DatePicker のスタイルとテンプレートDatePicker Styles and Templates

このトピックでは、DatePicker コントロールのスタイルとテンプレートについて説明します。This topic describes the styles and templates for the DatePicker control. ControlTemplateの既定値を変更して外観を制御します。You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. 詳細については、「Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate」を参照してください。For more information, see Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate.

DatePicker パーツDatePicker Parts

次の表に、DatePicker コントロールの名前付きの部分を示します。The following table lists the named parts for the DatePicker control.

パーツPart [種類]Type 説明Description
PART_RootPART_Root Grid コントロールのルート。The root of the control.
PART_ButtonPART_Button Button Calendarを開いて閉じるボタン。The button that opens and closes the Calendar.
PART_TextBoxPART_TextBox DatePickerTextBox 日付を入力できるテキストボックス。The text box that allows you to input a date.
PART_PopupPART_Popup Popup DatePicker コントロールのポップアップ。The popup for the DatePicker control.

DatePicker の状態DatePicker States

次の表は、DatePicker コントロールの表示状態を示しています。The following table lists the visual states for the DatePicker control.

VisualState 名VisualState Name VisualStateGroup 名VisualStateGroup Name 説明Description
標準Normal CommonStatesCommonStates 既定の状態です。The default state.
DisabledDisabled CommonStatesCommonStates DatePicker が無効になっています。The DatePicker is disabled.
有効Valid ValidationStatesValidationStates コントロールは Validation クラスを使用し、HasError 添付プロパティは falseます。The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがある true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがない true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

DatePickerTextBox パーツDatePickerTextBox Parts

次の表に、DatePickerTextBox コントロールの名前付きの部分を示します。The following table lists the named parts for the DatePickerTextBox control.

パーツPart [種類]Type 説明Description
PART_WatermarkPART_Watermark ContentControl DatePickerの最初のテキストを含む要素。The element that contains the initial text in the DatePicker.
PART_ContentElementPART_ContentElement FrameworkElement FrameworkElementを含むことができるビジュアル要素。A visual element that can contain a FrameworkElement. TextBox のテキストがこの要素に表示されます。The text of the TextBox is displayed in this element.

DatePickerTextBox の状態DatePickerTextBox States

次の表は、DatePickerTextBox コントロールの表示状態を示しています。The following table lists the visual states for the DatePickerTextBox control.

VisualState 名VisualState Name VisualStateGroup 名VisualStateGroup Name 説明Description
標準Normal CommonStatesCommonStates 既定の状態です。The default state.
DisabledDisabled CommonStatesCommonStates DatePickerTextBox が無効になっています。The DatePickerTextBox is disabled.
MouseOverMouseOver CommonStatesCommonStates マウスポインターが DatePickerTextBox上に配置されています。The mouse pointer is positioned over the DatePickerTextBox.
ReadOnlyReadOnly CommonStatesCommonStates ユーザーは、DatePickerTextBox内のテキストを変更することはできません。The user cannot change the text in the DatePickerTextBox.
フォーカスされているFocused FocusStatesFocusStates コントロールにフォーカスがあります。The control has focus.
フォーカスされていないUnfocused FocusStatesFocusStates コントロールにフォーカスがありません。The control does not have focus.
目標Watermarked WatermarkStatesWatermarkStates コントロールには、最初のテキストが表示されます。The control displays its initial text. DatePickerTextBox は、ユーザーがテキストを入力しなかった場合、または日付を選択した場合の状態になります。The DatePickerTextBox is in the state when the user has not entered text or selected a date.
UnwatermarkedUnwatermarked WatermarkStatesWatermarkStates ユーザーが DatePickerTextBox にテキストを入力したか、DatePickerで日付を選択しました。The user has entered text into the DatePickerTextBox or selected a date in the DatePicker.
有効Valid ValidationStatesValidationStates コントロールは Validation クラスを使用し、HasError 添付プロパティは falseます。The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティが true、コントロールにフォーカスがあります。The HasError attached property is true and the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティが true、コントロールにフォーカスがありません。The HasError attached property is true and the control does not have focus.

DatePicker ControlTemplate の例DatePicker ControlTemplate Example

次の例は、DatePicker コントロールの ControlTemplate を定義する方法を示しています。The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the DatePicker control.

<!--In this example, an implecit style for Calendar is defined elsewhere 
  in the application.  DatePickerCalendarStyle is based on the implicit 
  style so that the DatePicker will use the application's calendar style.-->
<Style x:Key="DatePickerCalendarStyle"
       TargetType="{x:Type Calendar}"
       BasedOn="{StaticResource {x:Type Calendar}}" />

<!--The template for the button that displays the calendar.-->
<Style x:Key="DropDownButtonStyle"
       TargetType="Button">
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Button}">
        <Grid>
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualStateGroup.Transitions>
                <VisualTransition GeneratedDuration="0" />
                <VisualTransition GeneratedDuration="0:0:0.1"
                                  To="MouseOver" />
                <VisualTransition GeneratedDuration="0:0:0.1"
                                  To="Pressed" />
              </VisualStateGroup.Transitions>
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames BeginTime="0"
                                                Duration="00:00:00.001"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="BackgroundGradient"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.Background).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <SplineColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="#F2FFFFFF" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames BeginTime="0"
                                                Duration="00:00:00.001"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="BackgroundGradient"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.Background).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[2].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <SplineColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="#CCFFFFFF" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <ColorAnimation Duration="0"
                                  To="#FF448DCA"
                                  Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.Background).
                            (SolidColorBrush.Color)"
                                  Storyboard.TargetName="Background" />
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames BeginTime="0"
                                                Duration="00:00:00.001"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="BackgroundGradient"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.Background).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[3].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <SplineColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="#7FFFFFFF" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Pressed">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames BeginTime="0"
                                                Duration="00:00:00.001"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="Background"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.Background).
                      (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <SplineColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="#FF448DCA" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames BeginTime="0"
                                                 Duration="00:00:00.001"
                                                 Storyboard.TargetProperty="(UIElement.Opacity)"
                                                 Storyboard.TargetName="Highlight">
                    <SplineDoubleKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                          Value="1" />
                  </DoubleAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames BeginTime="0"
                                                Duration="00:00:00.001"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="BackgroundGradient"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.Background).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[0].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <SplineColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="#F4FFFFFF" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames BeginTime="0"
                                                Duration="00:00:00.001"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="BackgroundGradient"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.Background).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <SplineColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="#EAFFFFFF" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames BeginTime="0"
                                                Duration="00:00:00.001"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="BackgroundGradient"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.Background).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[2].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <SplineColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="#C6FFFFFF" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames BeginTime="0"
                                                Duration="00:00:00.001"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="BackgroundGradient"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Border.Background).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[3].(GradientStop.Color)">
                    <SplineColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="#6BFFFFFF" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled" />
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <Grid Background="#11FFFFFF"
                FlowDirection="LeftToRight"
                HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                Height="18"
                Margin="0"
                VerticalAlignment="Center"
                Width="19">
            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
              <ColumnDefinition Width="20*" />
              <ColumnDefinition Width="20*" />
              <ColumnDefinition Width="20*" />
              <ColumnDefinition Width="20*" />
            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <Grid.RowDefinitions>
              <RowDefinition Height="23*" />
              <RowDefinition Height="19*" />
              <RowDefinition Height="19*" />
              <RowDefinition Height="19*" />
            </Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <Border x:Name="Highlight"
                    BorderThickness="1"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="4"
                    CornerRadius="0,0,1,1"
                    Margin="-1"
                    Opacity="1"
                    Grid.Row="0"
                    Grid.RowSpan="4">
              <Border.BorderBrush>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource ControlPressedColor}" />
              </Border.BorderBrush>
            </Border>
            <Border x:Name="Background"
                    BorderBrush="#FFFFFFFF"
                    BorderThickness="1"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="4"
                    CornerRadius=".5"
                    Margin="0,-1,0,0"
                    Opacity="1"
                    Grid.Row="1"
                    Grid.RowSpan="3">
              <Border.Background>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource ControlDarkColor}" />
              </Border.Background>
            </Border>
            <Border x:Name="BackgroundGradient"
                    BorderBrush="#BF000000"
                    BorderThickness="1"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="4"
                    CornerRadius=".5"
                    Margin="0,-1,0,0"
                    Opacity="1"
                    Grid.Row="1"
                    Grid.RowSpan="3">
              <Border.Background>
                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint=".7,1"
                                     StartPoint=".7,0">
                  <GradientStop Color="#FFFFFFFF"
                                Offset="0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="#F9FFFFFF"
                                Offset="0.375" />
                  <GradientStop Color="#E5FFFFFF"
                                Offset="0.625" />
                  <GradientStop Color="#C6FFFFFF"
                                Offset="1" />
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Border.Background>
            </Border>
            <Rectangle Grid.ColumnSpan="4"
                       Grid.RowSpan="1"
                       StrokeThickness="1">
              <Rectangle.Fill>
                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0,1"
                                     StartPoint="0,0">
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource HeaderTopColor}" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                Offset="1" />
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Rectangle.Fill>
              <Rectangle.Stroke>
                <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.48,-1"
                                     StartPoint="0.48,1.25">
                  <GradientStop Color="#FF494949" />
                  <GradientStop Color="#FF9F9F9F"
                                Offset="1" />
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Rectangle.Stroke>
            </Rectangle>
            <Path Fill="#FF2F2F2F"
                  Grid.Row="1"
                  Grid.Column="0"
                  Grid.RowSpan="3"
                  Grid.ColumnSpan="4"
                  HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                  VerticalAlignment="Center"
                  RenderTransformOrigin="0.5,0.5"
                  Margin="4,3,4,3"
                  Stretch="Fill"
                  Data="M11.426758,8.4305077 L11.749023,8.4305077 
                    L11.749023,16.331387 L10.674805,16.331387 
                    L10.674805,10.299648 L9.0742188,11.298672
                    L9.0742188,10.294277 C9.4788408,10.090176 
                    9.9094238,9.8090878 10.365967,9.4510155 
                    C10.82251,9.0929432 11.176106,8.7527733 
                    11.426758,8.4305077 z M14.65086,8.4305077 
                    L18.566387,8.4305077 L18.566387,9.3435936 
                    L15.671368,9.3435936 L15.671368,11.255703 
                    C15.936341,11.058764 16.27293,10.960293 
                    16.681133,10.960293 C17.411602,10.960293 
                    17.969301,11.178717 18.354229,11.615566 
                    C18.739157,12.052416 18.931622,12.673672
                    18.931622,13.479336 C18.931622,15.452317 
                    18.052553,16.438808 16.294415,16.438808
                    C15.560365,16.438808 14.951641,16.234707 
                    14.468243,15.826504 L14.881817,14.929531
                    C15.368796,15.326992 15.837872,15.525723 
                    16.289043,15.525723 C17.298809,15.525723 
                    17.803692,14.895514 17.803692,13.635098 
                    C17.803692,12.460618 17.305971,11.873379 
                    16.310528,11.873379 C15.83071,11.873379 
                    15.399232,12.079271 15.016094,12.491055
                    L14.65086,12.238613 z" />
            <Ellipse Grid.ColumnSpan="4"
                     Fill="#FFFFFFFF"
                     HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                     Height="3"
                     StrokeThickness="0"
                     VerticalAlignment="Center"
                     Width="3" />
            <Border x:Name="DisabledVisual"
                    BorderBrush="#B2FFFFFF"
                    BorderThickness="1"
                    Grid.ColumnSpan="4"
                    CornerRadius="0,0,.5,.5"
                    Opacity="0"
                    Grid.Row="0"
                    Grid.RowSpan="4" />
          </Grid>
        </Grid>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style TargetType="{x:Type DatePicker}">
  <Setter Property="Foreground"
          Value="#FF333333" />
  <Setter Property="IsTodayHighlighted"
          Value="True" />
  <Setter Property="SelectedDateFormat"
          Value="Short" />
  <Setter Property="Padding"
          Value="2" />
  <Setter Property="BorderThickness"
          Value="1" />
  <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment"
          Value="Stretch" />
  <!--Set CalendarStyle to DatePickerCalendarStyle.-->
  <Setter Property="CalendarStyle"
          Value="{DynamicResource DatePickerCalendarStyle}" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type DatePicker}">
        <Border BorderThickness="{TemplateBinding BorderThickness}"
                Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}">
          <Border.BorderBrush>
            <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                 StartPoint="0.5,0">
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                            Offset="0" />
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                            Offset="1" />
            </LinearGradientBrush>
          </Border.BorderBrush>
          <Border.Background>
            <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                 StartPoint="0.5,0">
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource HeaderTopColor}"
                            Offset="0" />
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                            Offset="1" />
            </LinearGradientBrush>
          </Border.Background>
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                <Storyboard>
                  <DoubleAnimation Duration="0"
                                   To="1"
                                   Storyboard.TargetProperty="Opacity"
                                   Storyboard.TargetName="PART_DisabledVisual" />
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <Grid x:Name="PART_Root"
                HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}"
                VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}">
            <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
              <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
              <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
            </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <Button x:Name="PART_Button"
                    Grid.Column="1"
                    Foreground="{TemplateBinding Foreground}"
                    Focusable="False"
                    HorizontalAlignment="Left"
                    Margin="3,0,3,0"
                    Grid.Row="0"
                    Style="{StaticResource DropDownButtonStyle}"
                    VerticalAlignment="Top" />
            <DatePickerTextBox x:Name="PART_TextBox"
                               Grid.Column="0"
                               Foreground="{TemplateBinding Foreground}"
                               Focusable="{TemplateBinding Focusable}"
                               HorizontalContentAlignment="Stretch"
                               Grid.Row="0"
                               VerticalContentAlignment="Stretch" />
            <Grid x:Name="PART_DisabledVisual"
                  Grid.ColumnSpan="2"
                  Grid.Column="0"
                  IsHitTestVisible="False"
                  Opacity="0"
                  Grid.Row="0">
              <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
                <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
              </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
              <Rectangle Grid.Column="0"
                         Fill="#A5FFFFFF"
                         RadiusY="1"
                         Grid.Row="0"
                         RadiusX="1" />
              <Rectangle Grid.Column="1"
                         Fill="#A5FFFFFF"
                         Height="18"
                         Margin="3,0,3,0"
                         RadiusY="1"
                         Grid.Row="0"
                         RadiusX="1"
                         Width="19" />
              <Popup x:Name="PART_Popup"
                     AllowsTransparency="True"
                     Placement="Bottom"
                     PlacementTarget="{Binding ElementName=PART_TextBox}"
                     StaysOpen="False" />
            </Grid>
          </Grid>
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

前の例では、次のリソースの 1 つ以上を使用します。The preceding example uses one or more of the following resources.

<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

完全なサンプルについては、Styling with ControlTemplates Sampleを参照してください。For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

関連項目See also