Restore Restore Restore Class

Definition

The Restore object provides programmatic access to restore operations.

public ref class Restore sealed : Microsoft::SqlServer::Management::Smo::BackupRestoreBase
public sealed class Restore : Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.BackupRestoreBase
Public NotInheritable Class Restore
Inherits BackupRestoreBase
Inheritance

Examples

The following code example demonstrates how to create a normal and an asynchronous backup of the AdventureWorks2012 database and use each of those backups to restore it.

VB

'Connect to the local, default instance of SQL Server.  
Dim srv As Server  
srv = New Server  
'Reference the AdventureWorks2012 database.  
Dim db As Database  
db = srv.Databases("AdventureWorks2012")  
'Store the current recovery model in a variable.  
Dim recoverymod As Integer  
recoverymod = db.DatabaseOptions.RecoveryModel  
'Define a Backup object variable.   
Dim bk As New Backup  
'Specify the type of backup, the description, the name, and the database to be backed up.  
bk.Action = BackupActionType.Database  
bk.BackupSetDescription = "Full backup of AdventureWorks2012"  
bk.BackupSetName = "AdventureWorks2012 Backup"  
bk.Database = "AdventureWorks2012"  
'Declare a BackupDeviceItem by supplying the backup device file name in the constructor, and the type of device is a file.  
Dim bdi As BackupDeviceItem  
bdi = New BackupDeviceItem("Test_Full_Backup1", DeviceType.File)  
'Add the device to the Backup object.  
bk.Devices.Add(bdi)  
'Set the Incremental property to False to specify that this is a full database backup.  
bk.Incremental = False  
'Set the expiration date.  
Dim backupdate As New Date  
backupdate = New Date(2006, 10, 5)  
bk.ExpirationDate = backupdate  
'Specify that the log must be truncated after the backup is complete.  
bk.LogTruncation = BackupTruncateLogType.Truncate  
'Run SqlBackup to perform the full database backup on the instance of SQL Server.  
bk.SqlBackup(srv)  
'Inform the user that the backup has been completed.  
Console.WriteLine("Full Backup complete.")  
'Remove the backup device from the Backup object.  
bk.Devices.Remove(bdi)  
'Make a change to the database: in this case, add a table called test_table.  
Dim t As Table  
t = New Table(db, "test_table")  
Dim c As Column  
c = New Column(t, "col", DataType.Int)  
t.Columns.Add(c)  
t.Create()  
'Create another file device for the differential backup and add the Backup object.  
Dim bdid As BackupDeviceItem  
bdid = New BackupDeviceItem("Test_Differential_Backup1", DeviceType.File)  
'Add the device to the Backup object.  
bk.Devices.Add(bdid)  
'Set the Incremental property to True for a differential backup.  
bk.Incremental = True  
'Run SqlBackup to perform the incremental database backup on the instance of SQL Server.  
bk.SqlBackup(srv)  
'Inform the user that the differential backup is complete.  
Console.WriteLine("Differential Backup complete.")  
'Remove the device from the Backup object.  
bk.Devices.Remove(bdid)  
'Delete the AdventureWorks2012 database before restoring it.  
srv.Databases("AdventureWorks2012").Drop()  
'Define a Restore object variable.  
Dim rs As Restore  
rs = New Restore  
'Set the NoRecovery property to true, so the transactions are not recovered.  
rs.NoRecovery = True  
'Add the device that contains the full database backup to the Restore object.  
rs.Devices.Add(bdi)  
'Specify the database name.  
rs.Database = "AdventureWorks2012"  
'Restore the full database backup with no recovery.  
rs.SqlRestore(srv)  
'Inform the user that the Full Database Restore is complete.  
Console.WriteLine("Full Database Restore complete.")  
'Remove the device from the Restore object.  
rs.Devices.Remove(bdi)  
'Set te NoRecovery property to False.  
rs.NoRecovery = False  
'Add the device that contains the differential backup to the Restore object.  
rs.Devices.Add(bdid)  
'Restore the differential database backup with recovery.  
rs.SqlRestore(srv)  
'Inform the user that the differential database restore is complete.  
Console.WriteLine("Differential Database Restore complete.")  
'Remove the device.  
rs.Devices.Remove(bdid)  
'Set the database recovery mode back to its original value.  
srv.Databases("AdventureWorks2012").DatabaseOptions.RecoveryModel = recoverymod  
'Drop the table that was added.  
srv.Databases("AdventureWorks2012").Tables("test_table").Drop()  
srv.Databases("AdventureWorks2012").Alter()  
'Remove the backup files from the hard disk.  
My.Computer.FileSystem.DeleteFile("C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Backup\Test_Full_Backup1")  
My.Computer.FileSystem.DeleteFile("C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Backup\Test_Differential_Backup1")  

Powershell

$srv = new-object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Server("(local)")  
$db = New-Object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Database  
$db = $srv.Databases.Item("AdventureWorks2012")  
$rs = new-object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Restore  
$rs.NoRecovery = $TRUE  
$rs.Devices.Add($bdi)  
$recoverymod = $db.DatabaseOptions.RecoveryModel  
$bk = new-object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Backup  
$bk.Action = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.BackupActionType]::Database  
$bk.BackupSetDescription = "Full backup of AdventureWorks2012"  
$bk.BackupSetName = "AdventureWorks2012 Backup"  
$bk.Database = "AdventureWorks2012"  
$bdi = new-object Microsoft.SqlServer.management.Smo.BackupDeviceItem("Test_Full_Backup1", [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.DeviceType]::File)  
$bk.Devices.Add($bdi)  
$bk.Incremental = $FALSE  
$backupdate = new-object System.DateTime(2009, 3, 2)  
$bk.ExpirationDate = $backupdate  
$bk.LogTruncation = [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.BackupTruncateLogType]::Truncate  
$bk.SqlBackup($srv)  
Write-Host "Full Backup complete."  
$bk.Devices.Remove($bdi)  
$t = new-object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Table($db, "test_table")  
$c = new-object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.Column($t, "col", [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.DataType]::Int)  
$t.Columns.Add($c)  
$t.Create()  
$bdid = new-object Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.BackupDeviceItem("Test_Differential_Backup1", [Microsoft.SqlServer.Management.Smo.DeviceType]::File)  
$bk.Devices.Add($bdid)  
$bk.Incremental = $TRUE  
$bk.SqlBackup($srv)  
Write-Host "Differential Backup complete."  
$bk.Devices.Remove($bdid)  
$rs.Database = "AdventureWorks2012"  
$srv.Databases["AdventureWorks2012"].Drop()  
$rs.SqlRestore($srv)  
Write-Host "Full Database Restore complete."  
$rs.Devices.Remove($bdi)  
$rs.NoRecovery = $FALSE  
$rs.Devices.Add($bdid)  
$rs.SqlRestore($srv)  
Write-Host "Differential Database Restore complete."  
$rs.Devices.Remove($bdid)  
$srv.Databases["AdventureWorks2012"].DatabaseOptions.RecoveryModel = $recoverymod  
$srv.Databases["AdventureWorks2012"].Tables["test_table"].Drop()  
$srv.Databases["AdventureWorks2012"].Alter()  
remove-item C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Backup\Test_Full_Backup1  
remove-item C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL.1\MSSQL\Backup\Test_Differential_Backup1  

Remarks

By using a Restore object you can do the following:

  • Restore all or part of a database.

  • Restore backup images of transaction log records.

  • Verify the integrity of backup media.

  • Report the contents of backup media.

  • Monitor a restore operation, reporting status to the user.

    SQL Server can write a backup to one of four media types: disk, tape, named pipe, or a backup device. SQL Server supports backup striping. A striped backup is one directed to more than a single device. Striping is supported to a single media type only. That is, a backup can be written to two tape devices. Half of a backup cannot be written to a tape device and the other half to a disk.

    At a minimum, supply values for a restore source when using a Restore object. Use one media type property to specify the restore operation source.

    Setting other properties in the Restore object may be required by the restore operation desired.

Thread Safety

Any public static (Shared in Microsoft Visual Basic) members of this type are safe for multithreaded operations. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

To get Restore object properties, users can be a member of the public fixed server role.

To set Restore object properties, users must have CREATE DATABASE permission on the server, or be a member of sysadmin or dbcreator fixed server roles, or be a member of db_owner fixed database role.

To perform a restore operation, users must have CREATE DATABASE permission on the server, or be a member of sysadmin or dbcreator fixed server roles. If the database already exists, then members of the db_owner fixed database role can also perform a restore operation.

Constructors

Restore() Restore() Restore()

Initializes a new instance of the Restore class.

Restore(String, BackupSet) Restore(String, BackupSet) Restore(String, BackupSet)

Initializes a new instance of the Restore class with specified destination database name and backup set.

Fields

currentAsyncOperation currentAsyncOperation currentAsyncOperation

Specifies the current asynchronous operation, such as backup, restore, or none.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
m_BackupAction m_BackupAction m_BackupAction

Specifies the backup action type, such as database or log.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
m_LogTruncation m_LogTruncation m_LogTruncation

Specifies whether to truncate the log.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
m_RestoreAction m_RestoreAction m_RestoreAction

Specifies the restore action type, such as database or log.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
VerifyComplete VerifyComplete VerifyComplete

Specifies the VerifyCompleteEventHandler.

Properties

Action Action Action

Gets or sets the type of restore to be performed.

AsyncStatus AsyncStatus AsyncStatus

Gets the asynchronous status of a backup or restore process.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
BlockSize BlockSize BlockSize

Gets or sets the physical block size of the backup or restore, in bytes.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
BufferCount BufferCount BufferCount

Gets or sets the total number of I/O buffers to be used for the backup or restore operation.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
Checksum Checksum Checksum

Gets or sets a Boolean property value that determines whether a checksum value is calculated during backup or restore operations.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
ClearSuspectPageTableAfterRestore ClearSuspectPageTableAfterRestore ClearSuspectPageTableAfterRestore

Gets or sets a Boolean value that determines whether entries in the suspect page table will be deleted following the restore operation.

ContinueAfterError ContinueAfterError ContinueAfterError

Gets or sets a Boolean property value that determines whether the backup or restore continues after a checksum error occurs.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
CredentialName CredentialName CredentialName

Gets or sets the Credential property value, which is used to authenticate to the Windows Azure storage account.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
Database Database Database

Gets or sets the database on which the backup or restore operation runs.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
DatabaseFileGroups DatabaseFileGroups DatabaseFileGroups

Gets the SQL Server file groups targeted by the backup or restore operation.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
DatabaseFiles DatabaseFiles DatabaseFiles

Gets the operating system files targeted by the backup or restore operation.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
DatabasePages DatabasePages DatabasePages

Gets the list of the restore pages.

Devices Devices Devices

Gets the backup devices specified for the backup or restore operation.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
FileNumber FileNumber FileNumber

Gets or sets the index number used to identify the targeted backup set on the backup medium.

KeepReplication KeepReplication KeepReplication

Gets or sets a Boolean property value that specifies whether to maintain a replication configuration during a restore operation.

MaxTransferSize MaxTransferSize MaxTransferSize

Gets or sets the maximum number of bytes to be transferred between the backup media and the instance of SQL Server.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
MediaName MediaName MediaName

Gets or sets the name used to identify a particular media set.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
NoRecovery NoRecovery NoRecovery

Gets or sets a Boolean property value that determines whether the tail of the log is backed up and whether the database is restored into the Restoring state.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
NoRewind NoRewind NoRewind

Gets or sets a Boolean property value that determines whether Microsoft SQL Server will keep the tape open after the backup or restore operation.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
Offset Offset Offset

Gets or sets the array of page addresses to be restored.

Partial Partial Partial

Gets or sets a Boolean property value that specifies whether a partial or full restore operation will be performed.

PercentCompleteNotification PercentCompleteNotification PercentCompleteNotification

Gets or sets the percentage interval for PercentCompleteEventHandler event handler calls.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
RelocateFiles RelocateFiles RelocateFiles

Gets the array of database logical file names and operating system physical file names used to redirect database storage when a database is restored to a new physical location.

ReplaceDatabase ReplaceDatabase ReplaceDatabase

Gets or sets a Boolean value that specifies whether a restore operation creates a new image of the restored database.

Restart Restart Restart

Gets or sets a Boolean property value that determines whether the backup or restore operation will restart if it is interrupted.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
RestrictedUser RestrictedUser RestrictedUser

Gets or sets a Boolean property value that specifies whether access to the restored database is restricted to members of the db_owner fixed database role and the dbcreator and sysadmin fixed server roles.

StandbyFile StandbyFile StandbyFile

Gets or sets the name of an undo file that is used as part of the imaging strategy for an instance of SQL Server.

StopAtMarkAfterDate StopAtMarkAfterDate StopAtMarkAfterDate

Gets or sets the date to be used in conjunction with the mark name specified by StopAtMarkName to determine the stopping point of the recovery operation.

StopAtMarkName StopAtMarkName StopAtMarkName

Gets or sets the mark name to be used in conjunction with the date specified by StopAtMarkAfterDate to determine the stopping point of the recovery operation.

StopBeforeMarkAfterDate StopBeforeMarkAfterDate StopBeforeMarkAfterDate

Gets or sets the date to be used in conjunction with the mark name specified by StopBeforeMarkName to determine the stopping point of the recovery operation.

StopBeforeMarkName StopBeforeMarkName StopBeforeMarkName

Gets or sets the mark name to be used in conjunction with the date specified by StopBeforeMarkAfterDate to determine the stopping point of the recovery operation.

ToPointInTime ToPointInTime ToPointInTime

Gets or sets the endpoint for database log restoration.

UnloadTapeAfter UnloadTapeAfter UnloadTapeAfter

Gets or sets a Boolean property value that determines whether tape media are rewound and unloaded after the backup or restore operation completes.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)

Methods

Abort() Abort() Abort()

Terminates a running backup or restore operation.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
CheckForHADRMaintPlan(Server, StringBuilder) CheckForHADRMaintPlan(Server, StringBuilder) CheckForHADRMaintPlan(Server, StringBuilder)

Checks for HADR Maintenance plan.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
ClearSuspectPageTable(Server) ClearSuspectPageTable(Server) ClearSuspectPageTable(Server)

Deletes entries in the suspect page table.

ExecuteSql(Server, StringCollection) ExecuteSql(Server, StringCollection) ExecuteSql(Server, StringCollection)

Executes a batch of Transact-SQL statements that does not expect a returned results set on the specified instance of SQL Server.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
ExecuteSqlAsync(Server, StringCollection) ExecuteSqlAsync(Server, StringCollection) ExecuteSqlAsync(Server, StringCollection)

Executes a batch of Transact-SQL statements asynchronously that does not expect a returned results set on the specified instance of SQL Server.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
ExecuteSqlWithResults(Server, String) ExecuteSqlWithResults(Server, String) ExecuteSqlWithResults(Server, String)

Executes a batch of Transact-SQL statements that expects one or more returned results sets on the specified instance of SQL Server.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
GetDevicesScript(StringBuilder, BackupDeviceList, ServerVersion) GetDevicesScript(StringBuilder, BackupDeviceList, ServerVersion) GetDevicesScript(StringBuilder, BackupDeviceList, ServerVersion)

Gets the script that is used to create devices.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
IsStringValid(String) IsStringValid(String) IsStringValid(String)

Verifies whether the specified string is valid.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
ReadBackupHeader(Server) ReadBackupHeader(Server) ReadBackupHeader(Server)

Reads the backup header and returns information about the media contents.

ReadFileList(Server) ReadFileList(Server) ReadFileList(Server)

Returns the list of database files on the targeted media.

ReadMediaHeader(Server) ReadMediaHeader(Server) ReadMediaHeader(Server)

Reads the media header and returns the media header values.

ReadSuspectPageTable(Server) ReadSuspectPageTable(Server) ReadSuspectPageTable(Server)

Returns the suspect page table for the targeted instance of SQL Server.

Script(Server) Script(Server) Script(Server)

Generates a Transact-SQL script that can be used to re-create the restore operation.

SetMediaPassword(SecureString) SetMediaPassword(SecureString) SetMediaPassword(SecureString)

Sets the password for a media set.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
SetMediaPassword(String) SetMediaPassword(String) SetMediaPassword(String)

Sets the password for a media set.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
SetPassword(SecureString) SetPassword(SecureString) SetPassword(SecureString)

Sets the password for a backup set.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
SetPassword(String) SetPassword(String) SetPassword(String)

Sets the password for a backup set.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
SqlRestore(Server) SqlRestore(Server) SqlRestore(Server)

Performs a restore operation on the specified server.

SqlRestoreAsync(Server) SqlRestoreAsync(Server) SqlRestoreAsync(Server)

Performs a restore operation asynchronously.

SqlVerify(Server) SqlVerify(Server) SqlVerify(Server)

Checks the media on the instance of SQL Server that is represented by the specified Server object.

SqlVerify(Server, Boolean) SqlVerify(Server, Boolean) SqlVerify(Server, Boolean)

Checks the media on instance of SQL Server that is represented by the specified Server object and loads backup history information into the history tables.

SqlVerify(Server, Boolean, String) SqlVerify(Server, Boolean, String) SqlVerify(Server, Boolean, String)

Checks the media on the instance of SQL Server that is represented by the specified Server object, loads backup history information into the history tables, and returns an error message.

SqlVerify(Server, String) SqlVerify(Server, String) SqlVerify(Server, String)

Checks the media on the instance of SQL Server that is represented by the specified Server object and returns an error message.

SqlVerifyAsync(Server) SqlVerifyAsync(Server) SqlVerifyAsync(Server)

Checks the media on the instance of SQL Server that is represented by the specified Server object asynchronously.

SqlVerifyAsync(Server, Boolean) SqlVerifyAsync(Server, Boolean) SqlVerifyAsync(Server, Boolean)

Checks the media on the instance of SQL Server that is represented by the specified Server object asynchronously and loads backup history information into the history tables.

SqlVerifyLatest(Server) SqlVerifyLatest(Server) SqlVerifyLatest(Server)

Verifies the most recent backup but does not restore it, and checks to see that the backup set is complete and the entire backup is readable.

SqlVerifyLatest(Server, SqlVerifyAction) SqlVerifyLatest(Server, SqlVerifyAction) SqlVerifyLatest(Server, SqlVerifyAction)

Verifies the most recent backup with the specified action, and checks to see that the backup set is complete and the entire backup is readable.

SqlVerifyLatest(Server, SqlVerifyAction, String) SqlVerifyLatest(Server, SqlVerifyAction, String) SqlVerifyLatest(Server, SqlVerifyAction, String)

Verifies the most recent backup with the specified action, checks to see that the backup set is complete and the entire backup is readable, and returns an error message.

SqlVerifyLatest(Server, String) SqlVerifyLatest(Server, String) SqlVerifyLatest(Server, String)

Verifies the most recent backup but does not restore it, checks to see that the backup set is complete and the entire backup is readable, and returns an error message.

Wait() Wait() Wait()

Waits for the current backup or restore operation to complete before moving on to the next process.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)

Events

Complete Complete Complete

Occurs when the backup or restore operation completes.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
Information Information Information

Occurs when any informational message is issued by Microsoft SQL Server that cannot be handled by the CompleteNextMedia or PercentComplete events.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
NextMedia NextMedia NextMedia

Occurs when the backup or restore operation exhausts the medium in a target device.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)
PercentComplete PercentComplete PercentComplete

Occurs when a backup or restore operation reaches a completion unit.

(Inherited from BackupRestoreBase)

Applies to