ガベージ コレクションの通知Garbage Collection Notifications

共通言語ランタイムによるフル ガベージ コレクション (つまり、ジェネレーション 2 のコレクション) がパフォーマンスに悪影響を及ぼす場合があります。There are situations in which a full garbage collection (that is, a generation 2 collection) by the common language runtime may adversely affect performance. これは、特に要求を大量に処理するサーバーで問題となることがあります。この例では、長時間のガベージ コレクションによって、要求のタイムアウトが発生します。重要な期間にフル ガベージ コレクションが発生しないようにするには、フル ガベージ コレクションが近づいていることの通知を受けたら、ワークロードを別のサーバー インスタンスにリダイレクトするアクションを取ります。This can be an issue particularly with servers that process large volumes of requests; in this case, a long garbage collection can cause a request time-out. To prevent a full collection from occurring during a critical period, you can be notified that a full garbage collection is approaching and then take action to redirect the workload to another server instance. 現在のサーバー インスタンスで要求を処理する必要がない場合、自分でコレクションを強制実行することもできます。You can also induce a collection yourself, provided that the current server instance does not need to process requests.

ランタイムがフル ガーベッジ コレクションが近づいていることを検出すると、RegisterForFullGCNotification メソッドによって通知の発生が登録されます。The RegisterForFullGCNotification method registers for a notification to be raised when the runtime senses that a full garbage collection is approaching. この通知には、フル ガベージ コレクションが近づいている場合と、フル ガベージ コレクションが完了した場合の 2 つがあります。There are two parts to this notification: when the full garbage collection is approaching and when the full garbage collection has completed.

警告

通知は、ガベージ コレクションをブロックすることによってのみ発生します。Only blocking garbage collections raise notifications. <gcConcurrent> 構成要素が有効になっている場合、バック グラウンドのガベージ コレクションでは、通知は発生しません。When the <gcConcurrent> configuration element is enabled, background garbage collections will not raise notifications.

通知が発生したことを判断するには、WaitForFullGCApproachWaitForFullGCComplete メソッドを使用します。To determine when a notification has been raised, use the WaitForFullGCApproach and WaitForFullGCComplete methods. 通常、これらのメソッドは、通知の状態を示す GCNotificationStatus 列挙体を継続的に取得する while ループで使用します。Typically, you use these methods in a while loop to continually obtain a GCNotificationStatus enumeration that shows the status of the notification. その値が Succeeded の場合、次を行うことができます。If that value is Succeeded, you can do the following:

  • WaitForFullGCApproach メソッドで取得した通知を受け、作業負荷をリダイレクトします。ガベージ コレクションを手動で強制的に実行することもできます。In response to a notification obtained with the WaitForFullGCApproach method, you can redirect the workload and possibly induce a collection yourself.

  • WaitForFullGCComplete メソッドで取得した通知を受け、現在のサーバー インスタンスで再度要求を処理できるようにします。In response to a notification obtained with the WaitForFullGCComplete method, you can make the current server instance available to process requests again. 情報を収集することもできます。You can also gather information. たとえば、CollectionCount メソッドを使用して、コレクションの数を記録することもできます。For example, you can use the CollectionCount method to record the number of collections.

WaitForFullGCApproachWaitForFullGCComplete メソッドは、連携して動作するように設計されています。The WaitForFullGCApproach and the WaitForFullGCComplete methods are designed to work together. 片方のみを使用する場合、結果が不正確になる場合があります。Using one without the other can produce indeterminate results.

フル ガベージ コレクションFull Garbage Collection

ランタイムでは、次のいずれかのシナリオに当てはまる場合にフル ガベージ コレクションを実行します。The runtime causes a full garbage collection when any of the following scenarios are true:

  • 十分なメモリがジェネレーション 2 に昇格し、次のジェネレーション 2 のガベージ コレクションが発生する場合。Enough memory has been promoted into generation 2 to cause the next generation 2 collection.

  • 十分なメモリが、大きいオブジェクトのヒープに昇格し、次のジェネレーション 2 のガベージ コレクションが発生する場合。Enough memory has been promoted into the large object heap to cause the next generation 2 collection.

  • その他の要因により、ジェネレーション 1 のガベージ コレクションがジェネレーション 2 のガベージ コレクションにエスカレートする場合。A collection of generation 1 is escalated to a collection of generation 2 due to other factors.

RegisterForFullGCNotification メソッドに指定したしきい値は、最初の 2 つのシナリオに該当します。The thresholds you specify in the RegisterForFullGCNotification method apply to the first two scenarios. ただし、最初のシナリオでは、以下の 2 つの理由から、指定したしきい値に比例したタイミングで常に通知を受け取るとは限りません。However, in the first scenario you will not always receive the notification at the time proportional to the threshold values you specify for two reasons:

  • ランタイムは、パフォーマンス上の理由から、小さなオブジェクトの割り当てをチェックしません。The runtime does not check each small object allocation (for performance reasons).

  • メモリがジェネレーション 2 に移動されるのは、ジェネレーション 1 のガベージ コレクションが実行された場合だけです。Only generation 1 collections promote memory into generation 2.

3 番目のシナリオによっても、通知がいつあるかが不確実になります。The third scenario also contributes to the uncertainty of when you will receive the notification. 保証されるわけではないものの、この間要求をリダイレクトしたり、都合の良いときに自分でガベージ コレクションを強制的に実行したりして、タイミングの悪いフル ガベージ コレクションの影響を緩和することは有効な方法です。Although this is not a guarantee, it does prove to be a useful way to mitigate the effects of an inopportune full garbage collection by redirecting the requests during this time or inducing the collection yourself when it can be better accommodated.

通知しきい値パラメーターNotification Threshold Parameters

RegisterForFullGCNotification メソッドには、ジェネレーション 2 のオブジェクトと大きなオブジェクトのヒープのしきい値を指定するパラメーターが 2 つあります。The RegisterForFullGCNotification method has two parameters to specify the threshold values of the generation 2 objects and the large object heap. これらの値を超えると、ガベージ コレクションの通知が発行されます。When those values are met, a garbage collection notification should be raised. 次の表で、これらのパラメーターについて説明します。The following table describes these parameters.

パラメーターParameter 説明Description
maxGenerationThreshold ジェネレーション 2 に昇格したオブジェクト数に基づいて通知を発行するタイミングを指定する、1 ~ 99 の数値。A number between 1 and 99 that specifies when the notification should be raised based on the objects promoted in generation 2.
largeObjectHeapThreshold 大きなオブジェクトのヒープに割り当てられたオブジェクト数に基づいて通知を発行するタイミングを指定する、1 ~ 99 の数値。A number between 1 and 99 that specifies when the notification should be raised based on the objects that are allocated in the large object heap.

指定した値が高すぎる場合、通知を受け取る可能性は高くなりますが、ランタイムでコレクションが発生するまでに、長い時間がかかりります。If you specify a value that is too high, there is a high probability that you will receive a notification, but it could be too long a period to wait before the runtime causes a collection. コレクションを自分で強制実行する場合、ランタイムによってコレクションが解放されるときよりも、より多くのオブジェクトを回収できます。If you induce a collection yourself, you may reclaim more objects than would be reclaimed if the runtime causes the collection.

指定した値が小さすぎる場合、通知を受け取るのに十分な時間がない前に、ランタイムによってコレクションが実行されるおそれがあります。If you specify a value that is too low, the runtime may cause the collection before you have had sufficient time to be notified.

Example

説明Description

次の例では、サーバーのグループが受信した Web 要求を処理します。In the following example, a group of servers service incoming Web requests. 要求を処理するワークロードのシミュレートのため、バイト配列が List<T> コレクションに追加されています。To simulate the workload of processing requests, byte arrays are added to a List<T> collection. 各サーバーはガベージ コレクションの通知を登録し、WaitForFullGCProcユーザー メソッドでスレッドを開始して、WaitForFullGCApproach メソッドと WaitForFullGCComplete メソッドで返される GCNotificationStatus 列挙型を継続的に監視します。Each server registers for a garbage collection notification and then starts a thread on the WaitForFullGCProc user method to continuously monitor the GCNotificationStatus enumeration that is returned by the WaitForFullGCApproach and the WaitForFullGCComplete methods.

通知が発生すると、WaitForFullGCApproach および WaitForFullGCComplete メソッドによって、それぞれのイベント処理ユーザー メソッドが呼び出されます。The WaitForFullGCApproach and the WaitForFullGCComplete methods call their respective event-handling user methods when a notification is raised:

  • OnFullGCApproachNotify

    このメソッドはユーザー メソッド RedirectRequestsを呼び出し、要求をキューに格納するサーバーに対して、このサーバーへの要求の送信を一時停止するよう指示します。This method calls the RedirectRequests user method, which instructs the request queuing server to suspend sending requests to the server. これは、これ以上オブジェクトが割り当てられないように、クラスレベルの変数 bAllocatefalse に設定することによってシミュレートできます。This is simulated by setting the class-level variable bAllocate to false so that no more objects are allocated.

    次に、FinishExistingRequests ユーザー メソッドが呼び出され、保留中のサーバー要求の処理が完了します。Next, the FinishExistingRequests user method is called to finish processing the pending server requests. これは、List<T> コレクションをクリアすることによってシミュレートできます。This is simulated by clearing the List<T> collection.

    最後に、作業負荷が軽いため、ガベージ コレクションが強制的に実行されます。Finally, a garbage collection is induced because the workload is light.

  • OnFullGCCompleteNotify

    サーバーがフル ガベージ コレクションの影響を受ける可能性が低くなったため、ユーザー メソッド AcceptRequests を呼び出し、要求の受付を再開します。This method calls the user method AcceptRequests to resume accepting requests because the server is no longer susceptible to a full garbage collection. このアクションは、オブジェクトが List<T> コレクションに追加開始されるよう bAllocate 変数を true に設定することによってシミュレートできます。This action is simulated by setting the bAllocate variable to true so that objects can resume being added to the List<T> collection.

次のコードには、この例の Main メソッドを含んでいます。The following code contains the Main method of the example.

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::Threading;

namespace GCNotify
{
    ref class Program
    {
    private:
        // Variable for continual checking in the
        // While loop in the WaitForFullGCProc method.
        static bool checkForNotify = false;

        // Variable for suspending work
        // (such servicing allocated server requests)
        // after a notification is received and then
        // resuming allocation after inducing a garbage collection.
        static bool bAllocate = false;

        // Variable for ending the example.
        static bool finalExit = false;

        // Collection for objects that
        // simulate the server request workload.
        static List<array<Byte>^>^ load = gcnew List<array<Byte>^>();


    public:
        static void Main()
        {
            try
            {
                // Register for a notification.
                GC::RegisterForFullGCNotification(10, 10);
                Console::WriteLine("Registered for GC notification.");

                checkForNotify = true;
                bAllocate = true;

                // Start a thread using WaitForFullGCProc.
                Thread^ thWaitForFullGC = gcnew Thread(gcnew ThreadStart(&WaitForFullGCProc));
                thWaitForFullGC->Start();

                // While the thread is checking for notifications in
                // WaitForFullGCProc, create objects to simulate a server workload.
                try
                {
                    int lastCollCount = 0;
                    int newCollCount = 0;


                    while (true)
                    {
                        if (bAllocate)
                        {
                            load->Add(gcnew array<Byte>(1000));
                            newCollCount = GC::CollectionCount(2);
                            if (newCollCount != lastCollCount)
                            {
                                // Show collection count when it increases:
                                Console::WriteLine("Gen 2 collection count: {0}", GC::CollectionCount(2).ToString());
                                lastCollCount = newCollCount;
                            }

                            // For ending the example (arbitrary).
                            if (newCollCount == 500)
                            {
                                finalExit = true;
                                checkForNotify = false;
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }

                }
                catch (OutOfMemoryException^)
                {
                    Console::WriteLine("Out of memory.");
                }


                finalExit = true;
                checkForNotify = false;
                GC::CancelFullGCNotification();

            }
            catch (InvalidOperationException^ invalidOp)
            {

                Console::WriteLine("GC Notifications are not supported while concurrent GC is enabled.\n"
                    + invalidOp->Message);
            }
        }

    public:
        static void OnFullGCApproachNotify()
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Redirecting requests.");

            // Method that tells the request queuing
            // server to not direct requests to this server.
            RedirectRequests();

            // Method that provides time to
            // finish processing pending requests.
            FinishExistingRequests();

            // This is a good time to induce a GC collection
            // because the runtime will induce a full GC soon.
            // To be very careful, you can check precede with a
            // check of the GC.GCCollectionCount to make sure
            // a full GC did not already occur since last notified.
            GC::Collect();
            Console::WriteLine("Induced a collection.");

        }


    public:
        static void OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
        {
            // Method that informs the request queuing server
            // that this server is ready to accept requests again.
            AcceptRequests();
            Console::WriteLine("Accepting requests again.");
        }

    public:
        static void WaitForFullGCProc()
        {
            while (true)
            {
                // CheckForNotify is set to true and false in Main.
                while (checkForNotify)
                {
                    // Check for a notification of an approaching collection.
                    GCNotificationStatus s = GC::WaitForFullGCApproach();
                    if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Succeeded)
                    {
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notifiction raised.");
                        OnFullGCApproachNotify();
                    }
                    else if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Canceled)
                    {
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                        break;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        // This can occur if a timeout period
                        // is specified for WaitForFullGCApproach(Timeout)
                        // or WaitForFullGCComplete(Timeout)
                        // and the time out period has elapsed.
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                        break;
                    }

                    // Check for a notification of a completed collection.
                    s = GC::WaitForFullGCComplete();
                    if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Succeeded)
                    {
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notification raised.");
                        OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify();
                    }
                    else if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Canceled)
                    {
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                        break;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        // Could be a time out.
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                        break;
                    }
                }


                Thread::Sleep(500);
                // FinalExit is set to true right before
                // the main thread cancelled notification.
                if (finalExit)
                {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

    private:
        static void RedirectRequests()
        {
            // Code that sends requests
            // to other servers.

            // Suspend work.
            bAllocate = false;

        }

        static void FinishExistingRequests()
        {
            // Code that waits a period of time
            // for pending requests to finish.

            // Clear the simulated workload.
            load->Clear();

        }

        static void AcceptRequests()
        {
            // Code that resumes processing
            // requests on this server.

            // Resume work.
            bAllocate = true;
        }
    };
}

int main()
{
    GCNotify::Program::Main();
}
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading;

namespace GCNotify
{
    class Program
    {
        // Variable for continual checking in the 
        // While loop in the WaitForFullGCProc method.
        static bool checkForNotify = false;

        // Variable for suspending work 
        // (such servicing allocated server requests)
        // after a notification is received and then 
        // resuming allocation after inducing a garbage collection.
        static bool bAllocate = false;

        // Variable for ending the example.
        static bool finalExit = false;

        // Collection for objects that  
        // simulate the server request workload.
        static List<byte[]> load = new List<byte[]>();


        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                // Register for a notification. 
                GC.RegisterForFullGCNotification(10, 10);
                Console.WriteLine("Registered for GC notification.");

                checkForNotify = true;
                bAllocate = true;

                // Start a thread using WaitForFullGCProc.
                Thread thWaitForFullGC = new Thread(new ThreadStart(WaitForFullGCProc));
                thWaitForFullGC.Start();

                // While the thread is checking for notifications in
                // WaitForFullGCProc, create objects to simulate a server workload.
                try
                {

                    int lastCollCount = 0;
                    int newCollCount = 0;
                    
                    
                    while (true)
                    {
                        if (bAllocate)
                        {
                            load.Add(new byte[1000]);
                            newCollCount = GC.CollectionCount(2);
                            if (newCollCount != lastCollCount)
                            {
                                // Show collection count when it increases:
                                Console.WriteLine("Gen 2 collection count: {0}", GC.CollectionCount(2).ToString());
                                lastCollCount = newCollCount;
                            }
                           
                            // For ending the example (arbitrary).
                            if (newCollCount == 500)
                            {
                                finalExit = true;
                                checkForNotify = false;
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }

                }
                catch (OutOfMemoryException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Out of memory.");
                }


                finalExit = true;
                checkForNotify = false;
                GC.CancelFullGCNotification();

            }
            catch (InvalidOperationException invalidOp)
            {

                Console.WriteLine("GC Notifications are not supported while concurrent GC is enabled.\n"
                    + invalidOp.Message);
            }
        }

        public static void OnFullGCApproachNotify()
        {

            Console.WriteLine("Redirecting requests.");

            // Method that tells the request queuing  
            // server to not direct requests to this server. 
            RedirectRequests();

            // Method that provides time to 
            // finish processing pending requests. 
            FinishExistingRequests();

            // This is a good time to induce a GC collection
            // because the runtime will induce a full GC soon.
            // To be very careful, you can check precede with a
            // check of the GC.GCCollectionCount to make sure
            // a full GC did not already occur since last notified.
            GC.Collect();
            Console.WriteLine("Induced a collection.");

        }


        public static void OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
        {
            // Method that informs the request queuing server
            // that this server is ready to accept requests again.
            AcceptRequests();
            Console.WriteLine("Accepting requests again.");
        }

        public static void WaitForFullGCProc()
        {
            while (true)
            {
                // CheckForNotify is set to true and false in Main.
                while (checkForNotify)
                {
                    // Check for a notification of an approaching collection.
                    GCNotificationStatus s = GC.WaitForFullGCApproach();
                    if (s == GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification raised.");
                        OnFullGCApproachNotify();
                    }
                    else if (s == GCNotificationStatus.Canceled)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                        break;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        // This can occur if a timeout period
                        // is specified for WaitForFullGCApproach(Timeout) 
                        // or WaitForFullGCComplete(Timeout)  
                        // and the time out period has elapsed. 
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                        break;
                    }

                    // Check for a notification of a completed collection.
                    GCNotificationStatus status = GC.WaitForFullGCComplete();
                    if (status == GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification raised.");
                        OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify();
                    }
                    else if (status == GCNotificationStatus.Canceled)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                        break;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        // Could be a time out.
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                        break;
                    }
                }


                Thread.Sleep(500);
                // FinalExit is set to true right before  
                // the main thread cancelled notification.
                if (finalExit)
                {
                    break;
                }
            }

        }

        private static void RedirectRequests()
        {
            // Code that sends requests
            // to other servers.

            // Suspend work.
            bAllocate = false;

        }

        private static void FinishExistingRequests()
        {
            // Code that waits a period of time
            // for pending requests to finish.

            // Clear the simulated workload.
            load.Clear();

        }

        private static void AcceptRequests()
        {
            // Code that resumes processing
            // requests on this server.

            // Resume work.
            bAllocate = true;

        }
    }
}
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Threading

Class Program
    ' Variables for continual checking in the
    ' While loop in the WaitForFullGcProc method.
    Private Shared checkForNotify As Boolean = False

    ' Variable for suspending work 
    ' (such as servicing allocated server requests)
    ' after a notification is received and then 
    ' resuming allocation after inducing a garbage collection.
    Private Shared bAllocate As Boolean = False

    ' Variable for ending the example.
    Private Shared finalExit As Boolean = False

    ' Collection for objects that  
    ' simulate the server request workload.
    Private Shared load As New List(Of Byte())


    Public Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        Try
            ' Register for a notification. 
            GC.RegisterForFullGCNotification(10, 10)
            Console.WriteLine("Registered for GC notification.")

            bAllocate = True
            checkForNotify = True

            ' Start a thread using WaitForFullGCProc.
            Dim thWaitForFullGC As Thread = _
                New Thread(New ThreadStart(AddressOf WaitForFullGCProc))
            thWaitForFullGC.Start()

            ' While the thread is checking for notifications in
            ' WaitForFullGCProc, create objects to simulate a server workload.
            Try
                Dim lastCollCount As Integer = 0
                Dim newCollCount As Integer = 0
                
                
                While (True)
                    If bAllocate = True Then

                        load.Add(New Byte(1000) {})
                        newCollCount = GC.CollectionCount(2)
                        If (newCollCount <> lastCollCount) Then
                            ' Show collection count when it increases:
                            Console.WriteLine("Gen 2 collection count: {0}", _
                                              GC.CollectionCount(2).ToString)
                            lastCollCount = newCollCount
                        End If

                        ' For ending the example (arbitrary).
                        If newCollCount = 500 Then
                            finalExit = True
                            checkForNotify = False
                            bAllocate = False
                            Exit While
                        End If

                    End If
                End While
                
            Catch outofMem As OutOfMemoryException
                Console.WriteLine("Out of memory.")
            End Try

            finalExit = True
            checkForNotify = False
            GC.CancelFullGCNotification()

        Catch invalidOp As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine("GC Notifications are not supported while concurrent GC is enabled." _
                              & vbLf & invalidOp.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub OnFullGCApproachNotify()
        Console.WriteLine("Redirecting requests.")

        ' Method that tells the request queuing  
        ' server to not direct requests to this server. 
        RedirectRequests()

        ' Method that provides time to 
        ' finish processing pending requests. 
        FinishExistingRequests()

        ' This is a good time to induce a GC collection
        ' because the runtime will induce a ful GC soon.
        ' To be very careful, you can check precede with a
        ' check of the GC.GCCollectionCount to make sure
        ' a full GC did not already occur since last notified.
        GC.Collect()
        Console.WriteLine("Induced a collection.")
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
        ' Method that informs the request queuing server
        ' that this server is ready to accept requests again.
        AcceptRequests()
        Console.WriteLine("Accepting requests again.")
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub WaitForFullGCProc()

        While True
            ' CheckForNotify is set to true and false in Main.

            While checkForNotify
                ' Check for a notification of an approaching collection.
                Dim s As GCNotificationStatus = GC.WaitForFullGCApproach
                If (s = GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notification raised.")
                    OnFullGCApproachNotify()
                ElseIf (s = GCNotificationStatus.Canceled) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.")
                    Exit While
                Else
                    ' This can occur if a timeout period
                    ' is specified for WaitForFullGCApproach(Timeout) 
                    ' or WaitForFullGCComplete(Timeout)  
                    ' and the time out period has elapsed. 
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.")
                    Exit While
                End If

                ' Check for a notification of a completed collection.
                s = GC.WaitForFullGCComplete
                If (s = GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notifiction raised.")
                    OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
                ElseIf (s = GCNotificationStatus.Canceled) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.")
                    Exit While
                Else
                    ' Could be a time out.
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.")
                    Exit While
                End If

            End While
            Thread.Sleep(500)
            ' FinalExit is set to true right before  
            ' the main thread cancelled notification.
            If finalExit Then
                Exit While
            End If

        End While
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub RedirectRequests()
        ' Code that sends requests
        ' to other servers.

        ' Suspend work.
        bAllocate = False
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub FinishExistingRequests()
        ' Code that waits a period of time
        ' for pending requests to finish.

        ' Clear the simulated workload.
        load.Clear()

    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub AcceptRequests()
        ' Code that resumes processing
        ' requests on this server.

        ' Resume work.
        bAllocate = True
    End Sub
End Class

次のコードは、ユーザー メソッド WaitForFullGCProc のコードであり、ガベージ コレクションの通知を継続的にチェックする while ループが含まれています。The following code contains the WaitForFullGCProc user method, that contains a continuous while loop to check for garbage collection notifications.

public:
    static void WaitForFullGCProc()
    {
        while (true)
        {
            // CheckForNotify is set to true and false in Main.
            while (checkForNotify)
            {
                // Check for a notification of an approaching collection.
                GCNotificationStatus s = GC::WaitForFullGCApproach();
                if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Succeeded)
                {
                    Console::WriteLine("GC Notifiction raised.");
                    OnFullGCApproachNotify();
                }
                else if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Canceled)
                {
                    Console::WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                    break;
                }
                else
                {
                    // This can occur if a timeout period
                    // is specified for WaitForFullGCApproach(Timeout)
                    // or WaitForFullGCComplete(Timeout)
                    // and the time out period has elapsed.
                    Console::WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                    break;
                }

                // Check for a notification of a completed collection.
                s = GC::WaitForFullGCComplete();
                if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Succeeded)
                {
                    Console::WriteLine("GC Notification raised.");
                    OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify();
                }
                else if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Canceled)
                {
                    Console::WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                    break;
                }
                else
                {
                    // Could be a time out.
                    Console::WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                    break;
                }
            }


            Thread::Sleep(500);
            // FinalExit is set to true right before
            // the main thread cancelled notification.
            if (finalExit)
            {
                break;
            }
        }
    }
public static void WaitForFullGCProc()
{
    while (true)
    {
        // CheckForNotify is set to true and false in Main.
        while (checkForNotify)
        {
            // Check for a notification of an approaching collection.
            GCNotificationStatus s = GC.WaitForFullGCApproach();
            if (s == GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification raised.");
                OnFullGCApproachNotify();
            }
            else if (s == GCNotificationStatus.Canceled)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                break;
            }
            else
            {
                // This can occur if a timeout period
                // is specified for WaitForFullGCApproach(Timeout) 
                // or WaitForFullGCComplete(Timeout)  
                // and the time out period has elapsed. 
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                break;
            }

            // Check for a notification of a completed collection.
            GCNotificationStatus status = GC.WaitForFullGCComplete();
            if (status == GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification raised.");
                OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify();
            }
            else if (status == GCNotificationStatus.Canceled)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                break;
            }
            else
            {
                // Could be a time out.
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                break;
            }
        }


        Thread.Sleep(500);
        // FinalExit is set to true right before  
        // the main thread cancelled notification.
        if (finalExit)
        {
            break;
        }
    }

}
Public Shared Sub WaitForFullGCProc()

    While True
        ' CheckForNotify is set to true and false in Main.

        While checkForNotify
            ' Check for a notification of an approaching collection.
            Dim s As GCNotificationStatus = GC.WaitForFullGCApproach
            If (s = GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded) Then
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification raised.")
                OnFullGCApproachNotify()
            ElseIf (s = GCNotificationStatus.Canceled) Then
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.")
                Exit While
            Else
                ' This can occur if a timeout period
                ' is specified for WaitForFullGCApproach(Timeout) 
                ' or WaitForFullGCComplete(Timeout)  
                ' and the time out period has elapsed. 
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.")
                Exit While
            End If

            ' Check for a notification of a completed collection.
            s = GC.WaitForFullGCComplete
            If (s = GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded) Then
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notifiction raised.")
                OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
            ElseIf (s = GCNotificationStatus.Canceled) Then
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.")
                Exit While
            Else
                ' Could be a time out.
                Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.")
                Exit While
            End If

        End While
        Thread.Sleep(500)
        ' FinalExit is set to true right before  
        ' the main thread cancelled notification.
        If finalExit Then
            Exit While
        End If

    End While
End Sub

次のコードには、次から呼び出される OnFullGCApproachNotify メソッドを含んでいます。The following code contains the OnFullGCApproachNotify method as called from the

WaitForFullGCProc メソッドWaitForFullGCProc method.

public:
    static void OnFullGCApproachNotify()
    {
        Console::WriteLine("Redirecting requests.");

        // Method that tells the request queuing
        // server to not direct requests to this server.
        RedirectRequests();

        // Method that provides time to
        // finish processing pending requests.
        FinishExistingRequests();

        // This is a good time to induce a GC collection
        // because the runtime will induce a full GC soon.
        // To be very careful, you can check precede with a
        // check of the GC.GCCollectionCount to make sure
        // a full GC did not already occur since last notified.
        GC::Collect();
        Console::WriteLine("Induced a collection.");

    }
public static void OnFullGCApproachNotify()
{

    Console.WriteLine("Redirecting requests.");

    // Method that tells the request queuing  
    // server to not direct requests to this server. 
    RedirectRequests();

    // Method that provides time to 
    // finish processing pending requests. 
    FinishExistingRequests();

    // This is a good time to induce a GC collection
    // because the runtime will induce a full GC soon.
    // To be very careful, you can check precede with a
    // check of the GC.GCCollectionCount to make sure
    // a full GC did not already occur since last notified.
    GC.Collect();
    Console.WriteLine("Induced a collection.");

}
Public Shared Sub OnFullGCApproachNotify()
    Console.WriteLine("Redirecting requests.")

    ' Method that tells the request queuing  
    ' server to not direct requests to this server. 
    RedirectRequests()

    ' Method that provides time to 
    ' finish processing pending requests. 
    FinishExistingRequests()

    ' This is a good time to induce a GC collection
    ' because the runtime will induce a ful GC soon.
    ' To be very careful, you can check precede with a
    ' check of the GC.GCCollectionCount to make sure
    ' a full GC did not already occur since last notified.
    GC.Collect()
    Console.WriteLine("Induced a collection.")
End Sub

次のコードには、次から呼び出される OnFullGCApproachComplete メソッドを含んでいます。The following code contains the OnFullGCApproachComplete method as called from the

WaitForFullGCProc メソッドWaitForFullGCProc method.

public:
    static void OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
    {
        // Method that informs the request queuing server
        // that this server is ready to accept requests again.
        AcceptRequests();
        Console::WriteLine("Accepting requests again.");
    }
public static void OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
{
    // Method that informs the request queuing server
    // that this server is ready to accept requests again.
    AcceptRequests();
    Console.WriteLine("Accepting requests again.");
}
Public Shared Sub OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
    ' Method that informs the request queuing server
    ' that this server is ready to accept requests again.
    AcceptRequests()
    Console.WriteLine("Accepting requests again.")
End Sub

次のコードには、OnFullGCApproachNotify および OnFullGCCompleteNotify メソッドから呼び出されるユーザー メソッドを含んでいます。The following code contains the user methods that are called from the OnFullGCApproachNotify and OnFullGCCompleteNotify methods. このユーザー メソッドは、要求のリダイレクト、既存の要求の終了、フル ガベージ コレクションの実行後の要求の受け付け再開を実行します。The user methods redirect requests, finish existing requests, and then resume requests after a full garbage collection has occurred.

private:
    static void RedirectRequests()
    {
        // Code that sends requests
        // to other servers.

        // Suspend work.
        bAllocate = false;

    }

    static void FinishExistingRequests()
    {
        // Code that waits a period of time
        // for pending requests to finish.

        // Clear the simulated workload.
        load->Clear();

    }

    static void AcceptRequests()
    {
        // Code that resumes processing
        // requests on this server.

        // Resume work.
        bAllocate = true;
    }
private static void RedirectRequests()
{
    // Code that sends requests
    // to other servers.

    // Suspend work.
    bAllocate = false;

}

private static void FinishExistingRequests()
{
    // Code that waits a period of time
    // for pending requests to finish.

    // Clear the simulated workload.
    load.Clear();

}

private static void AcceptRequests()
{
    // Code that resumes processing
    // requests on this server.

    // Resume work.
    bAllocate = true;

}
Private Shared Sub RedirectRequests()
    ' Code that sends requests
    ' to other servers.

    ' Suspend work.
    bAllocate = False
End Sub

Private Shared Sub FinishExistingRequests()
    ' Code that waits a period of time
    ' for pending requests to finish.

    ' Clear the simulated workload.
    load.Clear()

End Sub

Private Shared Sub AcceptRequests()
    ' Code that resumes processing
    ' requests on this server.

    ' Resume work.
    bAllocate = True
End Sub

コード全体のサンプルは次のとおりです。The entire code sample is as follows:

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections::Generic;
using namespace System::Threading;

namespace GCNotify
{
    ref class Program
    {
    private:
        // Variable for continual checking in the
        // While loop in the WaitForFullGCProc method.
        static bool checkForNotify = false;

        // Variable for suspending work
        // (such servicing allocated server requests)
        // after a notification is received and then
        // resuming allocation after inducing a garbage collection.
        static bool bAllocate = false;

        // Variable for ending the example.
        static bool finalExit = false;

        // Collection for objects that
        // simulate the server request workload.
        static List<array<Byte>^>^ load = gcnew List<array<Byte>^>();


    public:
        static void Main()
        {
            try
            {
                // Register for a notification.
                GC::RegisterForFullGCNotification(10, 10);
                Console::WriteLine("Registered for GC notification.");

                checkForNotify = true;
                bAllocate = true;

                // Start a thread using WaitForFullGCProc.
                Thread^ thWaitForFullGC = gcnew Thread(gcnew ThreadStart(&WaitForFullGCProc));
                thWaitForFullGC->Start();

                // While the thread is checking for notifications in
                // WaitForFullGCProc, create objects to simulate a server workload.
                try
                {
                    int lastCollCount = 0;
                    int newCollCount = 0;


                    while (true)
                    {
                        if (bAllocate)
                        {
                            load->Add(gcnew array<Byte>(1000));
                            newCollCount = GC::CollectionCount(2);
                            if (newCollCount != lastCollCount)
                            {
                                // Show collection count when it increases:
                                Console::WriteLine("Gen 2 collection count: {0}", GC::CollectionCount(2).ToString());
                                lastCollCount = newCollCount;
                            }

                            // For ending the example (arbitrary).
                            if (newCollCount == 500)
                            {
                                finalExit = true;
                                checkForNotify = false;
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }

                }
                catch (OutOfMemoryException^)
                {
                    Console::WriteLine("Out of memory.");
                }


                finalExit = true;
                checkForNotify = false;
                GC::CancelFullGCNotification();

            }
            catch (InvalidOperationException^ invalidOp)
            {

                Console::WriteLine("GC Notifications are not supported while concurrent GC is enabled.\n"
                    + invalidOp->Message);
            }
        }

    public:
        static void OnFullGCApproachNotify()
        {
            Console::WriteLine("Redirecting requests.");

            // Method that tells the request queuing
            // server to not direct requests to this server.
            RedirectRequests();

            // Method that provides time to
            // finish processing pending requests.
            FinishExistingRequests();

            // This is a good time to induce a GC collection
            // because the runtime will induce a full GC soon.
            // To be very careful, you can check precede with a
            // check of the GC.GCCollectionCount to make sure
            // a full GC did not already occur since last notified.
            GC::Collect();
            Console::WriteLine("Induced a collection.");

        }


    public:
        static void OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
        {
            // Method that informs the request queuing server
            // that this server is ready to accept requests again.
            AcceptRequests();
            Console::WriteLine("Accepting requests again.");
        }

    public:
        static void WaitForFullGCProc()
        {
            while (true)
            {
                // CheckForNotify is set to true and false in Main.
                while (checkForNotify)
                {
                    // Check for a notification of an approaching collection.
                    GCNotificationStatus s = GC::WaitForFullGCApproach();
                    if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Succeeded)
                    {
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notifiction raised.");
                        OnFullGCApproachNotify();
                    }
                    else if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Canceled)
                    {
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                        break;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        // This can occur if a timeout period
                        // is specified for WaitForFullGCApproach(Timeout)
                        // or WaitForFullGCComplete(Timeout)
                        // and the time out period has elapsed.
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                        break;
                    }

                    // Check for a notification of a completed collection.
                    s = GC::WaitForFullGCComplete();
                    if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Succeeded)
                    {
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notification raised.");
                        OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify();
                    }
                    else if (s == GCNotificationStatus::Canceled)
                    {
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                        break;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        // Could be a time out.
                        Console::WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                        break;
                    }
                }


                Thread::Sleep(500);
                // FinalExit is set to true right before
                // the main thread cancelled notification.
                if (finalExit)
                {
                    break;
                }
            }
        }

    private:
        static void RedirectRequests()
        {
            // Code that sends requests
            // to other servers.

            // Suspend work.
            bAllocate = false;

        }

        static void FinishExistingRequests()
        {
            // Code that waits a period of time
            // for pending requests to finish.

            // Clear the simulated workload.
            load->Clear();

        }

        static void AcceptRequests()
        {
            // Code that resumes processing
            // requests on this server.

            // Resume work.
            bAllocate = true;
        }
    };
}

int main()
{
    GCNotify::Program::Main();
}
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Threading;

namespace GCNotify
{
    class Program
    {
        // Variable for continual checking in the 
        // While loop in the WaitForFullGCProc method.
        static bool checkForNotify = false;

        // Variable for suspending work 
        // (such servicing allocated server requests)
        // after a notification is received and then 
        // resuming allocation after inducing a garbage collection.
        static bool bAllocate = false;

        // Variable for ending the example.
        static bool finalExit = false;

        // Collection for objects that  
        // simulate the server request workload.
        static List<byte[]> load = new List<byte[]>();


        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                // Register for a notification. 
                GC.RegisterForFullGCNotification(10, 10);
                Console.WriteLine("Registered for GC notification.");

                checkForNotify = true;
                bAllocate = true;

                // Start a thread using WaitForFullGCProc.
                Thread thWaitForFullGC = new Thread(new ThreadStart(WaitForFullGCProc));
                thWaitForFullGC.Start();

                // While the thread is checking for notifications in
                // WaitForFullGCProc, create objects to simulate a server workload.
                try
                {

                    int lastCollCount = 0;
                    int newCollCount = 0;
                    
                    
                    while (true)
                    {
                        if (bAllocate)
                        {
                            load.Add(new byte[1000]);
                            newCollCount = GC.CollectionCount(2);
                            if (newCollCount != lastCollCount)
                            {
                                // Show collection count when it increases:
                                Console.WriteLine("Gen 2 collection count: {0}", GC.CollectionCount(2).ToString());
                                lastCollCount = newCollCount;
                            }
                           
                            // For ending the example (arbitrary).
                            if (newCollCount == 500)
                            {
                                finalExit = true;
                                checkForNotify = false;
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                    }

                }
                catch (OutOfMemoryException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Out of memory.");
                }


                finalExit = true;
                checkForNotify = false;
                GC.CancelFullGCNotification();

            }
            catch (InvalidOperationException invalidOp)
            {

                Console.WriteLine("GC Notifications are not supported while concurrent GC is enabled.\n"
                    + invalidOp.Message);
            }
        }

        public static void OnFullGCApproachNotify()
        {

            Console.WriteLine("Redirecting requests.");

            // Method that tells the request queuing  
            // server to not direct requests to this server. 
            RedirectRequests();

            // Method that provides time to 
            // finish processing pending requests. 
            FinishExistingRequests();

            // This is a good time to induce a GC collection
            // because the runtime will induce a full GC soon.
            // To be very careful, you can check precede with a
            // check of the GC.GCCollectionCount to make sure
            // a full GC did not already occur since last notified.
            GC.Collect();
            Console.WriteLine("Induced a collection.");

        }


        public static void OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
        {
            // Method that informs the request queuing server
            // that this server is ready to accept requests again.
            AcceptRequests();
            Console.WriteLine("Accepting requests again.");
        }

        public static void WaitForFullGCProc()
        {
            while (true)
            {
                // CheckForNotify is set to true and false in Main.
                while (checkForNotify)
                {
                    // Check for a notification of an approaching collection.
                    GCNotificationStatus s = GC.WaitForFullGCApproach();
                    if (s == GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification raised.");
                        OnFullGCApproachNotify();
                    }
                    else if (s == GCNotificationStatus.Canceled)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                        break;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        // This can occur if a timeout period
                        // is specified for WaitForFullGCApproach(Timeout) 
                        // or WaitForFullGCComplete(Timeout)  
                        // and the time out period has elapsed. 
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                        break;
                    }

                    // Check for a notification of a completed collection.
                    GCNotificationStatus status = GC.WaitForFullGCComplete();
                    if (status == GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification raised.");
                        OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify();
                    }
                    else if (status == GCNotificationStatus.Canceled)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.");
                        break;
                    }
                    else
                    {
                        // Could be a time out.
                        Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.");
                        break;
                    }
                }


                Thread.Sleep(500);
                // FinalExit is set to true right before  
                // the main thread cancelled notification.
                if (finalExit)
                {
                    break;
                }
            }

        }

        private static void RedirectRequests()
        {
            // Code that sends requests
            // to other servers.

            // Suspend work.
            bAllocate = false;

        }

        private static void FinishExistingRequests()
        {
            // Code that waits a period of time
            // for pending requests to finish.

            // Clear the simulated workload.
            load.Clear();

        }

        private static void AcceptRequests()
        {
            // Code that resumes processing
            // requests on this server.

            // Resume work.
            bAllocate = true;

        }
    }
}
Imports System.Collections.Generic
Imports System.Threading

Class Program
    ' Variables for continual checking in the
    ' While loop in the WaitForFullGcProc method.
    Private Shared checkForNotify As Boolean = False

    ' Variable for suspending work 
    ' (such as servicing allocated server requests)
    ' after a notification is received and then 
    ' resuming allocation after inducing a garbage collection.
    Private Shared bAllocate As Boolean = False

    ' Variable for ending the example.
    Private Shared finalExit As Boolean = False

    ' Collection for objects that  
    ' simulate the server request workload.
    Private Shared load As New List(Of Byte())


    Public Shared Sub Main(ByVal args() As String)
        Try
            ' Register for a notification. 
            GC.RegisterForFullGCNotification(10, 10)
            Console.WriteLine("Registered for GC notification.")

            bAllocate = True
            checkForNotify = True

            ' Start a thread using WaitForFullGCProc.
            Dim thWaitForFullGC As Thread = _
                New Thread(New ThreadStart(AddressOf WaitForFullGCProc))
            thWaitForFullGC.Start()

            ' While the thread is checking for notifications in
            ' WaitForFullGCProc, create objects to simulate a server workload.
            Try
                Dim lastCollCount As Integer = 0
                Dim newCollCount As Integer = 0
                
                
                While (True)
                    If bAllocate = True Then

                        load.Add(New Byte(1000) {})
                        newCollCount = GC.CollectionCount(2)
                        If (newCollCount <> lastCollCount) Then
                            ' Show collection count when it increases:
                            Console.WriteLine("Gen 2 collection count: {0}", _
                                              GC.CollectionCount(2).ToString)
                            lastCollCount = newCollCount
                        End If

                        ' For ending the example (arbitrary).
                        If newCollCount = 500 Then
                            finalExit = True
                            checkForNotify = False
                            bAllocate = False
                            Exit While
                        End If

                    End If
                End While
                
            Catch outofMem As OutOfMemoryException
                Console.WriteLine("Out of memory.")
            End Try

            finalExit = True
            checkForNotify = False
            GC.CancelFullGCNotification()

        Catch invalidOp As InvalidOperationException
            Console.WriteLine("GC Notifications are not supported while concurrent GC is enabled." _
                              & vbLf & invalidOp.Message)
        End Try
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub OnFullGCApproachNotify()
        Console.WriteLine("Redirecting requests.")

        ' Method that tells the request queuing  
        ' server to not direct requests to this server. 
        RedirectRequests()

        ' Method that provides time to 
        ' finish processing pending requests. 
        FinishExistingRequests()

        ' This is a good time to induce a GC collection
        ' because the runtime will induce a ful GC soon.
        ' To be very careful, you can check precede with a
        ' check of the GC.GCCollectionCount to make sure
        ' a full GC did not already occur since last notified.
        GC.Collect()
        Console.WriteLine("Induced a collection.")
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
        ' Method that informs the request queuing server
        ' that this server is ready to accept requests again.
        AcceptRequests()
        Console.WriteLine("Accepting requests again.")
    End Sub

    Public Shared Sub WaitForFullGCProc()

        While True
            ' CheckForNotify is set to true and false in Main.

            While checkForNotify
                ' Check for a notification of an approaching collection.
                Dim s As GCNotificationStatus = GC.WaitForFullGCApproach
                If (s = GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notification raised.")
                    OnFullGCApproachNotify()
                ElseIf (s = GCNotificationStatus.Canceled) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.")
                    Exit While
                Else
                    ' This can occur if a timeout period
                    ' is specified for WaitForFullGCApproach(Timeout) 
                    ' or WaitForFullGCComplete(Timeout)  
                    ' and the time out period has elapsed. 
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.")
                    Exit While
                End If

                ' Check for a notification of a completed collection.
                s = GC.WaitForFullGCComplete
                If (s = GCNotificationStatus.Succeeded) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notifiction raised.")
                    OnFullGCCompleteEndNotify()
                ElseIf (s = GCNotificationStatus.Canceled) Then
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notification cancelled.")
                    Exit While
                Else
                    ' Could be a time out.
                    Console.WriteLine("GC Notification not applicable.")
                    Exit While
                End If

            End While
            Thread.Sleep(500)
            ' FinalExit is set to true right before  
            ' the main thread cancelled notification.
            If finalExit Then
                Exit While
            End If

        End While
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub RedirectRequests()
        ' Code that sends requests
        ' to other servers.

        ' Suspend work.
        bAllocate = False
    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub FinishExistingRequests()
        ' Code that waits a period of time
        ' for pending requests to finish.

        ' Clear the simulated workload.
        load.Clear()

    End Sub

    Private Shared Sub AcceptRequests()
        ' Code that resumes processing
        ' requests on this server.

        ' Resume work.
        bAllocate = True
    End Sub
End Class

関連項目See also