サンプル: 電子メールの送信

 

公開日: 2017年1月

対象: Dynamics 365 (online)、Dynamics 365 (on-premises)、Dynamics CRM 2016、Dynamics CRM Online

このサンプル コードは、Microsoft Dynamics 365 (オンラインおよび設置型) 向けです。Microsoft Dynamics CRM SDK パッケージをダウンロードします。 このサンプル コードは、ダウンロード パッケージの次の場所にあります。

SampleCode\CS\BusinessDataModel\Activities\SendEmail.cs

要件

この SDK で提供するサンプル コードを実行するために必要な要件については、「サンプルとヘルパー コードの使用」を参照してください。

使用例

このサンプルは、電子メールの SendEmailRequest メッセージを送信する方法を説明します。


using System;
using System.ServiceModel;
using System.ServiceModel.Description;
using System.Text;

// These namespaces are found in the Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.dll assembly
// found in the SDK\bin folder.
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Query;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Discovery;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Messages;
using Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.Client;


// This namespace is found in Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Proxy.dll assembly
// found in the SDK\bin folder.
using Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Messages;

namespace Microsoft.Crm.Sdk.Samples
{
    public class SendEmail
    {
        #region Class Level Members
        // Define the IDs needed for this sample.
        private Guid _emailId;
        private Guid _contactId;
        private Guid _userId;
        private OrganizationServiceProxy _serviceProxy;

        #endregion Class Level Members

        #region How To Sample Code
        /// <summary>
        /// Send an e-mail message.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="serverConfig">Contains server connection information.</param>
        /// <param name="promptforDelete">When True, the user will be prompted to delete all
        /// created entities.</param>
        public void Run(ServerConnection.Configuration serverConfig, bool promptforDelete)
        {
            try
            {
                // Connect to the Organization service. 
                // The using statement assures that the service proxy will be properly disposed.
                using (_serviceProxy = new OrganizationServiceProxy(serverConfig.OrganizationUri, serverConfig.HomeRealmUri,serverConfig.Credentials, serverConfig.DeviceCredentials))
                {
                    // This statement is required to enable early-bound type support.
                    _serviceProxy.EnableProxyTypes();

                    // Call the method to create any data that this sample requires.
                    CreateRequiredRecords();


                    // Use the SendEmail message to send an e-mail message.
                    SendEmailRequest sendEmailreq = new SendEmailRequest
                    {
                        EmailId = _emailId,
                        TrackingToken = "",
                        IssueSend = true
                    };

                    SendEmailResponse sendEmailresp = (SendEmailResponse)_serviceProxy.Execute(sendEmailreq);
                    Console.WriteLine("Sent the e-mail message.");              


                    DeleteRequiredRecords(promptforDelete);
                }
            }

            // Catch any service fault exceptions that Microsoft Dynamics CRM throws.
            catch (FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault>)
            {
                // You can handle an exception here or pass it back to the calling method.
                throw;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// This method creates any entity records that this sample requires.        
        /// </summary>
        public void CreateRequiredRecords()
        {
            // Create a contact to send an email to (To: field)
            Contact emailContact = new Contact
            {
                FirstName = "Nancy",
                LastName = "Anderson",
                EMailAddress1 = "nancy@contoso.com"
            };
            _contactId = _serviceProxy.Create(emailContact);
            Console.WriteLine("Created a contact: {0}.", emailContact.FirstName + " " + emailContact.LastName);

            // Get a system user to send the email (From: field)
            WhoAmIRequest systemUserRequest = new WhoAmIRequest();
            WhoAmIResponse systemUserResponse = (WhoAmIResponse)_serviceProxy.Execute(systemUserRequest);
            _userId = systemUserResponse.UserId;

            // Create the 'From:' activity party for the email
            ActivityParty fromParty = new ActivityParty
            {
                PartyId = new EntityReference(SystemUser.EntityLogicalName, _userId)
            };

            // Create the 'To:' activity party for the email
            ActivityParty toParty = new ActivityParty
            {
                PartyId = new EntityReference(Contact.EntityLogicalName, _contactId)
            };
            Console.WriteLine("Created activity parties.");

            // Create an e-mail message.
            Email email = new Email
            {
                To = new ActivityParty[] { toParty },
                From = new ActivityParty[] { fromParty },
                Subject = "SDK Sample e-mail",
                Description = "SDK Sample for SendEmail Message.",
                DirectionCode = true
            };
            _emailId = _serviceProxy.Create(email);
            Console.WriteLine("Create {0}.", email.Subject);
        }


        /// <summary>
        /// Deletes the custom entity record that was created for this sample.
        /// <param name="prompt">Indicates whether to prompt the user 
        /// to delete the entity created in this sample.</param>
        /// </summary>
        public void DeleteRequiredRecords(bool prompt)
        {
            bool toBeDeleted = true;

            if (prompt)
            {
                // Ask the user if the created entities should be deleted.
                Console.Write("\nDo you want these entity records deleted? (y/n) [y]: ");
                String answer = Console.ReadLine();
                if (answer.StartsWith("y") ||
                    answer.StartsWith("Y") ||
                    answer == String.Empty)
                {
                    toBeDeleted = true;
                }
                else
                {
                    toBeDeleted = false;
                }
            }

            if (toBeDeleted)
            {
                _serviceProxy.Delete(Email.EntityLogicalName, _emailId);
                _serviceProxy.Delete(Contact.EntityLogicalName, _contactId); ;

                Console.WriteLine("Entity records have been deleted.");
            }
        }

        #endregion How To Sample Code

        #region Main method
        /// <summary>
        /// Main. Runs the sample and provides error output.
        /// <param name="args">Array of arguments to Main method.</param>
        /// </summary>
        static public void Main(string[] args)
        {
            try
            {
                // Obtain the target organization's Web address and client logon 
                // credentials from the user.
                ServerConnection serverConnect = new ServerConnection();
                ServerConnection.Configuration config = serverConnect.GetServerConfiguration();

                SendEmail app = new SendEmail();
                app.Run(config, true);

            }
            catch (FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault> ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine("Timestamp: {0}", ex.Detail.Timestamp);
                Console.WriteLine("Code: {0}", ex.Detail.ErrorCode);
                Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", ex.Detail.Message);
                Console.WriteLine("Plugin Trace: {0}", ex.Detail.TraceText);
                Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                    null == ex.Detail.InnerFault ? "No Inner Fault" : "Has Inner Fault");
            }
            catch (System.TimeoutException ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", ex.Message);
                Console.WriteLine("Stack Trace: {0}", ex.StackTrace);
                Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                    null == ex.InnerException.Message ? "No Inner Fault" : ex.InnerException.Message);
            }
            catch (System.Exception ex)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("The application terminated with an error.");
                Console.WriteLine(ex.Message);

                // Display the details of the inner exception.
                if (ex.InnerException != null)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine(ex.InnerException.Message);

                    FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault> fe =
                        ex.InnerException
                        as FaultException<Microsoft.Xrm.Sdk.OrganizationServiceFault>;
                    if (fe != null)
                    {
                        Console.WriteLine("Timestamp: {0}", fe.Detail.Timestamp);
                        Console.WriteLine("Code: {0}", fe.Detail.ErrorCode);
                        Console.WriteLine("Message: {0}", fe.Detail.Message);
                        Console.WriteLine("Plugin Trace: {0}", fe.Detail.TraceText);
                        Console.WriteLine("Inner Fault: {0}",
                            null == fe.Detail.InnerFault ? "No Inner Fault" : "Has Inner Fault");
                    }
                }
            }
            // Additonal exceptions to catch: SecurityTokenValidationException, ExpiredSecurityTokenException,
            // SecurityAccessDeniedException, MessageSecurityException, and SecurityNegotiationException.

            finally
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Press <Enter> to exit.");
                Console.ReadLine();
            }

        }
        #endregion Main method

    }
}

関連項目

IOrganizationService
SendEmailRequest
活動エンティティのサンプル コード
サンプル: テンプレートを使用した電子メールの作成
電子メール活動エンティティ
電子メール (Email) エンティティのメッセージおよびメソッド
ヘルパー コード: ServerConnection クラス

Microsoft Dynamics 365

© 2017 Microsoft. All rights reserved. 著作権