Write in a way that puts people first by using the phrase person with or person who.
Don’t use language that defines people by their disability, such as disabled, impaired, and the deaf. A person might have a visual impairment, but that person isn’t impaired.
Person with visual impairment, person who is blind
Person with hearing loss, person with deafness
Person who is nonverbal, person who uses sign language
Person who uses a wheelchair
Person with a prosthetic limb, person without a limb
Person with autism
Person of small stature
If necessary, use the following terms to describe people with disabilities or the disabilities themselves.
To learn more about writing that conveys respect to all people and promotes equal opportunities, see the Guidelines for Inclusive Language from the Linguistic Society of America.
|Use this||Instead of this|
|Blind, has low vision||Sight-impaired, vision-impaired|
|Deaf or hard-of-hearing||Hearing-impaired|
|Has limited mobility, has a mobility or physical disability||Crippled, lame|
|Is unable to speak, uses synthetic speech||Dumb, mute|
|Has multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, a seizure disorder, or muscular dystrophy||Affected by, stricken with, suffers from, a victim of, an epileptic|
|Without disabilities||Normal, able-bodied, healthy|
|Person with a prosthetic limb, person without a limb||Maimed, missing a limb|
|People with disabilities||The disabled, disabled people, people with handicaps, the handicapped|
|Cognitive disabilities, developmental disabilities||Slow learner, mentally handicapped, differently abled|
|TTY (to refer to the telecommunication device)||TT/TTD|