Searching, Downloading, and Installing Updates
The scripting sample in this topic shows you how to use Windows Update Agent (WUA) to scan, download, and install updates.
The sample searches for all the applicable software updates and then lists those updates. Next, it creates a collection of updates to download and then downloads them. Finally, it creates a collection of updates to install and then installs them.
If you want to search, download, and install a specific update that you identify by using the update title, see Searching, Downloading, and Installing Specific Updates.
Before you attempt to run this sample, note the following:
WUA must be installed on the computer. For more information about how to determine the version of WUA that is installed, see Determining the Current Version of WUA.
The sample can download updates only by using WUA. It cannot download updates from a Software Update Services (SUS) 1.0 server.
Running this sample requires Windows Script Host (WSH). For more information about WSH, see the WSH section of the Platform Software Development Kit (SDK). If the sample is copied to a file named WUA_SearchDownloadInstall.vbs, you can run the sample by opening a Command Prompt window and typing the following command at the command prompt.
This script is intended to demonstrate the use of the Windows Update Agent APIs, and provide an example of how developers can use these APIs to solve problems. This script is not intended as production code, and the script itself is not supported by Microsoft (though the underlying Windows Update Agent APIs are supported).
Set updateSession = CreateObject("Microsoft.Update.Session") updateSession.ClientApplicationID = "MSDN Sample Script" Set updateSearcher = updateSession.CreateUpdateSearcher() WScript.Echo "Searching for updates..." & vbCRLF Set searchResult = _ updateSearcher.Search("IsInstalled=0 and Type='Software' and IsHidden=0") WScript.Echo "List of applicable items on the machine:" For I = 0 To searchResult.Updates.Count-1 Set update = searchResult.Updates.Item(I) WScript.Echo I + 1 & "> " & update.Title Next If searchResult.Updates.Count = 0 Then WScript.Echo "There are no applicable updates." WScript.Quit End If WScript.Echo vbCRLF & "Creating collection of updates to download:" Set updatesToDownload = CreateObject("Microsoft.Update.UpdateColl") For I = 0 to searchResult.Updates.Count-1 Set update = searchResult.Updates.Item(I) addThisUpdate = false If update.InstallationBehavior.CanRequestUserInput = true Then WScript.Echo I + 1 & "> skipping: " & update.Title & _ " because it requires user input" Else If update.EulaAccepted = false Then WScript.Echo I + 1 & "> note: " & update.Title & _ " has a license agreement that must be accepted:" WScript.Echo update.EulaText WScript.Echo "Do you accept this license agreement? (Y/N)" strInput = WScript.StdIn.Readline WScript.Echo If (strInput = "Y" or strInput = "y") Then update.AcceptEula() addThisUpdate = true Else WScript.Echo I + 1 & "> skipping: " & update.Title & _ " because the license agreement was declined" End If Else addThisUpdate = true End If End If If addThisUpdate = true Then WScript.Echo I + 1 & "> adding: " & update.Title updatesToDownload.Add(update) End If Next If updatesToDownload.Count = 0 Then WScript.Echo "All applicable updates were skipped." WScript.Quit End If WScript.Echo vbCRLF & "Downloading updates..." Set downloader = updateSession.CreateUpdateDownloader() downloader.Updates = updatesToDownload downloader.Download() Set updatesToInstall = CreateObject("Microsoft.Update.UpdateColl") rebootMayBeRequired = false WScript.Echo vbCRLF & "Successfully downloaded updates:" For I = 0 To searchResult.Updates.Count-1 set update = searchResult.Updates.Item(I) If update.IsDownloaded = true Then WScript.Echo I + 1 & "> " & update.Title updatesToInstall.Add(update) If update.InstallationBehavior.RebootBehavior > 0 Then rebootMayBeRequired = true End If End If Next If updatesToInstall.Count = 0 Then WScript.Echo "No updates were successfully downloaded." WScript.Quit End If If rebootMayBeRequired = true Then WScript.Echo vbCRLF & "These updates may require a reboot." End If WScript.Echo vbCRLF & "Would you like to install updates now? (Y/N)" strInput = WScript.StdIn.Readline WScript.Echo If (strInput = "Y" or strInput = "y") Then WScript.Echo "Installing updates..." Set installer = updateSession.CreateUpdateInstaller() installer.Updates = updatesToInstall Set installationResult = installer.Install() 'Output results of install WScript.Echo "Installation Result: " & _ installationResult.ResultCode WScript.Echo "Reboot Required: " & _ installationResult.RebootRequired & vbCRLF WScript.Echo "Listing of updates installed " & _ "and individual installation results:" For I = 0 to updatesToInstall.Count - 1 WScript.Echo I + 1 & "> " & _ updatesToInstall.Item(i).Title & _ ": " & installationResult.GetUpdateResult(i).ResultCode Next End If