方法: タスクから値を返すHow to: Return a Value from a Task

この例では、System.Threading.Tasks.Task<TResult> の型を使用して Result プロパティから値を返す方法を示します。This example shows how to use the System.Threading.Tasks.Task<TResult> type to return a value from the Result property. C:\Users\Public\Pictures\Sample Pictures\ ディレクトリが存在している必要があり、それがファイルを含んでいる必要があります。It requires that the C:\Users\Public\Pictures\Sample Pictures\ directory exists, and that it contains files.

Example

using System;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading.Tasks;

class Program
{
    static void Main()
    {
        // Return a value type with a lambda expression
        Task<int> task1 = Task<int>.Factory.StartNew(() => 1);
        int i = task1.Result;

        // Return a named reference type with a multi-line statement lambda.
        Task<Test> task2 = Task<Test>.Factory.StartNew(() =>
        {
            string s = ".NET";
            double d = 4.0;
            return new Test { Name = s, Number = d };
        });
        Test test = task2.Result;

        // Return an array produced by a PLINQ query
        Task<string[]> task3 = Task<string[]>.Factory.StartNew(() =>
        {
            string path = @"C:\Users\Public\Pictures\Sample Pictures\";
            string[] files = System.IO.Directory.GetFiles(path);

            var result = (from file in files.AsParallel()
                          let info = new System.IO.FileInfo(file)
                          where info.Extension == ".jpg"
                          select file).ToArray();

            return result;
        });

        foreach (var name in task3.Result)
            Console.WriteLine(name);
    }
    class Test
    {
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public double Number { get; set; }
    }
}
Imports System.Threading.Tasks

Module Module1

    Sub Main()
        ReturnAValue()

        Console.WriteLine("Press any key to exit.")
        Console.ReadKey()

    End Sub

    Sub ReturnAValue()

        ' Return a value type with a lambda expression
        Dim task1 = Task(Of Integer).Factory.StartNew(Function() 1)
        Dim i As Integer = task1.Result

        ' Return a named reference type with a multi-line statement lambda.
        Dim task2 As Task(Of Test) = Task.Factory.StartNew(Function()
                                                               Dim s As String = ".NET"
                                                               Dim d As Integer = 4
                                                               Return New Test With {.Name = s, .Number = d}
                                                           End Function)

        Dim myTest As Test = task2.Result
        Console.WriteLine(myTest.Name & ": " & myTest.Number)

        ' Return an array produced by a PLINQ query.
        Dim task3 As Task(Of String()) = Task(Of String()).Factory.StartNew(Function()

                                                                                Dim path = "C:\Users\Public\Pictures\Sample Pictures\"
                                                                                Dim files = System.IO.Directory.GetFiles(path)

                                                                                Dim result = (From file In files.AsParallel()
                                                                                              Let info = New System.IO.FileInfo(file)
                                                                                              Where info.Extension = ".jpg"
                                                                                              Select file).ToArray()
                                                                                Return result
                                                                            End Function)

        For Each name As String In task3.Result
            Console.WriteLine(name)
        Next
    End Sub

    Class Test
        Public Name As String
        Public Number As Double
    End Class
End Module

Result プロパティは、タスクが終了するまで呼び出し元のスレッドをブロックします。The Result property blocks the calling thread until the task finishes.

1 つの System.Threading.Tasks.Task<TResult> の結果を継続タスクに渡す方法を確認するには、「継続タスクを使用したタスクの連結」を参照してください。To see how to pass the result of one System.Threading.Tasks.Task<TResult> to a continuation task, see Chaining Tasks by Using Continuation Tasks.

関連項目See also