フォーカスされていないUnfocused FocusStatesFocusStates コントロールにフォーカスがありません。The control does not have focus.
FocusedDropDownFocusedDropDown FocusStatesFocusStates ComboBox のドロップダウンにフォーカスがあります。The drop-down for the ComboBox has focus.
有効Valid ValidationStatesValidationStates コントロールは Validation クラスを使用し、HasError 添付プロパティは falseます。The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがある true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがない true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.
'94'5cEditable EditStatesEditStates IsEditable プロパティが true です。The IsEditable property is true.
不可能Uneditable EditStatesEditStates IsEditable プロパティが false です。The IsEditable property is false.

ComboBoxItem パーツComboBoxItem Parts

ComboBoxItem コントロールには、名前付きの部分がありません。The ComboBoxItem control does not have any named parts.

ComboBoxItem の状態ComboBoxItem States

次の表に、ComboBoxItem コントロールの状態を示します。The following table lists the states for the ComboBoxItem control.

VisualState 名VisualState Name VisualStateGroup 名VisualStateGroup Name 説明Description
標準Normal CommonStatesCommonStates 既定の状態です。The default state.
DisabledDisabled CommonStatesCommonStates コントロールが無効になっています。The control is disabled.
MouseOverMouseOver CommonStatesCommonStates マウスポインターが ComboBox コントロールの上にあります。The mouse pointer is over the ComboBox control.
フォーカスされているFocused FocusStatesFocusStates コントロールにフォーカスがあります。The control has focus.
フォーカスされていないUnfocused FocusStatesFocusStates コントロールにフォーカスがありません。The control does not have focus.
選択済みSelected SelectionStatesSelectionStates 項目は現在選択されています。The item is currently selected.
未選択Unselected SelectionStatesSelectionStates この項目は選択されていません。The item is not selected.
SelectedUnfocusedSelectedUnfocused SelectionStatesSelectionStates この項目は選択されていますが、フォーカスがありません。The item is selected, but does not have focus.
有効Valid ValidationStatesValidationStates コントロールは Validation クラスを使用し、HasError 添付プロパティは falseます。The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがある true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがない true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

ComboBox ControlTemplate の例ComboBox ControlTemplate Example

次の例は、ComboBox コントロールとそれに関連付けられている型の ControlTemplate を定義する方法を示しています。The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the ComboBox control and associated types.

<ControlTemplate x:Key="ComboBoxToggleButton"
                 TargetType="{x:Type ToggleButton}">
  <Grid>
    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
      <ColumnDefinition />
      <ColumnDefinition Width="20" />
    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
    <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
      <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
        <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
        <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver">
          <Storyboard>
            <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                          Storyboard.TargetName="Border">
              <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                   Value="{StaticResource ControlMouseOverColor}" />
            </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          </Storyboard>
        </VisualState>
        <VisualState x:Name="Pressed" />
        <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
          <Storyboard>
            <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                          Storyboard.TargetName="Border">
              <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                   Value="{StaticResource DisabledControlDarkColor}" />
            </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
            <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                (SolidColorBrush.Color)"
                                          Storyboard.TargetName="Arrow">
              <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                   Value="{StaticResource DisabledForegroundColor}" />
            </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
            <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.BorderBrush).
                (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                          Storyboard.TargetName="Border">
              <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                   Value="{StaticResource DisabledBorderDarkColor}" />
            </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          </Storyboard>
        </VisualState>
      </VisualStateGroup>
      <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CheckStates">
        <VisualState x:Name="Checked">
          <Storyboard>
            <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                          Storyboard.TargetName="Border">
              <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                   Value="{StaticResource ControlPressedColor}" />
            </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
          </Storyboard>
        </VisualState>
        <VisualState x:Name="Unchecked" />
        <VisualState x:Name="Indeterminate" />
      </VisualStateGroup>
    </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
    <Border x:Name="Border"
            Grid.ColumnSpan="2"
            CornerRadius="2"
            BorderThickness="1">
      <Border.BorderBrush>
        <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0,1"
                             StartPoint="0,0">
          <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                        Offset="0" />
          <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                        Offset="1" />
        </LinearGradientBrush>
      </Border.BorderBrush>
      <Border.Background>

        <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                             EndPoint="0,1">
          <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            <GradientStopCollection>
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                            Offset="1.0" />
            </GradientStopCollection>
          </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
        </LinearGradientBrush>

      </Border.Background>
    </Border>
    <Border Grid.Column="0"
            CornerRadius="2,0,0,2"
            Margin="1" >
      <Border.Background>
          <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"/>
      </Border.Background>
    </Border>
    <Path x:Name="Arrow"
          Grid.Column="1"
          HorizontalAlignment="Center"
          VerticalAlignment="Center"
          Data="M 0 0 L 4 4 L 8 0 Z" >
      <Path.Fill>
          <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}"/>
      </Path.Fill>
    </Path>
  </Grid>
</ControlTemplate>

<ControlTemplate x:Key="ComboBoxTextBox"
                 TargetType="{x:Type TextBox}">
  <Border x:Name="PART_ContentHost"
          Focusable="False"
          Background="{TemplateBinding Background}" />
</ControlTemplate>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ComboBox}"
       TargetType="{x:Type ComboBox}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility"
          Value="Auto" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility"
          Value="Auto" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="MinWidth"
          Value="120" />
  <Setter Property="MinHeight"
          Value="20" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ComboBox}">
        <Grid>
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="PART_EditableTextBox"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(TextElement.Foreground).
                      (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource DisabledForegroundColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="EditStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Editable">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.Visibility)"
                                                 Storyboard.TargetName="PART_EditableTextBox">
                    <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                            Value="{x:Static Visibility.Visible}" />
                  </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames
                      Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.Visibility)"
                                                 Storyboard.TargetName="ContentSite">
                    <DiscreteObjectKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                            Value="{x:Static Visibility.Hidden}" />
                  </ObjectAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Uneditable" />
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <ToggleButton x:Name="ToggleButton"
                        Template="{StaticResource ComboBoxToggleButton}"
                        Grid.Column="2"
                        Focusable="false"
                        ClickMode="Press"
                        IsChecked="{Binding IsDropDownOpen, Mode=TwoWay, 
              RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"/>
          <ContentPresenter x:Name="ContentSite"
                            IsHitTestVisible="False"
                            Content="{TemplateBinding SelectionBoxItem}"
                            ContentTemplate="{TemplateBinding SelectionBoxItemTemplate}"
                            ContentTemplateSelector="{TemplateBinding ItemTemplateSelector}"
                            Margin="3,3,23,3"
                            VerticalAlignment="Stretch"
                            HorizontalAlignment="Left">
          </ContentPresenter>
          <TextBox x:Name="PART_EditableTextBox"
                   Style="{x:Null}"
                   Template="{StaticResource ComboBoxTextBox}"
                   HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                   VerticalAlignment="Bottom"
                   Margin="3,3,23,3"
                   Focusable="True"
                   Background="Transparent"
                   Visibility="Hidden"
                   IsReadOnly="{TemplateBinding IsReadOnly}" />
          <Popup x:Name="Popup"
                 Placement="Bottom"
                 IsOpen="{TemplateBinding IsDropDownOpen}"
                 AllowsTransparency="True"
                 Focusable="False"
                 PopupAnimation="Slide">
            <Grid x:Name="DropDown"
                  SnapsToDevicePixels="True"
                  MinWidth="{TemplateBinding ActualWidth}"
                  MaxHeight="{TemplateBinding MaxDropDownHeight}">
              <Border x:Name="DropDownBorder"
                      BorderThickness="1">
                <Border.BorderBrush>
                  <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource BorderMediumColor}" />
                </Border.BorderBrush>
                <Border.Background>
                  <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
                </Border.Background>
              </Border>
              <ScrollViewer Margin="4,6,4,6"
                            SnapsToDevicePixels="True">
                <StackPanel IsItemsHost="True"
                            KeyboardNavigation.DirectionalNavigation="Contained" />
              </ScrollViewer>
            </Grid>
          </Popup>
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="HasItems"
                   Value="false">
            <Setter TargetName="DropDownBorder"
                    Property="MinHeight"
                    Value="95" />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsGrouping"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll"
                    Value="false" />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger SourceName="Popup"
                   Property="AllowsTransparency"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter TargetName="DropDownBorder"
                    Property="CornerRadius"
                    Value="4" />
            <Setter TargetName="DropDownBorder"
                    Property="Margin"
                    Value="0,2,0,0" />
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ComboBoxItem}"
       TargetType="{x:Type ComboBoxItem}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ComboBoxItem}">
        <Border x:Name="Border"
                Padding="2"
                SnapsToDevicePixels="true"
                Background="Transparent">
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="SelectionStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Unselected" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Selected">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Border"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource SelectedBackgroundColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="SelectedUnfocused">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Border"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource SelectedUnfocusedColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <ContentPresenter />
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

前の例では、次のリソースの 1 つ以上を使用します。The preceding example uses one or more of the following resources.

<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

完全なサンプルについては、Styling with ControlTemplates Sampleを参照してください。For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

関連項目See also