StringDictionary 클래스

정의

개체가 아니라 문자열로 강력하게 형식화된 키와 값을 사용하여 해시 테이블을 구현합니다.Implements a hash table with the key and the value strongly typed to be strings rather than objects.

public ref class StringDictionary : System::Collections::IEnumerable
public class StringDictionary : System.Collections.IEnumerable
[System.Serializable]
public class StringDictionary : System.Collections.IEnumerable
type StringDictionary = class
    interface IEnumerable
Public Class StringDictionary
Implements IEnumerable
상속
StringDictionary
특성
구현

예제

다음 코드 예제에서는 StringDictionary의 여러 속성과 메서드를 보여 줍니다.The following code example demonstrates several of the properties and methods of StringDictionary.

#using <System.dll>

using namespace System;
using namespace System::Collections;
using namespace System::Collections::Specialized;
void PrintKeysAndValues2( StringDictionary^ myCol );
void PrintKeysAndValues3( StringDictionary^ myCol );

int main()
{
   // Creates and initializes a new StringDictionary.
   StringDictionary^ myCol = gcnew StringDictionary;
   myCol->Add( "red", "rojo" );
   myCol->Add( "green", "verde" );
   myCol->Add( "blue", "azul" );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

   // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );

   // Copies the StringDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
   array<DictionaryEntry>^myArr = gcnew array<DictionaryEntry>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->CopyTo( myArr, 0 );

   // Displays the values in the array.
   Console::WriteLine( "Displays the elements in the array:" );
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY        VALUE" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myArr->Length; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-10} {1}", myArr[ i ].Key, myArr[ i ].Value );
   Console::WriteLine();

   // Searches for a value.
   if ( myCol->ContainsValue( "amarillo" ) )
      Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the value \"amarillo\"." );
   else
      Console::WriteLine( "The collection does not contain the value \"amarillo\"." );

   Console::WriteLine();
   
   // Searches for a key and deletes it.
   if ( myCol->ContainsKey( "green" ) )
      myCol->Remove( "green" );

   Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after removing \"green\":" );
   PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

   // Clears the entire collection.
   myCol->Clear();
   Console::WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:" );
   PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );
}

// Uses the enumerator. 
void PrintKeysAndValues2( StringDictionary^ myCol )
{
   IEnumerator^ myEnumerator = myCol->GetEnumerator();
   DictionaryEntry de;
   Console::WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
   while ( myEnumerator->MoveNext() )
   {
      de =  *dynamic_cast<DictionaryEntry^>(myEnumerator->Current);
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
   }

   Console::WriteLine();
}

// Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
void PrintKeysAndValues3( StringDictionary^ myCol )
{
   array<String^>^myKeys = gcnew array<String^>(myCol->Count);
   myCol->Keys->CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );
   Console::WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
   for ( int i = 0; i < myCol->Count; i++ )
      Console::WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[ i ], myCol[ myKeys[ i ] ] );
   Console::WriteLine();
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   red                       rojo
   blue                      azul
   green                     verde

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     red                       rojo
   1     blue                      azul
   2     green                     verde

Displays the elements in the array:
   KEY        VALUE
   red        rojo
   blue       azul
   green      verde

The collection does not contain the value "amarillo".

The collection contains the following elements after removing "green":
   KEY                       VALUE
   red                       rojo
   blue                      azul

The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
   KEY                       VALUE

*/
using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;

public class SamplesStringDictionary  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Creates and initializes a new StringDictionary.
      StringDictionary myCol = new StringDictionary();
      myCol.Add( "red", "rojo" );
      myCol.Add( "green", "verde" );
      myCol.Add( "blue", "azul" );

      // Display the contents of the collection using foreach. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using foreach:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues2( myCol );

      // Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues3( myCol );

      // Copies the StringDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
      DictionaryEntry[] myArr = new DictionaryEntry[myCol.Count];
      myCol.CopyTo( myArr, 0 );

      // Displays the values in the array.
      Console.WriteLine( "Displays the elements in the array:" );
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY        VALUE" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myArr.Length; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-10} {1}", myArr[i].Key, myArr[i].Value );
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Searches for a value.
      if ( myCol.ContainsValue( "amarillo" ) )
         Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the value \"amarillo\"." );
      else
         Console.WriteLine( "The collection does not contain the value \"amarillo\"." );
      Console.WriteLine();

      // Searches for a key and deletes it.
      if ( myCol.ContainsKey( "green" ) )
         myCol.Remove( "green" );
      Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after removing \"green\":" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );

      // Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear();
      Console.WriteLine( "The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:" );
      PrintKeysAndValues1( myCol );
   }

   // Uses the foreach statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues1( StringDictionary myCol )  {
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      foreach ( DictionaryEntry de in myCol )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the enumerator. 
   // NOTE: The foreach statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues2( StringDictionary myCol )  {
      IEnumerator myEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator();
      DictionaryEntry de;
      Console.WriteLine( "   KEY                       VALUE" );
      while ( myEnumerator.MoveNext() )  {
         de = (DictionaryEntry) myEnumerator.Current;
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value );
      }
      Console.WriteLine();
   }

   // Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   public static void PrintKeysAndValues3( StringDictionary myCol )  {
      String[] myKeys = new String[myCol.Count];
      myCol.Keys.CopyTo( myKeys, 0 );

      Console.WriteLine( "   INDEX KEY                       VALUE" );
      for ( int i = 0; i < myCol.Count; i++ )
         Console.WriteLine( "   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys[i], myCol[myKeys[i]] );
      Console.WriteLine();
   }
}

/*
This code produces the following output.

Displays the elements using foreach:
   KEY                       VALUE
   red                       rojo
   blue                      azul
   green                     verde

Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:
   KEY                       VALUE
   red                       rojo
   blue                      azul
   green                     verde

Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
   0     red                       rojo
   1     blue                      azul
   2     green                     verde

Displays the elements in the array:
   KEY        VALUE
   red        rojo
   blue       azul
   green      verde

The collection does not contain the value "amarillo".

The collection contains the following elements after removing "green":
   KEY                       VALUE
   red                       rojo
   blue                      azul

The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
   KEY                       VALUE

*/
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized

Public Class SamplesStringDictionary   

   Public Shared Sub Main()

      ' Creates and initializes a new StringDictionary.
      Dim myCol As New StringDictionary()
      myCol.Add("red", "rojo")
      myCol.Add("green", "verde")
      myCol.Add("blue", "azul")

      ' Display the contents of the collection using For Each. This is the preferred method.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using For Each:")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the enumerator.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:")
      PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol)

      ' Display the contents of the collection using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:")
      PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol)

      ' Copies the StringDictionary to an array with DictionaryEntry elements.
      Dim myArr(myCol.Count) As DictionaryEntry
      myCol.CopyTo(myArr, 0)

      ' Displays the values in the array.
      Console.WriteLine("Displays the elements in the array:")
      Console.WriteLine("   KEY        VALUE")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To myArr.Length - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-10} {1}", myArr(i).Key, myArr(i).Value)
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()

      ' Searches for a value.
      If myCol.ContainsValue("amarillo") Then
         Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the value ""amarillo"".")
      Else
         Console.WriteLine("The collection does not contain the value ""amarillo"".")
      End If
      Console.WriteLine()

      ' Searches for a key and deletes it.
      If myCol.ContainsKey("green") Then
         myCol.Remove("green")
      End If
      Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the following elements after removing ""green"":")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol)

      ' Clears the entire collection.
      myCol.Clear()
      Console.WriteLine("The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:")
      PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol)

   End Sub


   ' Uses the For Each statement which hides the complexity of the enumerator.
   ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues1(myCol As StringDictionary)
      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim de As DictionaryEntry
      For Each de In  myCol
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value)
      Next de
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub


   ' Uses the enumerator. 
   ' NOTE: The For Each statement is the preferred way of enumerating the contents of a collection.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues2(myCol As StringDictionary)
      Dim myEnumerator As IEnumerator = myCol.GetEnumerator()
      Dim de As DictionaryEntry
      Console.WriteLine("   KEY                       VALUE")
      While myEnumerator.MoveNext()
         de = CType(myEnumerator.Current, DictionaryEntry)
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-25} {1}", de.Key, de.Value)
      End While
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub


   ' Uses the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties.
   Public Shared Sub PrintKeysAndValues3(myCol As StringDictionary)
      Dim myKeys(myCol.Count) As String
      myCol.Keys.CopyTo(myKeys, 0)

      Console.WriteLine("   INDEX KEY                       VALUE")
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To myCol.Count - 1
         Console.WriteLine("   {0,-5} {1,-25} {2}", i, myKeys(i), myCol(myKeys(i)))
      Next i
      Console.WriteLine()
   End Sub

End Class


'This code produces the following output.
'
'Displays the elements using For Each:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   red                       rojo
'   blue                      azul
'   green                     verde
'
'Displays the elements using the IEnumerator:
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   red                       rojo
'   blue                      azul
'   green                     verde
'
'Displays the elements using the Keys, Values, Count, and Item properties:
'   INDEX KEY                       VALUE
'   0     red                       rojo
'   1     blue                      azul
'   2     green                     verde
'
'Displays the elements in the array:
'   KEY        VALUE
'   red        rojo
'   blue       azul
'   green      verde
'
'
'The collection does not contain the value "amarillo".
'
'The collection contains the following elements after removing "green":
'   KEY                       VALUE
'   red                       rojo
'   blue                      azul
'
'The collection contains the following elements after it is cleared:
'   KEY                       VALUE

설명

키는 null수 없지만 값은 사용할 수 있습니다.A key cannot be null, but a value can.

키는 대/소문자 구분 방식으로;에서 처리 되며 문자열 사전을 사용 하 여 사용 되기 전에 소문자로 변환 됩니다.The key is handled in a case-insensitive manner; it is translated to lowercase before it is used with the string dictionary.

.NET Framework 버전 1.0에서이 클래스는 문화권 구분 문자열 비교를 사용합니다.In .NET Framework version 1.0, this class uses culture-sensitive string comparisons. 그러나 .NET Framework 버전 1.1 이상에서이 클래스는 문자열을 비교할 때 CultureInfo.InvariantCulture를 사용 합니다.However, in .NET Framework version 1.1 and later, this class uses CultureInfo.InvariantCulture when comparing strings. 문화권이 비교 및 정렬에 영향을 주는 방법에 대 한 자세한 내용은 문화권을 구분 하지 않는 문자열 작업 수행을 참조 하세요.For more information about how culture affects comparisons and sorting, see Performing Culture-Insensitive String Operations.

생성자

StringDictionary()

StringDictionary 클래스의 새 인스턴스를 초기화합니다.Initializes a new instance of the StringDictionary class.

속성

Count

StringDictionary에 있는 키/값 쌍의 수를 가져옵니다.Gets the number of key/value pairs in the StringDictionary.

IsSynchronized

StringDictionary에 대한 액세스가 동기화되었는지(스레드로부터 안전한지) 여부를 나타내는 값을 가져옵니다.Gets a value indicating whether access to the StringDictionary is synchronized (thread safe).

Item[String]

지정된 키와 연결된 값을 가져오거나 설정합니다.Gets or sets the value associated with the specified key.

Keys

StringDictionary에 있는 키의 컬렉션을 가져옵니다.Gets a collection of keys in the StringDictionary.

SyncRoot

StringDictionary에 대한 액세스를 동기화하는 데 사용할 수 있는 개체를 가져옵니다.Gets an object that can be used to synchronize access to the StringDictionary.

Values

StringDictionary에 있는 값의 컬렉션을 가져옵니다.Gets a collection of values in the StringDictionary.

메서드

Add(String, String)

지정한 키와 값을 가지는 엔트리를 StringDictionary에 추가합니다.Adds an entry with the specified key and value into the StringDictionary.

Clear()

StringDictionary에서 모든 엔트리를 제거합니다.Removes all entries from the StringDictionary.

ContainsKey(String)

StringDictionary에 특정 키가 들어 있는지 여부를 확인합니다.Determines if the StringDictionary contains a specific key.

ContainsValue(String)

StringDictionary에 특정 값이 들어 있는지 여부를 확인합니다.Determines if the StringDictionary contains a specific value.

CopyTo(Array, Int32)

문자열 사전 값을 1차원 Array 인스턴스의 지정한 인덱스에 복사합니다.Copies the string dictionary values to a one-dimensional Array instance at the specified index.

Equals(Object)

지정된 개체가 현재 개체와 같은지 확인합니다.Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
GetEnumerator()

문자열 사전을 반복하는 열거자를 반환합니다.Returns an enumerator that iterates through the string dictionary.

GetHashCode()

기본 해시 함수로 작동합니다.Serves as the default hash function.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
GetType()

현재 인스턴스의 Type을 가져옵니다.Gets the Type of the current instance.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
MemberwiseClone()

현재 Object의 단순 복사본을 만듭니다.Creates a shallow copy of the current Object.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)
Remove(String)

문자열 사전에서 지정한 키를 가지는 엔트리를 제거합니다.Removes the entry with the specified key from the string dictionary.

ToString()

현재 개체를 나타내는 문자열을 반환합니다.Returns a string that represents the current object.

(다음에서 상속됨 Object)

확장 메서드

Cast<TResult>(IEnumerable)

IEnumerable의 요소를 지정된 형식으로 캐스팅합니다.Casts the elements of an IEnumerable to the specified type.

OfType<TResult>(IEnumerable)

지정된 형식에 따라 IEnumerable의 요소를 필터링합니다.Filters the elements of an IEnumerable based on a specified type.

AsParallel(IEnumerable)

쿼리를 병렬화할 수 있도록 합니다.Enables parallelization of a query.

AsQueryable(IEnumerable)

IEnumerableIQueryable로 변환합니다.Converts an IEnumerable to an IQueryable.

적용 대상

스레드 보안

공용 정적 (Shared Visual Basic의)이 형식의 멤버는 스레드로부터 안전 합니다.Public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. 인스턴스 구성원은 스레드로부터의 안전성이 보장되지 않습니다.Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.

이 구현에서는 StringDictionary에 대해 동기화 되어 스레드로부터 안전 하 게 보호 되는 래퍼를 제공 하지 않지만 파생 클래스는 SyncRoot 속성을 사용 하 여 StringDictionary의 동기화 된 버전을 만들 수 있습니다.This implementation does not provide a synchronized (thread safe) wrapper for a StringDictionary, but derived classes can create their own synchronized versions of the StringDictionary using the SyncRoot property.

컬렉션 전체를 열거하는 프로시저는 기본적으로 스레드로부터 안전하지 않습니다.Enumerating through a collection is intrinsically not a thread-safe procedure. 컬렉션이 동기화되어 있을 때 다른 스레드에서 해당 컬렉션을 수정할 수 있으므로 이렇게 되면 열거자에서 예외가 throw됩니다.Even when a collection is synchronized, other threads can still modify the collection, which causes the enumerator to throw an exception. 열거하는 동안 스레드로부터 안전을 보장하려면 전체 열거를 수행하는 동안 컬렉션을 잠그거나 다른 스레드에서 변경된 내용으로 인해 발생한 예외를 catch하면 됩니다.To guarantee thread safety during enumeration, you can either lock the collection during the entire enumeration or catch the exceptions resulting from changes made by other threads.

추가 정보