ウィンドウのスタイルとテンプレートWindow Styles and Templates

このトピックでは、Window コントロールのスタイルとテンプレートについて説明します。This topic describes the styles and templates for the Window control. ControlTemplateの既定値を変更して外観を制御します。You can modify the default ControlTemplate to give the control a unique appearance. 詳細については、「Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate」を参照してください。For more information, see Customizing the Appearance of an Existing Control by Creating a ControlTemplate.

ウィンドウ部分Window Parts

Window コントロールには、名前付きの部分がありません。The Window control does not have any named parts.

ウィンドウの状態Window States

次の表は、Window コントロールの表示状態を示しています。The following table lists the visual states for the Window control.

VisualState 名VisualState Name VisualStateGroup 名VisualStateGroup Name 説明Description
有効Valid ValidationStatesValidationStates コントロールは Validation クラスを使用し、HasError 添付プロパティは falseます。The control uses the Validation class and the HasError attached property is false.
InvalidFocusedInvalidFocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがある true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control has focus.
InvalidUnfocusedInvalidUnfocused ValidationStatesValidationStates HasError 添付プロパティは、コントロールにフォーカスがない true です。The HasError attached property is true has the control does not have focus.

Window ControlTemplate の例Window ControlTemplate Example

次の例は、Window コントロールの ControlTemplate を定義する方法を示しています。The following example shows how to define a ControlTemplate for the Window control.

<Style x:Key="{x:Type Window}"
       TargetType="{x:Type Window}">
  <Setter Property="SnapsToDevicePixels"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type Window}">
        <Grid>
          <Grid.Background>
            <SolidColorBrush Color="{DynamicResource WindowColor}"/>
          </Grid.Background>
          <AdornerDecorator>
            <ContentPresenter />
          </AdornerDecorator>
          <ResizeGrip x:Name="WindowResizeGrip"
                      HorizontalAlignment="Right"
                      VerticalAlignment="Bottom"
                      Visibility="Collapsed"
                      IsTabStop="false" />
        </Grid>
        <ControlTemplate.Triggers>
          <Trigger Property="ResizeMode"
                   Value="CanResizeWithGrip">
            <Setter TargetName="WindowResizeGrip"
                    Property="Visibility"
                    Value="Visible" />
          </Trigger>
        </ControlTemplate.Triggers>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>

ControlTemplate では、次のリソースの1つ以上を使用します。The ControlTemplate uses one or more of the following resources.

<Style x:Key="{x:Type ResizeGrip}"
       TargetType="{x:Type ResizeGrip}">
  <Setter Property="OverridesDefaultStyle"
          Value="true" />
  <Setter Property="Template">
    <Setter.Value>
      <ControlTemplate TargetType="{x:Type ResizeGrip}">
        <Border Background="Transparent"
                SnapsToDevicePixels="True"
                Width="16"
                Height="16">
          <Rectangle Margin="2">
            <Rectangle.Fill>
              <DrawingBrush Viewport="0,0,4,4"
                            ViewportUnits="Absolute"
                            Viewbox="0,0,8,8"
                            ViewboxUnits="Absolute"
                            TileMode="Tile">
                <DrawingBrush.Drawing>
                  <DrawingGroup>
                    <DrawingGroup.Children>
                      <GeometryDrawing Brush="#FFE8EDF9"
                                       Geometry="M 4 4 L 4 8 L 
                                                 8 8 L 8 4 z" />
                    </DrawingGroup.Children>
                  </DrawingGroup>
                </DrawingBrush.Drawing>
              </DrawingBrush>
            </Rectangle.Fill>
          </Rectangle>
        </Border>
      </ControlTemplate>
    </Setter.Value>
  </Setter>
</Style>
<!--Control colors.-->
<Color x:Key="WindowColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorLight">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ContentAreaColorDark">#FF7381F9</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledControlLightColor">#FFE8EDF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledControlDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledForegroundColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="SelectedBackgroundColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="SelectedUnfocusedColor">#FFDDDDDD</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlLightColor">White</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlMediumColor">#FF7381F9</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlDarkColor">#FF211AA9</Color>

<Color x:Key="ControlMouseOverColor">#FF3843C4</Color>
<Color x:Key="ControlPressedColor">#FF211AA9</Color>


<Color x:Key="GlyphColor">#FF444444</Color>
<Color x:Key="GlyphMouseOver">sc#1, 0.004391443, 0.002428215, 0.242281124</Color>

<!--Border colors-->
<Color x:Key="BorderLightColor">#FFCCCCCC</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderMediumColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="BorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="PressedBorderLightColor">#FF888888</Color>
<Color x:Key="PressedBorderDarkColor">#FF444444</Color>

<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderLightColor">#FFAAAAAA</Color>
<Color x:Key="DisabledBorderDarkColor">#FF888888</Color>

<Color x:Key="DefaultBorderBrushDarkColor">Black</Color>

<!--Control-specific resources.-->
<Color x:Key="HeaderTopColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>
<Color x:Key="DatagridCurrentCellBorderColor">Black</Color>
<Color x:Key="SliderTrackDarkColor">#FFC5CBF9</Color>

<Color x:Key="NavButtonFrameColor">#FF3843C4</Color>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="MenuPopupBrush"
                     EndPoint="0.5,1"
                     StartPoint="0.5,0">
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="0" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlMediumColor}"
                Offset="0.5" />
  <GradientStop Color="{DynamicResource ControlLightColor}"
                Offset="1" />
</LinearGradientBrush>

<LinearGradientBrush x:Key="ProgressBarIndicatorAnimatedFill"
                     StartPoint="0,0"
                     EndPoint="1,0">
  <LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
    <GradientStopCollection>
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="0" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.4" />
      <GradientStop Color="#600000FF"
                    Offset="0.6" />
      <GradientStop Color="#000000FF"
                    Offset="1" />
    </GradientStopCollection>
  </LinearGradientBrush.GradientStops>
</LinearGradientBrush>

完全なサンプルについては、Styling with ControlTemplates Sampleを参照してください。For the complete sample, see Styling with ControlTemplates Sample.

関連項目See also