スライダーのスタイルとテンプレートSlider Styles and Templates

このトピックでは、Slider コントロールのスタイルとテンプレートについて説明します。This topic describes the styles and templates for the Slider control. ControlTemplateの既定値を変更して外観を制御します。You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. 詳細については、「Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate」を参照してください。For more information, see Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate.

スライダーの部分Slider Parts

次の表に、Slider コントロールの名前付きの部分を示します。The following table lists the named parts for the Slider control.

パーツPart [種類]Type 説明Description
PART_TrackPART_Track Track Sliderの位置を示す要素のコンテナー。The container for the element that indicates the position of the Slider.
PART_SelectionRangePART_SelectionRange FrameworkElement Sliderに沿って選択範囲を表示する要素。The element that displays a selection range along the Slider. 選択範囲は、IsSelectionRangeEnabled プロパティが true場合にのみ表示されます。The selection range is visible only if the IsSelectionRangeEnabled property is true.

スライダーの状態Slider States

次の表は、Slider コントロールの表示状態を示しています。The following table lists the visual states for the Slider control.

VisualState 名VisualState Name VisualStateGroup 名VisualStateGroup Name 説明Description
標準Normal CommonStatesCommonStates 既定の状態です。The default state.
MouseOverMouseOver CommonStatesCommonStates マウス ポインターがコントロール上に配置されます。The mouse pointer is positioned over the control.
DisabledDisabled CommonStatesCommonStates コントロールが無効になっています。The control is disabled.
フォーカスされているFocused FocusStatesFocusStates コントロールにフォーカスがあります。The control has focus.
フォーカスされていないUnfocused FocusStatesFocusStates コントロールにフォーカスがありません。The control does not have focus.
有効Valid ValidationStatesValidationStates コントロールは Validation クラスを使用し、HasError 添付プロパティは falseます。The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがある true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがない true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

Slider ControlTemplate の例Slider ControlTemplate Example

次の例は、Slider コントロールの ControlTemplate を定義する方法を示しています。The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the Slider control.

<Style x:Key="SliderButtonStyle"
       TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="IsTabStop"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Focusable"
          Value="false" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type RepeatButton}">
        <Border Background="Transparent" />
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<Style x:Key="SliderThumbStyle"
       TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Height"
          Value="14" />
  <Setter Property="Width"
          Value="14" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Thumb}">
        <Ellipse x:Name="Ellipse"
                 StrokeThickness="1">
          <Ellipse.Stroke>
            <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                                 EndPoint="0,1">
              <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
                <GradientStopCollection>
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                                Offset="0.0" />
                  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                                Offset="1.0" />
                </GradientStopCollection>
              </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            </LinearGradientBrush>
          </Ellipse.Stroke>
          <Ellipse.Fill>
            <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="0.5,1"
                                 StartPoint="0.5,0">
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                            Offset="1" />
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}" />
            </LinearGradientBrush>
          </Ellipse.Fill>
          <VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
            <VisualStateGroup x:Name="CommonStates">
              <VisualState x:Name="Normal" />
              <VisualState x:Name="MouseOver">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[0].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="Ellipse">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource ControlMouseOverColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Pressed">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[0].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="Ellipse">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource ControlPressedColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
              <VisualState x:Name="Disabled">
                <Storyboard>
                  <ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames Storyboard.TargetProperty="(Shape.Fill).
                    (GradientBrush.GradientStops)[0].(GradientStop.Color)"
                                                Storyboard.TargetName="Ellipse">
                    <EasingColorKeyFrame KeyTime="0"
                                         Value="{StaticResource DisabledControlDarkColor}" />
                  </ColorAnimationUsingKeyFrames>
                </Storyboard>
              </VisualState>
            </VisualStateGroup>
          </VisualStateManager.VisualStateGroups>
        </Ellipse>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

<!--Template when the orientation of the Slider is Horizontal.-->
<ControlTemplate x:Key="HorizontalSlider"
                 TargetType="{x:Type Slider}">
  <Grid>
    <Grid.RowDefinitions>
      <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
      <RowDefinition Height="Auto"
                     MinHeight="{TemplateBinding MinHeight}" />
      <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
    </Grid.RowDefinitions>
    <TickBar x:Name="TopTick"
             SnapsToDevicePixels="True"
             Placement="Top"
             Height="4"
             Visibility="Collapsed">
      <TickBar.Fill>
        <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}" />
      </TickBar.Fill>
    </TickBar>
    <Border x:Name="TrackBackground"
            Margin="0"
            CornerRadius="2"
            Height="4"
            Grid.Row="1"
            BorderThickness="1">
      <Border.BorderBrush>
        <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                             EndPoint="0,1">
          <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            <GradientStopCollection>
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                            Offset="0.0" />
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                            Offset="1.0" />
            </GradientStopCollection>
          </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
        </LinearGradientBrush>
      </Border.BorderBrush>
      <Border.Background>
        <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                             EndPoint="0,1">
          <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            <GradientStopCollection>
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                            Offset="0.0" />
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource SliderTrackDarkColor}"
                            Offset="1.0" />
            </GradientStopCollection>
          </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
        </LinearGradientBrush>
      </Border.Background>
    </Border>
    <Track Grid.Row="1"
           x:Name="PART_Track">
      <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton Style="{StaticResource SliderButtonStyle}"
                      Command="Slider.DecreaseLarge" />
      </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
      <Track.Thumb>
        <Thumb Style="{StaticResource SliderThumbStyle}" />
      </Track.Thumb>
      <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton Style="{StaticResource SliderButtonStyle}"
                      Command="Slider.IncreaseLarge" />
      </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
    </Track>
    <TickBar x:Name="BottomTick"
             SnapsToDevicePixels="True"
             Grid.Row="2"
             Fill="{TemplateBinding Foreground}"
             Placement="Bottom"
             Height="4"
             Visibility="Collapsed" />
  </Grid>
  <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
    <Trigger Property="TickPlacement"
             Value="TopLeft">
      <Setter TargetName="TopTick"
              Property="Visibility"
              Value="Visible" />
    </Trigger>
    <Trigger Property="TickPlacement"
             Value="BottomRight">
      <Setter TargetName="BottomTick"
              Property="Visibility"
              Value="Visible" />
    </Trigger>
    <Trigger Property="TickPlacement"
             Value="Both">
      <Setter TargetName="TopTick"
              Property="Visibility"
              Value="Visible" />
      <Setter TargetName="BottomTick"
              Property="Visibility"
              Value="Visible" />
    </Trigger>
  </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
</ControlTemplate>

<!--Template when the orientation of the Slider is Vertical.-->
<ControlTemplate x:Key="VerticalSlider"
                 TargetType="{x:Type Slider}">
  <Grid>
    <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
      <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
      <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto"
                        MinWidth="{TemplateBinding MinWidth}" />
      <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
    </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
    <TickBar x:Name="TopTick"
             SnapsToDevicePixels="True"
             Placement="Left"
             Width="4"
             Visibility="Collapsed">
      <TickBar.Fill>
        <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource GlyphColor}" />
      </TickBar.Fill>
    </TickBar>

    <Border x:Name="TrackBackground"
            Margin="0"
            CornerRadius="2"
            Width="4"
            Grid.Column="1"
            BorderThickness="1">
      <Border.BorderBrush>
        <LinearGradientBrush StartPoint="0,0"
                             EndPoint="1,0">
          <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
            <GradientStopCollection>
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderLightColor}"
                            Offset="0.0" />
              <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource BorderDarkColor}"
                            Offset="1.0" />
            </GradientStopCollection>
          </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
        </LinearGradientBrush>

      </Border.BorderBrush>
      <Border.Background>
        <LinearGradientBrush EndPoint="1,0"
                             StartPoint="0.25,0">
          <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                        Offset="0" />
          <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource SliderTrackDarkColor}"
                        Offset="1" />
        </LinearGradientBrush>
      </Border.Background>
    </Border>
    <Track Grid.Column="1"
           x:Name="PART_Track">
      <Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton Style="{StaticResource SliderButtonStyle}"
                      Command="Slider.DecreaseLarge" />
      </Track.DecreaseRepeatButton>
      <Track.Thumb>
        <Thumb Style="{StaticResource SliderThumbStyle}" />
      </Track.Thumb>
      <Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
        <RepeatButton Style="{StaticResource SliderButtonStyle}"
                      Command="Slider.IncreaseLarge" />
      </Track.IncreaseRepeatButton>
    </Track>
    <TickBar x:Name="BottomTick"
             SnapsToDevicePixels="True"
             Grid.Column="2"
             Fill="{TemplateBinding Foreground}"
             Placement="Right"
             Width="4"
             Visibility="Collapsed" />
  </Grid>
  <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
    <Trigger Property="TickPlacement"
             Value="TopLeft">
      <Setter TargetName="TopTick"
              Property="Visibility"
              Value="Visible" />
    </Trigger>
    <Trigger Property="TickPlacement"
             Value="BottomRight">
      <Setter TargetName="BottomTick"
              Property="Visibility"
              Value="Visible" />
    </Trigger>
    <Trigger Property="TickPlacement"
             Value="Both">
      <Setter TargetName="TopTick"
              Property="Visibility"
              Value="Visible" />
      <Setter TargetName="BottomTick"
              Property="Visibility"
              Value="Visible" />
    </Trigger>
  </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
</ControlTemplate>

<Style TargetType="{x:Type Slider}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Style.Triggers>
    <Trigger Property="Orientation"
             Value="Horizontal">
      <Setter Property="MinWidth"
              Value="104" />
      <Setter Property="MinHeight"
              Value="21" />
      <Setter Property="Template"
              Value="{StaticResource HorizontalSlider}" />
    </Trigger>
    <Trigger Property="Orientation"
             Value="Vertical">
      <Setter Property="MinWidth"
              Value="21" />
      <Setter Property="MinHeight"
              Value="104" />
      <Setter Property="Template"
              Value="{StaticResource VerticalSlider}" />
    </Trigger>
  </Style.Triggers>
</Style>

前の例では、次のリソースの 1 つ以上を使用します。The preceding example uses one or more of the following resources.

<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

完全なサンプルについては、Styling with ControlTemplates Sampleを参照してください。For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

関連項目See also