ListView のスタイルとテンプレートListView Styles and Templates

このトピックでは、ListView コントロールのスタイルとテンプレートについて説明します。This topic describes the styles and templates for the ListView control. ControlTemplateの既定値を変更して外観を制御します。You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. 詳細については、「Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate」を参照してください。For more information, see Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate.

ListView パーツListView Parts

ListView コントロールには、名前付きの部分がありません。The ListView control does not have any named parts.

ListViewControlTemplate を作成する場合、テンプレートに ScrollViewer内の ItemsPresenter が含まれている可能性があります。When you create a ControlTemplate for a ListView, your template might contain an ItemsPresenter within a ScrollViewer. (ItemsPresenter には、ListView内の各項目が表示されます。 ScrollViewer では、コントロール内でのスクロールが有効になります)。(The ItemsPresenter displays each item in the ListView; the ScrollViewer enables scrolling within the control). ItemsPresenterScrollViewerの直接の子でない場合は、ItemsPresenter の名前を ItemsPresenterに指定する必要があります。If the ItemsPresenter is not the direct child of the ScrollViewer, you must give the ItemsPresenter the name, ItemsPresenter.

ListView の状態ListView States

次の表は、ListView コントロールの表示状態を示しています。The following table lists the visual states for the ListView control.

VisualState 名VisualState Name VisualStateGroup 名VisualStateGroup Name 説明Description
有効Valid ValidationStatesValidationStates コントロールは Validation クラスを使用し、HasError 添付プロパティは falseます。The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがある true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがない true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

ListViewItem パーツListViewItem Parts

ListViewItem コントロールには、名前付きの部分がありません。The ListViewItem control does not have any named parts.

ListViewItem の状態ListViewItem States

次の表に、ListViewItem コントロールの状態を示します。The following table lists the states for the ListViewItem control.

VisualState 名VisualState Name VisualStateGroup 名VisualStateGroup Name 説明Description
標準Normal CommonStatesCommonStates 既定の状態です。The default state.
DisabledDisabled CommonStatesCommonStates コントロールが無効になっています。The control is disabled.
MouseOverMouseOver CommonStatesCommonStates マウスポインターが ComboBox コントロールの上にあります。The mouse pointer is over the ComboBox control.
フォーカスされているFocused FocusStatesFocusStates コントロールにフォーカスがあります。The control has focus.
フォーカスされていないUnfocused FocusStatesFocusStates コントロールにフォーカスがありません。The control does not have focus.
選択済みSelected SelectionStatesSelectionStates 項目は現在選択されています。The item is currently selected.
未選択Unselected SelectionStatesSelectionStates この項目は選択されていません。The item is not selected.
SelectedUnfocusedSelectedUnfocused SelectionStatesSelectionStates この項目は選択されていますが、フォーカスがありません。The item is selected, but does not have focus.
有効Valid ValidationStatesValidationStates コントロールは Validation クラスを使用し、HasError 添付プロパティは falseます。The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがある true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがない true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

ListView ControlTemplate の例ListView ControlTemplate Examples

次の例は、ListView コントロールとそれに関連付けられている型の ControlTemplate を定義する方法を示しています。The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the ListView control and its associated types.

<Style x:Key="{x:Static GridView.GridViewScrollViewerStyleKey}"
       TargetType="ScrollViewer">
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="ScrollViewer">
        <Grid Background="{TemplateBinding Background}">
          <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="*" />
            <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
          </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
          <Grid.RowDefinitions>
            <RowDefinition Height="*" />
            <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
          </Grid.RowDefinitions>

          <DockPanel Margin="{TemplateBinding Padding}">
            <ScrollViewer DockPanel.Dock="Top"
                          HorizontalScrollBarVisibility="Hidden"
                          VerticalScrollBarVisibility="Hidden"
                          Focusable="false">
              <GridViewHeaderRowPresenter Margin="2,0,2,0"
                                          Columns="{Binding Path=TemplatedParent.View.Columns,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          ColumnHeaderContainerStyle="{Binding
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderContainerStyle,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          ColumnHeaderTemplate="{Binding
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderTemplate,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          ColumnHeaderTemplateSelector="{Binding 
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderTemplateSelector,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          AllowsColumnReorder="{Binding
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.AllowsColumnReorder,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          ColumnHeaderContextMenu="{Binding
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderContextMenu,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          ColumnHeaderToolTip="{Binding
                Path=TemplatedParent.View.ColumnHeaderToolTip,
                RelativeSource={RelativeSource TemplatedParent}}"
                                          SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding
                SnapsToDevicePixels}" />
            </ScrollViewer>

            <ScrollContentPresenter Name="PART_ScrollContentPresenter"
                                    KeyboardNavigation.DirectionalNavigation="Local"
                                    CanContentScroll="True"
                                    CanHorizontallyScroll="False"
                                    CanVerticallyScroll="False" />
          </DockPanel>

          <ScrollBar Name="PART_HorizontalScrollBar"
                     Orientation="Horizontal"
                     Grid.Row="1"
                     Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableWidth}"
                     ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportWidth}"
                     Value="{TemplateBinding HorizontalOffset}"
                     Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedHorizontalScrollBarVisibility}" />

          <ScrollBar Name="PART_VerticalScrollBar"
                     Grid.Column="1"
                     Maximum="{TemplateBinding ScrollableHeight}"
                     ViewportSize="{TemplateBinding ViewportHeight}"
                     Value="{TemplateBinding VerticalOffset}"
                     Visibility="{TemplateBinding ComputedVerticalScrollBarVisibility}" />

        </Grid>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="GridViewColumnHeaderGripper"
       TargetType="Thumb">
  <Setter Property="Width"
          Value="18" />
  <Setter Property="Background">
    <Setter.Value>
      <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                           EndPoint="0,1">
        <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
          <GradientStopCollection>
            <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                          Offset="0.0" />
            <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                          Offset="1.0" />
          </GradientStopCollection>
        </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
      </LinearGradientBrush>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
        <Border Padding="{TemplateBinding Padding}"
                Background="Transparent">
          <Rectangle HorizontalAlignment="Center"
                     Width="1"
                     Fill="{TemplateBinding Background}" />
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
  <Setter Property="BorderBrush">
    <Setter.Value>
      <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                           StartPoint="0.5,0">
        <GradientStop Color="Black"
                      Offset="0" />
        <GradientStop Color="White"
                      Offset="1" />
      </LinearGradientBrush>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type GridViewColumnHeader}"
       TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
  <Setter Property="HorizontalContentAlignment"
          Value="Center" />
  <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment"
          Value="Center" />
  <Setter Property="Foreground"
          Value="{DynamicResource {x:Static SystemColors.ControlTextBrushKey}}" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
        <Grid>
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[1].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="HeaderBorder">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource ControlMouseOverColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Pressed" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled" />
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <Border x:Name="HeaderBorder"
                  BorderThickness="0,1,0,1"
                  Padding="2,0,2,0">
            <Border.BorderBrush>
              <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                   EndPoint="0,1">
                <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                  <GradientStopCollection>
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                                  Offset="0.0" />
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                  Offset="1.0" />
                  </GradientStopCollection>
                </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
              </LinearGradientBrush>

            </Border.BorderBrush>
            <Border.Background>

              <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                   EndPoint="0,1">
                <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                  <GradientStopCollection>
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                                  Offset="0.0" />
                    <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                                  Offset="1.0" />
                  </GradientStopCollection>
                </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
              </LinearGradientBrush>

            </Border.Background>
            <ContentPresenter x:Name="HeaderContent"
                              Margin="0,0,0,1"
                              RecognizesAccessKey="True"
                              VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}"
                              HorizontalAlignment="{TemplateBinding HorizontalContentAlignment}"
                              SnapsToDevicePixels="{TemplateBinding SnapsToDevicePixels}"/>
          </Border>
          <Thumb x:Name="PART_HeaderGripper"
                 HorizontalAlignment="Right"
                 Margin="0,0,-9,0"
                 Style="{StaticResource GridViewColumnHeaderGripper}" />
        </Grid>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
  <Style.Triggers>
    <Trigger Property="Role"
             Value="Floating">
      <Setter Property="Opacity"
              Value="0.7" />
      <Setter Property="Template">
        <Setter.Value>
          <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
            <Canvas Name="PART_FloatingHeaderCanvas">
              <Rectangle Fill="#60000000"
                         Width="{TemplateBinding ActualWidth}"
                         Height="{TemplateBinding ActualHeight}" />
            </Canvas>
          </ControlTemplate>
        </Setter.Value>
      </Setter>
    </Trigger>
    <Trigger Property="Role"
             Value="Padding">
      <Setter Property="Template">
        <Setter.Value>
          <ControlTemplate TargetType="GridViewColumnHeader">
            <Border Name="HeaderBorder"
                    BorderThickness="0,1,0,1">
              <Border.Background>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
              </Border.Background>
              <Border.BorderBrush>
                <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                     EndPoint="0,1">
                  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                    <GradientStopCollection>
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                                    Offset="0.0" />
                      <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                    Offset="1.0" />
                    </GradientStopCollection>
                  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                </LinearGradientBrush>
              </Border.BorderBrush>
            </Border>
          </ControlTemplate>
        </Setter.Value>
      </Setter>
    </Trigger>
  </Style.Triggers>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ListView}"
       TargetType="ListView">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.HorizontalScrollBarVisibility"
          Value="Auto" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.VerticalScrollBarVisibility"
          Value="Auto" />
  <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="VerticalContentAlignment"
          Value="Center" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="ListView">
        <Border Name="Border"
                BorderThickness="1">
          <Border.Background>
            <SolidColorBrush Color="{StaticResource ControlLightColor}" />
          </Border.Background>
          <Border.BorderBrush>
            <SolidColorBrush Color="{StaticResource BorderMediumColor}" />
          </Border.BorderBrush>
          <ScrollViewer Style="{DynamicResource
                        {x:Static GridView.GridViewScrollViewerStyleKey}}">
            <ItemsPresenter />
          </ScrollViewer>
        </Border>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="IsGrouping"
                   Value="true">
            <Setter Property="ScrollViewer.CanContentScroll"
                    Value="false" />
          </Trigger>
          <Trigger Property="IsEnabled"
                   Value="false">
            <Setter TargetName="Border"
                    Property="Background">
              <Setter.Value>
                <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource DisabledBorderLightColor}" />
              </Setter.Value>
            </Setter>
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ListViewItem}"
       TargetType="ListViewItem">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="ListBoxItem">
        <Border x:Name="Border"
                Padding="2"
                SnapsToDevicePixels="true"
                Background="Transparent">
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled" />
            </VisualStateGroup>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="SelectionStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Unselected" />
              <VisualState x:Name="Selected">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Border"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource SelectedBackgroundColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="SelectedUnfocused">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetName="Border"
                                                Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Panel.Background).
                    (SolidColorBrush.Color)">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource SelectedUnfocusedColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
          <GridViewRowPresenter VerticalAlignment="{TemplateBinding VerticalContentAlignment}" />
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

ControlTemplate の例では、次のリソースの1つ以上を使用します。The ControlTemplate examples use one or more of the following resources.

<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

完全なサンプルについては、Styling with ControlTemplates Sampleを参照してください。For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

関連項目See also