Create a Work Item By Using the Client Object Model for Team Foundation

You can create bugs, tasks, and other types of WorkItems by performing the following steps:

  1. Construct a WorkItem.

  2. Set the values of the required fields.

  3. Save the WorkItem.

Example

Depending on the type of WorkItem that you create, most required Fields have default values. If these values are appropriate, you do not have to set them explicitly. For example, you might create a user story as defined in MSF for Agile Software Development v5.0. For this type of WorkItem, the State, Reason, and Assigned to Fields are all required but have default values. When a user story is created, its default state is "Active," its default reason is "New," and the default value of the Assigned to field is the current user. However, the title is required and has no default value. Therefore, you must set the title when you create a user story. For more information, see User Story (Agile) and Customizing Team Projects and Processes. The following example creates a user story; sets the title, which is required; and sets the description, which is not required.

User Story

To use this example

  1. Create a C# ( or VB ) console application.

  2. Add references to the following assemblies:

  3. Replace the contents of Program.cs ( or Module1.vb ) with this example.

using System;
using Microsoft.TeamFoundation.Client;
using Microsoft.TeamFoundation.WorkItemTracking.Client;

namespace WorkItemTrackingSample
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {            // Connect to the server and the store, and get the WorkItemType object
            // for user stories from the team project where the user story will be created. 
            Uri collectionUri = (args.Length < 1) ?
                new Uri("http://server:port/vdir/DefaultCollection") : new Uri(args[0]);
            TfsTeamProjectCollection tpc = new TfsTeamProjectCollection(collectionUri);
            WorkItemStore workItemStore = tpc.GetService<WorkItemStore>();
            Project teamProject = workItemStore.Projects["DinnerNow"];
            WorkItemType workItemType = teamProject.WorkItemTypes["User Story"];

            // Create the work item. 
            WorkItem userStory = new WorkItem(workItemType)
            {
                // The title is the only required field that does not have a default value. 
                // You must set it, or you cannot save the work item. 
                Title = "Recently ordered menu",
                Description =
                    "As a return customer, I want to see items that I've recently ordered."
            };

            // Save the new user story. 
            userStory.Save();
        }
    }
}
Imports System
Imports Microsoft.TeamFoundation.Client
Imports Microsoft.TeamFoundation.WorkItemTracking.Client
Module Module1

    Sub Main(ByVal sArgs() As String)
        ' Connect to the server and the store and get the WorkItemType object
        ' for user stories from the team project where the user story will be created.

        Dim collectionUri As Uri
        If sArgs.Length = 0 Then
            collectionUri = New Uri("http://Server:8080/tfs/DefaultCollection")
        Else
            collectionUri = New Uri(sArgs(1))
        End If

        Dim tpc As New TfsTeamProjectCollection(collectionUri)
        Dim workItemStore As WorkItemStore
        workItemStore = tpc.GetService(Of WorkItemStore)()
        Dim teamProject As Project
        teamProject = workItemStore.Projects("DinnerNow")
        Dim workItemType As WorkItemType
        workItemType = teamProject.WorkItemTypes("UserTypes")

        ' Create the work item
        Dim userStory As New Microsoft.TeamFoundation.WorkItemTracking.Client.WorkItem(workItemType)

        ' The title is the only required field that does not have a default value
        ' You must set it, or you cannot save the item
        userStory.Title = "Recently Ordered Menu"
        userStory.Description = "As a return customer, I want to see items that I've recently ordered"

        ' Save the new user story
        userStory.Save()



    End Sub

End Module

注意

You can save more than one WorkItem or WorkItemLink in a single round trip by using the WorkItemStore.BatchSave method.

See Also

Tasks

Edit and Save Work Items by Using the Client Object Model for Team Foundation

Reference

BatchSave

Concepts

Extending Work Item Tracking by Using the Client Object Model for Team Foundation

Writing Code for Different Types of Work Items by Using the Client Object Model for Team Foundation