Production parameters in Manufacturing execution

This topic provides information about the setup of production parameters in Manufacturing execution.

The Manufacturing execution module is intended primarily for manufacturing companies. It can be used to register time and item consumption on production jobs or projects. Before you start to use Manufacturing execution for job registrations, you must set up various production parameters that define how and when registrations are posted during the production process. The settings of production parameters affect inventory management, production management, and cost calculation.

Before workers start to make registrations on production jobs, you should carefully consider all settings on the Production parameters page. Click Production control > Setup > Manufacturing execution > Production order defaults. If your company uses the multisite functionality, you might want to set up different production parameters for each site. The parameters for integration with the Production module are set up on the following tabs on the Production parameters page:

  • General – General parameter settings for production jobs in Manufacturing execution.
  • Start – Parameters that are used when production operations are started.
  • Operations – Parameters that are applied to production operations and feedback about operations during the production process.
  • Report as finished – Parameters that are used when items are reported as finished on the last operation of a production order.
  • Quantity validation – Parameters that are used to validate start and feedback quantities on production orders.

Types of production jobs

On the Operations tab, you select which types of production jobs require registration on the Job registration page.

Typically, workers make registrations on setup jobs and process jobs. However, if job scheduling is applied, you can select other job types that workers must make registrations on when production orders are processed. For example, you can require registrations on transport jobs.

Important

Make sure that you select all relevant job types. Otherwise, jobs might not be available for registration on the Job registration page. Your selections should match the selections in the Job management column on the Setup tab of the Route groups page (Production control > Setup > Routes > Route groups).

If Job management is selected on the route group, this job type is reported as finished on the production order when the job is reported as finished in Manufacturing execution. When all job types that Job management is selected for have been reported as finished on an operation, Manufacturing execution reports the operation as finished.

Note

Some job types can be manually reported through production journals. In this case, select Job management for the job type, but don't select the job type for registration on the Operations tab on the Production parameters page in Manufacturing execution.

BOM consumption and picking list journals

A consistent setup for bill of materials (BOM) consumption is important, because it helps guarantee that inventory management is efficient. For example, if BOM consumption parameters aren't set up correctly in Manufacturing execution, materials might be deducted from inventory two times or not at all.

On the Production parameters page, automatic BOM consumption is set up in three stages:

  • At the start of a production. Set up this stage on the Start tab.
  • During the production process when an operation is completed. Set up this stage on the Operations tab.
  • When a production order is reported as finished. Set up this stage on the Report as finished tab.

For each stage, the Automatic BOM consumption field lets you select one of three methods for picking items for a production order:

  • Flushing principle – This option is used in combination with an option that is defined for the BOM in the Production module. Click Production control > Common > Production orders > All production orders. On the All production orders page, select a production order in the list, and then, on the Action Pane, click BOM. On the BOM page, on the Setup tab, in Flushing principle field, select one of the following options:

    • Start
    • Finish
    • Manual
    • Blank (No option is selected.)
    • Available at location

      In Manufacturing execution, if Flushing principle is selected in the Automatic BOM consumption field on the Start tab, all materials that are set to Start in the BOM are deducted from inventory when the operation is started. The Available at location option is used for products that are enabled for advanced warehouse processes. If you select this flushing principle, material is flushed when warehouse work for raw material picking is completed. Material is also flushed when a BOM line that uses this flushing principle is released to warehouse and the material is available at the production input location.

      Note

      If the Flushing principle field is set on the Start tab in Manufacturing execution, you must select the same principle on either the Operations tab or the Report as finished tab. This requirement helps guarantee that materials are deducted from inventory on BOMs that use Finish as a flushing principle on the production order. If the same flushing principle isn't selected on either the Operations tab or the Report as finished tab, materials might be deducted from inventory two times.

  • Always – If you select this option for a stage, materials are always deducted from inventory at that stage. For example, materials for the production are deducted when the production order is started. This setting requires that Never be selected on the Operations and Report as finished tabs. This requirement helps prevent items from being deducted from inventory two times.

  • Never – If you select this option for a stage, no BOM consumption occurs at that stage. For example, if you select Never on all three tabs (Start, Operations, and Report as finished), materials must be manually deducted from inventory.

Important

Carefully consider your setup of the production parameters, and make sure that the parameters that are selected on the various tabs of the Production parameters page don't contradict each other.

The following examples illustrate parameter settings that support various BOM consumption principles. The parameters are set up on the Production parameters page in Manufacturing execution.

Example 1: Backflushing on operations

Use the following settings if picking list journals and BOM item consumption should be generated when items are reported as finished on an operation.

Tab Field Setting
Start Update start on-line Status or Status + quantity
Start Automatic BOM consumption Never
Operations Automatic BOM consumption Always
Report as finished Automatic BOM consumption Never
Report as finished Update finished report on-line Status + quantity

Example 2: Backflushing on production

Use the following settings if picking list journals and BOM item consumption should be generated when items are reported as finished on the production order.

Tab Field Setting
Start Update start on-line Status or Status + quantity
Start Automatic BOM consumption Never
Operations Automatic BOM consumption Never
Report as finished Automatic BOM consumption Always
Report as finished Update finished report on-line Status + quantity

Example 3: Flushing principle

Use the following settings if picking list journals and BOM item consumption should be generated according to the flushing principle that is set for the BOM items.

Tab Field Setting
Start Update start on-line Status + quantity
Start Automatic BOM consumption Flushing principle
Operations Automatic BOM consumption Flushing principle
Report as finished Automatic BOM consumption Never
Report as finished Update finished report on-line Status + quantity

Example 4: Deduction of materials during startup of a production order

Use the following settings if picking list journals and BOM item consumption should be generated when a production is started.

Tab Field Setting
Start Update start on-line Status + quantity
Start Automatic BOM consumption Always
Operations Automatic BOM consumption Never
Report as finished Automatic BOM consumption Never
Report as finished Update finished report on-line Status or Status + quantity

Based on the selections that are described earlier in this section, picking list journals are posted at various stages of the production order process:

  • When an operation is started
  • When quantity feedback is reported on an operation
  • When items are reported as finished on the production order

Example 5: Manual BOM consumption

You can use the following settings if materials should always be manually deducted from inventory. In this case, picking list journals aren't posted.

Tab Field Setting
Start Update start on-line Status
Start Automatic BOM consumption Never
Operations Automatic BOM consumption Never
Report as finished Automatic BOM consumption Never
Report as finished Update finished report on-line Status